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Volkswagen ID.3

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Volkswagen ID.3
2020 Volkswagen ID.3 1st Front.jpg
Volkswagen ID.3 1st
Also calledCupra Born
DesignerKlaus Bischoff, Marco Antonio Pavone, Felipe Montoya Bueloni and Akos Szaz[6]
Body and chassis
ClassSmall family car (C)
Body style5-door hatchback
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel drive
PlatformVolkswagen Group MEB
RelatedVolkswagen ID.4
Electric motorAPP 310 permanent magnet brushless motor
Power output
  • Name Net (kWh) Gross (kWh)
  • Pure    45              55
  • Pro      58              62
  • Pro S   77              82
Electric range
  • Predicted WLTP range:[8]
  • 45 kWh: up to 330 km (205 mi)
  • 58 kWh: up to 420 km (260 mi)
  • 77 kWh: up to 550 km (340 mi)
Plug-in charging
Wheelbase2,765 mm (108.9 in)
Length4,262 mm (167.8 in)
Width1,809 mm (71.2 in)
Height1,552 mm (61.1 in)
Curb weight1,772–1,935 kg (3,907–4,266 lb)
PredecessorVolkswagen e-Golf

The Volkswagen ID.3 is a battery electric small family car (C-segment) produced by Volkswagen since 2019. It is the first production car to utilize the MEB platform,[9] and the first model of the ID. series.[10] It was unveiled on 9 September 2019 at the Frankfurt Motor Show, after being first shown as the I.D. concept car at the 2016 Paris Motor Show. Deliveries to retail customers began in Germany in September 2020.[1]

I.D. Concept

The ID.3 was previewed as a concept car called the Volkswagen I.D., first shown at the 2016 Paris Motor Show. It was the first concept model of the new all-electric I.D. sub-brand. According to Volkswagen, the I.D. featured innovations such as virtual wing mirrors (using video cameras), "chocolate bar" battery design, and retractable LiDAR sensors used for autonomous driving,[11] not all of which made it to the production version.

Production model

In May 2019, Volkswagen confirmed the production model based on this prototype was named Volkswagen ID.3, instead of the rumoured I.D. Neo name,[12] and officially presented at the International Motor Show Germany in September 2019.[13] The ID.3 is one of five new Volkswagen models based on the MEB platform. Smaller cars bearing the ID.1 and ID.2 names are expected, and bigger models will range from ID.4 to ID.9. Volkswagen has also applied for trademark protection of an additional "X", supposedly for a SUV.[14] Reservations (€1000) for the launch model of the ID.3 started on the 8 May 2019, which were set to be delivered in midyear 2020,[8] whereas the base model, expected to cost under €30,000, will be delivered in 2021.[needs update] Volkswagen named high expected demand as a reason.[15] It received 10,000 buyer reservations within 24 hours after pre-orders opened[16] and 30,000 before the unveiling at IAA 2019.[17] Retail deliveries began in Germany in September 2020.[1]

The production version of the ID.3 was unveiled on 9 September 2019 at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA), along with the new Volkswagen logo and branding.[18] The cars are assembled at Volkswagen's Zwickau factory, where the company expects the full plant capacity (330,000 cars per year) to produce electric cars based on the MEB platform for the Volkswagen Group from 2021 onwards.[19][20][21] In 2021, an additional ID.3 production line was started at the Transparent Factory in Dresden.[22]


At launch, the European-market ID.3 was available with a choice of two models: "ID.3 Pro Performance" and "ID.3 Pro S". Both the Pro Performance and the Pro S shared the same APP 310 traction motor,[23] which has an output of 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) and 310 N⋅m (229 ft⋅lb). The difference was in the storage capacity of the battery; the Pro Performance battery had a useful capacity of 58 kWh, while the Pro S battery was 77 kWh.[24]: 21  A third model (tentatively named "ID.3 Pro") was planned to follow, with an output of 107 kW (145 PS; 143 hp).[24]: 21  An entry-level model was released as the "ID.3 Pure Performance" in April 2021.[25] The Pure Performance was equipped with a smaller battery of 45 kWh[26]: 4  and slightly upgraded output of 150 PS; 110 kW (148 hp).[25] A high-performance variant of the ID.3 is under consideration, using battery technology derived from the ID.R project.[27]

Three different battery choices are offered with the ID.3. The modules in the Pro Performance and Pro S are each 14 cm (5.5 in) high and 145 cm (57 in) wide. For the Pro Performance, the length is 144 cm (57 in), while the larger Pro S battery is 182 cm (72 in) long.[24]: 24  The Pro S battery is 495 kg (1,091 lb).[24]: 24  A liquid-cooled thermal management system is fitted to improve power output and service life, and VW guarantees the battery will retain 70% of its original capacity after an operating period of 8 years or 160,000 km (99,000 mi).[24]: 24–25 

