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Audi Sport GmbH

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Audi Sport GmbH
Company typeSubsidiary (GmbH)
FoundedNeckarsulm, Germany (October 1983)[1][2]
Number of locations
one 3,500 m2 site at Neckarsulm
Area served
ProductsHigh-performance luxury automobiles,[2]
wheels and suspension components,
specialist body styling parts,
automotive consumer goods
ServicesAutomotive design, testing, production,
research and development
Increase 220 million (2004)
OwnerVolkswagen Group
Number of employees
580 (plus 250 additional R8 employees) (2009)[1][2]
SubsidiariesVolkswagen R GmbH
Volkswagen Individual GmbH

Audi Sport GmbH, formerly known as quattro GmbH,[3] is the high-performance car manufacturing subsidiary of Audi,[1][4][5][6] itself a subsidiary of the greater Volkswagen Group.

Founded in October 1983 as quattro GmbH, it primarily specializes in producing high-performance Audi cars[2] and components, along with purchaser specified customizations.[1] The company's former name was a homage to Audi's original four-wheel drive rally-inspired road car—the Audi Quattro. In 2016, the company was renamed Audi Sport GmbH.[7]

It is located in a 3,500 square metres (37,670 sq ft) site at Neckarsulm,[4] near Stuttgart, in the German State of Baden-Württemberg. Development and manufacturing factories[2] is based within a larger 10,700 square metres (115,170 sq ft) site of the now defunct German automotive maker (and Wankel pistonless rotary engine pioneer) NSU Motorenwerke AG [clarification needed]

Its core products include the Audi RS4, the Audi RS6 and the Audi R8. Furthermore, it is a 'closed company', in that it does not sell its automobiles directly to the public via franchised outlets under its own brand name; instead, they are sold under the Audi marque.

Business areas

Audi Sport GmbH specializes in four 'key' areas,[1] including the design, testing, and production of specialist and high performance Audi automobiles. Examples include the Audi RS3, Audi RS Q8, and the Audi R8.

They also design and produce special wheels, sport suspension[1], and exterior body panels, such as front bumpers, side skirts, and rear bumpers, which are mainly used on the Audi "S line" trim specification available on most of Audi's model range.

RS cars

The Audi RS cars are Audi's high performance variants of their regular offerings, similar to BMW's M cars and Mercedes Benz AMG subsidiary. The "RS" initials are taken from the German: RennSport – literally translated as "racing sport". RS is Audi's highest trim level, positioned above the "S" ("Sport") specification level of Audi's regular model range. quattro GmbH create, design, and produce all RS models in conjunction with parent, Audi AG.[1][2] The RS models are typically Audi's most powerful cars and are built in limited numbers with the latest technology and engineering offered by the car maker.

S line

"S line" badge in front grille

S line is a trim specification that is offered on many Audi models. Whilst the individual S line parts and components are designed and manufactured by quattro GmbH,[1][2][4] Audi "S line" cars are still manufactured in the same AUDI AG factories, on the same production lines as their related models with differing trim levels. Cars with "S line" trim should not be confused with high-performance "S" and "RS" models. Audi cars with S line trim bear identical performance figures to their counterparts with SE or base trim levels, with the exception of the Audi Q7 S line with the 3.0 V6 TFSI petrol engines (213 kW (290 PS; 286 bhp) for standard, 245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp) for S line).

Audi exclusive

quattro GmbH offers potential purchasers of new Audi cars the possibility of customizing their new car beyond the scope of "conventional" options, to their own personal desires during the initial manufacturing process.[4] This facility is called Audi exclusive,[8] and extends to virtually all areas of the car. The customer may choose unique exterior paint, in any colour, as well as alloy wheels originally developed by quattro GmbH. For the interior, the upholstery can be finished in various grades and grains of leathers (including Nappa), in a choice of colours. These coloured leathers may also be applied to interior door coverings and rear parcel shelves. Headlining fabrics can be customized in colour, along with seat belt webbing. The interior can be finished with a wide selection of wooden trims, sourced from around the world, along with colour-coordinated piping on the edges of tailored floor carpet mats. A range of in-car office equipment is also available.[1] quattro GmbH first offered this service at the 1995 Frankfurt International Motor Show.[2]

Audi lifestyle / Audi Accessories

From 1985, quattro GmbH has developed a range of Audi lifestyle products, known as Audi Accessories.[2] These include mountain bikes and personal leather goods, such as briefcases, handbags, purses and wallets.

