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Demographics of Florida

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Florida population density map
Florida population density map
Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201821,299,32513.3%
Sources: 1910–2010[1]
2018 Estimate[2]

Florida is the third-most populous state in the United States. With a population of 18.8 million according to the 2010 census, Florida is the most populous state in the Southeastern United States, and the second-most populous state in the South behind Texas. Within the United States, it contains the highest percentage of people over 65 (17.3%), and the 8th fewest people under 18 (21.9%).[3]

Its residents include people from a wide variety of ethnic, racial, national and religious backgrounds. The state has attracted immigrants, particularly from Latin America.[4]

Florida's majority ethnic group are European Americans, with approximately 65% of the population identifying as White. National ethnic communities in the state include Cubans, who migrated en masse following the revolution in mid-century. They have been joined by other immigrants from Latin America, and Spanish is spoken by more than 20% of the state's population, with high usage especially in the Miami-Dade County area.

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  • ✪ Florida and Georgia Compared
  • ✪ Disruptive Demographics


Georgia and Florida Two bordering southern states in these United States. Two of the fastest growing states in the country right now. Both are similar in size. Florida is just slightly bigger. Both are two of the most ethnically diverse states in the country. 25.6% of those living in Florida identify as either Hispanic or Latino. 32.2% of those living in Georgia identify as African American. The largest cities in both are about the same size. Atlanta, in Georgia has a metropolitan population of about 5.9 million, and Miami, Florida, has a metro population of about 6.2 million. According to Forbes magazine, both have promising economic futures. The unemployment rate in both states is about the same. Top industries in Florida include tourism, agriculture, and international trade. Top industries in Georgia include agriculture as well, energy, and film. Huh? Yep, they film a lot more TV shows and movies in Georgia due to tax incentives. In fact, the only two states in the country that produce more big budget movies and TV shows is California and New York. Georgia will give 20% tax credits for big budget films...30% if the show or film shows its logo at the end of the credits. Both have similar percentages of citizens who got at least a bachelor’s degree or higher. Both are two of the oldest states in the country. However, Florida was settled by Europeans long before Georgia was. Most of the American Indian nations who resided historically in Florida and Georgia were wiped out due to disease brought over by the Spanish. Speaking of the Spanish, they had much more of a presence in Florida, controlling it off and on until 1819, after the United States basically just said, yeah it’s ours now. In 1565, the Spanish established St. Augustine in Florida, which today still exists and is the oldest city in the United States. In the 1700s, different American Indian tribes, notably the Muscogee, aka Creeks, moved into Florida. Over the years a new nation formed of these groups called the Seminole. The Seminole were well known for their resistance to American encroachment on their lands. The most notable American Indian nation in Georgia was the Cherokee, who lived fairly peacefully with Georgians until several of them wanted their land. Yeah, just like the Seminole, most of the Cherokee were eventually kicked out of Georgia, many sent via the infamous Trail of Tears. But about 100 years before that, Georgia was one of the original 13 British colonies and a place where American Indian land was actually respected. Founded by General James Oglethorpe in 1732, he wanted Georgia to be a place where English citizens who were imprisoned for debt, as well as “the worthy poor,” could start over. He was pretty strict with his rules in those early years, banning alcohol and even banning slavery. Yeah but that slavery ban was eventually lifted. By the time Georgia and Florida became states, they had plenty of slavery. Both states would eventually leave the United States and join the Confederate States of America, fighting to keep the institution of slavery in the American Civil War. After the the Confederates lost the Civil War, both states were readmitted into the Union in 1868. Their economies both struggled after the war. After the Reconstruction period, Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation went into effect in both states. Later, though, it would be Georgia where the Civil Rights Movement really took off. During the later half of the 1800s and first half of the 1900s, it was mostly Georgia that grew in population. However, that all changed with the invention of the air conditioner. After the air conditioner, people could go inside and escape the heat and humidity! In 1950, Florida had less people than Georgia. By 1990, it had more than double the amount of people as Georgia. In recent decades, both Georgia and Florida have become more diverse, but politically Georgia still remains more conservative than Florida. The last Democratic President Georgia elected was the fellow Southerner Bill Clinton in 1992, and before that Jimmy Carter, who used to be Governor of Georgia. Florida, meanwhile, is what we call a swing state, meaning people’s votes go back and forth between the two major political parties and their votes actually count in presidential elections. Woah! Republican Donald Trump edged out Democrat Hillary Clinton there in 2016. Democrat Barack Obama won the previous two elections, and Republican George W. Bush won the two elections before that. Bush won Florida by just