Charging rate for the Pro Performance and Pro S is limited to a maximum of 11 kW using the on-board AC charger; when a DC source is connected through the standard CCS inlet, maximum input power rises to 100 kW (Pro Performance) or 125 kW (Pro S).[24]: 25–26  The charging rates for the basic model were planned to be limited to 7.2 kW (AC) and 50 kW (DC), with an option for 100 kW (DC).[26]: 12  The MEB platform supports up to 125 kW charging.[28] The 58 kWh version supports 120 kW DC charging.

Volkswagen ID.3[29]
Model Name ID.3 Pure Performance ID.3 Pro ID.3 Pro Performance ID.3 Pro S
Availability From 2021
Drivetrain Rear motor, RWD
Output Power


110 kW (148 hp; 150 PS) 107 kW (143 hp; 145 PS) 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS)
Peak Torque


310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
Battery Capacity

full/usable [kWh]

55 / 45 62 / 58 82 / 77
Range (EPA) Not rated
(WLTP) 348 km (216 mi) 425 km (264 mi) 425 km (264 mi) 548 km (341 mi)
Consumption (WLTP) 15.1–14.9 kWh/100 km (142–143 mpg‑e) 15.7–15.5 kWh/100 km (136–138 mpg‑e) 15.8–15.5 kWh/100 km (135–138 mpg‑e) 16.2 kWh/100 km (132 mpg‑e)
Charging Peak DC Fast Charge (DCFC) Power


Up to 110 kW, 50 kW standard
Up to 120 kW
Up to 125 kW
Peak AC Charging Power


7.2 kW 11 kW
Performance Acceleration

[0–100 km/h (0–62 mph)]

8.9 s 9.6 s 7.3 s 7.9 s
Top Speed
160 km/h (99 mph)
Capacities Kerb Weight [kg] 1,772 kg (3,907 lb) 1,812 kg (3,995 lb) 1,928–1,935 kg (4,251–4,266 lb)
Number of Seats 5 4 or 5, depending on options selected

The 77 kWh variants have four and five seat options; the others seat five. All but the 77 kWh variant will have an optional panoramic roof that can be combined with a bike rack on a support hook at the back.[30]

The drag coefficient of the car is 0.267, frontal area is 2.36 square meters, and the minimum turning circle is 10.2 metres (33 ft).[31]


Volkswagen ID.3 trim availability (UK)[29]
Trim / Model Pure Performance Pro Pro Performance Pro S
Life Yes Yes Yes No
Style Yes No No No
Family No Yes Yes No
Max No No Yes No
Tour No No No Yes

It was first available in three different launch trim levels, namely ID.3 1st, ID.3 1st Plus and ID.3 1st Max, all based on the Pro Performance model (58 kWh battery).[26]: 11  The battery size and powertrain remain the same across all three trim levels; however, there are different levels of equipment, styling options and wheels. The wheels provided are: 18 in (460 mm) for ID.3 1st (215/55R18), 19 in (480 mm) for ID.3 1st Plus (215/50R19) and 20 in (510 mm) for ID.3 1st Max (215/45R20).[26]: 11–12 [32]

Software issues

In early 2020 it was announced that delivery of the ID.3 was going to be delayed until at least September 2020 due to software errors that VW had yet to be able to resolve. Some stripped-down cars were delivered in September with cloud-connected ones being delivered at the end of 2020.[33][34]


  • In January 2021, the ID.3 Pro Performance Life was named Small Electric Car of the Year by What Car? magazine.[35] What Car? awarded the ID.3 five stars out of five in its review of the car.[36]


Almost 57,000 units were delivered in 2020, ranking among the world's top-ten best-selling plug-in cars in just four months on the market.[37]

