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Douglas County, Colorado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Douglas County
One of two county buildings for Douglas County in Castle Rock
One of two county buildings for Douglas County in Castle Rock
Map of Colorado highlighting Douglas County
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°21′N 104°56′W / 39.35°N 104.93°W / 39.35; -104.93
Country United States
State Colorado
FoundedNovember 1, 1861
Named forStephen A. Douglas
SeatCastle Rock
Largest communityHighlands Ranch
Area
 • Total843 sq mi (2,180 km2)
 • Land840 sq mi (2,200 km2)
 • Water2.6 sq mi (7 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
351,154
 • Density399/sq mi (154/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional districts4th, 6th
Websitewww.douglas.co.us
Second Douglas County office building in Castle Rock
Second Douglas County office building in Castle Rock
Douglas County Events Center and Fairgrounds in Castle Rock
Douglas County Events Center and Fairgrounds in Castle Rock
The "rock" of Castle Rock, Colorado
The "rock" of Castle Rock, Colorado

Douglas County is the seventh-most populous of the 64 counties of the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 285,465.[1] The county seat is Castle Rock.[2]

Douglas County is part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, Colorado, metropolitan statistical area. It is located midway between Colorado's two largest cities, Denver and Colorado Springs, and contains a portion of Aurora, the state’s third-largest city. Douglas County has the highest median household income of any Colorado county or statistical equivalent. It is ranked seventh nationally in that category.

Overview

Douglas County is lightly wooded, mostly with ponderosa pine, with broken terrain characterized by mesas, foothills, and small streams. Cherry Creek and Plum Creek rise in Douglas County and flow north toward Denver and into the South Platte River. Both were subject to flash flooding in the past, Plum Creek being partially responsible for the Denver flood of 1965. Cherry Creek and Plum Creek are now dammed.

Most residents commute to workplaces elsewhere in the metropolitan area outside of the county. Suburban development is supplementing the traditional ranching economy of the county.

History

Douglas County was one of the original 17 counties created in the Colorado Territory by the Colorado Territorial Legislature on November 1, 1861. The county was named in honor of U.S. Senator Stephen A. Douglas[3] of Illinois, who died five months before the county was created. The county seat was originally Franktown, but was moved to California Ranch in 1863, and then to Castle Rock in 1874. Although the county's boundaries originally extended eastward to the Kansas state border, in 1874, most of the eastern portion of the county became part of Elbert County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 844 square miles (2,190 km2), of which 841 square miles (2,180 km2) are land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Parks and recreational areas

Three state parks fall within Douglas County, Castlewood Canyon State Park, Chatfield State Park and Roxborough State Park. Parts of the county lie within the Pike National Forest and were crossed by the historic South Platte Trail.

Recreation trails in the county include:

The Rueter–Hess Reservoir, when filled, may provide significant recreation, including fishing, hiking, and nonmotorized boating. If filled to capacity, surface size would be 1,140 acres, making this a fairly significant reservoir in Colorado and Douglas County's largest body of water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18701,388
18802,48679.1%
18903,00620.9%
19003,1203.8%
19103,1922.3%
19203,51710.2%
19303,498−0.5%
19403,496−0.1%
19503,5070.3%
19604,81637.3%
19708,40774.6%
198025,153199.2%
199060,391140.1%
2000175,766191.0%
2010285,46562.4%
2019 (est.)351,154[5]23.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, 175,766 people, 60,924 households, and 49,835 families were residing in the county. The population density was 209 people per square mile (81/km2). The 63,333 housing units averaged 75 per square mile (29/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 92.77% White, 2.51% Asian, 0.95% African American, 0.41% Native American, 1.49% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 5.06% of the population.

Of the 60,924 households, 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were not families. About 13.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88, and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the populationdistribution was 31.6% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $82,929, and for a family was $88,482 (these figures had risen to $93,819 and $102,767, respectively, as of a 2007 estimate[11]). Males had a median income of $60,729 versus $38,965 for females. The per capita income for the county was $34,848. About 1.6% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Douglas County had the highest median household income of any Colorado county or statistical equivalent in 2000. In 2008, it ranked eighth in the United States in that category; it was one of two in the top 15 not in the vicinity of New York or Washington.