a few hundred votes in 2000, which literally was the reason why he won that race that year. Oh yeah, check out my many videos about that election. While researching this video, I was bit surprised on all the differences between the two states. There are a lot. Florida is less religious than Georgia. Of those who identify as religious in both states, Christianity of course is the dominant religion, with the largest sect in Georgia Baptist and Catholic in Florida. Florida has more foreign born residents. About 1 out of every 5 residents is an immigrant. Most of these immigrants are from nearby Cuba. Yeah, Florida has, by far, the most Cuban Americans in the country. Many Cubans first came to Florida after Fidel Castro took over in 1959. More than 27% of Florida residents speak a language other than English. Mildly fun fact. Miami is closer to Havana, Cuba than it is to Tampa. For being so close to each other, the geography of both states is pretty different. For starters, Florida just sticks right out there and is mostly surrounded by water. It’s what you call a peninsula. There is the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and the Straits of Florida to the south. As I referenced earlier, Florida is pretty close to Cuba, but it’s also freaking close to the Bahamas. As such, Florida has some of the busiest cruise ports in the world. Well PortMiami is the largest passenger port in the world. But leaving and arriving to Florida? More like going to Florida. With its beaches and attractions like Disney World, tens of millions of tourists go on vacation to Florida each year. Georgia is just not known for tourism like Florida is. Florida is swampier than Georgia. It’s also generally much flatter, and while there are some hills in the central and northern parts of the state, Florida is barely above sea level when it’s not actually at sea level. Um, yeah, that last part. Miami and other parts of the state are some of the most vulnerable in the world when it comes to rising sea levels due to climate change. Speaking of climate change, Florida has many more hurricanes than Georgia. Usually, by the time hurricanes end up getting to Georgia, they have turned into tropical storms, which still can be pretty brutal. The Sunshine state? Yeah, right. Florida may have that nickname, but it gets lots of rain, more than any other state as matter of fact. It also gets more lightning than any other state. While it’s pretty darn warm and muggy much of the year, it’s pretty darn nice in the winter. Georgia, being further north, of course gets a little cooler than Florida, but its higher elevations also accelerate that. In the northwestern part of the state, it has freaking mountains, part of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians. Ok I know, the locals pronounce it AppaLATCHuh. The hilly Piedmont Plateau region stretches across central Georgia. While Florida has a straight up tropical climate at its southern edge, most of it is classified as humid subtropical and warm oceanic climate. Georgia is also generally humid subtropical, but of course the mountains and Atlantic Ocean like to shake things up a bit. Florida is in two time zones, Georgia just one. So take that, Georgia. Woah sorry, Georgia. I don’t know where that came from. (Atlanta clip) How's your parents? Good, good. They're driving to Florida right now to visit my uncle who's dying. Oh, Florida, huh? Make sure you tell 'em to watch out for Florida Man. What's Florida Man? It seems that Florida is notorious for weird stories coming out of the state. You know, like the story about that dude from Gainesville who got mad at his girlfriend an grabbed an alligator out of his bathtub to swing around at her as a weapon? Speaking of alligators, Florida has a lot more than Georgia. Or the story of the lady who thought she was a mermaid and got in trouble for wearing her mermaid costume in a community pool because it violated a “no fins” policy? So why do all these stories come out of Florida? Are Florida residents just weirder? Is it because Florida just has a lot of people so the odds are greater? Well, it’s more likely that we just HEAR about the crazy stuff more because Florida law lets the media have basically unlimited access to police reports in the state. Florida appears to have more crime than Georgia. Florida is more expensive than Georgia, mostly due to housing. Georgia has a higher poverty rate than Florida, despite having a higher GDP per capita than Florida. Georgia spends more money per student on education, although both states are below the national average in that category. Florida is known as the number one place for retirees to um, retire to. When you go there...there’s just old people everywhere, dude. So yeah, Georgia is a lot younger than Florida. Most of the rest of the country is, too, but surprisingly Florida isn’t the state with the oldest population. Florida has less taxes overall than Georgia. However, Florida has more boy bands who originated there. Georgia has more rappers. Well, decent ones at least. Ok, once I realized that I was looking up how many boy bands came out of both states, I knew it was about time to wrap this up. Despite a heated college football rivalry between Bulldogs and Gators, these two states don’t seem to hate each other that much. Maybe that’s because they ain’t got to. They both have bright futures, well unless we don’t get that whole climate change thing figured out. (Ace Ventura clip) Oh...there is just one more thing, lieutenant. If you live in Florida. Watch out for those pythons. This video was suggested by my Patreon supporter TheNobleYoshi. Thanks for the great suggestion! So, what do you think? Oranges or peaches? Which state do YOU like better? What else should I have included in this video? What did I get right? What did I get wrong? Which two states should I compare next? Ok that’s a lot of questions. I’m sorry about that. Thanks for watching!



