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Tampa Bay area

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tampa Bay area

Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater MSA
A simulated-color satellite image of the Tampa Bay Area. Taken November 3, 2015 with NASA's Landsat 8 satellite.
A simulated-color satellite image of the Tampa Bay Area. Taken November 3, 2015 with NASA's Landsat 8 satellite.
Location in Florida
Location in Florida
CountryUnited States
Largest cityTampa
Other major cities
 • Estimate 
 Ranked 18th in the US
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
Area code(s)813, 727, 352, 863

The Tampa Bay area is a major populated area surrounding Tampa Bay on the west coast of Florida in the United States.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ 11 Best Things to Do in Tampa Florida
  • ✪ Top things to do in Tampa Bay | Florida travel guide
  • ✪ 17-06 Season Premier: Tampa Bay Area #1 of 2
  • ✪ The Essential Things to Do in Tampa Bay, Florida


It's probably one of the most overlooked places in Florida, and I'm going to tell you why it shouldn't be and what you can do there. I'm Gary Bembridge of Tips For Travellers. I'm in Tampa Florida. It's the third biggest city in Florida but probably one of the most ignored by many tourists. Something I think should change. There are 11 things that I discovered and saw that I think you will also find fantastic and interesting. My favorite thing to do in Tampa is Busch Gardens. This is an amazing theme park. It's themed around Africa and it combines wild animals and extreme thrill rides. There are the most amazing selection of animals in the Serengeti plain, which you can visit by either going on the train ride (which circles the whole park) or going on the incredible Serengeti Safari, where you get really close to the animals and actually hand feed the giraffes - which is a fantastic experience. Right across the park are a whole range of amazing thrill rides and roller coasters. Some of the most popular rides include the Cheetah Hunt, which is a really fast roller coaster, there's Cobra's Curse, where you go in a vertical lift face to face with a fang and then you spin backwards and forwards. There is the Congo River Rapids and Kumba. There's also the Stanley Falls flume, which is a boat ride which has a 40-foot drop. So whether you're into looking at animals or you're a thrill seeker you'll be satisfied at Busch Gardens. For me the second most amazing part of Tampa was Ybor City. It was created by the vision of one man called Martinez Ybor. He created what eventually became the cigar capital of the world. He set up and then attracted many other cigar makers, largely from Cuba, to move and set up in Ybor City, which was originally just a swamp. At its height in 1927 there was over 200 cigar factories. There's 10 blocks which are Historic Landmark District and there are fascinating stories. Don't just go and explore by yourself, I strongly recommend that you go on a walking tour and really understand the history and know what you're seeing. Now one of the things you must do if you go to Ybor is is head to Le Segunda Central Bakery which for over 100 years has made the most phenomenal Cuban bread, Cuban sandwiches, pastries and cakes. Another really important thing to do is focus on the water and the river. Tampa has a beautiful waterfront so make sure that you actually get to explore the river, and there's three key ways of doing that. First of all is the Pirate Water Taxi and they travel along the Hillsborough River and the Garrison Channel, and it's a great way of seeing Tampa and whoever's captaining the ship will give you commentary. If you're feeling more energetic there is the Tampa Bay Water bikes. So you can jump on them and you can peddle your way along the river. It's really good fun really easy to do and it's a great way of seeing the river and Tampa. Another great option is the Tampa Riverwalk which starts at the Convention Center and you basically can walk right along the river, either on walkways that have been built along the river or paths, and you can stroll your way or cycle away for miles and miles and miles. Another thing that would recommend you go and see is the Henry B Plant Museum. You can't miss this building as you'll see it on the river tour, you'll see it when you travel around the city. The actual building itself used to be the Tampa Bay Hotel. It originally was built as a very upmarket hotel resort by Henry B plant who built the railroad which stretched right across Florida, and he built a series of hotels to try and attract the wealthy. Most of the building is now occupied by