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Volkswagen ID.4

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen ID.4/ID.5
2020 Volkswagen ID.4 Pro
Overview
ManufacturerVolkswagen
Model code
Production2020–present[3]
Assembly
DesignerKlaus Bischoff and Felipe Montoya Bueloni[5]
Body and chassis
ClassCompact crossover SUV (C)
Body style5-door SUV (ID.4)
5-door coupe SUV (ID.5)
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel-drive
Dual-motor, all-wheel-drive
PlatformVolkswagen Group MEB
RelatedVolkswagen ID.3
Volkswagen ID.Buzz
Volkswagen ID.6
Škoda Enyaq
Audi Q4 e-tron
Ford Explorer EV
Powertrain
Electric motorAPP 310/APP 550 permanent magnet brushless motor
Power output146–302 hp (148–306 PS; 109–225 kW)[6]
BatteryLithium-ion
52–77 kWh (usable)
55–82 kWh (total)
Electric range209–275 mi (336–443 km) (EPA)
361–531 km (224–330 mi) (WLTP)
Plug-in charging
  • AC:
  • Three-phase (Europe)
  • One-phase (North America)
  • 7.2 kW (55kWh)
  • 11 kW (62-82kWh)[7]
  • DC:
  • 50–110 kW (55kWh)
  • 135 kW (LG 82kWh)[7]
  • 140 kW (62kWh)
  • 170 kW (SK On 82kWh)[8]
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,765 mm (108.9 in)
Length4,584 mm (180.5 in) (ID.4)
4,600 mm (181.1 in) (ID.5)
Width1,852 mm (72.9 in)
Height1,636 mm (64.4 in) (ID.4)
1,613 mm (63.5 in) (ID.5)
Curb weight1,891–2,224 kg (4,169–4,903 lb)

The Volkswagen ID.4 and Volkswagen ID.5 are battery electric compact crossover SUVs produced by Volkswagen. Based on the MEB platform, the ID.4 is the second model of the Volkswagen ID. series. The production version of the ID.4 debuted in September 2020 as the first fully-electric crossover SUV under the Volkswagen brand,[9] while the coupe-shaped variant of the ID.4 (akin to the Audi Q8 Sportback e-tron) is marketed as the Volkswagen ID.5 and was revealed in November 2021.[10]

The ID.4 is positioned by Volkswagen as a high-volume, mass-market electric vehicle — a car for "the millions, not the millionaires," as the company claimed in its advertising.[11] It was delivered to European customers from late 2020, and the first quarter of 2021 for the North American market.[12][13]

The ID.4 was elected World Car of the Year 2021 over runner-ups Honda e and Toyota Yaris.[14]

The vehicle was updated for the 2024 model year; this includes a new, more powerful electric motor.[15]

Overview

The ID.4 was previewed the I.D. Crozz and I.D. Crozz II concept cars, which debuted in 2017 at the Shanghai and Frankfurt Auto Show, respectively.[16] A prototype version of the ID.4 appeared in camouflage at the 2019 Frankfurt Motor Show discreetly so as not to steal the show from the first electric mass-market vehicle of the German brand, the ID.3.[17]

The production version was unveiled globally on 23 September 2020. Unlike the ID.3 which is oriented mainly for the European market, the ID.4 also targeted the North American region as one of its core markets. Volkswagen Group of America CEO Scott Keogh went as far as saying the ID.4 "drives like a GTI, it has the packaging of a Tiguan and the purpose of the Beetle," to emphasize its driving dynamics, design, and technology.[18]

At launch, the electric SUV was solely offered with rear-wheel-drive and an electric motor located at the rear axle, with the dual motor all-wheel-drive version following later. First sales were for the ID.4 "1st edition", which differs in some interior and exterior features from the series production models.[19]

Headlights and taillights are mostly LED lamps on the ID.4, with Matrix LED lights being an optional feature in some regions. The front features a low-positioned air inlet behind which the radiator and parts of the air conditioning system are located. Short overhangs and a wheelbase of 2,766 mm (108.9 in) add up to a length of 4,584 mm (180.5 in). Wheels are offered in 18–21 inch sizes. RWD models can tow a maximum of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) on a braked trailer with an optional tow bar and feature roof rails as standard.[20]

Apple Carplay and Android Auto are offered as standard, in addition to an optional augmented reality head-up display (HUD). In addition to the 5.3 inch driver display, the ID.4 features a 10-inch infotainment screen, though an optional 12 inch screen is available. By default, the vehicle includes a light strip below the windscreen providing visual cues related to certain functions such as the state of charge (SOC) when charging or brake alerts, which VW calls "ID. Light".