Florida's metropolitan areas and major cities.
Florida's metropolitan areas and major cities.
Demographics of Florida (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 82.45% 15.66% 0.75% 2.11% 0.16%
2000 (Hispanic only) 15.94% 0.74% 0.14% 0.09% 0.03%
2005 (total population) 81.47% 16.31% 0.84% 2.52% 0.18%
2005 (Hispanic only) 18.48% 0.87% 0.21% 0.11% 0.04%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 9.99% 15.93% 23.95% 33.09% 29.08%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 5.43% 15.23% 15.67% 32.55% 24.49%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 28.99% 29.93% 58.98% 45.89% 45.66%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

According to the 2010 census, the racial distributions are as follows; 54.1% White, 16.9% African American (includes Afro-Caribbeans), 2.9% Asian American, 0.5 Native Americans, 25.6% are Hispanics or Latino (of any ethnicity or national origin). Florida has one of the largest African-American populations in the country, and has the second-highest Latino population on the East Coast outside of New York state. Its ethnic Asian population has grown rapidly since the late 1990s; the majority are Filipinos, Vietnamese, ethnic Chinese who settled in the Gulf Coast. The state has some federally recognized American Indian tribes, such as the Seminoles in the southeastern part of the state.[5]

Florida's Hispanic population includes large communities of Cuban Americans in Miami (mainly refugees and their descendants from communist Cuba) and Tampa, Puerto Ricans in Tampa and Orlando, and Central American and Mexicans in inland West-Central and South Florida, such as the Lake Okeechobee area. The Hispanic community has become increasingly affluent and mobile: between the years of 2000 and 2004, Lee County in Southwest Florida, which is largely suburban in character, had the fastest Hispanic population growth rate of any county in the United States. Florida's diverse Hispanic population includes significant populations of Colombians, Dominicans, and Nicaraguans.[citation needed]

Among non-Hispanic White Floridians are descendants of families who settled here in the 19th century, as the region began to be developed for agriculture and cotton. Some native white Floridians, especially those who have descended from long-time Florida families, affectionately refer to themselves as "Florida crackers," while others consider that racist term to be akin to "redneck."[citation needed] As in other Deep South states settled largely in the 19th century, the vast majority have British Isles ancestry.[6]

