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Timeline of Colorado history

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This timeline is a chronology of significant events in the history of the U.S. State of Colorado and historical area now occupied by the state.

 2000s   1900s   1800s   1700s   1600s   1500s   Before 1492 


Year Date Event


Year Date Event
2019 September 8 Lightning ignites the Decker Fire in the Sangre de Cristo Wilderness. Up to 720 firefighters will battle the wildfire which will consume 8,959 acres (36 km2) of forest.
August 15 Former governor John Hickenlooper ends his campaign for President of the United States.
July 20 An ambient air temperature of 115 °F (46.1 °C) at John Martin Dam sets the official Colorado all-time high temperature record.
May 7 Two armed students attack STEM School Highlands Ranch killing one student and wounding eight others.
May 2 United States Senator Michael Bennet of Denver announces his candidacy for President of the United States.
April 26 The Regional Transportation District begins operation of its commuter rail G line between Denver Union Station and Wheat Ridge.
March 17 Mikaela Shiffrin of Eagle-Vail wins her third consecutive International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
March 13 Winter Storm Ulmer undergoes explosive cyclogenesis as it rips across the Southern Rocky Mountains of Colorado. The bomb cyclone blizzard with huricane force winds sets all-time record low barometric pressure readings across the state.
March 4 Former governor John Hickenlooper of Denver announces his candidacy for President of the United States.
January 8 Jared Polis of Boulder assumes office as the forty-third Governor of the State of Colorado.
2018 November 6 Democrats win all five Colorado statewide offices and control of the Colorado General Assembly in the 2018 general election. Republicans retain three of the state's seven Congressional seats.
June 28 Lightning ignites the Weston Pass Fire 9 miles (14 km) southwest of Fairplay. The wildfire will burn 13,023 acres (53 km2) of forest.
June 7 An illegal campfire ignites the Spring Creek Fire 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Fort Garland. The wildfire will burn 251 homes and 108,045 acres (437 km2) of forest.
June 1 An antique steam locomotive ignites the 416 Fire 10 miles (16 km) north of Durango. The wildfire will burn 54,129 acres (219 km2) of forest over a period of six months.
April 17 The Mile Marker 117 Fire ignites 17 miles (27 km) north of Pueblo. The wildfire will burn 42,795 acres (173 km2) of grassland.
The Badger Hole Fire ignites near Walsh. The wildfire will burn 50,815 acres (206 km2) of grassland with 33,609 acres (136 km2) in Colorado and 17,206 acres (70 km2) in Kansas.
March 18 Mikaela Shiffrin of Eagle-Vail wins her second consecutive International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
March 17 The attack submarine USS Colorado (SSN-788) is commissioned at the Naval Submarine Base New London.
March 2 The Colorado House of Representatives expels State Representative Steve Lebsock for inappropriate behavior.
February 15 Mikaela Shiffrin of Eagle-Vail wins the women's alpine skiing giant slalom gold medal at the XXIII Olympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang, Korea.
February 11 Red Gerard of Silverthorne wins the men's snowboarding slopestyle gold medal at the XXIII Olympic Winter Games in Pyeongchang, Korea.
2017 November 19 Martin Truex Jr. of Denver wins the 2017 NASCAR Cup.
October 8 Eleven-year-old Gitanjali Rao of Lone Tree wins the 2017 Discovery Education 3M Young Scientist Challenge for her invention of a device that can detect lead in water faster than existing techniques.
April 10 United States Circuit Court Judge Neil Gorsuch of Boulder is sworn in as the 101st Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
March 18 Mikaela Shiffrin of Eagle-Vail wins the International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
2016 August 20 The Denver Outlaws defeat the Ohio Machine 19 to 18 to win their second Major League Lacrosse Steinfeld Cup.
June 19 A child starts the Beaver Creek Fire near Walden. The wildfire will burn one home, 16 outbuildings, and 38,380 acres (155 km2) of forest.
March 22 The Regional Transportation District begins operation of its commuter rail A line between Denver Union Station and Denver International Airport.
February 7 The Denver Broncos defeat the Carolina Panthers 24 to 10 to win Super Bowl 50. Von Miller is named the Super Bowl Most Valuable Player. Quarterback Peyton Manning wins his second Super Bowl and his 200th NFL game.
January 24 The Denver Broncos defeat the New England Patriots 20 to 18 to win the American Football Conference Championship for the eighth time.
2015 February 19 U.S. President Barack Obama issues a proclamation creating Browns Canyon National Monument.
January 2 Cory Gardner of Yuma assumes office as the junior United States Senator from Colorado.
2014 October 6 Immediately following a declination by the United States Supreme Court, Colorado Attorney General John Suthers declares that same-sex marriage will be legal in Colorado as soon as legal stays can be lifted.
August 23 The Denver Outlaws defeat the Rochester Rattlers 12 to 11 to win their first Major League Lacrosse Steinfeld Cup.
July 26 The Regional Transportation District reopens Denver Union Station marking the conclusion of a $56 million redevelopment into a regional multimodal transit hub.
May 25 A 40,000,000 cu yd (31,000,000 m3) landslide breaks loose on Grand Mesa near Collbran, hits speeds of more than 50 mph (80 km/h), and kills three men.
February 21 Mikaela Shiffrin of Vail wins the women's alpine skiing slalom gold medal at the XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi, Russia.
February 2 The Denver Broncos lose Super Bowl XLVIII to the Seattle Seahawks 43 to 8 to become the first team to lose the Super Bowl five times.
January 19 The Denver Broncos defeat the New England Patriots 26 to 16 to win the American Football Conference Championship for the seventh time.
January 1 Colorado becomes the first U.S. state to legalize cannabis for recreational use.
2013 September 12 Floods along the Front Range Urban Corridor kill 9 people. More than 22,000 residents are evacuated including 1,000 by military helicopters. More than 30,000 homes are damaged and 1800 are destroyed. Total damages will exceed $2.9 billion.
September 10 A recall election removes State Senate President John Morse and State Senator Angela Giron from office.
July 18 The Royal Gorge fire destroys buildings and the aerial tram at the Royal Gorge Bridge and Park after starting on June 11.
June 13 The Black Forest fire north of Colorado Springs surpasses the Waldo Canyon fire as the most destructive in state history. A total of 486 homes will be destroyed by June 20.
June 11 Lightning ignites the Big Meadows fire in Rocky Mountain National Park.[1]
June 5 Lightning ignites the first of the West Fork Complex fires near Wolf Creek Pass. The wildfires will burn 109,049 acres (441 km2) of forest.
May 1 An act of the Colorado General Assembly makes civil unions legal in Colorado for both conventional and same-sex couples, although same-sex marriage remains illegal for 17 months.
March 20 Governor John Hickenlooper signs three bills intended to curb firearm violence.
March 19 Tom Clements, Executive Director of the Colorado Department of Corrections, is assassinated at his home in Monument.
2012 December 10 David J. Wineland of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado Boulder and Serge Haroche receive the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics.
November 6 Voters approve Colorado Amendment 64 legalizing possession of small quantities of cannabis.
September 21 U.S. President Barack Obama issues a proclamation creating Chimney Rock National Monument on 7.4 square miles (19.2 km2) of the San Juan National Forest.
July 30 Missy Franklin of Centennial wins the first of four gold medals in swimming at the Games of the XXX Olympiad in London.
July 20 A gunman opens fire in a cinema in Aurora screening The Dark Knight Rises, killing 12 people and wounding 70 others.
June 25 Sparks ignite the Last Chance Fire on the prairie near Last Chance. This wildfire will burn four homes, seven outbuildings, and 44,000 acres (178 km2) of grassland in a few hours.
June 23 The Waldo Canyon Fire ignites west of Colorado Springs. The wildfire will destroy 347 homes.
June 9 A lightning strike ignites the High Park Fire west of Fort Collins. The wildfire will kill one person and destroy 248 homes and 87,250 acres (353 km2) of forest.
April 28 The History Colorado Center opens in Denver.
March 16 Lindsey Vonn of Vail wins her fourth International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
2011 November 18 The Clyfford Still Museum opens in Denver.
October 22 Missy Franklin of Centennial sets her first swimming world record at the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) Swimming World Cup in Berlin.
September 23 Occupy Denver begins a protest of the growing disparity of wealth and political power in the United States.
July 18 Michael Hancock assumes office as the Mayor of the City and County of Denver.
April 1 CenturyLink, Inc. completes its $24 billion acquisition of the larger Qwest Communications International, Inc. of Denver.
January 12 Deputy Major Bill Vidal assumes office as the Mayor of the City and County of Denver to replace John Hickenlooper.
January 11 John Hickenlooper assumes office as the forty-second Governor of the State of Colorado.
2010 November 21 The Colorado Rapids defeat FC Dallas 2 to 1 to win their first Major League Soccer Cup.
October 14 Workers uncover a trove of Pleistocene fossils at the Snowmastodon site while excavating a reservoir near Snowmass Village.
September 6 The Fourmile Canyon fire begins west of Boulder. The wildfire will destroy 169 homes.
April 1 2010 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 5,029,196, an increase of 16.92% since the 2000 United States Census.
March 14 Lindsey Vonn of Vail wins her third consecutive International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
February 17 Lindsey Vonn of Vail wins the women's alpine skiing downhill gold medal at the XXI Olympic Winter Games at Whistler Blackcomb.