Year Europe[38] China[39]
2020 54,495
2021 72,723 6,737

See also


  1. ^ a b c Kane, Mark (2020-09-11). "Volkswagen Starts Deliveries Of ID.3 1ST". Retrieved 2020-09-14.
  2. ^ Alys Key: Volkswagen starts production at electric car plant in Germany, inews, 4 November 2019
  3. ^ a b "Production of ID.3 at Zwickau plant to start in November". Volkswagen Newsroom. Volkswagen AG. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Volkswagen ID.3 production starts at Transparent Factory in Dresden, which will be 'Home of the ID' -". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2021-02-01. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
  5. ^ "Volkswagen Officially Introduces ID.3 In China".
  6. ^ US D892680, Bischoff, Klaus; Pavone, Marco Antonio & Bueloni, Felipe Montoya et al., "Motor vehicle", issued 2020-08-11, assigned to Volkswagen AG 
  7. ^ a b "Vision made reality: world premiere of the ID.3". Volkswagen Newsroom. Volkswagen AG. 9 September 2019. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Now you can: the new ID.3 1ST". Volkswagen. Volkswagen AG. Archived from the original on 19 November 2019. Retrieved 14 September 2021. Predicted range for going through cycles in accordance with the Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) on chassis dynamometer (no series status). WLTP range values for standard vehicles may vary depending on equipment
  9. ^ "Meet the Volkswagen platform designed to spawn 10 million electric vehicles". Newsroom. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  10. ^ "First member of the ID. family is called ID.3". Retrieved 2020-11-14.
  11. ^ "Fully Charged - VW ID Buzz". YouTube. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Volkswagen offers pre-booking for the first time". Volkswagen Newsroom. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  13. ^ Ltd, Newspress. "Revolutionary Volkswagen I.D. Electric Concept Car Makes Its World Debut At The Paris Motor Show: Volkswagen Media Centre". Volkswagen Media Centre.
  14. ^ Holger Wittich, Thomas Harloff (2019-10-14). "VW ID.1 und ID.2 (2023)" (in German).
  15. ^ Schwuchow, Oliver (2019-03-12). "VW ID.3: Elektroauto kann ab dem 8. Mai vorbestellt werden".
  16. ^ "VW's new electric hatchback receives 10,000 pre-orders in first 24 hours".
  17. ^ "More than 30,000 reservations for the ID.3 1ST edition". Volkswagen Newsroom. Volkswagen AG. 4 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Volkswagen unveils new brand design and logo". Volkswagen Newsroom. 2019-09-09.
  19. ^ Werwitzke, Cora (2018-11-15). "VW fertigt in Zwickau künftig 330.000 E-Modelle pro Jahr". (in German).
  20. ^ Kane, Mark (2021-01-30). "Volkswagen Group: Five Plants Already Produce MEB-Based EVs". Retrieved 2021-02-05.
  21. ^ "Our Volkswagen ID.3 Factory Tour Photo Album". CleanTechnica. 6 November 2019.
  22. ^ "ID.3 starts series production: The Transparent Factory in Dresden to become the home of the Volkswagen ID" (Press release). Volkswagen Newsroom. January 29, 2021. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  23. ^ "In brief: More than 200 horses in a sports bag – the electric drive in the Volkswagen ID.3" (Press release). Volkswagen Newsroom. November 14, 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  24. ^ a b c d e f "The new ID.3: International Media Drive" (PDF) (Press release). Volkswagen AG. July 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  25. ^ a b Wilkinson, Luke (14 April 2021). "New Volkswagen ID.3: entry-level Pure Performance joins line-up". Auto Express. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  26. ^ a b c d "The ID.3: a new era begins" (PDF) (Press release). Volkswagen AG. September 2019. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  27. ^ McIlroy, John (3 February 2020). "New Volkswagen ID.3 R to feature ID.R battery technology". Auto Express. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  28. ^ "All about the MEB". Volkswagen. 2019-09-18.
  29. ^ a b "Volkswagen ID.3 Price and specification guide" (PDF). Volkswagen UK. 23 September 2021. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  30. ^ Kane, Mark (2020-01-13). "VW Confirms ID.3 With Biggest Battery Seats Only Four: New Details". Retrieved 2020-02-22.
  31. ^ "World premiere of the fully electric ID.3: The First ID. family vehicle debuts for the European market" (Press release). Wolfsburg/Frankfurt: Volkswagen of America. 9 September 2019. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  32. ^ "Volkswagen ID.3 1st Edition: Price and specification guide" (PDF). Volkswagen UK. 22 July 2020. Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  33. ^ Shilling, Erik. "Volkswagen Has Bungled The Launch Of Its Most Important Car In Decades". Jalopnik. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  34. ^ Boston, William. "Volkswagen Delays Key Electric Car Launch Amid Software Troubles". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  35. ^ "Car of the Year Awards 2021: Small Electric Car of the Year". Retrieved 2021-12-03.
  36. ^ "Volkswagen ID.3 Review 2021". Retrieved 2021-12-03.
  37. ^ Jose, Pontes (2021-02-02). "Global Top 20 - December 2020". Retrieved 2021-02-03.
  38. ^ "Volkswagen ID.3 European auto sales figures". 2020-11-04. Retrieved 2021-03-28.
  39. ^ "Volkswagen ID.3 China auto sales figures". 2021-11-24. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
This page was last edited on 26 November 2022, at 21:14
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