Florida ancestry map
Florida ancestry map

Non-Hispanic blacks live throughout the state, and the population is increasing, based both on a reverse migration from the North and immigration from the Caribbean. More than half of the non-Hispanic blacks are of African American descent. The remainder are largely West Indians and Haitians, descended from different colonial slavery traditions and longer histories of freedom after emancipation. African Americans live primarily in the metro areas of Tampa, Orlando, Jacksonville, Tallahassee, and throughout North Florida. A large West Indian/Haitian community is located in the Miami metropolitan area, with other populations in Orlando and Tampa. Florida has the largest population of Haitian Americans and the second-largest population of Jamaican Americans in the United States.[citation needed]

Birth data

Note: Births in table don't add up because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Single Race/Ethnicity of Mother
Race 2013[7] 2014[8] 2015[9] 2016[10] 2017[11]
White: 154,791 (71.8%) 159,035 (72.3%) 162,594 (72.5%) ... ...
> Non-Hispanic White 98,586 (45.7%) 100,837 (45.8%) 102,549 (45.7%) 99,344 (44.1%) 96,280 (43.1%)
Black 52,959 (24.6%) 53,148 (24.1%) 53,699 (23.9%) 48,928 (21.7%) 49,428 (22.1%)
Asian 7,265 (3.4%) 7,402 (3.4%) 7,603 (3.4%) 7,178 (3.2%) 7,015 (3.1%)
American Indian 392 (0.2%) 406 (0.2%) 373 (0.2%) 237 (0.1%) 429 (0.2%)
Hispanic (of any race) 59,206 (27.5%) 61,849 (28.1%) 64,078 (28.6%) 65,895 (29.3%) 67,049 (30.0%)
Total Florida 215,407 (100%) 219,991 (100%) 224,269 (100%) 225,022 (100%) 223,630 (100%)
  • Since 2016, data for births of White Hispanic origin are not collected, but included in one Hispanic group; persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.


Top Languages in Florida
Language Percent of
English 73.36%
Spanish 19.54%
French Creole (including Haitian Creole and Antillean Creole) 1.84%
French 0.60%
Portuguese 0.50%
German 0.42%
Italian (tied)
Arabic 0.22%
Chinese 0.20%
Russian 0.18%
Polish 0.14%

As of 2010, 73.36% of Florida residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 19.54% spoke Spanish, 1.84% French Creole (mostly Haitian Creole), 0.60% French and 0.50% Portuguese. In total, 26.64% of Florida's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.[12]

Florida's public education system identified more than 200 first languages other than English spoken in the homes of students.[13] In 1990, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) settled a class action lawsuit against the state Florida Department of Education with a consent decree that required educators to be trained in teaching English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL).[14]

Article II, Section 9, of the Florida Constitution provides that "English is the official language of the State of Florida." This provision was adopted in 1988 by a vote following an Initiative Petition.

Many immigrants in Florida have come directly from countries in Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Others are descendants of generations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Examples are Asian Latin Americans, such as Chinese Cubans, Indian Argentinian, Korean Argentinians, and Japanese Brazilians, whose first or second language may be Latin American Spanish or Brazilian Portuguese. Asian Caribbeans include Indo-Caribbean Americans, Arab-Caribbean, Javanese Surinamese, Chinese Jamaicans, Chinese Trinidadians, Chinese Surinamese, Chinese Guyanese, Indo-Guyanese, Indo-Jamaican, Indo-Surinamese, Indo-Martiniquais, Indo-Guadeloupeans, and Indo-Trinidadian and Tobagonians, who may speak languages such as English (Caribbean Creole English), Caribbean Hindustani, Tamil, Chinese, Arabic, Javanese, Indonesian, Caribbean and Surinamese Dutch, French (Antillean French Creole).

Native Americans have worked to maintain their indigenous languages, including Muscogee and Mikasuki.