Safety features include VW's Car2X communication system.

An optional heat pump extending range under low temperature conditions is offered or even fitted as standard in certain markets such as Canada[21] and uses a R744 (CO2) refrigerant.[22] It is claimed to heat the cabin 2-3 times more efficiently than a resistance heater.

The boot offers 848 L of volume and 1,817 L when the rear seats are folded. The vehicle does not offer a storage compartment at the front end ("frunk"). The ID. 4 will be launched in Australasia along with the ID.3, ID.5 and ID. Buzz in Mid-2024 [23]

For the 2024 model year, the ID.4/5 receives an update including a larger 12.9 inch infotainment display with new software, 82 kWh models also get an upgraded APP 550 motor, providing improved power and efficiency at the same time.[24]

Volkswagen ID.5

The Volkswagen ID.5 was previewed in August 2021, revealed in November 2021, and produced since January 2022.[10][25] It features a lower 0.26 drag coefficient, which is 0.02 lower than the ID.4. The model is available in three variants, which are Pro, Pro Performance and GTX, with the latter using a dual motor all-wheel-drive layout. Three powertrain options are available, although unlike the ID.4, the ID.5 comes with just one battery capacity, which is 77 kWh. The ID.5's sloping roofline decreases the cargo space, which offers 549 L with the rear seats up and 1,561 L with the seats folded.[26]

Specifications

Powertrain

Since model year 2024, the ID.4 is fitted with the APP 550 electric drive, which is an oil-cooled brushless permanently excited synchronous machine positioned at the rear axle. The motor produces up to 210 kW (286 PS; 282 hp) of power and up to 550 N⋅m (410 lb⋅ft) of torque,[27] revolving at speeds of up to 16,000 rpm.[20] All-wheel drive variants have an additional motor on the front axle.

The ID.4 recuperates energy when braking using the service brake pedal, with up to 0.25 g. When driving with the gear selector set to “D” mode, if the driver lifts their foot off the accelerator pedal, the vehicle is set to coast along in order to preserve energy, with the motor freely rotating. However the vehicle can also be set to “B” mode where it will recuperate instead, again with forces of up to 0.25 g. When stronger deceleration is required, the vehicle uses electrically boosted conventional hydraulic brakes.

Battery

The battery consists of a lithium-Ion battery pack which houses 9 battery modules in 10 compartments (Pure) or 12 modules (Pro) containing the individual battery cells (24 per module) in a rectangular aluminium casing which sits in the vehicle's underbody. While the smaller battery holds an energy content of 55 kWh, of which 52 kWh are made available to the user, the larger pack comes in at 82/77 kWh. A model with a 62 kWh gross, 58 kWh net battery pack was released for the North American market in 2022.

The battery's thermal management system is designed to maintain the battery's temperature around the ideal range of 25 °C (77 °F) and utilises liquid cooling.

Battery Capacity
full/usable [kWh]
55 / 52 62 / 58 82 / 77
Drivetrain RWD AWD
Model Name ID.4 Pure/Pure Performance ID.4 Standard
ID.4 S
ID.5 Pro
ID.5 Pro Performance
ID.4 Pro
ID.4 Pro Performance
ID.4 Pro S
ID.4 AWD
ID.4 AWD Pro
ID.4 AWD Pro S
(North America)

ID.4 GTX
(other markets)