Year Date Event
2009 October 15 The balloon boy hoax discombobulates emergency services in northeastern Colorado.
March 15 Lindsey Vonn of Vail wins her second consecutive International Ski Federation Women's Overall World Cup.
February 27 The Rocky Mountain News, the region's oldest and second highest circulation newspaper, publishes its last edition just 55 days before of its sesquicentennial (c.f. April 23, 1859.) The Denver Post survives as the city's only major newspaper.
January 21 Michael Bennet of Denver assumes office as the junior United States Senator from Colorado.
January 3 Mark Udall of Eldorado Springs assumes office as the junior United States Senator from Colorado.
2008 August 28 Barack Obama accepts the nomination of the Democratic National Convention in Denver for President of the United States.
August 13 Jack Weil, founder and CEO of Rockmount Ranch Wear, dies at his home in Denver at age 107.
August 4 The extension of Interstate Highway I-270 from I-76 to the intersection of I-25 and US 36 opens to traffic, lengthening I-270 to 7.107 miles (11.438 km).
June 10 Lightning ignites the Bridger Fire on the U.S. Army Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site. The fire will burn 46,612 acres (189 km2) of forest and grassland.
March 15 Lindsey Vonn of Vail wins the International Ski Federation 2008 Women's Overall World Cup.
February 16 The Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum opens in Golden.
February 11 The Luis A. Jiménez, Jr. sculpture Blue Mustang is unveiled at Denver International Airport. The sculpture will attain local notoriety as Blucifer for killing its creator on June 13, 2006.
January 2 EchoStar Communications Corporation of Englewood splits into EchoStar Corporation and Dish Network Corporation.
2007 November 6 The City of Castle Pines North (now the City of Castle Pines) incorporates, becoming the youngest of the 271 active municipalities of the State of Colorado.
October 28 The Boston Red Sox defeat the Colorado Rockies in four games to win the 2007 World Series.
October 15 The Colorado Rockies defeat the Arizona Diamondbacks in four games to win their first National League Pennant.
August The Anschutz Medical Campus of the University of Colorado Denver opens.
July 12 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge.
April 27 The United States National Park Service establishes the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site.
April 7 The Colorado Rapids defeat D.C. United 2 to 1 in their first game played in the new Dick's Sporting Goods Park.
January 9 Bill Ritter assumes office as the forty-first Governor of the State of Colorado.
2006 November 17 The T-REX Project in southeast metropolitan Denver is completed 22 months ahead of schedule.
November 7 Voters approve an amendment to the Constitution of the State of Colorado banning same-sex marriage.
October 7 The Denver Art Museum opens its Daniel Libeskind designed Frederic C. Hamilton Building.
July 28 The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) moves the operations of the Cheyenne Mountain Complex to Peterson Air Force Base.
June 13 Sculptor Luis A. Jiménez, Jr. is killed in his Hondo, New Mexico studio assembling his Blue Mustang sculpture intended for Denver International Airport.
May 20 The Denver Outlaws defeat the Chicago Machine 24 to 14 in their first Major League Lacrosse game.
May 13 The Colorado Mammoth defeat the Buffalo Bandits 16 to 9 to win their first National Lacrosse League Champion's Cup.
2005 December 10 Professor John L. Hall of the University of Colorado Boulder, Theodor W. Hänsch, and Roy J. Glauber receive the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics.
June 13 The Cussler Museum opens in Arvada.
June The Lawrence Argent sculpture I See What You Mean, locally known as the Blue Bear, is erected outside the Colorado Convention Center in Denver. The sculpture will become a beloved symbol of Denver.
January 1 An act of Congress changes the name of the Colorado Canyons National Conservation Area to the McInnis Canyons National Conservation Area.
2004 November 2 U.S. President George W. Bush defeats Colorado native John Kerry in the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
September 13 U.S. Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton signs an order elevating Great Sand Dunes National Monument to Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve.
2003 November 24 The Northwest Parkway toll road from Broomfield to the intersection of I-25 and E-470 opens to traffic.
July 18 John Hickenlooper assumes office as the Mayor of the City and County of Denver.
April 8 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Baca National Wildlife Refuge.
January 3 The last segment of the E-470 toll road opens to traffic.
2002 June 9 The Missionary Ridge Fire starts burning in the mountains north of Durango. The wildfire will kill one firefighter and burn 46 homes and 71,739 acres (290 km2) of forest.
June 8 A U.S. Forest Service technician ignites the Hayman Fire in the mountains of central Colorado. The wildfire will burn 133 homes, 467 outbuildings, and 137,760 acres (557 km2) of forest, the most in Colorado recorded history.
2001 December 10 Professor Eric Allin Cornell of the University of Colorado Boulder, Carl Wieman, and Wolfgang Ketterle receive the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics.
November 15 The Colorado General Assembly creates the City and County of Broomfield from portions of Boulder, Adams, Jefferson, and Weld counties.
June Construction on the T-REX Project in southeast metropolitan Denver begins.
June 9 The Colorado Avalanche defeat the New Jersey Devils in seven games to win their second Stanley Cup.
January 1 Denver celebrates the arrival of the Third Millennium with fireworks above the 16th Street Mall after canceling last year's celebrations for safety concerns.[1]
2000 October 24 U.S. President Bill Clinton signs an act of Congress creating the Colorado Canyons National Conservation Area and the Black Ridge Canyons Wilderness.
October 1 The State of Colorado transfers Buckley Air National Guard Base back to the United States Air Force as Buckley Air Force Base.
August 21 Xcel Energy Inc. is formed by the merger of New Century Energies, Inc. of Denver into the smaller Northern States Power Company.
June 30 US West, Inc. of Denver merges into the smaller Qwest Communications International, Inc., also of Denver.
June 9 U.S. President Bill Clinton signs a proclamation creating Canyons of the Ancients National Monument.
May 9 The Denver Museum of Natural History changes its name to the Denver Museum of Nature and Science.
April 7 The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approves the extension of the Interstate Highway I-270 designation from I-76 northwest to the intersection of I-25 and US 36.
April 1 2000 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 4,301,262, an increase of 30.56% since the 1990 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1999 October 21 U.S. President Bill Clinton signs an act of Congress elevating the national monument to Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park and creating the Gunnison Gorge National Conservation Area.
April 20 The Columbine High School massacre begins when two high school students open fire on their campus in Jefferson County killing 12 students and a teacher and wounding 24 others before killing themselves.
January 31 The Denver Broncos defeat the Atlanta Falcons 34 to 19 in Super Bowl XXXIII. Quarterback John Elway wins his second consecutive Super Bowl and his 148th NFL game, and is named the Super Bowl Most Valuable Player.
January 17 The Denver Broncos defeat the New York Jets 23 to 10 to become the first team to win the American Football Conference Championship six times.
January 12 Bill Owens assumes office as the 40th Governor of the State of Colorado.
1998 June 5 The United States Air Force renames Falcon Air Force Base as Schriever Air Force Base.
January 25 The Wild Card Denver Broncos defeat the Green Bay Packers 31 to 24 in Super Bowl XXXII. Terrell Davis is named the Super Bowl Most Valuable Player.
January 11 The Wild Card Denver Broncos defeat the Pittsburgh Steelers 24 to 21 to win the American Football Conference Championship for the fifth time.
1997 August 13 The animated television series South Park debuts. The series set in the fictional town of South Park, Colorado in the real mountain basin of South Park, will become the longest running TV series with a Colorado setting.
August 1 New Century Energies, Inc. of Denver is formed by the merger of Southwestern Public Service Company with the larger Public Service Company of Colorado.
June 20 The Group of Eight's 23rd annual meeting convenes in Denver.
January 3 Diana DeGette of Denver succeeds Congresswoman Pat Schroeder in the United States House of Representatives.
1996 December 26 The body of JonBenét Ramsey is found in the basement of her home in Boulder.
September 11 The Southern Pacific Transportation Company merges with the UP Holding Company, Inc. to form the Union Pacific Corporation. The Southern Pacific Railroad becomes part of the Union Pacific Railroad.
July 22 Amy Van Dyken of Englewood wins the first of her six Olympic gold medals in swimming at the Games of the XXVI Olympiad in Atlanta.
June 11 The Colorado Avalanche defeat the Florida Panthers in four games to win their first Stanley Cup, becoming the first major league sports team to bring a championship trophy to Colorado.
May 20 The United States Supreme Court rules in Romer v. Evans that Colorado Amendment 2 approved in 1992 violates the United States Constitution.
April 13 The Colorado Rapids lose to Sporting Kansas City 3 to 0 in their first Major League Soccer game.
1995 December 28 EchoStar Communications Corporation of Englewood successfully launches its first satellite, EchoStar I.
October 6 The Colorado Avalanche defeat the Detroit Red Wings 3 to 2 in their first game since relocation.
June 11 Denver International Airport opens replacing Stapleton International Airport.
April 26 The Colorado Rockies defeat the New York Mets 11 to 9 in the first game played in the new Coors Field.
March 25 The Michael Graves designed addition to the central Denver Public Library opens.
1994 December 10 Rashaan Salaam of the University of Colorado Buffaloes football team wins the 1994 Heisman Trophy.
October 7 The Regional Transportation District begins light rail service in Denver.
July 6 A blowup of the South Canyon Fire kills 14 wildlands firefighters on Storm King Mountain, near Glenwood Springs.
1993 December 15 Colorado district judge Jeffrey Bayless rules that Colorado Amendment 2 violates the United States Constitution.
September 15 The interchange of I-76 with I-25 is opened, completing the extended 188.10-mile (302.72 km) length of Interstate Highway I-76 in Colorado. This project completes the original design of the Interstate Highway System in Colorado, although improvements and enhancements will continue.
August 10 Pope John Paul II arrives in Denver to celebrate World Youth Day. This is the first visit to Colorado by a pope.
April Construction begins to directly connect the intersection of I-270 and I-76 with the intersection of I-25 and US 36.
April 9 The Colorado Rockies defeat the Montreal Expos 14 to 4 in their very first home game.
April 5 The Colorado Rockies lose their very first game to the New York Mets 3 to 0.
July 13 Steve Ells opens the first Chipotle Mexican Grill at 1644 East Evans Avenue in Denver.
1992 November 3 Voters approve Colorado Amendment 2 to the state constitution which prohibits "special rights" based upon sexual orientation. Amendment 2 never takes effect due to legal challenges.
Voters approve Colorado Amendment 1 to the state constitution, also known as the Colorado Taxpayer Bill of Rights (TABOR).
October 14 Governor Roy Romer dedicates the segment of I-70 through Glenwood Canyon, completing the extended 449.589-mile (723.543 km) length of Interstate Highway I-70 through Colorado.
October 9 U.S. President George H.W. Bush signs an act of Congress creating the Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge.
May 26 U.S. President George H.W. Bush signs an act of Congress creating the Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge.
1991 October 15 The Warren Zevon album Mr. Bad Example is released with the song "Things to Do in Denver When You're Dead".
September 16 U.S. President George H.W. Bush announces the promotion of the Solar Energy Research Institute to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), a national laboratory of the United States Department of Energy.
July 1 Wellington Webb assumes office as the first African-American Mayor of the City and County of Denver.
June The first segment of the E-470 toll road opens to traffic.
January 1 The University of Colorado Buffaloes football team defeat the University of Notre Dame Fighting Irish 10 to 9 to win the Orange Bowl and the Associated Press National Championship Trophy.
1990 November 24 The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency vetoes the Two Forks Dam Project proposed by the Denver Board of Water Commissioners.
November 7 The Colorado Fuel & Iron company in Pueblo files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
June 23 The Colorado Convention Center opens in Denver.
April 1 1990 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 3,294,394, an increase of 13.99% since the 1980 United States Census.
January 28 The San Francisco 49ers defeat the Denver Broncos 55 to 10 in Super Bowl XXIV.
January 14 The Denver Broncos defeat the Cleveland Browns 37 to 21 to win the American Football Conference Championship for the fourth time.


