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Political party strength in Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Minnesota:

The table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

For years in which a United States presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes.

The parties are as follows:   Nonpartisan conservative (C)   Democratic (D),   Democratic-Farmer-Labor (DFL),   Farmer-Labor (FL),   Independence (I),   Independent-Republican (IR),   Nonpartisan liberal (L),   National Union (NU),   Populist (Po),   Progressive (Pr),   Republican (R), and   Reform (Ref).

Year Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress Electoral College votes
Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House
1849 Alexander Ramsey (W)[a] no such office Charles K. Smith (W) Lorenzo A. Babcock (W) Jonathan E. McKusick (W) Calvin A. Tuttle (W) 6D, 2W, 1? 12D, 4W, 2? 1D
1851 Alexander C. Wilkin (W) 8D, 7?, 3W
5D, 4?, 2W
1852 Abraham Van Vorhes (W) 7D, 2W 10D, 5?, 3W
1853 Willis Arnold Gorman (D)[b] Joseph T. Rosser (D) LaFayette Emmett (D) Socrates Nelson (D) George W. Prescott (D) 13D, 3W, 2?
1854 Julius Georgii (D) Charles E. Leonard (D) 9D 13D, 5W
1855 13D, 4?, 1R
1856 9D, 4?, 2R 18D, 12R, 9?
8D, 4?, 2R 19D, 11R, 9?
6D, 4?, 2R
1857 Samuel Medary (D)[c] Charles L. Chase (D) George W. Armstrong (D) 6D, 5R, 4? 20R, 18D 2D
20R, 19D
19R, 19D
20R, 19D
20D, 17R 43D, 37R
1858 Henry Hastings Sibley (D) William Holcombe (D) Francis Baasen (D) Charles H. Berry (D) William F. Dunbar (D) Henry Mower Rice (D) James Shields (D)
1859 19D, 18R[d] 49R, 31D[d] Morton S. Wilkinson (R) 2R
1860 Alexander Ramsey (R)[e] Ignatius L. Donnelly (R)[f] James H. Baker (D) Gordon E. Cole (R) Charles Scheffer (R) 23R, 13D, 1I 58R, 22D Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin (R) Green tickY
1861 Charles McIlrath (R) 19R, 2D 40R, 2D
1862 David Blakeley (R) 16R, 5D 30R, 10D, 2UD
1863 Henry Adoniram Swift (R)[g] 29R, 12D, 1UD
Henry Adoniram Swift (R)[g] vacant Alexander Ramsey (R)
1864 Stephen Miller (R) Charles D. Sherwood (R) 17R, 4D 27R, 11D, 4UD Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (NU) Green tickY
1865 32R, 10D Daniel S. Norton (R)[h]
1866 William Rainey Marshall (R) Thomas H. Armstrong (R) William J. Colvill (R) 16R, 5D 29R, 13D
1867 17R, 5D 37R, 9D, 1?
1868 Henry C. Rogers (R) Francis R. E. Cornell (R) Emil D. Munch (R) 15R, 7D 34R, 13D Ulysses S. Grant and Schuyler Colfax (R) Green tickY
1869 16R, 6D 38R, 9D 1R, 1D
1870 Horace Austin (R) William H. Yale (R) Hans Mattson (R) William Windom (R)[i]
1871 14R, 8D 27R, 20D Ozora P. Stearns (R) 2R
William Windom (R)[j]
1872 Samuel P. Jennison (R) William Seeger (R)[k][1] 29R, 12D 73R, 33D Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) Green tickY
1873 Orlan P. Whitcomb (R) Edwin W. Dyke (R)[l] 31R, 10D 79R, 27D 3R
1874 Cushman Davis (R) Alphonso Barto (R) George P. Wilson (R) 28R, 13D 58R, 48D
1875 21R, 18D, 2I 54R, 48D, 4I Samuel J. R. McMillan (R)
1876 John S. Pillsbury (R) James Wakefield (R) John S. Irgens (R) William Pfaender (R) 27R, 14D 74R, 32D Rutherford B. Hayes and William Almon Wheeler (R) Green tickY
1877 26R, 15D 77R, 29D
1878 29R, 12D 66R, 40D
1879 23R, 16D, 2G[m] 73R, 30D, 3G[n] 2R, 1D
1880 Charles A. Gilman (R) Frederick Von Baumbach (R) Charles M. Start (R)[f] Charles Kittelson (R) James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur (R) Green tickY