ID.5 GTX
Availability From spring 2021[28] From summer 2022 From winter 2022 From spring 2021[28] From summer 2021 From winter 2022
Range (EPA) 209 miles (336 km) 291 mi (468 km) 263 mi (423 km)
Range (WLTP) 363 km (226 mi) 553 km (344 mi) 546 km (339 mi) 512 km (318 mi) 529 km (329 mi)
Acceleration
0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)
7.1s 7.7 s
since MY 2024:
5.9 s
5.7 s[29]
since MY 2024:
4.9 s
Acceleration
0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)
10.9 s or 9 s
since MY 2024:
9 s
10.4 s or 8.4 s
since MY 2024:
6.7 s
10.4 s or 8.5 s
since MY 2024:
6.7 s
6.2 s[30]
since MY 2024:
5.4 s
6.3 s
since MY 2024:
5.4 s
Power Output

[kW]

109 kW (146 hp; 148 PS) or 125 kW (168 hp; 170 PS)
since MY 2024:
125 kW (168 hp; 170 PS)
150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) 128 kW (172 hp; 174 PS) or 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS)
since MY 2024:
210 kW (282 hp; 286 PS)
128 kW (172 hp; 174 PS) or 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS)
since MY 2024:
210 kW (282 hp; 286 PS)
220 kW (295 hp; 299 PS)
since MY 2024:
250 kW (335 hp; 340 PS)
Peak Torque

[N⋅m]

220 N⋅m (162 lb⋅ft) or 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
since MY 2024:
310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft) 235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) or 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
since MY 2024:
545 N⋅m (402 lb⋅ft)
235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) or 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
since MY 2024:
545 N⋅m (402 lb⋅ft)
460 N⋅m (339 lb⋅ft)
since MY 2024:
679 N⋅m (501 lb⋅ft)
Top Speed[km/h]
160 km/h (99 mph)
160 km/h (99 mph)
160 km/h (99 mph)
since MY 2024:
180 km/h (112 mph)
180 km/h (112 mph)
Kerb Weight [kg] 1,987 kg (4,381 lb) 1,958 kg (4,317 lb) 2,143 kg (4,725 lb) 2,156 kg (4,753 lb) 2,256 kg (4,974 lb) 2,167 kg (4,777 lb)
Peak DC Fast Charge (DCFC) Power

[kW]

115 kW
140 kW (previously 125 kW) 135 kW
135 kW on LG Energy Solution provided batteries (previously 125 kW, can be increased to 135 kW via a software update); 175 kW (previously 170 kW) on SK On provided batteries [31]
175 kW
175 kW
Peak AC Charging Power

[kW]

11 kW, previously 7.2 kW 11 kW
Charging time[32] 100%: 330 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: 28 minutes (DC charging station 115 kW)
100%: 450 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: about 30 minutes (DC charging station 140.0 kW)
100%: 480 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: 28 minutes (DC charging station 135.0 kW)
100%: 480 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: 28 minutes (Europe, DC charging station 135.0 kW)

10-80%: about 30 minutes (North America, DC charging station 175.0 kW)
100%: 480 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: 28 minutes (Europe, DC charging station 175.0 kW)

10-80%: about 30 minutes (North America, DC charging station 175.0 kW)
100%: 480 minutes (AC 3-phase wallbox/charging station 11.0 kW)

10-80%: 28 minutes (DC charging station 175.0 kW)

Markets

Europe

For the European market, the ID.4 is available with four electric motor options. The versions with 146 hp (148 PS; 109 kW) or 168 hp (170 PS; 125 kW) are powered by a 52 kWh battery pack, while the larger 77 kWh battery can be paired with either a 172 hp (174 PS; 128 kW) or a 201 hp (204 PS; 150 kW) motor and has a WLTP range of "up to" 323 mi (520 km) on a single charge.[33] The range-topping model is capable of a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) sprint in 8.5 seconds.[34][35]

An AWD variant of the ID.4, marketed as the ID.4 GTX in Europe,[30] accelerates 0–96 km/h (0–60 mph) in 5.7 seconds[29] and 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 6.2 seconds.[30]

All the values given above have changed significantly since the model was launched; for the 2024 model year, the 0-100 km/h acceleration time for the fastest model is 5.4 s.