Year Date Event
1989 December 10 Professor Thomas Cech of the University of Colorado Boulder and Sidney Altman receive the 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
November 22 The City and County of Denver holds a ground-breaking ceremony for a new airport to replace the aging Stapleton International Airport.
June 6 The Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Environmental Protection Agency raid the Department of Energy Rocky Flats Plant near Arvada.
1988 November 8 Voters in Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson counties approved the creation of the Scientific and Cultural Facilities District.
October 13 The Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad becomes part of the Southern Pacific Railroad when Rio Grande Industries, Inc. acquires the Southern Pacific Transportation Company.
June 18 The United States Air Force renames Falcon Air Force Station as Falcon Air Force Base.
January 31 The Washington Redskins defeat the Denver Broncos 42 to 10 in Super Bowl XXII.
January 17 The Denver Broncos defeat the Cleveland Browns 38 to 33 to win the American Football Conference Championship for the third time.
1987 May 8 Colorado U.S. Senator Gary Hart announces the end of his presidential campaign which began the previous month.
April 5 The National Mining Hall of Fame and Museum opens in Leadville.
January 13 Roy Romer assumes office as the thirty-ninth Governor of the State of Colorado.
January 25 The New York Giants defeat the Denver Broncos 39 to 20 in Super Bowl XXI.
January 11 The Denver Broncos defeat the Cleveland Browns 23 to 20 in overtime to win the American Football Conference Championship for the second time. The Drive becomes a part of American football lore.
1985 September 26 The United States Air Force opens the Consolidated Space Operations Center at Falcon Air Force Station near Colorado Springs.
February 1 An ambient air temperature of −61 °F (−51.7 °C) at Maybell sets the official Colorado all-time low temperature record.
1984 November The Anschutz Corporation acquires Rio Grande Industries for $500 million. The new Rio Grande Holdings, Inc. includes the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad.
August 1 A truck carrying six torpedoes for the United States Navy overturns and dumps its potentially explosive load into the intersection of I-25 and I-70 in Denver, the busiest intersection in Colorado known locally as the Mousetrap.
June 18 Alan Berg is murdered at his home in Denver by members of The Order.
February 16 Scott Hamilton wins the Olympic gold medal in Men's Figure Skating at the XIV Olympic Winter Games in Sarajevo.
January 1 US West, Inc. of Denver is formed by the Bell System divestiture as a holding company with Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph (dba Mountain Bell), Northwestern Bell Telephone Company (dba Northwestern Bell), and Pacific Northwest Bell Telephone Company (dba Pacific Northwest Bell).
1983 July 1 Federico Peña assumes office as the first Hispanic Mayor of the City and County of Denver.
June 5 The Irish band U2 performs at the Red Rocks Amphitheatre in a concert recorded as U2 Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky.
May 17 The United States Air Force begins construction of Falcon Air Force Station near Colorado Springs.
1982 December 28 Congressman-elect and former astronaut Jack Swigert of Littleton dies in Washington, D.C. at age 51.
October 4 The 16th Street Mall in Denver opens.
April 3 The Colorado Rockies defeat the Calgary Flames 3 to 1 in their final National Hockey League game. In their six NHL seasons, the Rockies compiled a record of 113 wins, 283 losses, and 86 ties.
1981 October 1 The annexation of the Broadmoor, Skyway, Ivywild, Cheyenne Canon, and Stratton Meadows neighborhoods by the City of Colorado Springs is upheld by the Colorado Supreme Court after a District Court voided the annexation.
January 12 The television series Dynasty debuts. The series will become the longest running non-animated TV series set in Colorado (8 seasons, c.f. Dr. Quinn, Medicine Woman 6 sessions, Mork & Mindy 4 sessions).
1980 December 9 Charlie Ergen, Jim DeFranco, and Cantey McAdams form EchoSphere in Littleton.
April 1 1980 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 2,889,964, an increase of 30.93% since the 1970 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1979 December 25 Pope John Paul II grants the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception in Denver the title Basilica minor.
December 21 Governor Dick Lamm dedicates the Edwin C. Johnson Bore of the Eisenhower–Johnson Memorial Tunnel completing the section of Interstate Highway 70 under the Continental Divide.
1979 December 21 Governor Dick Lamm dedicates the Edwin C. Johnson Bore of the Eisenhower–Johnson Memorial Tunnel completing the section of Interstate Highway 70 under the Continental Divide.
November 1 Congressman Ken Kramer leaks the location selected for the Consolidated Space Operations Center east of Colorado Springs.
1978 November 10 U.S. President Jimmy Carter signs an act of Congress creating the Continental Divide National Scenic Trail.
October 9 UNESCO designates Mesa Verde National Park as one of the first 12 World Heritage Sites.
September 14 The comedy television series Mork & Mindy, set in Boulder, debuts.
August 1 The United States Olympic Committee moves into its new headquarters at the United States Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs.
U.S. Highway 36 is extended westward along State Highway 66 from Estes Park to Deer Ridge Junction in Rocky Mountain National Park.
February 26 Boettcher Concert Hall of the Denver Center for the Performing Arts opens in the Denver Performing Arts Complex.
January 15 The Dallas Cowboys defeat the Denver Broncos 20 to 17 in Super Bowl XII.
January 1 The Denver Broncos defeat the Oakland Raiders 20 to 17 to win their first American Football Conference Championship.
1977 September 30 Proposed Colorado Interstate Highway I-470 is withdrawn from the Interstate Highway System.
July 28 Governor Dick Lamm requests that the proposed 26.3-mile (42.3 km) Colorado Interstate Highway I-470 be withdrawn from the Interstate Highway System.
July 5 The United States Department of Energy opens the Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) in Golden.
June The United States Olympic Training Center at the former Ent Air Force Base in Colorado Springs opens to athletes.
1976 October 22 The Denver Nuggets defeat the Indiana Pacers 123 to 110 in their first game as a National Basketball Association franchise.
October 5 The Colorado Rockies defeat the Toronto Maple Leafs 4 to 2 in their first National Hockey League game since relocation.
October 1 Ent Air Force Base closes in Colorado Springs.
August 1 A somber State of Colorado observes its centennial as it assesses the damage from the Big Thompson Flood the previous evening.
July 31 A flash flood in Big Thompson Canyon kills 143 people just hours before the Colorado State Centennial.
May 21 The final segment of I-225 is opened in Denver, completing the entire 11.959-mile (19.246 km) length of Interstate Highway I-225.
May 13 The New York Nets defeat the Denver Nuggets 112 to 106 in the last American Basketball Association game ever played. The Denver Rockets/Nuggets finish their nine seasons in the ABA with a record of 474 wins and 432 losses.
March 1 The United States Air Force renames Peterson Field in Colorado Springs as Peterson Air Force Base.
1975 August 18 Construction of the second bore of the Eisenhower Tunnel begins.
April 1 Ent Air Force Base is downgraded to the Ent Annex of the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station.
January 14 Dick Lamm assumes office as the thirty-eighth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1974 December 21 The first Telluride Film Festival begins.
October 16 The Denver Nuggets lose to the Kentucky Colonels 117 to 99 in their first game since the team name was changed from the Denver Rockets.
August 1 Interstate highway I-80S is redesignated I-76. Over 500 route markers will be replaced in Colorado over the next two years.
The United States Army renames Fitzsimons Army Hospital in Aurora as Fitzsimons Army Medical Center.
Chogyam Trungpa establishes the Naropa Institute in Boulder.
1973 December 9 The Denver Broncos defeat the San Diego Chargers 42 to 28 to assure their first winning season in their 14th year of play.
September 8 Rebecca Ann King of Denver is crowned Miss America.
July 16 Lieutenant Governor John Vanderhoof assumes office as the thirty-seventh Governor of the State of Colorado upon the resignation of Governor John Love to serve as Director of the United States Office of Energy Policy.
June 21 The United States Supreme Court orders the complete desegregation of the Denver Public Schools in Keyes v. School District No. 1.
May 17 The United States Atomic Energy Commission detonates three underground nuclear explosions in Colorado. Project Rio Blanco used the three nearly simultaneous blasts, each equivalent to 33,000 tonnes of TNT, to determine if nuclear explosions could be used to extract natural gas from sandstone deposits.
March 8 Governor John Love dedicates the first bore of the Eisenhower Tunnel taking Interstate 70 under the Continental Divide of the Americas, the highest point on the Interstate Highway System.
January 3 Pat Schroeder of Denver takes her seat in the United States House of Representatives as Colorado's first woman delegate to the U.S. Congress. Congresswoman Schroeder will represent Colorado's 1st congressional district for 24 years.
1972 November 15 Denver withdraws its offer to host the 1976 Winter Olympics, the first and only host city to reject an awarded Olympic Games.
November 7 Colorado voters reject a $5 million bond issue to fund the 1976 Winter Olympics.
September 10 Frank Shorter of Boulder wins the Men's Marathon at the Games of the XX Olympiad in Munich.
1971 October 3 The United States Department of Transportation opens the High Speed Ground Test Center east of Pueblo.
May 19 The Denver Art Museum opens its Gio Ponti designed North Tower.
1970 October 23 The final segment of I-270 is opened, completing the 5.2-mile (8.4 km) Interstate Highway I-270.
September 20 The Denver Broncos defeat the Buffalo Bills 25 to 10 in their first game as a National Football League franchise.
April 13 An oxygen tank exploded on the Apollo 13 space flight to the moon. The three-man crew, including Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert of Denver, managed to fly safely back to Earth four days later.
April 1 1970 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 2,207,259, an increase of 25.85% since the 1960 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1969 December 14 The Denver Broncos defeat the Cincinnati Bengals 27 to 16 in their last game as an American Football League franchise. The Broncos finish the ten AFL seasons with a record of 39 wins, 97 losses, and 4 ties.
October The John Denver debut album Rhymes & Reasons is released.
September 21 The final 21-mile (34 km) segment of Interstate Highway I-25 south of Walsenburg opens to traffic, completing the entire 305.040-mile (490.914 km) length of I-25 in Colorado.
September 10 The United States Atomic Energy Commission detonates the first nuclear explosion in Colorado. Project Rulison used the underground blast, equivalent to 40,000 tonnes of TNT, to determine if nuclear explosions could be used to extract natural gas from shale gas deposits.
August 20 U.S. President Richard Nixon signs an act of Congress creating Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument.
The City of Wheat Ridge in eastern Jefferson County incorporates.
July 1 The Colorado General Assembly creates the Regional Transportation District to promote public transportation in the Denver metropolitan area.
June 24 The City of Lakewood in eastern Jefferson County incorporates.
May 12 The International Olympic Committee selects Denver to host the XII Olympic Winter Games in 1976.
May 11 A plutonium fire in Building 776/777 of the Atomic Energy Commission Rocky Flats Plant contaminates the plant near Arvada in the most expensive U.S. industrial accident to date.
1968 December 13 United States Secretary of Transportation Alan Boyd announces the selection of 1,472.5 miles (2369.8 km) of additional highway routes for the Interstate Highway System, including the 5.6-mile (9.0 km) extension of Interstate Highway I-80S from I-25 to I-70.
March 15 Construction begins on the first bore of the Straight Creek Tunnel designed to route Interstate Highway I-70 under the Continental Divide.
February 10 Peggy Fleming wins the Olympic gold medal in Women's Figure Skating at the X Olympic Winter Games in Grenoble.
1967 October 15 The Denver Rockets defeat the Anaheim Amigos 110 to 105 in their first game in the new American Basketball Association.
September 17 The Denver-Boulder Turnpike becomes the first public toll road in the United States to pay for itself and becomes a freeway. The turnpike becomes a portion of the westward extension of federal highway route US-36 from Denver to Estes Park.
September 5 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge.
August 5 The Denver Broncos defeat the Detroit Lions 13 to 7 to become the first American Football League team to defeat a National Football League team.
1966 October 19 Blue Mesa Dam on the Gunnison River in Gunnison County is completed.
January 1 Air Force Systems Command turned the Cheyenne Mountain Combat Operations Center over to NORAD.[2]
1965 December 12 Interstate Highway I-270 construction begins in Denver.
July 25 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge.
June 16 A flash flood on the South Platte River kills 28 people and inflicts over $500 million in damage.
March 26 The last Titan I ICBM of the former Lowry Bombing and Gunnery Range was taken off alert status (all Titan 1s were in storage by April 18).[3]
1964 August 26 The British band The Beatles perform at Red Rocks Amphitheatre near Morrison.
July 3 The Robert Ward opera The Lady from Colorado premieres at the Central City Opera.
June 11 The musical film The Unsinkable Molly Brown premieres in Denver.
May Construction of Interstate Highway I-225 begins in Aurora.
Stapleton Airfield in Denver is renamed Stapleton International Airport.
1963 December Dillon Dam on the Blue River in Summit County is completed.
September Eminent nuclear physicist Edward Condon joins the faculty of the University of Colorado.
July 25 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge.
March 1 Dr. Thomas Starzl performs the world's first liver transplant at the University of Colorado Hospital in Denver.
January 8 John Love assumes office as the thirty-sixth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1962 November 15 Three Atlas missile sites of Warren Air Force Base begin operation in Colorado (eventually 8 sites at Keoto, 5 at Padroni, 8 at Peetz, 8 at Stoneham, etc.)
May 24 Astronaut Scott Carpenter from Boulder becomes the fourth person to orbit the Earth.
April 24 The first of a series of minor earthquakes emanating from a region below the United States Army Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver is recorded. The earthquakes are later tied to the injection of toxic fluids into a hazardous waste disposal well at the chemical weapons plant.
April 16 United States Deputy Attorney General Byron White is appointed the 83rd Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. White will serve on the court for 31 years.
1961 July 20 Tunneling begins for the NORAD bunker (the plan for a Denver Sector bunker had been cancelled in 1959, and the SAC bunker near Cripple Creek planned for 1965 was cancelled in 1963.)
1960 November 3 The Meredith Willson musical The Unsinkable Molly Brown opens at the Winter Garden Theatre.
September 9 The Denver Broncos defeat the Boston Patriots 13 to 10 in the very first American Football League game.
August 3 Dave Rearick and Bob Kamps become the first climbers to surmount The Diamond on the east face of Longs Peak.
June 3 U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signs a proclamation creating Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site.
[when?] Interstate 70 in Colorado construction begins near Idaho Springs.[specify]
April 1 1960 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 1,753,947, an increase of 32.36% since the 1950 United States Census.
February 9 Brewer Adolph Coors III is murdered in a foiled kidnap attempt near his home in Bear Creek Canyon west of Denver.