the University of Tampa but a big part of the ground floor is the Henry B Plant Museum and inside there they have the original artifacts, original furniture, paintings, carpets and it is a fascinating history of his role in putting Tampa on the map. My next tip is if you're looking for some culture and some art there is a fantastic Museum of Art and it's renowned for not only having a great art collection but it has a beautiful view of the city from the plaza in front of the Museum of Art. The museum itself has a fantastic collection. It has ancient Greek through to Roman and it has pop artwork, lots of traveling exhibitions. If you're looking for a little bit of culture and art, it is a fantastic Museum. I really enjoyed it an enormous amount. My next suggestion is Zoo Tampa at Lowry Park. This is a really interesting zoo. It has a much more diverse range of animals then you will see at Busch Gardens. It's not a particularly huge zoo but does have a lot of options. A lot of choice of things to see. The zoo also has throughout the day a number of interactive things that you can do. So for example one of the great fun things was the macaw flyby, where they had some kids push a button release the macaws and they flew all around about people's heads and then you could watch them being fed and hear about them. And there's various different experiences throughout the day with various animals. My next tip and suggestion is the Florida Aquarium. This is a very well-respected aquarium not only for its exhibitions that it has, the outreach program but also it focuses on conservation in three key areas: sharks, sea coral and sea turtles. It has a great location right next to some of the cruise terminals so if you are coming on a cruise it's a very easy walk to go and visit the aquarium. If you're looking for entertainment there's two things that I would strongly recommend you do. One of which is Top Golf. It's a huge driving range that has three levels where you are hitting balls and trying to get them into various targets. It has great food and is a huge amount of fun, so if you're looking for some entertainment Top Golf of is definitely one of them. The other is the David J Straz Center for Performing Arts. This is a huge complex. There's actually five theaters and you might find the opera season on, the orchestra is on and then they have a whole series of big shows that are on tour. People of Tampa are extremely passionate about sport. There's three really important teams that I recommend you focus on and see if a games on when you're visiting. First of all ice hockey. They have a professional team which is known as a Tampa Bay Lightning. If you're into American football the pro team is called the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and if you're into baseball the team is called the Tampa Bay Rays. The Tampa food scene is extremely dynamic and there's lots happening. There's an incredible restaurant scene. I had an amazing range of food. One of the things I would recommend that you do though is make sure that you go and visit and eat at these really new emerging food halls. One of them is called Armature Works. It's in this beautiful restored building where trolley buses used to be stored. The other one which I really loved is the Hall on Franklin. Going to eat at these new food halls is an absolute must do and something very exciting within Tampa. So what about shopping? Well there's two things I'd suggest you focus on. The first is a place called Hyde Park Village. There's also two fantastic things to do here. There's the Sprinkles cupcake shop and what they have is a cupcake ATM. Just down the road from that is Goodie Goodie Burgers. This is a famous chain which it disappeared and has been resurrected a few years ago and it recreates the whole Goodie Goodie concept in terms of the look, even some of the furniture is the same, many of the recipes are the same but it was a Tampa institution and it's been brought back. If you're looking for more of a mall type shopping activity I suggest you go to the International Plaza and Bay Street. This is a huge sprawling mall with lots of shops. There's so much to see and do in Tampa. Hopefully I've shown you through these 11 things, that I found fascinating and really great fun, that it's definitely a place that you should consider if you're heading to Florida - either as a destination in its own right or as part of a bigger trip. If you found this video interesting and helpful please give it a "thumbs up" and "like", but what I'd really love you to do though is subscribe to Tips For Travellers and you'll get much more travel inspiration, advice and tips.