Politics

As a primarily exurban county, Douglas County has long been known as a Republican stronghold. In the 2012 election, Mitt Romney won 62% of the vote, and in the 2016 election, Donald Trump won 55% of the vote.[12]

Presidential elections results
Douglas County vote
by party in presidential elections
[13]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 54.7% 102,573 36.6% 68,657 8.7% 16,270
2012 62.1% 104,397 36.4% 61,094 1.5% 2,593
2008 58.0% 88,108 40.8% 61,960 1.2% 1,751
2004 66.5% 80,651 32.7% 39,661 0.7% 889
2000 65.0% 56,007 31.4% 27,076 3.7% 3,142
1996 61.8% 32,120 31.2% 16,232 7.0% 3,623
1992 46.4% 18,592 24.9% 9,991 28.7% 11,477
1988 70.0% 17,035 28.5% 6,931 1.6% 384
1984 79.3% 12,249 19.5% 3,011 1.2% 181
1980 70.1% 8,126 18.2% 2,108 11.7% 1,362
1976 65.5% 5,078 31.7% 2,459 2.7% 211
1972 75.5% 3,625 21.8% 1,048 2.7% 127
1968 61.5% 1,910 27.6% 857 10.9% 337
1964 47.9% 1,336 51.7% 1,442 0.5% 13
1960 64.4% 1,490 35.6% 823 0.0% 0
1956 68.1% 1,508 31.5% 697 0.5% 10
1952 69.0% 1,427 30.8% 637 0.2% 4
1948 55.8% 979 43.7% 767 0.6% 10
1944 65.4% 1,214 34.4% 638 0.3% 5
1940 61.6% 1,298 38.0% 801 0.4% 9
1936 45.5% 895 53.1% 1,044 1.5% 29
1932 43.0% 836 54.5% 1,061 2.5% 49
1928 64.3% 1,107 35.0% 603 0.8% 13
1924 55.3% 870 24.4% 383 20.3% 319
1920 61.4% 948 36.3% 561 2.3% 35
1916 42.2% 612 56.5% 820 1.3% 19
1912 28.2% 373 46.8% 619 25.0% 330
1908 54.7% 779 44.2% 629 0.9% 14
1904 59.2% 792 39.2% 524 1.5% 20
1900 49.0% 642 49.6% 650 1.3% 18
1896 13.9% 172 85.2% 1,051 0.8% 10
1892 57.6% 360 42.4% 265
1888 52.6% 385 42.0% 307 5.3% 39
1884 53.3% 288 45.5% 246 1.1% 6
1880 53.8% 331 45.8% 282 0.3% 2

Education

Douglas County is served by Douglas County School District RE-1, the third-largest school district in Colorado. In addition to traditional neighborhood schools, the district includes six charter schools, four option schools, and an online school . Schools are rated generally high in the area.

The University Center at Chaparral in Parker offers courses through Arapahoe Community College, University of Colorado Denver, University College of the University of Denver, and the Douglas County School District. The University of Phoenix has a campus in Lone Tree.

The University of Colorado offers courses from both its Boulder campus and its Denver campus at the CU-South Extension in Lone Tree.

Libraries

The Douglas County Libraries system has seven branches throughout the county. The library also houses the Douglas County History Research Center, which collects and preserves the history of Douglas County, the High Plains, the Divide area of the Front Range and the State of Colorado, to provide historical research resources to the public.[14]

Economy

Top employers

Douglas County School District office in Castle Rock
Douglas County School District office in Castle Rock

According to the County's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Douglas County School District RE-1 5,563
2 Charles Schwab Corporation 2,400
3 EchoStar 2,010
4 CH2M Hill 1,660
5 HealthONE: Sky Ridge Medical Center 1,220
6 Western Union 1,210
7 Douglas County Government 1,146
8 Centura Health: Parker Adventist Hospital 1,110
9 Information Handling Services 980
10 Specialized Loan Servicing 940

Recognition

Douglas County has been recognized by a number of national periodicals:

  • Money magazine ranked Douglas County number five in the United States for “Job Growth over the Last Eight Years”, 18 August 2009 [16]
  • American City Business Journals (ACBJ) ranked Douglas County fourth in the nation for “Quality of Life”, May 2004 [17]
  • SchoolDigger.com ranked Douglas County School District at number one in the Denver metropolitan area and number 12 in Colorado based on 2009 test scores. (School district rankings were determined by averaging the rankings of individual schools within each of the 122 districts evaluated.)[18]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Other unincorporated communities

Census-designated places

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 108.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". Retrieved April 21, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ "Douglas County, Colorado – Fact Sheet – American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2020-02-11. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  12. ^ "Douglas County, Colorado, 2016 Election Results:  Elections: The Denver Post". Denver Post Election Data. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  14. ^ "Douglas County History Research Center". douglascountyhistory.org. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  15. ^ "2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report" (PDF). Douglas County Government. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  16. ^ "Best Places to Live 2009 – Top 25: Fastest job growth – from MONEY Magazine". Money.cnn.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  17. ^ "Go west for top quality of life". bizjournals. 2004-05-24. Archived from the original on June 17, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  18. ^ "Colorado State Districts – CO School District Rankings". Schooldigger.com. Retrieved 2010-07-22.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 01:35
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