Year Date Event
1959 June 3 The first class of the United States Air Force Academy graduates.
September 1 Lowry Missile Site Number 1 construction begins southeast of Denver for a Titan I launch complex--Martin Missile Test Site 1 construction at Waterton Canyon had begun in April (alert status ended on March 26, 1965).
January 22 The Adolf Coors Company of Golden introduces the aluminum beer can.
1958 December 10 Edward Lawrie Tatum is the 1st Colorado native to win the Nobel Prize for his 1937 metabolism work at Stanford University with George Wells Beadle.
August Construction of Interstate Highway I-80S begins in northeastern Colorado (designated I-76 on August 1, 1974.)
May 12 Canada and the United States establish the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) to be headquartered at Ent Air Force Base.
1957 October 18 United States Secretary of Commerce Sinclair Weeks announces a 547-mile (880 km) western extension of Interstate 70 from Interstate 25 in Denver to Interstate 15 in Utah. The highway extension will require burrowing under the Continental Divide of the Americas.
September 11 A plutonium fire in Building 71 of the Atomic Energy Commission Rocky Flats Plant contaminates the plant and releases radioactive plutonium into the air near Denver.
January 8 Steve McNichols assumes office as the thirty-fifth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1956 November 10 Professor George Gamow (Георгий Антонович Гамов) of the University of Colorado is awarded the 1956 UNESCO Kalinga Prize.
October 15 The Denver Public Library dedicates the new central library at the Denver Civic Center
July 7 The Douglas Moore opera The Ballad of Baby Doe premieres at the Central City Opera.
1955 November Monument Valley Freeway construction begins in Colorado Springs (later incorporated as part of I-25).
September 24 U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower suffers an acute myocardial infarction in Denver. The President is treated at Fitzsimons Army Hospital in Aurora for several weeks.
September 11 Sharon Kay Ritchie is the 1st Miss Colorado crowned Miss America (cf. Marilyn Van Derbur in 1957, Rebecca Ann King in 1973).
July 11 The first class of 306 cadets of the United States Air Force Academy are sworn in at Lowry Air Force Base in Denver.
January 11 Ed Johnson assumes office again as the thirty-fourth Governor of the State of Colorado.
January 3 Gordon L. Allott takes his seat in the United States Senate. He will serve as a U.S. Senator from Colorado for 18 years.
1954 June 24 The United States Air Force selects an area north of Colorado Springs as the site for the United States Air Force Academy.
1953 The Summer White House for U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower is established at Lowry Air Force Base through 1955. (The President and Mamie Eisenhower were married in Denver in 1916.)
1952 September 3 The United States Fish and Wildlife Service establishes the Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge.
July 18 Denver television station KFEL-TV (analog channel 2) begins the first television broadcasts in Colorado.
January 19 The Denver-Boulder Turnpike opens to traffic.
1951 July 10 Construction of the United States Atomic Energy Commission Rocky Flats Plant begins 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Denver.
January 9 Dan Thornton assumes office as the thirty-third Governor of the State of Colorado.
January 3 Byron G. Rogers of Denver takes his seat in the United States House of Representatives. Congressman Rogers will represent Colorado's 1st congressional district for 20 years.
1950 August 3 U.S. President Harry Truman signs an act of Congress abolishing Wheeler National Monument. The geologic area reverts to Rio Grande National Forest, and is now a part of the La Garita Wilderness.
April 15 Lieutenant Governor Walter Johnson assumes office as the thirty-second Governor of Colorado upon the resignation of Governor Bill Knous to serve as a federal judge.
April 1 1950 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 1,325,089, an increase of 17.96% since the 1940 United States Census.
February 13 Aspen hosts the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1950 at Ajax Mountain Ski Resort, the first World Ski Championships held outside Europe.


Year Date Event
1949 Construction begins on the Pueblo Freeway in Pueblo. The Pueblo Freeway will be incorporated into Interstate Highway I-25.
January 3 Wayne N. Aspinall of Palisade takes his seat in the United States House of Representatives. Congressman Aspinall will represent Colorado's 4th congressional district for 24 years.
1948 August Construction begins on the Valley Highway in Denver. The Valley Highway will be incorporated into Interstate Highway I-25.
1947 Denver FM radio station KLZ-FM begins commercial broadcasting at 106.7 MHz in the new U.S. FM broadcast band.
January 14 William Lee Knous assumes office as the thirty-first Governor of the State of Colorado.
1946 December 14 The Ajax Mountain Ski Area opens at Aspen with the world's longest chairlift.
1945 September 10 Mike the Headless Chicken survives an assassination attempt but loses his head near Fruita.
September 2 World War II ends as the Empire of Japan formally surrenders.
August 27 The battleship USS Colorado (BB-45) steams into Tokyo Bay for the invasion of Honshu.
May 8 The war in Europe ends as the Greater German Empire formally surrenders.
spring The Colorado Springs Tent Camp was established between the east edge of Colorado Springs and Peterson Field. ("Ent Air Force Base" in 1949, "Ent Annex" in 1975).
January 12 John Charles Vivian assumes office as the thirtieth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1942 August 27 The Granada War Relocation Center (Camp Amache) opens for Japanese-American internees (Governor Carr opposed the internments in July.)
June 30 Rocky Mountain Arsenal construction begins near Denver for World War II chemical weapons.
April 28 The United States Army opens the Army Air Base at the Colorado Springs Municipal Airport (the shared airfield is later designated Peterson Field).
April The United States Army begins construction of Camp Hale near Tennessee Pass.
April Lowry Field Number 2 construction begins east of Aurora—cantonment construction begins May 5, 1942 (later designated Buckley Field, Buckley Air National Guard Base in 1960, Buckley AFB in 2000).
January 6 The United States Army announces the selection of Colorado Springs as the site of a major Army base (designated Camp Carson a few weeks later, Fort Carson on August 27, 1954).
1941 December 11 The United States declares war on the German Reich and the Italian Empire
December 8 The United States declares war on the Empire of Japan and enters World War II.
June 15 Rotary International celebrates the Grand Opening of Red Rocks Amphitheatre with 10,000 in attendance during their annual convention. An "informal dedication" was held the week before.
March Denver Ordnance Plant construction begins after a 1940 land purchase and January 1941 contract with Remington Arms Company (cf. February 1942 construction of the Pueblo Ordnance Depot).
January 3 Colorado's 2nd congressional district representative (William S. Hill) and Colorado's 3rd congressional district representative (John Chenoweth) are seated in the United States House of Representatives.
1940 April 1 1940 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 1,123,296, an increase of 8.45% since the 1930 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1939 January 10 Ralph Carr assumes office as the twenty-ninth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1938 December 2 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an order creating the Colorado State Forest.
1937 October 4 Lowry Field construction begins with Works Progress Administration conversion of the Agnes Stipps Memorial Sanitorium for an Air Corps training base east of Denver (renamed Lowry AFB June 24, 1948.)
September 6 The Will Rogers Shrine of the Sun is dedicated along the 1925 Cheyenne Mountain Highway.
February 7 A donated rope tow begins operation at Berthoud Pass, creating Colorado's first public tow-assisted alpine skiing. Unfortunately, two skiers are killed in an avalanche the same day.
January 12 Teller Ammons assumes office as the twenty-eighth Governor of the State of Colorado.
January 3 Ed Johnson takes his seat in the United States Senate. He will serve as a U.S. Senator from Colorado for 18 years.
January 1 Lieutenant Governor Ray Herbert Talbot assumes office as the twenty-seventh Governor of Colorado upon the resignation of Governor Ed Johnson to serve in the United States Senate.
1936 May 9 Members of Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Company 1848 at Morrison Camp SP-13-C in Red Rocks Park cease work on all other projects in preparation for the construction of Red Rocks Amphitheatre.
1935 March 7 The body of Elizabeth "Baby Doe" Tabor is found frozen to death in her cabin near the Matchless Mine in Lake County.
1934 May 17 The Dotsero Cutoff of 38.1 miles (61.3 km) in Colorado reduces the Denver-Salt Lake City railroad route by 173 miles (278 km).
1933 March 2 Outgoing U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs a proclamation creating Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Monument.
January 10 Ed Johnson assumes office as the twenty-sixth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1932 March 17 U.S. President Herbert Hoover signs an act of Congress creating Great Sand Dunes National Monument.
1930 April 1 1930 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 1,035,791, an increase of 10.23% since the 1920 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1929 November The City of Cañon City completes the Royal Gorge Bridge over the Arkansas River.
October 17 Denver Municipal Airport opens (renamed Stapleton Airfield in 1944, Stapleton International Airport in 1964).
1928 February 26 The 6.2 mile (10.0 km) long Moffat Tunnel under the Continental Divide of the Americas opens as the world's longest railway tunnel.
1927 January 11 Billy Adams assumes office as the twenty-fifth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1926 Spencer Penrose establishes his Cheyenne Mountain Zoo near the BROADMOOR.
1925 June Adams State Normal School opens in Alamosa (named Adams State University in 2012).
January 13 Clarence Morley assumes office as the twenty-fourth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1924 June 2 U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs the Indian Citizenship Act finally granting full United States Citizenship to all Native Americans.
1923 August 30 The battleship USS Colorado (BB-45) is commissioned in New York Harbor.
March 2 U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs a proclamation creating Hovenweep National Monument.
January 9 William Ellery Sweet assumes office as the twenty-third Governor of the State of Colorado.
1922 March 10 Denver radio station 9ZAF receives a commercial license as KLZ (AM 560 kHz), the first commercial radio station in Colorado.
1921 July 21 The Colorado River designation is extended to its Grand River tributary, which has its source in Colorado. Grand River namesakes (e.g., valley, county, lake, and city) remain unchanged.
June 3 Flash floods on the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek kill 1500 people and inflict over $20 million of damage around Pueblo.
1920 December 5 Douglas Fairbanks becomes the first Coloradoan to star in a major motion picture: silent film The Mark of Zorro.
July The United States Army renames Army Hospital 21 in Aurora as Fitzsimons Army Hospital.
April 1 1920 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 939,629, an increase of 17.60% since the 1910 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1919 December 19 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a proclamation creating Yucca House National Monument.
July 4 Jack Dempsey of Manassa, Colorado, defeats Jess Willard in a bout at Toledo, Ohio for the World Heavyweight Boxing Championship.
1918 November 11 An armistice halts the Great War.
Autumn The Denver Art Association becomes the Denver Art Museum.
June 29 The Broadmoor resort opens near Colorado Springs at the site of the Broadmoor Casino and adjacent to the c. 1900 Broadmoor Shooting Grounds.[4]
May 14 Denver Mayor Robert W. Speer dies at home in Denver at age 62.
Spring Construction of Army Hospital 21 begins in Aurora (named Fitzsimons Army Hospital in 1920, Fitzsimons Army Medical Center in 1974, closed 1999.)
1917 April 6 The United States declares war on the German Empire and enters the Great War.
January 10 William Frederick "Buffalo Bill" Cody dies in Denver at age 70.
January 9 Julius Caldeen Gunter assumes office as the twenty-first Governor of the State of Colorado.
1915 October 4 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs a proclamation creating Dinosaur National Monument.
March 4 Charles B. Timberlake of Sterling takes his seat in the United States House of Representatives. Congressman Timberlake will represent Colorado's 2nd congressional district for 18 years.
January 26 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson signs an act of Congress creating Rocky Mountain National Park
January 12 George Alfred Carlson assumes office as the twentieth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1914 April 28-29 The Battle of Walsenburg is fought between strikers and the Colorado National Guard as part of the violence stemming from the Ludlow Massacre and Colorado Coalfield War.
April 20 The Ludlow Massacre by the Colorado National Guard kills striking coal miners, 2 women, and 11 children.
1913 December 1 Denver's greatest snowfall ever begins. Denver receives a five-day accumulation of 45.7 inches (1161 mm), while Georgetown gets 86 inches (2184 mm).
March 8 The Colorado General Assembly creates Alamosa County from portions of Costilla and Conejos counties.
January 14 Elias M. Ammons assumes office as the nineteenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1912 April 26 The Colorado Mountain Club is founded in Denver.
April 15 The RMS Titanic strikes an iceberg and sinks. Margaret Brown of Denver is hailed as a heroine by survivors.
1911 November The Daniels & Fisher Tower opens in Denver.
July 17 The Mountain States Telephone and Telegraph Company is formed in Denver.
May 29 The Colorado General Assembly creates Crowley County from a portion of Otero County.
May 24 U.S. President William Howard Taft signs a proclamation creating Colorado National Monument.
May 10 Scottish operatic soprano Mary Garden sings in concert at the Park of the Red Rocks near Morrison.
February 27 The Colorado General Assembly creates Moffat County from a portion of Routt County.
1910 July 1 U.S. President William Howard Taft signs an order creating Colorado National Forest (renamed Roosevelt National Forest on March 28, 1932.)
April 1 1910 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 799,024, an increase of 48.05% since the 1900 United States Census.
February 15 The Denver Public Library dedicates its new library building.


