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Lincoln County, Colorado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lincoln County
Lincoln County Courthouse in Hugo
Lincoln County Courthouse in Hugo
Map of Colorado highlighting Lincoln County
Location within the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°59′N 103°31′W / 38.98°N 103.52°W / 38.98; -103.52
Country United States
State Colorado
FoundedApril 11, 1889
Named forAbraham Lincoln
SeatHugo
Largest townLimon
Area
 • Total2,586 sq mi (6,700 km2)
 • Land2,578 sq mi (6,680 km2)
 • Water8.8 sq mi (23 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
5,675
 • Density2.2/sq mi (0.8/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitelincolncounty.colorado.gov

Lincoln County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2020 census, the population was 5,675.[1] The county seat is Hugo.[2] The county obtains its name in memory of President Abraham Lincoln.[3] County was formed from portions of Bent and Elbert counties in 1889 from a restructuring of Colorado counties.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,586 square miles (6,700 km2), of which 2,578 square miles (6,680 km2) is land and 8.8 square miles (23 km2) (0.3%) is water.[5]

The main watersheds include the Arikaree and Republican Rivers in the northern part of the county and the Big Sandy, Rush, and Horse Creeks in the southern part of the county. Big Sandy and Rush Creeks ultimately drain into the Arkansas River.[6]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Government

Lincoln County's government is based in the county courthouse in Hugo which is the office of the board of three elected commissioners and a county administrator, as well as the county sheriff, county clerk and recorder, county assessor, county treasurer, county coroner, and the county court (the trial court of limited jurisdiction for county affairs). Lincoln County is part of the 18th Colorado Judicial District — the state trial court of general jurisdiction — with judicial matters conducted in the Littleton and Centennial courthouses in Arapahoe County. Lincoln County's government operation also includes a department of social services, land use office, road and bridge department, human services department, public health department, mobile library services, probation department, county landfill, county fairgrounds, and county extension service.

United States presidential election results for Lincoln County, Colorado[7]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 2,135 80.54% 470 17.73% 46 1.74%
2016 1,892 77.67% 409 16.79% 135 5.54%
2012 1,687 73.76% 552 24.14% 48 2.10%
2008 1,717 74.52% 546 23.70% 41 1.78%
2004 1,819 77.83% 503 21.52% 15 0.64%
2000 1,630 74.12% 510 23.19% 59 2.68%
1996 1,272 57.74% 729 33.09% 202 9.17%
1992 1,079 46.79% 640 27.75% 587 25.46%
1988 1,356 60.29% 874 38.86% 19 0.84%
1984 1,661 72.91% 587 25.77% 30 1.32%
1980 1,535 64.74% 602 25.39% 234 9.87%
1976 1,276 53.46% 1,059 44.37% 52 2.18%
1972 1,678 70.03% 685 28.59% 33 1.38%
1968 1,407 57.08% 809 32.82% 249 10.10%
1964 1,104 45.26% 1,327 54.41% 8 0.33%
1960 1,498 58.93% 1,041 40.95% 3 0.12%
1956 1,603 61.25% 1,012 38.67% 2 0.08%
1952 1,843 66.46% 927 33.43% 3 0.11%
1948 1,271 50.52% 1,231 48.93% 14 0.56%
1944 1,689 59.49% 1,147 40.40% 3 0.11%
1940 1,780 59.57% 1,185 39.66% 23 0.77%
1936 1,420 44.89% 1,660 52.48% 83 2.62%
1932 1,453 41.09% 1,979 55.97% 104 2.94%
1928 2,110 69.11% 888 29.09% 55 1.80%
1924 1,642 54.70% 634 21.12% 726 24.18%
1920 1,815 61.26% 1,013 34.19% 135 4.56%
1916 1,129 37.81% 1,702 57.00% 155 5.19%
1912 534 23.41% 796 34.90% 951 41.69%


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890689
190092634.4%
19105,917539.0%
19208,27339.8%
19307,850−5.1%
19405,882−25.1%
19505,9090.5%
19605,310−10.1%
19704,836−8.9%
19804,663−3.6%
19904,529−2.9%
20006,08734.4%
20105,467−10.2%
20205,6753.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2020[1]

At the 2000 census there were 6,087 people in 2,058 households, including 1,389 families, in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km2). There were 2,406 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.30% White, 4.96% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 5.65% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 8.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[12] Of the 2,058 households 33.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 8.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.50% were non-families. 29.00% of households were one person and 13.00% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.

The age distribution was 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% 65 or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 130.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 140.70 males.

The median household income was $31,914 and the median family income was $39,738. Males had a median income of $25,742 versus $22,188 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,510. About 8.10% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 11.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Historic trail

The name "Smoky Hill" comes from the appearance of the misty or smoky hills that the westward travelers viewed on their journey from Kansas and Nebraska Territories and Missouri toward the Colorado Gold Rush starting in 1858. Gold, had been discovered in the Cherry Creek, near Denver. The image of the misty hills and valleys along the route west gave the name to the trail for these travelers — the Smoky Hill Trail. Parts of the trail can still be seen as a two-track road on the Eastern Plains in what was once Kansas Territory but now is Colorado.

The section of the Smoky Hill Trail which passes through much of the High Plains has become known as the "starvation trail." This section of the trail proved to be the most difficult, due to a lack of water, yet the Plains Indians of the day considered this region as prime hunting ground.[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 187.
  4. ^ "Lincoln County". Lincoln County, Colorado. Archived from the original on April 27, 2007. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Terry Blevins, "Lincoln County, Colorado: America's Home on the Range." http://lincolncountycoloradotourism.com/
  7. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "History of Smoky Hill Trail." SmokyHillBound.com http://www.smokyhillbound.com/history-smoky-hill-trail-area

External links

This page was last edited on 2 June 2022, at 15:29
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