The exact boundaries of the metro area can differ in different contexts. Hillsborough County and Pinellas County (including the cities of Tampa, St. Petersburg, Clearwater, and several smaller communities) make up the most limited definition. The United States Census Bureau defines the Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) as including Hillsborough, and Pinellas Counties along with Hernando and Pasco Counties to the north.[2][3]

Other definitions are

This wider area may also be known as Central West Florida as part of Central Florida.[7]

Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater Metropolitan Statistical Area

The population of the Tampa Bay MSA is estimated at 3,142,663 people as of 2018.[1]

Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20183,142,6633.7%

The following is a list of principal cities and unincorporated communities, including census-designated places (CDPs), located in the Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater MSA based on the 2010 U.S. Census:[14]

Principal cities

Each of these cities has a population in excess of 100,000 inhabitants.

Downtown Tampa
Downtown Tampa
St. Petersburg
St. Petersburg
Westfield Shopping Center in Brandon
Westfield Shopping Center in Brandon

More than 10,000 inhabitants


According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Tampa–St. Petersburg–Clearwater MSA consists of the following ethnic demographics:

Demographic Tampa Bay Percentage
White (Non-Hispanic/Latino) 1,821,955 76.0%
Hispanic 248,642 10.4%
Black 248,058 10.4%
Asian/Pacific Islander 57,235 2.4%


Nearly 20% of Tampa Bay's population is in the 18–34 age group.

Age Tampa Bay Percentage
0–17 852,600 22.0%
18–34 757,808 19.6%
35–54 1,066,684 27.3%
55–64 447,581 11.6%
65 and over 750,138 19.4%
MEDIAN AGE 41.39 years old


Ethnicity Tampa Bay Percentage
Caucasian 3,141,549 72.3%
Hispanic or Latino 479,936 11.0%
African American 411,157 9.5%
Asian 77,296 1.8%
Other 149,948 3.5%
Two or more races 83,861 1.9%

Hispanic or Latino by Origin

Ethnicity Tampa Bay Percentage
Mexican 145,685 30.4%
Puerto Rican 135,133 28.2%
Cuban 63,728 13.3%
All Others 135,390 28.2%


From 2000 to 2004, total net migration for the Tampa Bay region was 262,961 or an average of 65,740 per year. During this time Tampa Bay accounted for nearly 20% of Florida's total net migration. The annual migration totals grew steadily since 2000 until 200 people a day moved to Tampa Bay in 2004. Two Tampa Bay region counties are among the top counties in the country for net in-migration. Pasco County ranks 8th in the nation for net migration and Hillsborough County ranks 13th out of more than 3,000 counties.


The Tampa Bay area is located along Tampa Bay which it is named for. Pinellas County and St. Petersburg, Florida lies on a peninsula between Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, and much of the city of Tampa, Florida lies on a smaller peninsula jutting out into Tampa Bay.


Tampa Bay Area from space
Tampa Bay Area from space

The Tampa Bay area has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa), with hot, humid summers, with daily thunderstorms, drier, predominantly sunny winters, and warm-to-hot springs with a pronounced dry season maximum. On average, two days experience frost per year in the cooler parts of the Tampa Bay area, less than annually in the coastal parts. However, hard freezes (low temperatures below 28 °F/−2 °C) are very rare, occurring only a few times in the last 75 years. The United States Department of Agriculture designates the area as being in hardiness zones 9b and 10a (the latter being western and coastal, due significantly to maritime influences of the Gulf of Mexico and the 400-square-mile Tampa Bay). Plant climate-indicator species, such as coconut palms, royal palms, as well as other elements of Florida's native tropical flora, reach their northern limits of reliable culture and native range in the area.[15][16] Highs usually range between 65 and 95 °F (18 and 35 °C) year-round. Tampa's official high has never reached 100 °F (38 °C)—the all-time record high temperature is 99 °F (37 °C). St. Petersburg's all-time record high is exactly 100 °F (38 °C).[17]

Royal Palms in front of St. Petersburg's city hall
Royal Palms in front of St. Petersburg's city hall

Pinellas County lies on a peninsula between Tampa Bay and the Gulf of Mexico, and much of the city of Tampa lies on a smaller peninsula jutting out into Tampa Bay. This proximity to large bodies of water both moderates local temperatures and introduces large amounts of humidity into the atmosphere. In general, the communities farthest from the coast have more extreme temperature differences, both during a single day and throughout the seasons of the year.


Largest employers in the Tampa Bay area (2014)[22]
Employer Employees Industry
Publix Super Markets 36,400[23] Grocery
BayCare Health System 22,900 Healthcare
Home Shopping Network 10,550 Retail
University of South Florida 9,000 Education
Tech Data 6,900 Distribution/Technology
WellCare 6,700 Healthcare
Tampa General Hospital 6,400 Healthcare
Verizon 6,000 Telecommunications
JP Morgan Chase 5,100 Finance
Citi 4,300 Finance

Finance & insurance

Nearly one in four of the state's business and information services firms resides in Tampa Bay.[citation needed] These firms range from financial services firms to information technology providers to professional services organizations such as law firms, accounting firms, engineering firms, consulting and more. As a gateway to the Florida High Tech Corridor, Tampa Bay is home to many information technology firms along with many business services providers.