Year Date Event
1909 July 17 The Shoshone Hydroelectric Generating Station begins transmitting electricity from Glenwood Canyon to the Denver area over the Shoshone Transmission Line.
May 5 The Colorado General Assembly creates Jackson County from the western portion of Larimer County.
March 4 Edward T. Taylor takes his seat in the United States House of Representatives. Congressman Taylor will represent Colorado in the U.S. House for more than 32 years.
January 19 The Denver, Northwestern and Pacific Railway reaches Steamboat Springs.
January 12 John F. Shafroth assumes office as the eighteenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1908 December 7 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt issues a proclamation creating Wheeler National Monument.
July 10 The Democratic National Convention in Denver nominates William Jennings Bryan for President of the United States
July 1 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating Arapaho National Forest.
The Colorado Museum of Natural History opens its new building in Denver City Park.
1907 January 8 Henry Augustus Buchtel assumes office as the seventeenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1906 June 29 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an act of Congress creating Mesa Verde National Park.
August 1 The Argentine Central Railway reaches the 13,587-foot (4141 m) summit of Mount McClellan.
February 24 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the Fruita Forest Reserve.
January 29 The first Western Livestock Show opens in Denver. The show will become the National Western Stock Show, Rodeo and Horse Show.
January 25 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the La Sal Forest Reserve.
1905 August 25 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the Holy Cross Forest Reserve.
June 14 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the Uncompahgre Forest Reserve.
June 13 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs orders creating the Cochetopa Forest Reserve and the Montezuma Forest Reserve.
June 12 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs orders creating the Park Range Forest Reserve, the San Isabel Forest Reserve, and the Wet Mountains Forest Reserve.
June 5 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the San Juan Forest Reserve.
May 12 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs orders creating the Gunnison Forest Reserve, the Leadville Forest Reserve, and the Pike's Peak Forest Reserve.
May 9 The first water flows over the spillway of the new Cheesman Dam on the South Platte River in Jefferson and Douglas counties. The dam is the world's tallest at 221 feet (67.3 m).
March 17 March 17 becomes Colorado's day with three governors as Alva Adams, James Hamilton Peabody, and Jesse Fuller McDonald sequentially serve as the Governor of the State of Colorado.
January 19 The armored cruiser USS Colorado (ACR-7) is commissioned at Philadelphia.
January 10 Alva Adams assumes office again as the fourteenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1904 June 1 Robert W. Speer assumes office as the Mayor of the City and County of Denver.
May 21 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the White River Forest Reserve.
1903 May 5 The Town of Fletcher incorporates (renamed the Town of Aurora on March 4, 1907)
April 11 The Colorado General Assembly reverts the name of South Arapahoe County back to Arapahoe County.
January 13 James Hamilton Peabody assumes office as the thirteenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1902 November 15 After a prolonged court battle, the State of Colorado splits Arapahoe County into three new counties: the City and County of Denver, South Arapahoe County, and Adams County.
July 18 The Denver, Northwestern and Pacific Railway incorporates in Denver for a direct rail line to Salt Lake City via a tunnel under the Continental Divide.
May 22 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt signs an order creating the Medicine Bow Forest Reserve.
1901 January 8 James Bradley Orman assumes office as the twelfth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1900 December 6 The Colorado Museum of Natural History in Breckenridge is incorporated.
April 1 1900 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 539,700, an increase of 30.60% since the 1890 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1899 June 1 Nikola Tesla (Никола Тесла) begins research on the wireless transmission of power at his new laboratory in Colorado Springs.
March 23 The Colorado General Assembly creates Teller County from portions of El Paso and Fremont counties.
January 10 Charles Spalding Thomas assumes office as the eleventh Governor of the State of Colorado.
1898 August 12 The United States and the Kingdom of Spain sign a Protocol of Peace ending fighting in the Spanish–American War.
April 25 The United States declares war on the Kingdom of Spain.
April 19 U.S. Senator Henry M. Teller of Colorado offers the Teller Amendment to a Joint Resolution of Congress to ensure that the United States will not establish permanent control over Cuba after any conflict with Spain.
1897 January 12 Alva Adams assumes office again as the tenth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1896 November 7 The Denver Zoo opens.
1895 October 28 Harry Heye Tammen and Frederick Gilmer Bonfils purchase the Evening Post of Denver for $12,500 (renamed Denver Evening Post November 3, The Denver Post January 1, 1901).
January 8 Albert Washington McIntire assumes office as the ninth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1894 July 1 The Florence and Cripple Creek Railroad reaches Cripple Creek.
March 18 Denver Union Station is extensively damaged by fire.
March 14 The Denver City Police and Arapahoe County Deputy Sheriffs barricade Denver City Hall to prevent the Colorado State Infantry from seizing the building in the City Hall War of 1894.
1893 November 7 Colorado becomes the first U.S. state to give women the vote by popular referendum.
November 1 U.S. President Grover Cleveland signs the Repeal of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act (enacted July 14, 1890), but.the repeal fails to halt the Panic of 1893 and plunges Colorado into a massive economic depression.
July 22 Katharine Lee Bates visits the summit of Pikes Peak and writes the poem America the Beautiful.
March 27 The Colorado General Assembly creates Mineral County from portions of Hinsdale, Rio Grande, and Saguache counties.
January 10 Davis Hanson Waite assumes office as the eighth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1892 December 24 U.S. President Benjamin Harrison signs an order creating the Battlement Mesa Forest Reserve.
Henry Perky of Denver develops a machine for making "little whole wheat mattresses", later called shredded wheat.
August Political supporters of Grover Cleveland found the Evening Post in Denver with $50,000.
1891 October 16 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Creede.
October 16 U.S. President Benjamin Harrison signs an act of Congress creating the White River Plateau Timberland Reserve, the second U.S. national forest reserve.
July 1 The Broadmoor Casino opens near Colorado Springs.
January 13 John Long Routt assumes office as the seventh Governor of the State of Colorado.
1890 October 22 The Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway completes the rack and pinion line to the 14,115-foot (4,302 m) summit of Pikes Peak.
October 20 Rancher Robert Miller Womack discovers a rich gold lode along Cripple Creek near Pikes Peak. The Cripple Creek Mining District will produce more than 730 tonnes of gold, the most of any Rocky Mountain district.
July 4 The Colorado State Capitol cornerstone is placed for the new building on Brown's Bluff in Denver.
April 1 1890 United States Census enumerates the population of Colorado, later determined to be 413,249, an increase of 112.66% since the 1880 United States Census.