1881 William J. Hahn (R)[l] 29R, 11D, 1? 87R, 15D, 1? Alonzo J. Edgerton (R)[i] 3R
1882 Lucius Frederick Hubbard (R) William W. Braden (R) William Windom (R)
1883 36R, 10D, 1I 72R, 28D, 2I, 1? Dwight M. Sabin (R) 5R
1884 James G. Blaine and John Alexander Logan (R) Red XN
1885 30R, 17D 70R, 33D
1887 Andrew Ryan McGill (R) Albert E. Rice (R) Hans Mattson (R) Moses E. Clapp (R) Joseph Bobleter (R) 30R, 16D, 1FA 66R, 34D, 3FA Cushman Davis (R)[h] 3D, 2R
1888 Benjamin Harrison and Levi P. Morton (R) Green tickY
1889 William Rush Merriam (R) 89R, 9D, 3I, 2FA William D. Washburn (R) 5R
1891 Gideon S. Ives (R) Frederick P. Brown (R) Adolph Biermann (R) 25R, 16D, 13P[o] 52D, 43R, 19FA[p] 3D, 1R, 1P
1892 Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid (R) Red XN
1893 Knute Nelson (R)[e] David Marston Clough (R) Henry W. Childs (R) 71R, 41D, 2P 4R, 2D, 1P
1895 David Marston Clough (R)[q] Frank A. Day (R) Albert Berg (R) Robert C. Dunn (R) August T. Koerner (R) 46R, 5P, 3D 95R, 10D, 9P Knute Nelson (R)[h] 7R
1896 William McKinley and Garret Hobart (R) Green tickY
1897 John L. Gibbs (R) 90R, 13P, 11D
1899 John Lind (D)[r] Lyndon A. Smith (R) Wallace B. Douglas (R)[s] 44R, 18D, 1I 93R, 25D, 1I
1900 William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt (R) Green tickY
Charles A. Towne (D)[i]
1901 Samuel Rinnah Van Sant (R) Peter E. Hanson (R) Julius H. Block (R) 96R, 17D, 6P Moses E. Clapp (R)
1903 Ray W. Jones (R) Samuel G. Iverson (R) 52R, 11D 104R, 15D 8R, 1D
1904 William J. Donahower (R)[i] Theodore Roosevelt and Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Green tickY
1905 John Albert Johnson (D)[h] Edward T. Young (R) 109R, 10D 9R
1907 Adolph Olson Eberhart (R) Julius A. Schmahl (R) Clarence C. Dinehart (R)[h] 43R, 19D, 1 Peop. 102R, 14D, 3 Proh. 8R, 1D
1908 William Howard Taft and James S. Sherman (R) Green tickY
1909 Adolph Olson Eberhart (R)[q] Edward Everett Smith[g] George T. Simpson (R) 94R, 22D, 3 Proh.
1910 Elias S. Pettijohn (R)[i]
1911 Samuel Y. Gordon (R) Walter J. Smith (R)[f] 42R, 19D, 2I 88R, 26D, 4 Proh., 1IR, 1 Pub. Own.
1912 Lyndon A. Smith (R)[h] Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson (Pr) Red XN
1913 Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R) 98R, 20D, 1 Proh., 1S
1915 Winfield Scott Hammond (D)[h] J. A. O. Preus (R) Conservative Majority[t] Conservative Majority 9R, 1D
1916 Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R)[q] George H. Sullivan[g] Arthur C. Gooding (R)[i] Charles Evans Hughes and Charles W. Fairbanks (R) Red XN
1917 Thomas Frankson (R) Henry Rines (R)[f] Frank B. Kellogg (R)
1918 Clifford L. Hilton (R)[l][s]
1919 9R, 1FL
1920 Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge (R) Green tickY
1921 J. A. O. Preus (R) Louis L. Collins (R) Mike Holm (R)[h] Ray P. Chase (R) 10R
1923 Henrik Shipstead (FL) Magnus Johnson (FL) 8R, 2FL
1924 Calvin Coolidge and Charles G. Dawes (R) Green tickY
1925 Theodore Christianson (R) William I. Nolan (R)[f] Edward W. Stark (R)[i] Thomas D. Schall (R)[h] 7R, 3FL
1927 Albert F. Pratt (R)[i][h] Julius A. Schmahl (R) 8R, 2FL
1928 G. Aaron Youngquist (R)[l][f] Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis (R) Green tickY
1929 Charles Edward Adams[g] Henry N. Benson (R)[l] 9R, 1FL
1931 Floyd B. Olson (FL)[h] Henry M. Arens (FL) Stafford King (R)[f]
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt and John Nance Garner (D) Green tickY
1933 Konrad K. Solberg (FL) Harry H. Peterson (FL)[s] Liberal Majority 5FL, 3R, 1D