Financial services firms:

Health care

With more than 50 hospitals, dozens of clinics and ambulatory care centers, the Tampa Bay has an abundance of top-rated health care facilities for children and adults. The region also has a wealth of well-trained medical professionals—nearly 53,000 nurses and more than 9,200 physicians (including physician assistants)—provide care to Tampa Bay residents and visitors every year.

Tampa Bay ranks in the top 20 nationwide for medical device manufacturing clusters.[citation needed] The industry employs more than 10,000 people with an average wage in excess of $49,000 and produces over $2 billion worth of goods and services for an economic impact of more than 51,000 jobs and $5 billion. Tampa Bay's history of manufacturing for the defense industry has created a workforce skilled in high-precision fabrication of electronic parts and assemblies and experience in dealing with government relations, easing the transition to the highly regulated medical manufacturing industry.[citation needed]

Information technology

Tampa Bay serves as the gateway to the Florida High Tech Corridor which spans 23 counties. Created as a partnership between the University of South Florida, University of Central Florida and now including the University of Florida, the Florida High Tech Corridor promotes the growth of the high-tech industry across Central Florida.

Higher education and research

Academic research is a key component of high-tech growth and a powerful economic engine. The presence of cutting-edge research in the region is vital to technology transfer, which enables innovative ideas discovered in academia to achieve commercialization in the marketplace. Tampa Bay has several powerhouse research centers that are engaged in both pure scientific research and aggressively pursuing technology transfer to enrich people's lives.

Researchers at the University of South Florida's Nanomaterials and Nanomanufacturing Research Center (NNRC), H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and the Center for Ocean Technology at USF's College of Marine Science are researching how to use nanotechnology for a myriad of targeted uses including drug delivery, mechanized microsurgery, customized laser microchips, ways to turn sunlight into electricity, purifying water, storing hydrogen in small nanotubes, designing and developing marine sensors using microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and curing cancer. University of Tampa is located in Downtown Tampa, Florida on the Hillsborough River and is a historic university linked back to Teddy Roosevelt.


In 2008 the area's construction based boom was brought to a sudden halt by the financial crisis of 2007–2010, and by 2009 it was ranked as the fourth worst performing housing market in the United States.[24]

Changes in house prices for the area are publicly tracked on a regular basis using the Case–Shiller index; the statistic is published by Standard & Poor's and is also a component of S&P's 20-city composite index of the value of the U.S. residential real estate market.

Avionics, defense, and marine electronics

The University of South Florida's Center for Ocean Technology, which has been a leader in microelectromechanical systems research and development and has been using the technology to collect biological and chemical data to monitor water quality, provided underwater technology for port security at the 2004 Republican National Convention. USF's Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue used its miniature robots to assist rescue teams at Ground Zero following the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Tampa Bay is also the location of three major military installations, MacDill Air Force Base, Coast Guard Air Station Clearwater and Coast Guard Station St. Petersburg. MacDill AFB is home to the 6th Air Mobility Wing (6 AMW) of the Air Mobility Command (AMC) and the 927th Air Refueling Wing (927 ARW) of the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC). Both wings share flight operations of a fleet of KC-135R Stratotanker aircraft and the 6 AMW also operates a fleet of C-37A Gulfstream V aircraft. MacDill AFB also hosts multiple tenant organizations, to include two major combatant commands: United States Central Command (USCENTCOM), which directs military operations in Afghanistan, Iraq, and the Middle East; and United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), which has responsibility for all special operations forces in the U.S. Armed Forces. CGAS Clearwater is located at the St. Petersburg–Clearwater International Airport. It is the largest air station in the United States Coast Guard, operating HC-130H Hercules aircraft and MH-60T Jayhawk helicopters with principal missions focused on search and rescue, counternarcotics interdiction, and homeland security. The HC-130 aircraft are slated to be replaced by new HC-27J Spartan aircraft beginning in 2017. Coast Guard Station St. Petersburg is located on the site of the former Coast Guard Air Station St. Petersburg at Albert Whitted Airport. It is home to Coast Guard Sector St. Petersburg[25] and is homeport for the USCGC Resolute (WMEC 620), USCGC Venturous (WMEC 625), and numerous smaller cutters and patrol boats.[26]


USF Tampa main library
USF Tampa main library

Primary and secondary education is provided by the school districts of the individual counties making up the region.