Car production

Audi A4 B7 DTM Edition, one of the cars produced by quattro GmbH

quattro GmbH has historically only been able to produce one specific model at a time at its sole plant at Neckarsulm. Chronologically, the first quattro GmbH model produced was the Audi RS2 Avant, a joint venture between Porsche and quattro GmbH, from 1994–1996 (and actually built at Porsche's Zuffenhausen plant). After this initial joint venture, all subsequent cars have been solely (with the exception of the Audi TT RS) produced at Neckarsulm by quattro GmbH. The second car was the C4 S6 Plus, produced from April 1996 to July 1997. Third was the 2000–2001 B5 RS4 Avant quattro; fourth was the 2003 C5 RS6 quattro; fifth was the 2005 B7 A4 DTM Edition saloon. Sixth out of quattro GmbH was the 2006 B7 RS4 quattro, seventh out of quattro GmbH was the 2006 B7 S4 25 Quattro, the eighth was a special edition A4 S-Line with 220 hp (223 PS; 164 kW) and additional options for local markets – for example the UK 'Special Edition' with black optics pack, ventilated cross-drilled front disc brakes, black exhaust pipes, two-tone leather interior – and the Swedish 'TS' designation with ventilated cross-drilled front disc brakes, S4 chassis, sport seats and aluminum interior detailing, and as of 2009, the ninth and latest offering is the 2008 C6 RS6 5.0 TFSI quattro.[2][4][6]

In 2005, they built an Audi TT quattro sport with 176 kW.

The Audi R8 is built in a new and totally separate quattro GmbH plant at Neckarsulm.

The latest Audi TT RS and the Audi RS3 are both notable departures from this Neckarsulm-only production tradition. Whilst the TT RS and RS3 were wholly designed, developed and engineered at Neckarsulm by quattro GmbH, they are manufactured alongside the non-RS Audi models, with the TT RS being manufactured at Győr, Hungary, by AUDI AG subsidiary Audi Hungaria Motor Kft.[9]

quattro GmbH-produced cars from Neckarsulm can be identified by their specific 2nd and 3rd digit of the World Manufacturer Identifier section of the vehicles' Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) – quattro GmbH manufactured cars begin with 'WUA....', whereas cars produced by AUDI AG in Germany begin with 'WAU....'.[9]

Audi R8

The Audi R8 two-seat mid-engined sports car was exclusively designed and developed and is produced by quattro GmbH.[4][6] An old factory on the Audi Neckarsulm site was redeveloped, and 28 million was invested in the new R8 production line. Around 250 employees work on this car.[1]

The longitudinally oriented 4.2 litre Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI) V8 engine used in the R8, rated at 309 kW (420 PS; 414 bhp) and 430 N⋅m (317 lbf⋅ft) of torque, is shared from the B7 RS4 quattro, but modified to use a dry sump lubrication system[10] and induction system.

A subsequent V10 engined version of the R8 is also available, using a de-tuned version of their sister company's 5.2-litre FSI V10, used in the Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4. This variant produces 386 kW (525 PS; 518 bhp) and 530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft) of torque.

Furthermore, quattro GmbH unveiled a diesel engined R8 concept, the "R8 V12 TDI" (later renamed "R8 TDI Le Mans"). This was to use a 6.0-litre V12 engine, utilising Volkswagen Group's long-established Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel technology. This engine was rated at 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) of torque.

Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro

quattro GmbH has developed the most powerful diesel powered sport utility vehicle (SUV) in its class.[4][6][11] The Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro is fitted with a V12 Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) internal combustion engine. A world first,[additional citation(s) needed] this all new diesel engine displaces 6.0 litres, generating a motive power output of 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) (measured according to Directive 80/1269/EEC) at 4,000 rpm, and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 1,750–3,000 rpm. This allows it to accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) in 5.5 seconds. Top speed is electronically limited to 250 km/h (155.3 mph). quattro GmbH has developed this new engine using existing technology from Audi's Le Mans endurance racing program – the Audi R15 TDI.[12]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Audi Worldwide > Company > Investor Relations > quattro GmbH". AUDI AG. 2009. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Audi Deutschland > Unternehmen > Investor Relations > quattro GmbH". AUDI AG (in German). 2009. Archived from the original on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  3. ^ Audi-Mediacenter Retrieved 30 November 2016
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Audi Worldwide > Company > Investor Relations > Audi at a glance – The Audi Group". AUDI AG. 2009. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  5. ^ "quattro GmbH: Producer of dreams". (in Spanish). 5 June 2002. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d "Sites". AUDI AG (Press release). 10 March 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  8. ^ "Audi UK > New Cars > Audi exclusive – style and individuality". AUDI AG. Archived from the original on 9 September 2009. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  9. ^ a b ETKA
  10. ^ "Dyno Test: 2008 Audi R8 vs. 2007 Audi RS4". Source:Interlink Media. 20 April 2007. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  11. ^ "The World's Most Powerful Diesel Passenger Car". AUDI AG. 11 September 2006. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
  12. ^ "The Ultimate High-Performance SUV – The New Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro". (Press release). 2 March 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2009.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 June 2024, at 19:27
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