Year Date Event
1889 June 24 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Lake City.
June The City of Denver establishes the Denver Public Library.
April 16 The Colorado General Assembly creates Baca County from a portion of Las Animas County, and Montezuma County from a portion of La Plata County.
April 11 The Colorado General Assembly creates Kiowa, Kit Carson, Lincoln, and Prowers counties from portions of Bent and Elbert counties.
April 9 The Colorado General Assembly creates Sedgwick County from a portion of Logan County.
March 27 The Colorado General Assembly creates Phillips County from a portion of Logan County.
March 25 The Colorado General Assembly creates Cheyenne County from portions of Elbert and Bent counties, Otero County from a portion of Bent County, and Rio Blanco County from a portion of Garfield County.
March 15 The Colorado General Assembly creates Yuma County from a portion of Washington County.
February 19 The Colorado General Assembly creates Morgan County from a portion of Weld County.
January 8 Job Adams Cooper assumes office as the sixth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1888 December 18 Richard Wetherill and Charlie Mason find the Cliff Palace on Mesa Verde.
July 11 Bennett records an ambient air temperature of 118 °F (47.8 °C), setting the all-time state record high temperature.
April 9 The Denver, Texas and Fort Worth Railroad begins service between Denver and Fort Worth.
January 1 The Missouri Pacific Railroad begins service between Pueblo, Kansas City, and Saint Louis.
1887 November 5 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad reaches Denver.
October 31 The United States Army establishes Fort Logan southwest of Denver (transferred from the Army Air Service Command to the Veterans Administration in May 1946.)[5][6][7]
October 28 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Aspen.
October 6 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Glenwood Springs via Glenwood Canyon.
September 3 The Colorado Midland Railroad begins service between Colorado City and Leadville via Buena Vista and Hagerman Tunnel under the Continental Divide of the Americas.
February 25 The Colorado General Assembly creates Logan County from a portion of Weld County.
February 9 The Colorado General Assembly creates Washington County from a portion of Weld County.
January 11 Alva Adams assumes office as the fifth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1886 June 19 The Town of Colorado Springs incorporates. Colorado Springs is the seat of El Paso County.
1885 November 15 The Town of Silverton incorporates. Silverton is the seat of San Juan County.
The Town of Pueblo incorporates. Pueblo is the seat of Pueblo County.
The Town of Greeley incorporates. Greeley is the seat of Weld County.
April 14 The Colorado General Assembly creates Archuleta County from a portion of Conejos County.
January 13 Benjamin Harrison Eaton assumes office as the fourth Governor of the State of Colorado.
1884 April The Georgetown, Breckenridge and Leadville Railway reaches SilverPlume via the Georgetown Loop.
1883 March 2 The Colorado General Assembly creates San Miguel County from a portion of San Juan County, and reverts the name of Uncompaghre County back to Ouray County.
March 1 U.S. Senator Horace Tabor of Colorado marries Elizabeth "Baby Doe" McCourt in Washington, D.C.
February 27 The Colorado General Assembly renames Ouray County as Uncompaghre County.
February 14 The Colorado General Assembly creates Mesa County from a portion of Gunnison County.
February 12 The Town of Fort Collins incorporates. Fort Collins is the seat of Larimer County.
February 11 The Colorado General Assembly creates Eagle County from a portion of Summit County, and Delta and Montrose counties from portions of Gunnison County.
February 10 The Colorado General Assembly creates Garfield County from a portion of Summit County.
January 9 James Benton Grant assumes office as the third Governor of the State of Colorado.
1882 December 19 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches the Colorado-Utah Territory border west of Grand Junction.
November 21 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Grand Junction.
November 7 An earthquake estimated at 6.2 Mfa affects the Denver area with a maximum Mercalli intensity of VII (Very strong). The quake causes minor damage in Colorado and southern Wyoming and is the most intense in Colorado recorded history.[8]
September 8 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Montrose.
September 6 The Denver, South Park and Pacific Railroad reaches Gunnison via the Alpine Tunnel under the Continental Divide of the Americas.
July 8 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Silverton.
June 26 The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad reaches Denver.
May 7 The Denver and New Orleans Railroad begins service between Denver and Pueblo.
May 6 U.S. President Chester A. Arthur signs the Chinese Exclusion Act banning Chinese immigration to the United States and denying citizenship to all persons of Chinese ancestry.
April 18 U.S. President Chester A. Arthur appoints Henry Moore Teller as U.S. Secretary of the Interior. Teller is the first Coloradan to serve in the Cabinet of the United States..
April 13 Oscar Wilde visits Leadville and later writes, "They afterwards took me to a dancing saloon where I saw the only rational method of art criticism I have ever come across. Over the piano was printed a notice : — PLEASE DO NOT SHOOT THE PIANIST. HE IS DOING HIS BEST."
1881 November 24 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Crested Butte.
November 8 The City of Denver is made the permanent capital of the State of Colorado by a state referendum.
August 8 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Gunnison.
July 27 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Durango.
June 1 Denver Union Station opens.
March 4 The Colorado General Assembly creates Dolores County from a portion of Ouray County.
February 23 The Colorado General Assembly creates Pitkin County from a portion of Gunnison County.
February 21 The Colorado Electric Company incorporates in Denver.
1880 July 22 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches Leadville. The first passenger train to Leadville carries former President Ulysses Grant, the man who brought Colorado statehood.
June 1 The Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reaches the Colorado-New Mexico Territory border south of Antonito.
April 1 1880 United States Census enumerates the population of the State of Colorado, later determined to be 194,327, an increase of 387% since the 1870 United States Census.
March 27 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway reaches a legal accommodation with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad known as the Treaty of Boston.
March 3 The Denver, South Park and Pacific Railroad reaches Buena Vista.


Year Date Event
1879 September 1 Colorado Agricultural College opens to students. The land-grant college is renamed Colorado State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts in 1935, and renamed Colorado State University in 1957.
July The Colorado Historical Society is founded in Denver.
May 7 The first passenger train passes through the Royal Gorge.
April 21 The United States Supreme Court rules[specify] in the Royal Gorge War between the Denver and Rio Grande Railway and the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad.
February 24 The Denver Telephone Dispatch Company opens for business.
February 10 The Colorado General Assembly abolishes Carbonate County after two days and splits its territory between a new Chaffee County and a renamed Lake County.
February 8 The Colorado General Assembly renames Lake County as Carbonate County.
January 14 Frederick Walker Pitkin assumes office as the second Governor of the State of Colorado.
1878 December 7 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad reaches Raton Pass on the Santa Fe Trail, blocking the Denver and Rio Grande Railway's route to Santa Fe.
June 26 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway reaches Alamosa.
April 19 The Royal Gorge War begins as a construction crew of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad blocks a crew of the Denver and Rio Grande Railway from building into the Royal Gorge.
May 22 The Colorado Central Railroad reaches Central City.
January 1 David May opens The Great Western Auction House and Clothing Store in Leadville. The company will become a component of Macy's, Inc.
1877 September 16 The Solid Muldoon is uncovered on Muldoon Hill near Beulah.
September David May, Jacob Holcombe, and Thomas Dean open a dry goods store in Leadville.
August 13 The Colorado Central Railroad reaches Georgetown.
March 9 The Colorado General Assembly creates Custer County from a portion of Fremont County, and Gunnison County from a portion of Lake County.
January 29 The Colorado General Assembly creates Routt County from a portion of Grand County.
January 18 The Colorado General Assembly creates Ouray County from portions of Hinsdale and Lake counties.
1876 November 1 The Colorado General Assembly convenes for the first time.
October 3 Voters of the new State of Colorado elect Territorial Governor John Long Routt as their first State Governor, Henry Moore Teller and Jerome Bunty Chaffee as their first U.S. Senators, and James Burns Belford as their first U.S. Representative.
August 1 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the presidential declaration admitting the State of Colorado to the Union.[9] Denver remains the capital.
July 1 Voters of the Territory of Colorado approve the proposed Constitution of the State of Colorado[10] by a vote of 15,443 to 4,039.
March 14 The Colorado Constitutional Convention adopts the proposed Constitution of the State of Colorado[10]
The Colorado Territorial Legislature establishes the University of Colorado at Boulder.
February 29 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad reaches Pueblo.
January 31 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates San Juan County from a portion of Lake County.
1875 October 25 The Colorado Constitutional Convention convenes in Denver to write a state constitution.
October 5 Ulysses S. Grant becomes the first President of the United States to visit the Colorado Territory.
March 29 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appoints John Long Routt to be the eighth (and last) Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
March 3 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Colorado Enabling Act for statehood.[11]
U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Page Act limiting the immigration of Asians into the United States.
1874 August 14 Members of the Wheeler Survey make the first recorded ascent of Blanca Peak in the San Luis Valley.
July 6 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway reaches Cañon City.
June 19 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appoints Edward M. McCook a second time to be the seventh Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
February 10 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Hinsdale, La Plata, and Rio Grande counties from portions of Conejos, Costilla, and Lake counties.
February 9 The Colorado Territorial Legislature purchases the Territorial School of Mines in Golden from the Episcopal Church for $5,000.
The Colorado Territorial Legislature abolishes Platte County after organizers fail to secure voter approval. The territory of the county is returned to Weld County.
February 6 The Colorado Territorial Legislature abolishes Greenwood County and divides its territory between Elbert County and Bent County.
February 3 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Elbert County from a portion of Douglas County, and Grand County from a portion of Summit County.
1873 September 17 The Denver and Boulder Valley Railroad reaches Boulder.
June 16 The Town of Walsenburg incorporates. Walsenburg is the seat of Huerfano County.
April 4 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appoints Samuel Hitt Elbert to be the sixth Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
1872 December 15 The Colorado Central Railroad reaches Black Hawk.
November 15 The Town of Fairplay incorporates. Fairplay is the seat of Park County.
October 9 The first Southern Colorado Agricultural and Industrial Exposition is held in Pueblo. The exposition will become the Colorado State Fair.
October 2 The Denver, South Park and Pacific Railroad incorporates in Denver to build a narrow gauge railway through South Park to the Gunnison River and the Utah Territory.
June 15 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway reaches Pueblo.
April 3 The Town of Cañon City incorporates. Cañon City (also spelled Canyon City and Canon City) is the seat of Fremont County.
February 11 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Platte County from the eastern portion of Weld County.
1871 November 4 The City of Boulder incorporates. Boulder City is the seat of Boulder County.
October 27 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway is completed from Denver to the new town of Colorado Springs, bypassing Colorado City 5 mi (8.0 km) to the west.
January 2 The City of Golden incorporates. Golden City is the former territorial capital and the seat of Jefferson County.
1870 October 27 The Denver and Rio Grande Railway incorporates in Denver. The company plans to build a narrow gauge railway from Denver south to Santa Fe, New Mexico Territory; El Paso, Texas; and on to Mexico City.
September 22 The Colorado Central Railroad reaches Golden from Denver.
August 15 The Kansas Pacific Railroad reaches Denver from Kansas City, Missouri, creating the first all-rail transcontinental route.
June 21 The Denver Pacific Railroad reaches Denver from the Union Pacific mainline at Cheyenne, Wyoming Territory.
May 2 Episcopal Bishop George Maxwell Randall begins construction of the Territorial School of Mines at Golden City.
April 1 1870 United States Census enumerates the population of the Territory of Colorado, later determined to be 39,864, an increase of 16% since the 1860 United States Census.
February 11 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Bent and Greenwood counties from expropriated Cheyenne and Arapaho tribal land and portions of Huerfano County