1935 Hjalmar Petersen (FL) Conservative Majority Elmer Austin Benson (FL)[i] 5R, 3FL, 1D
1936 Hjalmar Petersen (FL)[g] William B. Richardson[u] William S. Ervin (FL)[i] Guy V. Howard (R)
1937 Elmer Austin Benson (FL) Gottfrid T. Lindsten (FL) C. A. Halverson (FL) Liberal Majority Ernest Lundeen (FL)[h] 5FL, 3R, 1D
1939 Harold Stassen (R)[f] C. Elmer Anderson (R) Joseph A. A. Burnquist (R) Julius A. Schmahl (R) Conservative Majority 7R, 1D, 1FL
1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. Wallace (D) Green tickY
1941 Henrik Shipstead (R) Joseph H. Ball (R)[i] 8R, 1FL
1942 Arthur E. Nelson (R)
1943 Edward John Thye (R)
Edward John Thye (R)[q] Archie H. Miller (R)[g] Joseph H. Ball (R)
1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (D) Green tickY
1945 C. Elmer Anderson (R) 7R, 2DFL
1947 Luther Youngdahl (R)[f] Edward John Thye (R) 8R, 1DFL
1948 Harry S. Truman and Alben W. Barkley (D) Green tickY
1949 Hubert Humphrey (DFL)[v] 5R, 4DFL
1951 C. Elmer Anderson (R)[q] vacant Kristjan Valdimar Bjornson (R) 51C, 16L 87C, 44L
1952 H. H. Chesterman[i] Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon (R) Green tickY
Virginia Paul Holm (R)[l]
1953 Ancher Nelsen (R)[w] 52C, 15L 85C, 46L
1954 Donald O. Wright (R)[g]
1955 Orville Freeman (DFL) Karl Rolvaag (DFL) Joseph L. Donovan (DFL) Miles W. Lord (DFL)[f] Arthur Hansen (DFL) 48C, 19L 66L, 65C 5DFL, 4R
1957 Kristjan Valdimar Bjornson (R) 70L, 61C
1959 43C, 24L 72L, 59C Eugene McCarthy (DFL) 5R, 4DFL
1960 Walter Mondale (DFL)[l][e] John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson (D) Green tickY
1961 Elmer L. Andersen (R)[x] 6R, 3DFL
1963 Karl Rolvaag (DFL)[x] Alexander M. Keith (DFL) 80C, 54L, 1I 4R, 4DFL
1964 Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey (D) Green tickY
Robert W. Mattson, Sr. (DFL)[i] Walter Mondale (DFL)[l][v]
1965 44C, 23L 78C, 56L, 1I
1967 Harold LeVander (R) James B. Goetz (R) Douglas M. Head (R) 45C, 22L 93C, 42L 5R, 3DFL
1968 Hubert Humphrey and Edmund Muskie (D) Red XN
1969 William J. O'Brien (R)[i] 85C, 50L
1971 Wendell Anderson (DFL)[e] Rudy Perpich (DFL) Arlen Erdahl (R) Warren Spannaus (DFL) Rolland F. Hatfield (R) 34C, 33L 70C, 65L Hubert Humphrey (DFL)[h] 4R, 4DFL
1972 Richard Nixon and Spiro Agnew (R) Green tickY
1973 37DFL, 30R 77DFL, 57R
1974 36DFL, 31R[3]
1975 Joan Growe (DFL) Robert W. Mattson, Jr. (DFL) Jim Lord (DFL) 38DFL, 28IR, 1I 104DFL, 30IR 5DFL, 3R
1976 103DFL, 31IR[4] Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Green tickY
Rudy Perpich (DFL)[g] Alec G. Olson (DFL)[g] Wendell Anderson (DFL)[i][f]
1977 49DFL, 18IR 104DFL, 30IR 4DFL, 4R
1978 48DFL, 19IR[3] 99DFL, 35IR[y] Muriel Humphrey (DFL)[i]
1979 Al Quie (IR) Lou Wangberg (IR) Arne Carlson (IR) 47DFL, 20IR 67DFL, 67IR[z] David Durenberger (R) Rudy Boschwitz (R)[aa]
1980 45DFL, 22IR[3] 68DFL, 66IR[ab] Jimmy Carter and Walter Mondale (D) Red XN
1981 70DFL, 64IR 5R, 3DFL
1982 44DFL, 23IR[3]
1983 Rudy Perpich (DFL) Marlene Johnson (DFL) Skip Humphrey (DFL) Robert W. Mattson, Jr. (DFL) 42DFL, 25IR 77DFL, 57IR 5DFL, 3R
1984 76DFL, 58IR[4] Walter Mondale and Geraldine Ferraro (D) Red XN
1985 42DFL, 24IR, 1I[ac] 69IR, 65DFL
1986 43DFL, 24IR[ad]
1987 Michael McGrath (DFL) 47DFL, 20IR 83DFL, 51IR
1988 46DFL, 21IR[3] 82DFL, 52IR[4] Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen (D) Red XN
1989 44DFL, 23IR[3] 81DFL, 53IR
1990 80DFL, 54IR[4]
