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SAIC Volkswagen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd.
Joint venture
Founded12 October 1984; 36 years ago (1984-10-12)
HeadquartersAnting, Jiading District, Shanghai, China
Area served
Key people
Chen Hong (chairman)
Chen Xianzhang (president)
ProductsAutomobiles, engines
Parent50%: SAIC Motor,
40%: Volkswagen AG,
10%: Volkswagen (China) Invest
SubsidiariesSAIC Volkswagen Sales Co. Ltd.
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese上汽大众汽车有限公司
Traditional Chinese上汽大眾汽車有限公司
SAIC Volkswagen
Simplified Chinese上汽大众
Traditional Chinese上汽大眾

SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly known as Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Anting, Shanghai, China and a joint venture between Volkswagen Group and SAIC Motor. It was founded in 1984 and produces cars under the Volkswagen and Škoda marques.[1] It is the second automobile manufacturing joint venture in China after American Motors and the first German car manufacturer to enter China.

The joint venture is made up of equity from Volkswagen AG (40%), Volkswagen (China) Invest (10%), SAIC Motor (50%), with a fixed-term venture for 45 years. It will run until 2030.[2]

SAIC Volkswagen sold a total of 1.16 million vehicles in 2011.


The joint venture was formed in October 1984, as Shanghai Volkswagen. This was a 25-year contract to make passenger cars in Shanghai with a limit of 50 percent foreign ownership.[3] Shanghai Volkswagen began automobile production in 1985. As car imports fell to some 34,000 in 1990, SAIC Volkswagen's production of its Santana models reached nearly 19,000 vehicles that year. By 1993 SAIC Volkswagen’s output had reached 100,000 vehicles.

Volkswagen was aided by some Shanghai municipal efforts. Various restrictions on engine size, as well as incentives to city taxi companies, helped ensure a safe market in the company’s relatively wealthy home arena. The Shanghai plant was by the far the winner among all new JVs, as it produced cars that could function as taxis, vehicles for government officials and transport for the newly emerging business elite. Volkswagen also encouraged its foreign parts suppliers to create joint ventures in China, and their resulting product helped SAIC Volkswagen achieve an 85 per cent local content rate by 1993.[4]

On 12 April 2002, SAIC Motor renewed its contract with Volkswagen and extended the term of cooperation for another 20 years. Chinese Communist Party former general secretary Jiang Zemin attended the signature ceremony.[5] Shanghai Volkswagen Sales Co. Ltd, established on 19 October 2000, as the first joint venture in vehicle sales in China.

On 11 April 2005, the Czech automootive brand Škoda Auto was introduced after signing a contract. The first model for the brand was the Škoda Octavia built by Shanghai Volkswagen and commenced production on June 6, 2007. This followed with the Škoda Fabia in December 2008, the Superb in August 2009, the Škoda Rapid in April 2013 and the long wheelbase Škoda Yeti seven months later.[6] To complete the model lineup for the Chinese market, the Škoda Kodiaq was officially listed in March 2017, followed by the Škoda Karoq in January 2018 and the Chinese built Škoda Kamiq five months later.

SAIC Volkswagen started vehicle export shipments in January 2018 which targets left-hand drive Southeast Asian markets.[7][8][9] Prior to this, the company briefly exported several hundred Volkswagen Polo Sedan to Australia in 2004.[10][11][12]


Name Location Founded Annual capacity Production (2020)
No. 1 Auto Plant Anting, Shanghai 1984 Volkswagen T-Cross, Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Tiguan, Volkswagen New Lavida, Volkswagen Phideon[13]
No. 2 Auto Plant 1992
No. 3 Auto Plant 1999
New Energy Vehicle Plant 2020 300,000 vehicles Volkswagen ID.4
Nanjing Branch Jiangning, Nanjing 2008 210,000 vehicles Škoda Kamiq, Škoda Superb, Volkswagen Passat[14]
Yizheng Branch Yizheng, Jiangsu 2012 600,000 vehicles Škoda Rapid, Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Santana[15]
Urumqi Plant Ürümqi, Xinjiang 2012 50,000 vehicles Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Santana[16]
Ningbo Plant Ningbo, Zhejiang 2013 300,000 vehicles[17] Škoda Karoq, Škoda Octavia, Volkswagen Lamando, Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Teramont, Volkswagen Viloran[18]
Changsha Plant Changsha, Hunan 2015 300,000 vehicles[19] Škoda Kodiaq, Volkswagen New Lavida, Volkswagen Touran[20]


1980 1990 2000 2010
4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Škoda Auto
Škoda Fabia II BiColor.jpg

Fabia Jingrui
2018 Skoda Fabia facelift 1.0 Front.jpg

Fabia Jingrui
compact cars
Škoda Rapid CN China 2013-03-03.jpg

Škoda Rapid Spaceback China 2014-04-24.jpg

Rapid Spaceback
Škoda Octavia II.JPG

Škoda Octavia II facelift 01 China 2012-04-15.jpg

Octavia Mingrui
2018 Skoda Octavia SE TDi S-A 1.6 Front.jpg

New Octavia Mingrui
2018 Skoda Octavia (5E MY18.5) 110TSI station wagon (2018-11-02).jpg

Octavia Combi
executive cars
Skoda Superb front 20080524.jpg

Škoda Superb II China 2012-06-16.jpg

Superb Haorui/Superb
Škoda Superb III 01 China 2016-04-16.jpg

Compact SUVs
Škoda Yeti diesel Greenline registered July 2014 (ie post 2013 facelift) 1598cc.JPG

