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SAIC Volkswagen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd.
TypeJoint venture
Founded12 October 1984; 38 years ago (1984-10-12)
HeadquartersAnting, Jiading District, Shanghai, China
Area served
Key people
Chen Hong (chairman)
Chen Xianzhang (president)
ProductsAutomobiles, engines
OwnersSAIC Motor (50%)
Volkswagen AG (39%)
Volkswagen (China) Invest (10%)
Audi AG (1%)
SubsidiariesSAIC Volkswagen Sales Co. Ltd.
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese上汽大众汽车有限公司
Traditional Chinese上汽大眾汽車有限公司
SAIC Volkswagen
Simplified Chinese上汽大众
Traditional Chinese上汽大眾

SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd., formerly known as Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Anting, Shanghai, China and a joint venture between Volkswagen Group and SAIC Motor. It was founded in 1984 and produces cars under the Volkswagen, Škoda and Audi marques.[1] It is the second automobile manufacturing joint venture in China after American Motors and the first German car manufacturer to enter China.

The joint venture is made up of equity from Volkswagen AG (40%), Volkswagen (China) Invest (10%), SAIC Motor (50%), with a fixed-term venture for 45 years. It will run until 2030.[2]

SAIC Volkswagen sold a total of 1.16 million vehicles in 2011.

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The joint venture was formed in October 1984, as Shanghai Volkswagen. This was a 25-year contract to make passenger cars in Shanghai with a limit of 50 percent foreign ownership.[3] Shanghai Volkswagen began automobile production in 1985. As car imports fell to some 34,000 in 1990, SAIC Volkswagen's production of its Santana models reached nearly 19,000 vehicles that year. By 1993 SAIC Volkswagen's output had reached 100,000 vehicles.

Volkswagen was aided by some Shanghai municipal efforts. Various restrictions on engine size, as well as incentives to city taxi companies, helped ensure a safe market in the company's relatively wealthy home arena. The Shanghai plant was by far the winner among all new JVs, as it produced cars that could function as taxis, vehicles for government officials and transport for the newly emerging business elite. Volkswagen also encouraged its foreign parts suppliers to create joint ventures in China, and their resulting product helped SAIC Volkswagen achieve an 85 per cent local content rate by 1993.[4]

On 12 April 2002, SAIC Motor renewed its contract with Volkswagen and extended the term of cooperation for another 20 years. Chinese Communist Party former general secretary Jiang Zemin attended the signature ceremony.[5] Shanghai Volkswagen Sales Co. Ltd, established on 19 October 2000, as the first joint venture in vehicle sales in China.

On 11 April 2005, the Czech automotive brand Škoda Auto was introduced after signing a contract. The first model for the brand was the Škoda Octavia built by Shanghai Volkswagen and commenced production on June 6, 2007. This followed with the Škoda Fabia in December 2008, the Superb in August 2009, the Škoda Rapid in April 2013 and the long wheelbase Škoda Yeti seven months later.[6] To complete the model lineup for the Chinese market, the Škoda Kodiaq was officially listed in March 2017, followed by the Škoda Karoq in January 2018 and the Chinese built Škoda Kamiq five months later.

SAIC Volkswagen started vehicle export shipments in January 2018 which targets left-hand drive Southeast Asian markets.[7][8] Prior to this, the company briefly exported several hundred Volkswagen Polo Sedan to Australia in 2004.[9][10][11]