The area is home to several institutions of higher learning, including the main campus of the University of South Florida in Tampa and the satellite campuses of USF St. Petersburg. Eckerd College in St. Petersburg, the University of Tampa, Clearwater Christian College, Florida College in Temple Terrace, Trinity College (Florida) in New Port Richey, are all four-year institutions located in the area. Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University and Troy University also maintain satellite education centers at MacDill AFB.

There are two law schools in the area, Stetson University College of Law and Thomas M. Cooley Law School. Stetson University has campuses in Gulfport and Tampa. The newly built (May 2012) Thomas M. Cooley Law school is located in Riverview.

Hillsborough Community College, St. Petersburg College, and Pasco-Hernando State College are community colleges serving the area.


The Tampa Bay area is home to a high concentration of quality art museums. Long established communities, particularly those near the bay such as Cuban influenced Ybor City, Old Northeast in St. Petersburg, and Palma Ceia and Hyde Park in Tampa contain historic architecture. Fresh seafood and locally grown produce are available in many restaurants and in weekly farmers' markets in multiple urban centers in the area. Yuengling, the largest American-owned brewer, operates a brewery in Tampa, as does the highly regarded craft brewer Cigar City Brewing.

Arts and culture make a big impact in Tampa Bay. In a single year, the economic impact of the cultural institutions in the Tampa Bay area was $521.3 million, according to a recent PricewaterhouseCoopers study. In 2004 5.6 million people attended plays, musical performances, museum exhibits, and other cultural institutions in Tampa Bay, supporting 7,800 jobs.


Florida Holocaust Museum in St. Petersburg

Performing Arts Halls

  • Straz Center for the Performing Arts in Tampa
  • Ruth Eckerd Hall in Clearwater
  • Mahaffey Theater in St. Petersburg
  • Tarpon Springs Performing Arts Center

Cultural events

  • Gasparilla Pirate Festival held every January in Tampa
  • Florida Strawberry Festival held every March in Plant City
  • Clearwater Jazz Holiday held every October in Coachman Park in downtown Clearwater; in its 32nd year
  • Guavaween, a Latin-flavored Halloween celebration held every October in the Ybor City section of Tampa
  • Festa Italiana, annual festival of Italian heritage held every April in Ybor City, Tampa's Latin Quarter


Clearwater Beach at Pier 60

The Tampa Bay area is highly noted for its beaches, with the warm, blue gulf waters and nearly 70 miles of barriers islands from North Pinellas south to Venice, attracting tourists from all over the world. Three of the beaches in this area, Fort De Soto's North Beach (2005), Caladesi Island (2008), and Sarasota's Siesta Key (2011) have been named by Dr. Beach as America's Top Beach.[27] The 15th IIFA Awards would be held at Tampa Bay Area in April 2014.[28]

Sports attractions, in addition to the teams listed below, include many professional quality golf courses, tennis courts, and pools. Ybor and the Channel District in Tampa, downtown St. Petersburg, and the beaches all along the coast all attract a vibrant nightlife.

Theme parks

Florida Aquarium
Florida Aquarium

Zoos and Aquariums

Botanical gardens

Notable public parks and recreation areas

The Tampa Bay area is home to an extensive system of state, county, and city parks. Hillsborough River State Park in Thonotosassa is one of Florida's original eight state parks and Honeymoon Island State Park, near Dunedin, is Florida's most visited state park. Pinellas County is home to the Fred Marquis Pinellas Trail, a 37-mile running and cycling trail over a former railroad bed connecting Tarpon Springs to St. Petersburg. Skyway Fishing Pier State Park, the remnants of the approaches to the original Sunshine Skyway Bridge forms the world's largest fishing pier in Pinellas and Manatee counties. The shallow waters and many mangrove islands of the bay and gulf make the area popular with kayakers. The gulf is also home to a large number of natural and artificial coral reefs that are popular for fishing and scuba diving. Away from the coast, Circle B Bar Reserve in Lakeland (Polk county) has been designated as a Great Florida Birding Trail site, a program of the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


Sports teams

The Tampa Bay Area is home to three major professional sports teams—the Buccaneers (NFL), Rays (MLB), and Lightning (NHL).[29] The Tampa Bay area also hosts a number of minor-league and college teams. Regardless of the specific city where they play their games, all of the major pro teams use "Tampa Bay" in their name to signify that they represent the entire area.