2018 Skoda Karoq SE L TDi S-A 1.6 Front.jpg

Skoda Kamiq 001.jpg

Mid-size SUV
2018 Skoda Kodiaq Scout TDi SCR 4X4 2.0 Front.jpg


Volkswagen Polo IV China 2012-04-15.JPG

Volkswagen Polo IV facelift China 2012-04-22.JPG

Polo Jingqing
Volkswagen Polo V China 2012-04-22.JPG

Volkswagen Gol II facelift 01 China 2012-04-08.jpg

Polo GTI
supermini SUVs
Volkswagen CrossPolo China 2012-04-28.JPG

VW CrossPolo.JPG

compact cars
Volkswagen lavida pg0 front 2009.JPG

Lavida / Lavida Sport
Volkswagen Lavida II China 2013-03-03.jpg

Volkswagen Gran Lavida China 2014-04-18.jpg

Gran Lavida
Volkswagen Lavida III 001.jpg

All New Lavida
Volkswagen Polo Jinqu China 2012-04-15.jpg

Volkswagen Polo Jinqu facelift China 2012-04-15.jpg

Polo Jingqu
Volkswagen Polo Jinqu facelift II China 2012-05-20.jpg

Polo Jingqu
Volkswagen Lamando 01 China 2015-04-13.jpg

family cars
Volkswagen Santana China 2012-04-22.JPG

Volkswagen Santana II 01 China 2013-03-03.jpg

New Santana
Volkswagen Santana Wagon China 2012-04-08.JPG

Santana Variant
SVW Santana 2000.jpg

Santana 2000
Volkswagen Santana 3000 China 2012-04-14.jpg

Santana 3000
Volkswagen Santana Vista 01 China 2012-04-14.JPG

Santana Vista
Volkswagen Gran Santana 2 China 2016-04-13.jpg

Gran Santana
Cross Santana.jpg

Cross Santana
98-01 Passat Sedan.jpg

Passat / Passat V6
Volkswagen Passat Lingyu China 2012-04-04.jpg

Passat Lingyu
Volkswagen Passat Lingyu facelift 001.jpg

Passat Variant
Volkswagen Passat NMS China 2012-05-06.JPG

Passat / Passat V6
Full-size car
Volkswagen VW Phideon 2016.jpg

compact MPVs
VW Touran red.JPG

Volkswagen Touran facelift China 2012-04-22.JPG

Volkswagen Touran facelift II China 2012-04-15.jpg

Touran / Touran 2013
Volkswagen Touran L 02 China 2016-03-28.jpg

Touran L
sport utility vehicles
Volkswagen Tiguan China 2012-04-15.JPG

Volkswagen Tiguan L 01 China 2017-04-06.jpg

Tiguan L
Volkswagen Teramont 01 China 2017-04-06.jpg



Calendar year Total sales
2000 220,000a[21]
2001 242,000a[21]
2002 301,000a[21]
2003 396,000a[21][22]
2004 355,000a[21][23]
2005 287,000a[21]
2006 352,000b[24]
2008 501,018b[25]
2009 708,100b[26]
2010 1.0 millionb[27]
2011 1.16 millionb[28]
2012 1.28 million[29]
2013 1.53 million[30]
2014 1.73 million[31]


aSales to dealers
bDeliveries to customers

See also


  1. ^ Shanghai Volkswagen Škoda in China Archived 2009-04-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Shanghai Volkswagen SVW Introduction Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Harwit, Eric (2001). "The Impact of WTO Membership on the Automobile Industry in China" (PDF). The China Quarterly: 655–670. Retrieved 2010-09-16.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "上汽集团". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  6. ^ "Overview of Shanghai VW model range".
  7. ^ "Made in China: VW to boost Asia sales by exporting cars out of China". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  8. ^ "China-made VWs heading overseas -". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  9. ^ "Volkswagen exports China-assembled vehicles in Southeast Asia". South China Morning Post. 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  10. ^ PETTENDY, GoAutoMedia-MARTON. "New Models - Volkswagen - Polo". GoAuto. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  11. ^ "CHINA: Volkswagen joint venture to export Polo to Australia - reports". 2003-11-28. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  12. ^ "VW Polo sedan bypasses us". CarsGuide. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  13. ^ "Shanghai-Anting - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  14. ^ "Nanjing - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  15. ^ "Yizheng - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  16. ^ "Urumqi - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  17. ^ "VOLKSWAGEN OPENS NEW PLANT IN NINGBO, SOUTH EASTERN CHINA - Sala de comunicación de Volkswagen-Audi España, S.A." Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  18. ^ "Ningbo - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  19. ^ "Volkswagen inaugurates vehicle plant in southern Chinese city of Changsha". Volkswagen Newsroom. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  20. ^ "Changsha - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  21. ^ a b c d e f "Shanghai Volkswagen Analyst and Investor Conference Shanghai, 24 May 2006" (PDF). Volkswagen Group China. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Shanghai VW eyes 20% market share by 2008". People's Daily. 16 March 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  23. ^ "Volkswagen China Market Share Below 20% for 1st Time". Bloomberg. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  24. ^ "Shanghai Auto 4th-Quarter Net Doubles on GM, VW Cars". Bloomberg. 30 March 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Volkswagen China sales exceed 1 mln in 2008". Alibaba. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  26. ^ "Skoda to account for 20% of Shanghai VW's 2010 sales". Alibaba. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  27. ^ "Shanghai VW passes 1 million landmark". China Daily. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  28. ^ "Volkswagen's China Sales up 17.7 pct in 2011". CRI English. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  29. ^ "上海大众汽车2012年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  30. ^ "上海大众汽车2013年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  31. ^ "上海大众汽车2014年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Retrieved 2015-12-14.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 00:02
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