Due to its diversity, a wide variety of different regional accents of English are spoken in Florida. The most common American English accents spoken, besides General American English, are identified along the east and west coasts of Florida.

The New York City area dialect (including New York Latino English and North New Jersey English) and various types of New England English can mostly be heard in Florida's eastern coastline along the Atlantic Ocean, especially along the Gold Coast and South Florida. The residents of the coastline along the Gulf of Mexico, by contrast, have had more of an Inland Northern American English, carried by migrants from the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. In Central Florida all of these accents are heard.

A Miami accent has developed among persons born and/or raised in and around Miami-Dade County and a few other parts of South Florida.[15] It is more prominent among Hispanics (especially Cuban Americans and other Latino groups, influenced by the Spanish language).[16][17]

In Central Florida and the Tampa Bay area, New York Latino English is more prevalent. This area has been settled by generations of Stateside Puerto Ricans (Nuyoricans), Dominican Americans, Colombian Americans, and other Hispanic Americans who have migrated from the New York metropolitan area in large numbers.

In the Florida Panhandle, North Florida, the Florida Heartland, some parts of the Florida Keys, and rural areas of Florida, residents speak a Southern American English dialect. Self-proclaimed Florida crackers tend to speak a Florida Cracker English variety of Southern American English. Those living close to the borders of Alabama and Georgia are more likely to speak with a Southern drawl.

Many West Indian Americans tend to speak Caribbean English. Their accents are found mostly in South Florida and the Florida Keys, but can also be widely heard in Tampa Bay and Central Florida, as well as some parts of Southwest Florida. Multi-generational Caribbean Americans sometimes speak it with relatives and others who share their ancestry. Some African Americans throughout all regions of Florida speak African American Vernacular English influenced by the South or Northeastern dialects, depending where in the US they or their parents grew up. Some African Americans may have speech patterns influenced by Black Seminole or Gullah heritage.


Florida residents identify as mostly of various Protestant groups. Roman Catholics make up the single largest denomination in the state. Florida residents' current religious affiliations are shown in the table below:[18]


There were 1.6 million veterans in Florida in 2010, representing 8% of the total population.[19]


In 2013, most net migrants come from 1) New York, 2) New Jersey, 3) Pennsylvania, and 4) the Midwestern United States; emigration is higher from these same states. For example, about 50,000 moved to New York; but more than 50,000 persons moved from New York to Florida.[20]


  1. ^ Resident Population Data. "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011.
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference PopEstUS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Michael B. Sauter; Douglas A. McIntyre (10 May 2011). "The States With The Oldest And Youngest Residents".
  4. ^ "State Population Facts - Florida". Archived from the original on 30 March 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2008.
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Florida". Census Bureau QuickFacts. 21 December 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  6. ^ Burian, A. Ward (3 July 2018). The Creation of the American States. Morgan James Publishing. p. 349. ISBN 978-1-68350-910-3.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ a b "Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  13. ^ MacDonald, Victoria M. (April 2004). "The Status of English Language Learners in Florida: Trends and Prospects" (PDF). Education Policy Research Unit, Arizona State University. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  14. ^ "League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) et al. vs. State Board of Education et al. Consent Decree". United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida. 14 August 1990. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  15. ^ "'Miami Accent' Takes Speakers By Surprise". Articles - 13 June 2004. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  16. ^ "Miami Accents: Why Locals Embrace That Heavy "L" Or Not". WLRN-TV and WLRN-FM. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  17. ^ "Miami Accents: How 'Miamah' Turned Into A Different Sort Of Twang". WLRN-TV & WLRN-FM. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
  18. ^ "Religious Landscape Study". 11 May 2015.
  19. ^ "What each state's veteran population looks like, in 10 maps". Washington Post. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  20. ^ Fishkind, Hank (15 March 2014). "Harsh winters make Florida attractive for visitors, moves". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. pp. 4A. Retrieved 28 March 2014.

This page was last edited on 18 September 2019, at 07:00
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