Name Location Founded Annual capacity Production (2020)
No. 1 Auto Plant Anting, Shanghai 1984 Volkswagen T-Cross, Volkswagen Polo, Volkswagen Tiguan, Volkswagen New Lavida, Volkswagen Phideon, Audi A7L[12]
No. 2 Auto Plant 1992
No. 3 Auto Plant 1999
New Energy Vehicle Plant 2020 300,000 vehicles Volkswagen ID.3, Volkswagen ID.4 X, Volkswagen ID.6 X, Audi Q5 e-tron
Nanjing Branch Jiangning, Nanjing, Jiangsu 2008 210,000 vehicles Škoda Kamiq, Škoda Superb, Volkswagen Passat[13]
Yizheng Branch Yizheng, Jiangsu 2012 600,000 vehicles Škoda Rapid, Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Santana[14]
Ürümqi Plant Ürümqi, Xinjiang 2012 50,000 vehicles Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Santana[15]
Ningbo Plant Ningbo, Zhejiang 2013 300,000 vehicles[16] Škoda Karoq, Škoda Octavia, Volkswagen Lamando, Volkswagen Tharu, Volkswagen Teramont, Volkswagen Viloran, Audi Q6[17]
Changsha Plant Changsha, Hunan 2015 300,000 vehicles[18] Škoda Kodiaq, Volkswagen New Lavida, Volkswagen Touran[19]

Current products (Audi)

Current products (Škoda)

Current products (Volkswagen)


Calendar year Total sales
2000 220,000a[20]
2001 242,000a[20]
2002 301,000a[20]
2003 396,000a[20][21]
2004 355,000a[20][22]
2005 287,000a[20]
2006 352,000b[23]
2008 501,018b[24]
2009 708,100b[25]
2010 1.0 millionb[26]
2011 1.16 millionb[27]
2012 1.28 million[28]
2013 1.53 million[29]
2014 1.73 million[30]

aSales to dealers

bDeliveries to customers

See also


  1. ^ Shanghai Volkswagen Škoda in China Archived 2009-04-25 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Shanghai Volkswagen SVW Introduction Archived 2009-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Harwit, Eric (2001). "The Impact of WTO Membership on the Automobile Industry in China" (PDF). The China Quarterly: 655–670. Retrieved 2010-09-16.
  4. ^[dead link]
  5. ^ "上汽集团". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  6. ^ "Overview of Shanghai VW model range".
  7. ^ "Made in China: VW to boost Asia sales by exporting cars out of China". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  8. ^ "Volkswagen exports China-assembled vehicles in Southeast Asia". South China Morning Post. 2018-04-25. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  9. ^ PETTENDY, GoAutoMedia-MARTON. "New Models - Volkswagen - Polo". GoAuto. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  10. ^ "CHINA: Volkswagen joint venture to export Polo to Australia - reports". 2003-11-28. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  11. ^ "VW Polo sedan bypasses us". CarsGuide. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  12. ^ "Shanghai-Anting - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  13. ^ "Nanjing - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  14. ^ "Yizheng - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  15. ^ "Urumqi - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  16. ^ "VOLKSWAGEN OPENS NEW PLANT IN NINGBO, SOUTH EASTERN CHINA - Sala de comunicación de Volkswagen-Audi España, S.A." Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  17. ^ "Ningbo - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  18. ^ "Volkswagen inaugurates vehicle plant in southern Chinese city of Changsha". Volkswagen Newsroom. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  19. ^ "Changsha - VW". Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Shanghai Volkswagen Analyst and Investor Conference Shanghai, 24 May 2006" (PDF). Volkswagen Group China. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  21. ^ "Shanghai VW eyes 20% market share by 2008". People's Daily. 16 March 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Volkswagen China Market Share Below 20% for 1st Time". Bloomberg. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  23. ^ "Shanghai Auto 4th-Quarter Net Doubles on GM, VW Cars". Bloomberg. 30 March 2007. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  24. ^ "Volkswagen China sales exceed 1 mln in 2008". Alibaba. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Skoda to account for 20% of Shanghai VW's 2010 sales". Alibaba. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  26. ^ "Shanghai VW passes 1 million landmark". China Daily. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  27. ^ "Volkswagen's China Sales up 17.7 pct in 2011". CRI English. 13 January 2012. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2012.
  28. ^ "上海大众汽车2012年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  29. ^ "上海大众汽车2013年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  30. ^ "上海大众汽车2014年年报". SAIC Volkswagen. Retrieved 2015-12-14.

External links

This page was last edited on 17 February 2023, at 09:58
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