Team League Sport Stadium Location Attendance
Tampa Bay Buccaneers NFL American football Raymond James Stadium Tampa 58,818
Tampa Bay Lightning NHL Ice hockey Amalie Arena Tampa 18,626
Tampa Bay Rays MLB Baseball Tropicana Field St. Petersburg 17,857
Tampa Bay Rowdies USL (D2) Soccer Al Lang Stadium St. Petersburg 4,998
USF Bulls football NCAA DI American football Raymond James Stadium Tampa 34,702
USF Bulls basketball NCAA, DI Basketball USF Sun Dome Tampa 4,406

MLB spring training teams

Major League Baseball teams have come to the Tampa Bay area for spring training since the Chicago Cubs trained at Tampa's Plant Field in 1913 and the St. Louis Browns trained at St. Petersburg's Coffee Pot Park in 1914.[30] Grapefruit League games are still a favorite pastime for both residents and tourists alike every March. The following five Major League Baseball teams play spring training games in the Tampa Bay area:

Minor League baseball

Minor League baseball has also been a constant in the Tampa Bay area for over a century. The Tampa Smokers, St. Petersburg Saints, Lakeland Highlanders, and Bradenton Growers were charter members of the original Florida State League, which began play in 1919. Current local teams include:

Florida State League (Class-A Advanced)

The area is also home to several affiliates of the Gulf Coast League, a rookie league in which many young players gain their first experience in professional baseball.

Minor basketball leagues

The Tampa Bay Area doesn't have any basketball teams in the NBA. But they have several teams in minor basketball leagues.

The Tampa Bay Titans play in The Basketball League (TBL). Their home games are played at Pasco–Hernando State College.

The St. Pete Tide and the Tampa Gunners play in the Florida Basketball Association (FBA). The Tide's home games are played at St. Petersburg Catholic High School, and the Gunners are a travel team.

Sporting events

Major League sports

NCAA sports


Transportation in the Tampa Bay area is heavily affected by its position around Tampa Bay. For more about marine transportation in the area, including the many bridges over Tampa Bay, see Tampa Bay#Transportation.


Tampa International Airport is the largest airport in the region with 21 carriers and more than 17 million passengers served last year. In addition to the recent opening of a new terminal, improvements are being planned to handle 25 million passengers by 2020.

St. Petersburg–Clearwater International Airport provides access to commercial airliners, and smaller charter craft. The airport is currently planning an expansion which will include new terminal facilities and runway extension. Dotting the landscape throughout the area, are many general aviation airports for the aircraft enthusiast and smaller corporate jets.

Tampa International Airport panorama


Amtrak provides passenger rail service from Union Station in Tampa. CSX provides freight rail service for the entire Tampa Bay region.


The Cross-Bay Ferry has connected Tampa's Channelside District to Downtown St. Petersburg since 2016.[31] The Pirate Water Taxi, also operating since 2016, has several stops along the waterways in the vicinity of Tampa's downtown area and Channelside District.[32]

Transit systems

MetroRapid bus in Tampa
MetroRapid bus in Tampa
Streetcar in Ybor City
Streetcar in Ybor City
Sunshine Skyway over Tampa Bay
Sunshine Skyway over Tampa Bay

Bus service is provided in Hillsborough County by Hillsborough Area Regional Transit (HART), in Pinellas County by Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA), in Pasco County by Pasco County Public Transportation and in Hernando County by THE Bus. HART and PSTA provide express services between Tampa and Pinellas County, and PSTA provides connections to Pasco County. HART also operates the TECO streetcar between Downtown Tampa and Ybor City. In 2013, HART also began operating a Bus rapid transit system called MetroRapid that runs from Downtown Tampa to the University of South Florida.

On July 1, 2007, an intermodal transportation authority was created to serve the seven county Tampa Bay area. The Tampa Bay Area Regional Transportation Authority (TBARTA) was formed to develop bus, rapid transit, and other transportation options for the region.

Roads and freeways

The Tampa Bay area is served by these interstate highways.

Hillsborough County is also served by other roadways such as the Lee Roy Selmon Expressway (SR 618) which commutes workers from Brandon into downtown Tampa and the Veterans Expressway/Suncoast Parkway (Toll 589) which serves traffic from the Citrus/Hernando County border southward into Tampa.