Year Date Event
1869 December 14 Nathan Meeker, agricultural editor of the New York Tribune, appeals to readers of high moral character to help him build a utopian farming community between the Cache La Poudre River and the South Platte River in the Territory of Colorado. Meeker will name the community Greeley in honor of his publisher, Horace Greeley.
November 13 The Denver Gas Company incorporates in Denver City.
August 19 S.F. Sharpless and William M. Davis make the first recorded ascent of Mount Harvard, highest of the Collegiate Peaks.
July 4 Deer Trail hosts the world's first organized rodeo.
Surveyor O.N. Chaffee determines the eastern boundary of the Colorado Territory beginning from Julesburg.[12][13]
June 14 U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant appoints Edward M. McCook to be the fifth Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
March 4 Commanding General of the United States Army Ulysses S. Grant assumes office as the 18th President of the United States.
1868 August 23 A party led by John Wesley Powell makes the first recorded ascent of Longs Peak.
July 9 The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.
May 23 Brigadier General Kit Carson dies at new Fort Lyon at age 58.
January 10 The Colorado Territorial Legislature incorporates the Town of Georgetown. Georgetown is the seat of Clear Creek County and still operates under this 1868 Territorial Charter.
1867 December 9 The Colorado Territorial Legislature votes to move the territorial capital from Golden City to Denver City, the seat of Arapahoe County.
November 18 The Union Pacific Railroad reaches Julesburg and eventually will have 9 miles (14 km) of mainline in the Colorado Territory.
April 24 U.S. President Andrew Johnson appoints Alexander Cameron Hunt to be the fourth Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
1866 December 29 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Saguache County from portions of Lake and Costilla counties.
March 6 Brigadier General Kit Carson takes command of Fort Garland in the San Luis Valley in an effort to make peace with the Ute Nation.
February 9 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates Las Animas County from a portion of Huerfano County.
1865 October 17 U.S. President Andrew Johnson appoints Alexander Cummings of Pennsylvania to be the third Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
September The (white male) voters of the Territory defeat a referendum for universal male suffrage by a vote of 476 to 4,192, denying the vote to Indians, Negros, Asians, as well as women.
July 18 U.S. President Andrew Johnson demands that John Evans resign as the Governor of the Territory of Colorado following an investigation of the Sand Creek Massacre.
April 15 U.S. Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes office as the 17th President of the United States upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.
Early U.S. President Abraham Lincoln proclaims the end of the American Civil War.
1864 November 29 The Sand Creek Massacre kills Cheyenne and Arapaho on orders by Colonel (and the Reverend) John Chivington.
October 22 The United States Army moves Camp Collins downstream to the present site of Fort Collins.
May 13 A flash flood on Cherry Creek sweeps away most low-lying structures of Denver City and separates many residents from their local saloons and brothels.
March 3 Governor John Evans and the Reverend John Chivington found Colorado Seminary in Denver City. The seminary will close in 1868, but reopen in 1880 as the University of Denver.
1862 August 14 The Colorado Territorial Legislature votes to move the territorial capital from Colorado City to Golden City, the seat of Jefferson County.
July 22 The United States Army establishes Camp Collins near Colona.
July 7 The second session of the Colorado Territorial Legislature convenes in Colorado City.
April 6 Alferd Packer arrives at the Los Pinos Indian Agency in the Cochetopa Hills with no trace of his five companions. Upon questioning, Packer admits that he ate his companions.
March 28 Colorado and New Mexico volunteers repulse invading Texas cavalry at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
March 26 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints John Evans of Illinois to be the second Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
March 10 An expeditionary force of Texas cavalry captures Santa Fe for the Confederacy.
February 9 Alferd Packer and five companions leave the camp of Ouray on the Uncompahgre River bound for the Cochetopa Hills.
1861 December 3 The Colorado Territorial Legislature reincorporates the City of Denver, Auraria, and Highland as the City of Denver (still commonly known as Denver City), the seat of Arapahoe County.
November 7 The Colorado Territorial Legislature renames Guadalupe County as Conejos County after only six days.
November 5 The Colorado Territorial Legislature votes to move the territorial capital from Denver City to Colorado City, the seat of El Paso County.
November 1 The Colorado Territorial Legislature creates 17 counties: Arapahoe, Boulder, Clear Creek, Costilla, Douglas, El Paso, Fremont, Gilpin, Guadalupe, Huerfano, Jefferson, Lake, Larimer, Park, Pueblo, Summit, and Weld County.
September 9 The first session of the Colorado Territorial Legislature convenes in Denver City. The legislature reworks most of the laws of the Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson.
June 6 Jefferson Territorial Governor Robert Williamson Steele proclaims the Territory of Jefferson officially disbanded after meeting with Colorado Territorial Governor William Gilpin.
May 29 Governor William Gilpin arrives in Denver City.
April 12 The American Civil War begins with the Battle of Fort Sumter.
March 25 U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints William Gilpin of Missouri to be the first Governor of the Territory of Colorado.
March 4 Abraham Lincoln assumes office as the 16th President of the United States.
February 28 U.S. President James Buchanan signs the An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado[14] creating the free Territory of Colorado. The new territory is created from the unorganized territory previously part of the Territory of Kansas, the northern portion of the Territory of New Mexico, the eastern portion of the Territory of Utah, and the southwestern portion of the Territory of Nebraska. The new name is chosen because the Colorado River is thought to originate somewhere in the territory. The new territory is 41% smaller than the extralegal Jefferson Territory. The boundaries of the Colorado Territory are essentially the same as the present State of Colorado.
February 8 Seven secessionist slave states create the Confederate States of America.
January 29 U.S. President James Buchanan signs An Act for the Admission of Kansas Into the Union[15] creating the free State of Kansas from the eastern portion of the Territory of Kansas. The western portion of the Kansas Territory becomes unorganized territory, although the Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson continues to act as the de facto government.
1860 November 13 The Jefferson Territorial Legislature moves from Denver City to Golden City, the seat of Jefferson County.
November 6 Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States. Seven slave states will secede from the United States of America before Lincoln takes office on March 4, 1861.
August 7 A proclamation by Territorial Governor Steele proposes a merger of the Jefferson Territory with the Kansas Territory. Bleeding Kansas rejects the proposal outright.
April 1 The 1860 United States Census enumerates the population of the goldfields, later determined to be 34,277. Most miners in the backcountry prospecting for gold could not be counted, so there may have been a substantial undercount.
February 1 The Territory of New Mexico creates Mora County from parts of Taos County and San Miguel County. The new county extends into the southern portion of the Jefferson Territory and the future State of Colorado.
January 23 The second session of the Jefferson Territorial Legislature convenes in Denver City, the seat of Arrappahoe County.
January 1 At the behest of the Jefferson Territorial Legislature, Samuel Beall requests that Congress approve the new Territory of Jefferson. (Congress is debating slavery and does not respond.)


Year Date Event
1859 December 3 The Jefferson Territory grants a charter to the consolidated City of Denver, Auraria, and Highland, more commonly known as Denver City, as the territorial capital and seat of Arrappahoe County.
November 28 The Jefferson Territory creates 12 counties: Arrappahoe, Cheyenne, El Paso, Fountain, Heele, Jackson, Jefferson, Mountain, North, Park, St. Vrain, and Saratoga County.
November 7 The first session of the Jefferson Territorial Legislature convenes in Denver City.
October 24 Voters of the goldfields approve the Provisional Government of the Territory of Jefferson (1,852 to 280) and elect Robert Williamson Steele the first (and only) Governor of the Territory of Jefferson.
September 24 Voters of the goldfields reject a proposal to create a Provisional State of Jefferson.
June 16 Golden City is established 13 miles (21 km) west of Denver City in northwestern Kansas Territory.
May 6 John H. Gregory discovers the first hard rock gold in the Rocky Mountains, a rich gold-bearing vein at Gregory Gulch, 28 miles (45 km) west of Denver City.
April 23 William Byers publishes the first edition of the Rocky Mountain News, the Rocky Mountain region's first newspaper, at Denver City.
February 7 The Territory of Kansas splits Arapahoe County into the six counties of Arapahoe, Broderick, El Paso, Fremont, Montana, and Oro, and creates the new Peketon County farther east and south. The counties are never organized.
1858 November 22 William Larimer establishes the rival townsite of Denver City across Cherry Creek from Auraria.
November 1 Green Russell establishes the townsite of Auraria near the Cherry Creek Diggings in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.
September News of gold discoveries in northwestern Kansas Territory reaches Omaha and Kansas City, precipitating the Pike's Peak Gold Rush.
August A party from Lawrence, Kansas Territory establishes the townsite of Montana City one mile (1.6 km) north of the Little Dry Creek Diggings in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.
July Georgia prospectors Green Russell and Sam Bates discover a placer deposit yielding about 20 troy ounces (622 grams) of gold near the mouth of Little Dry Creek in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.
spring Antoine Janis establishes the town of Colona on the Cache la Poudre River in western Nebraska Territory.
spring The U.S. Army builds Fort Garland in the San Luis Valley to replace Fort Massachusetts six miles to the north.
1857 summer A party of Mexican-American prospectors from Taos County, New Mexico Territory dig for gold along the South Platte River below the mouth of Little Dry Creek in Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory.
1856 January 5 The Territory of Utah creates Beaver County from a part of Iron County which extends into the future State of Colorado.
1855 August 25 The Territory of Kansas creates Arapahoe County in the extreme western portion of the territory in what is now Colorado. Despite several attempts, the county is never organized.
1854 May 30 U.S. President Franklin Pierce signs the Kansas–Nebraska Act creating the Territory of Kansas and the Territory of Nebraska. The new territories include the eastern portion of the future State of Colorado.
1852 June 22 The U.S. Army establishes Fort Massachusetts in the San Luis Valley of northern New Mexico Territory, the first U.S. Army fort in the future State of Colorado.
March 3 The new Territory of Utah creates ten counties, including Great Salt Lake, Green River, Iron, Sanpete, Utah, and Washington counties which extend into the future State of Colorado.
January 9 The new Territory of New Mexico creates nine original counties, including Taos County which extends into the future State of Colorado.
1851 April 9 The first permanent European-American settlement in the future State of Colorado is established at San Luis de la Culebra in the northern New Mexico Territory by settlers from the Taos area.
April 4 Brigham Young dissolves the self-proclaimed State of Deseret.
1850 September 9 The Territories of New Mexico and Utah are established as part of the Compromise of 1850 and include the southern and western portions of the future State of Colorado.
June 22 Georgia prospector Lewis Ralston pans about a quarter of a troy ounce (8 grams) of gold near the mouth of a creek (later named Ralston Creek) in northwestern Kansas Territory, the first recorded discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region. Unimpressed, his party hurries on to the California goldfields.
January The self-proclaimed State of Deseret begins operation under the leadership of Brigham Young. While Deseret claims all of present-day western Colorado, it has no presence in the region.


Year Date Event
1849 August 21 Proprietor William Bent destroys Bent's Fort.
May 3 The Mormon settlers of the Great Salt Lake Valley petition the United States Congress for a Territory of Deseret. The proposed territory would have included all of present-day Colorado west of the Continental Divide of the Americas.
March 14 Ute warriors kill mountain man Bill Williams in the San Luis Valley following the Frémont expedition.
1848 December 22 Ignoring a warning from guide Bill Williams, John C. Frémont's private expedition for a proposed St. Louis to San Francisco railroad along the 38th parallel north becomes mired in snow of the La Garita Mountains. Ten men and 160 mules will die in the debacle.
February 2 All of the future State of Colorado comes under United States control when Mexico signs the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to end the Mexican–American War and relinquishes all of its northern territories.
1846 August 18 Troops under the command of Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny seize Santa Fe for the United States with little resistance.
July 31 Brigadier General Stephen W. Kearny stages troops at Bent's Fort for an invasion of Santa Fe de Nuevo México in the Mexican–American War.
May 13 The United States declares war on Mexico.
April 25 The Thornton Affair becomes the first skirmish of the Mexican–American War.
February 14 The State of Texas cedes the territorial claims of the Republic of Texas to the United States. The boundaries of the State of Texas within that territory remain undefined. The United States now claims the Rio Grande as its border with Mexico.
1845 December 29 The United States admits the Republic of Texas to the Union as the slave State of Texas but declines to define its borders. Mexico maintains that Texas is still its territory by the Treaty of Limits of 1828 and states that it will fight to regain Texas.
1842 June 10 U.S. Army Lieutenant John C. Frémont, guide Kit Carson, and cartographer Charles Preuss begin a two-year survey of the High Plains. Maps created by the survey will become guides for the South Platte Trail.


Year Date Event
1838 October 6 The American Fur Company closes Fort Jackson. The fort is destroyed to prevent its use by competitors.
1837 spring Frontier trader Ceran de Hault de Lassus de Saint Vrain establishes Fort Saint Vrain at the confluence of the South Platte River with Saint Vrain Creek.
spring Frontier traders Peter A. Sarpy and Henry Fraeb establish Fort Jackson on the South Platte River for the American Fur Company.
March 6 U.S. Secretary of State John Forsyth accepts the credentials of William H. Wharton as Republic of Texas Minister to the United States of America. Mexico protests the United States recognition of the Republic of Texas as a violation of the Treaty of Limits of 1828.
1836 May 14 Texians force captured General Santa Anna to sign the coerced Treaties of Velasco recognizing the independence of the Republic of Texas. Mexico neither acknowledges nor ratifies these treaties. Based upon these treaties, the Republic of Texas claims all land north and east of the Rio Grande del Norte to the United States border and the 45th parallel north. The Republic of Texas never occupies the region west of the 100th meridian west and this western region remains in Mexican hands. The disputed region will later become portions of the future U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, and Wyoming.
May 2 Texians (immigrants from the United States living in the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas) declare the independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
spring Frontier trader Lancaster Lupton establishes Fort Lancaster on the South Platte River 12 miles (19 km) upstream from Saint Vrain Creek.
1835 October 2 The Texian Revolt begins with the Battle of Gonzales.
spring Frontier traders Louis Vasquez and Andrew Sublette establish Fort Vasquez on the South Platte River.
1833 spring Frontier trader William Bent establishes Bent's Fort on the north bank of the Arkansas River, the United States-Mexico border. The fort serves fur traders and travelers on the Santa Fe Trail. The fort is the first American establishment in the future State of Colorado.