The ID.4 is produced at the Volkswagen Zwickau-Mosel Plant in Germany since start of production and is also built at the company's Emden plant since May 2022.[36] [37]

North America

For the North American market, the available configurations are a RWD configuration that produces 201 horsepower (150 kW) and 229 pound-feet (310 N⋅m) of torque or an AWD configuration that produces 295 horsepower (220 kW) and 339 pound-feet (460 N⋅m) of torque. It is powered by a 62 kWh or 82 kWh battery pack (gross capacity) positioned in the underbody. The 82 kWh battery pack offers a range of 245–280 mi (394–451 km) on a full charge on the EPA cycle, depending on version.[38] The 62 kWh battery pack is rated at 209 miles (336 km) by the EPA.[39]

2021-2022 models were imported to North America and built in the Volkswagen Zwickau-Mosel Plant or Emden plant since model year 2022.[37]

In August 2022, Volkswagen announced production location changes and added features for 2023 model year ID.4s, the Volkswagen ID.4 sold in North America will be made in Volkswagen's Chattanooga Tennessee Assembly Plant. Chattanooga began producing the ID.4 on July 26, 2022.[40]

The North American ID.4 got a moderate refresh for model year 2023. It introduced a new 62 kWh battery pack that is now on the new Standard and S trim levels. The 62 kWh (gross) battery pack is provided exclusively by SK On and has a peak charging rate of 140 kW. The Standard trim level reduced the base price of the ID.4 to $37,495 (up to $38,995 since December 2022). The larger 82 kWh (gross) battery pack got updated and since December 2022, it is split between two battery suppliers to increase production output, SK On and LG Energy Solution. On 82 kWh RWD models, some vehicles get the SK On battery pack providing a 170 kW peak charging speed, while other vehicles get the LG Energy Solutions battery pack with a 135 kW peak charging speed as used in most pre-2023 model year vehicles. All 82 kWh AWD models get the SK On battery with the 170 kW peak charging. Volkswagen quotes a 10-80% DC fast charging time of 30 minutes for the SK On battery pack and 36 minutes for the LG battery pack. The battery capacity and EPA rated range are identical between the two battery packs.[41]

The 2023 refresh also includes a redesigned center console, a larger 12-inch Discover Pro Max infotainment system, Park Assist Plus (autonomous parking system), assisted lane changing to the semi-autonomous highway assist system branded Volkswagen Travel Assist (Travel Assist is standard on every North American ID.4, however, 2021-22 models do not have the assisted lane change function) and 45-watt USB-C fast device charging standard across all trims. As well as new options like Area View (surround view camera system), three-zone automatic climate control, heated rear seats, and new paint colors.[42]

China

The Volkswagen ID.4 is available as two variants in China called the ID.4 X and the ID.4 Crozz. The two variants feature slightly different styling and are produced by SAIC-Volkswagen and FAW-Volkswagen respectively.[43]

The ID.4 Crozz is similar to the European ID.4 and is offered with a smaller battery and a range of 400 km (249 mi) and 125 kW (168 hp; 170 PS) of power as well as a longer-ranged version offering 550 km (342 mi) of range according to the NEDC test and 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) of power. A high performance version with dual motor all-wheel drive and 225 kW (302 hp; 306 PS) as well as 520 km (323 mi) of range is to be released as well.[44] For the SAIC-Volkswagen ID.4 X, the car gains 20 mm (0.8 in) in length, mainly through the addition of a different bumper.[45]

Sales and marketing

ID.4 and ID.5 sales
Year Global production Europe[46] US China
ID.4 ID.5 ID.4 X[47] ID.4 Crozz[48]
2020 6,487[49] 4,810
2021 134,319[50] 53,605 16,742[51] 23,174 26,853
2022 207,934[52] 67,655 20,511[53] 33,761 34,273
2023 223,425[54] 37,789[55]

In the 2023 French animated film Ladybug & Cat Noir: The Movie, Cat Noir drives an ID.4, following a deal between Volkswagen and French company ZAG Inc.[56]

See also

References

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External links

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