In Pinellas County, U.S. 19 is the main north–south route through the county, and is being upgraded to freeway standards complete with frontage roads to ease congestion through the north part of the county. Also, the Bayside Bridge allows traffic to go from Clearwater into St. Petersburg without having to use U.S. 19.

The Courtney Campbell Causeway (SR 60) is one of the three roads that connect Pinellas County to Hillsborough County across the bay. The other two are the Howard Frankland Bridge (I-275) and Gandy Bridge (U.S. 92). The Sunshine Skyway Bridge is part of I-275 and connects Bradenton and other Manatee County and Sarasota County commuters into Pinellas County.

See also


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for Tampa were kept at downtown from April 1890 to December 1940, Peter O. Knight Airport from January 1941 to 5 June 1946, and at Tampa Int'l since 7 June 1946. For more information, see ThreadEx


  1. ^ a b "Cumulative Estimates of Resident Population Change and Rankings: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2018. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  2. ^ "List of Counties Within MSAs". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  3. ^ "Map of Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA" (PDF). United States Census Bureau, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE, Economics and Statistics Administration. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  4. ^ "Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council: Our Mission". Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  5. ^ "Tampa Bay Partnership: History". Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  6. ^ "Nielsen Markets 2016" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Your Vacation Guide to Central West Florida". Visit Florida. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  8. ^ "1950 Vol. I. Number of Inhabitants". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  9. ^ "1960 Vol. I. Characteristics of the Population, Part A, Number of Inhabitants - 11 Florida". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  10. ^ "1970 Vol. I. Characteristics of the Population, Part A, Number of Inhabitants - 11 Florida, Section 1". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  11. ^ "1980 Vol. I. Characteristics of the Population, Part A, Number of Inhabitants - 11 Florida, Section 1". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
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  15. ^ Tomlinson, Philip Barry (1980). The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Allston, Massachusetts U.S.A.: Harvard University Printing Office. pp. 1, 8–10. C.S. Sargent designated ...major "tree regions" of [North America] ...each distinguished by a complex of tree species... [The] smallest of these ...called "Tropical Florida" ...[in which] 87.5% have an otherwise tropical distribution; in Florida they are at [their] northern limit. ...The distribution of tropical tree species within South Florida is not known in any detail although the generalized distribution of all species is well summarized by Little (1978). A single latitudinal line does not separate the foras of South and Central Florida... Since the factor limiting the distribution of tropical species in a northern direction is almost certainly minimum winter temperature, an approximate indication of the limits... is the 54-degF January isotherm for the state. Figure 5
  16. ^ Little, Elbert L. (1978). Atlas of United States Trees. Volume 5. Florida. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. pp. 1, maps 159–256. LCCN 79-653298. This is the fifth volume of an Atlas with large maps showing the natural distribution or range of the native tree species of the continental United States. In these five volumes, maps of nearly all native tree species of the continental United States have been published... Florida merits a separate volume because it has more native tree species than any other state (except Hawaii), and because it has a large number of tropical species found in no other State.These trees of mostly limited range can be shown better on large-scale maps.
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  22. ^ Major Employers Archived February 26, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Tampa Bay Partnership.
  23. ^ "". Retrieved June 15, 2018. External link in |title= (help)
  24. ^ "Is Florida the Sunset State?". Time. July 10, 2008.
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  27. ^ Dr. Beach: America's Foremost Beach Expert
  28. ^ "Florida hopes a rise in Indian Tourists after hosting IIFA 2014". IANS. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  29. ^ "How high can the value of the Bucs, Rays and Lightning go?", Tampa Bay Times, Robert Trigaux, December 1, 2014.
  30. ^ Baseball in Tampa Bay, A.M. de Quesada, Arcadia Publishing, 2000.
  31. ^ Brezina-Smith, Veronica (October 30, 2019). "Tampa, St. Pete officials tout Cross Bay Ferry as new season kicks off". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
  32. ^ Brezina-Smith, Veronica (July 11, 2019). "Pirate Water Taxi invests $1.6M into fleet expansion". Tampa Bay Business Journal. Retrieved December 5, 2019.

External links

  • Tampa Bay 365 Daily photo stories of people, events, and places in the Tampa Bay area
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