Year Date Event
1828 January 12 The United States and Mexico sign the Treaty of Limits affirming the boundaries set by the Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819.
1821 December 26 Spanish Governor Facundo Melgares receives orders that Santa Fe de Nuevo México is now an intendance of the Mexican Empire. Melgares swears fealty to the empire and becomes the first Mexican Governor of Santa Fe de Nuevo México.
September 1 William Becknell and a party of frontier traders leave New Franklin, Missouri bound for Santa Fe by way of the upper Arkansas and Purgatoire rivers. The Becknell route will become the Mountain Branch of the Santa Fe Trail.
August 24 Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Treaty of Córdoba recognizing the independence of the Mexican Empire.
February 22 The Adams–Onís Treaty of 1819 takes effect. The United States relinquishes all land in the future State of Colorado south and west of the Arkansas River.
1820 July 14 Edwin James and two other members of a U.S. Army expedition led by Major Stephen Long make the first recorded ascent of Pikes Peak. Major Long names the mountain James Peak.


Year Date Event
1819 spring Spanish Governor Facundo Melgares orders the construction of a military fort near Sangre de Cristo Pass to block a possible invasion of Santa Fe de Nuevo México from the United States. The fort will become the only Spanish establishment in the future State of Colorado.
February 22 The United States and the restored Kingdom of Spain sign the Adams–Onís Treaty. The United States relinquinshes its claim to land west of the 100th meridian west of Greenwich and south and west of the Arkansas River and south of the 42nd parallel north. Spain relinquishes Florida and all claims to land north of the 42nd parallel in North America.
1810 August 1 Mexican priest Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo-Costilla y Gallaga Mandarte Villaseñor (Hidalgo) proclaims the independence of Mexico from the Napoleonic Kingdom of Spain in the village of Dolores.
Captain Zebulon Pike publishes The expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike to Headwaters of the Mississippi River, through Louisiana Territory, and in New Spain, during the Years 1805-6-7. His journals will become a popular guide to the Upper Mississippi Basin, the Great Plains, and the Southern Rocky Mountains.


Year Date Event
1807 February 26 Spanish cavalrymen arrest the U.S. Army reconnaissance expedition led by Captain Zebulon Pike in the San Luis Valley. The reconnaissance party will be taken to Chihuahua, and then expelled from New Spain.
1806 November 27 Zebulon Pike abandons his attempt to climb the summit of the Mexican Mountains (Southern Rocky Mountains) now known as Pikes Peak. Pike will later write that the mountain "may be the highest on Earth". (Twenty-nine are higher in Colorado alone.)
November 15 A U.S. Army reconnaissance expedition led by Captain Zebulon Pike first sights the "great summit" of the "Mexican Mountains" that will later bear his name.
1803 December 20 France turns its colony of La Louisiane over to the United States. The United States and Spain disagree over the western boundary of the territory. The United States maintains that Louisiana includes the Mississippi River and its entire western drainage basin. Spain maintains that its territory includes (1) all land west of the Continental Divide of the Americas including Alta California, and (2) all land south of the Arkansas River and west of the Medina River including Santa Fe de Nuevo México, and (3) all land south of the Red River and west of the Calcasieu River including Tejas. The area in dispute includes all land in the future State of Colorado south of the Arkansas River and east of the Sangre de Cristo Divide.
April 30 The United States and the French Republic sign the Louisiana Purchase Treaty.
1800 October 1 Under pressure from Napoléon Bonaparte, the Kingdom of Spain transfers the colony of Luisiana back to the French Republic with the secret Third Treaty of San Ildefonso.


Year Date Event
1792 October 3 French frontiersman Pierre "Pedro" Vial arrives in Saint-Louis from the Spanish settlement of Santa Fe. The route he followed will become the Cimarron Branch of the Santa Fe Trail.


Year Date Event
1778 Bernardo de Miera y Pacheco, cartographer for the Dominguez–Escalante Expedition, publishes his map of the expedition across the Colorado Plateau. His map becomes the foundation of a future trade route later known as the Old Spanish Trail.
1776 July 29 A Spanish-Franciscan expedition led by Franciscan priests Francisco Atanasio Domínguez and Silvestre Vélez de Escalante sets out from La Villa Real de la Santa Fé de San Francisco de Asís (Santa Fe) in search of an overland route to the Presidio Reál de San Carlos de Monterey (Monterey). The expedition follows the 1765 route of Juan Rivera northwest across the Colorado Plateau. The expedition fails to reach Las Californias, but reaches the lower Paria River in the future State of Arizona before returning to Santa Fe.


Year Date Event
1765 July Governor Tomás Vélez Cachupin of Santa Fe de Nuevo México dispatches an expedition led by Juan Maria Antonio Rivera to explore the San Juan Mountains and the Colorado Plateau.
1762 November 13 Fearing the loss of its American territories in the Seven Years' War, the Kingdom of France transfers its colony of La Louisiane to the Kingdom of Spain with the secret Treaty of Fontainebleau. This ends the competition between France and Spain on the Great Plains.


Year Date Event
1739 July 5 On a voyage up the Arkansas River, Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet encounter an Arikara man who agrees to guide them to Santa Fe. This is the first contact between France and Spain in the Rocky Mountain region.


Year Date Event
1692 September 14 Diego de Vargas Zapata y Luján Ponce de León y Contreras completes the reconquest of the Spanish colony of Santa Fe de Nuevo Méjico to end the Pueblo Revolt.


Year Date Event
1682 April 9 René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, claims the Mississippi River and its watershed for the Kingdom of France and names the region La Louisiane in honor of King Louis XIV. The Mississippi Basin is later determined to be the fourth most extensive on Earth and includes lands inhabited by hundreds of thousands of native peoples and lands previously claimed by Spain, France, and England. The Louisiane claim includes all land in the present State of Colorado east of the Continental Divide of the Americas and the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. This will set up a rivalry among native peoples, Spain, France, and eventually the United States in the area.
1680 August 13 Tewa shaman Popé of Ohkay Owingeh leads the Pueblo Revolt against the Spanish rulers of Santa Fe de Nuevo Méjico. The Spanish settlers flee down the Rio Grande to El Paso del Norte.


Year Date Event
1598 July 12 Don Juan de Oñate Salazar establishes the Spanish colony of Santa Fe de Nuevo Méjico at the village of San Juan de los Caballeros adjacent to the Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo. The colony will eventually encompass most of the future U.S. states of New Mexico and Colorado and portions of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, and Wyoming.


Year Date Event
1541 summer A Spanish military expedition led by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, Governor of Nueva Galicia, searches the Great Plains for Quivira. The expedition may, or may not, have crossed the southeast corner of the present U.S. State of Colorado.
June 28 A Spanish military expedition led by Hernando de Soto, Governor of Cuba, become the first Europeans to cross the Mississippi River.


Year Date Event
1513 September 29 Spanish conquistador Vasco Núñez de Balboa crosses the Isthmus of Panama and arrives on the shore of a sea that he names Mar del Sur (the South Sea, later named the Pacific Ocean). He claims the sea and all adjacent lands for the Queen of Castile. This includes the entire Colorado River Basin including all land in the future State of Colorado west of the Continental Divide of the Americas.


Year Date Event
1493 May 5 Christian Pope Alexander VI (born Roderic de Borja in Valencia) issues the papal bull Inter caetera which splits the non-Christian world into two halves. The eastern half goes to the King of Portugal for his exploration, conquest, conversion, and exploitation. The western half (including all of North America) goes to the Queen of Castile and the King of Aragon for their exploration, conquest, conversion, and exploitation. The native people of North America have no idea that any of these people exist.
1492 October 12 Genoese seaman Cristòffa Cómbo (Christopher Columbus) leading a expedition for Queen Isabella I of Castile lands on the Lucayan island of Guanahani that he renames San Salvador. This begins the Spanish conquest of the Americas.

Before 1492

Era Event
1300–1525 CE Jicarilla Apache migrate to the southern extent of the Rocky Mountains from Alaska and Northwestern Canada.
1276–1299 CE A prolonged drought on the Colorado Plateau forces many Ancestral Puebloans to migrate southeast into the Rio Grande Valley.
c. 1150 CE The Slumgullion Earthflow dams the Lake Fork to form Lake San Cristobal, presently the second largest natural lake in Colorado.
c. 1100 CE Ancestral Puebloans begin construction of cliff houses on Mesa Verde.
c. 550 CE Ancestral Puebloans move onto Mesa Verde.
c. 4900 BCE Paleoamericans camp at the Magic Mountain Site near Golden.
c. 8670 BCE Paleoamericans of the Folsom culture camp at the Lindenmeier Site in present-day Larimer County.
c. 11000 BCE During a centuries long period of warming, Ice-age Paleoamericans from Beringia begin using the ice-free corridor east of the Rocky Mountains to migrate throughout the Americas.

 2000s   1900s   1800s   1700s   1600s   1500s   Before 1492 

See also


References are included in the linked articles.

  1. ^
  2. ^ Del Papa, Dr. E. Michael; Warner, Mary P (October 1987). A Historical Chronology of the Electronic Systems Division 1947-1986 (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 2012-07-19.
  3. ^ Archived 2010-09-14 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Garrett, John W. (December 5, 1908). "Colorado Springs Celebrates". Sporting Life (pdf at an LA84Foundation website)|format= requires |url= (help). 52 (13): 1. Colorado Springs, Col., November 27--The Thanksgiving matinee shoot, held on the Broadmoor Shooting Grounds by the Colorado Springs Gun Club was a most pleasant, social shoot, the only detraction being the quite disagreeable chilly weather so rarely experienced here thus early in the Fall. …luncheon at the Alamo Hotel. … In the Spalding medal…Joe H. Rohrer…winning with 94. … John W. Garrett, who had held the medal since 1902…
  5. ^ "Ft. Logan to be Convalescent Center Starting at Midnight". The Denver Post. April 14, 1944. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-12-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "History and Timeline | Friends of Historic Fort Logan".
  8. ^ Stover, C. W.; Coffman, J. L. (1993), Seismicity of the United States, 1568–1989 (Revised) – U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1527, United States Government Printing Office, p. 188
  9. ^ President of the United States of America (August 1, 1876). "Proclamation of the Admission of Colorado to the Union" (php). The American Presidency Project. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  10. ^ a b Colorado Constitutional Convention (March 14, 1876). "The Constitution of the State of Colorado" (PDF). Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  11. ^ Forty-third United States Congress (March 3, 1875). "An Act to Enable the People of Colorado to Form a Constitution and State Government, and for the Admission of the Said State into the Union on an Equal Footing with the Original States" (PDF). Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  12. ^ ), Geological Survey (U.S (1902). "Bulletin - United States Geological Survey".
  13. ^ "Shovels and Plumb Bobs".
  14. ^ "An Act to provide a temporary Government for the Territory of Colorado" (PDF). Thirty-sixth United States Congress. 28 February 1861. Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  15. ^ "An Act for the Admission of Kansas Into the Union" (PDF). Thirty-sixth United States Congress. 29 January 1861. Retrieved 17 November 2017.

External links

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