1991 Arne Carlson (IR/R) Joanell Dyrstad (IR) Mark Dayton (DFL) 46DFL, 21IR Paul Wellstone (DFL)[h] 6DFL, 2R
1992 78DFL, 56IR[4] Bill Clinton and Al Gore (D) Green tickY
1993 45DFL, 22IR 87DFL, 47IR
1994 84DFL, 50IR
1995 Joanne Benson (IR/R) Judi Dutcher (R) 43DFL, 24IR 71DFL, 63R Rod Grams (R)
1996 42DFL, 25R 69DFL, 65IR[4]
1997 42DFL, 24R, 1I 70DFL, 64R
1999 Jesse Ventura (Ref/I) Mae Schunk (Ref/I) Mary Kiffmeyer (R) Mike Hatch (DFL) Carol C. Johnson (DFL) 40DFL, 26R, 1I 71R, 63DFL
2000 Judi Dutcher (DFL)[ae] 41DFL, 25R, 1I[af] 70R, 63DFL, 1I[ag] Al Gore and Joe Lieberman (D) Red XN
2001 39DFL, 27R, 1IPM 69R, 65DFL Mark Dayton (DFL) 5DFL, 3R
2002 70R, 64DFL[4]
Dean Barkley (I)[i]
2003 Tim Pawlenty (R) Carol Molnau (R) Patricia Anderson (R) office abolished 35DFL, 31R, 1IPM 81R, 53DFL Norm Coleman (R) 4DFL, 4R
2004 John Kerry and John Edwards (D) Red XN
2005 68R, 66DFL
2006 37DFL, 29R, 1IPM[3]
2007 Mark Ritchie (DFL) Lori Swanson (DFL) Rebecca Otto (DFL) 44DFL, 23R 85DFL, 49R Amy Klobuchar (DFL) 5DFL, 3R
44DFL, 22R[ah]
2008 Barack Obama and Joe Biden (D) Green tickY
45DFL, 22R[ai] 85DFL, 47R, 1IR, 1I[aj]
2009 46DFL, 21R[3] 87DFL, 47R Al Franken (DFL)[f]
2011 Mark Dayton (DFL) Yvonne Prettner Solon (DFL) 37R, 30DFL 72R, 62DFL 4DFL, 4R
2013 39DFL, 28R 73DFL, 61R 5DFL, 3R
2015 Tina Smith (DFL)[e] Steve Simon (DFL) 72R, 62DFL
2016 73R, 61DFL[4] Hillary Clinton and Tim Kaine (D) Red XN
2017 34R, 33DFL 77R, 57DFL
2018 Michelle Fischbach (R)[g] 33R, 33DFL Tina Smith (DFL)[l]
2019 Tim Walz (DFL) Peggy Flanagan (DFL) Keith Ellison (DFL) Julie Blaha (DFL) 35R, 32DFL[ak] 75DFL, 55R, 4NR[al]
2020 Joe Biden and Kamala Harris (D) Green tickY
2021 34R, 31DFL, 2I[am] 70DFL, 59R, 5NR[9] 4DFL, 4R
Year Governor Lieutenant Governor Secretary of State Attorney General Auditor Treasurer State Senate State House U.S. Senator (Class I) U.S. Senator (Class II) U.S. House Electoral College votes
Executive offices State Legislature United States Congress

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See also


  1. ^ Territorial governor appointed by President Zachary Taylor.
  2. ^ Territorial governor appointed by President Franklin Pierce.
  3. ^ Territorial governor appointed by President James Buchanan.
  4. ^ a b Although legislators were elected, it was determined that an 1858-59 session was unnecessary due to the protracted length of the 1857-58 session; hence, these legislators never convened and were never sworn in.
  5. ^ a b c d e Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Resigned.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Succeeded to office following death or resignation of previous officeholder.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Died in office.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Appointed by governor to fill vacancy.
  10. ^ Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
  11. ^ Resigned following impeachment but before trial by Minnesota Senate.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i Appointed by governor to fill vacancy. Later elected to office in his or her own right.
  13. ^ Due to a constitutional amendment, effective with the election of 1878, terms for senators became four years.
  14. ^ Due to a constitutional amendment, effective with the election of 1878, terms for representatives became two years.
  15. ^ Elected a Republican President Pro Tempore, John B. Sanborn, and organized the chamber.
  16. ^ A coalition of Democrats and members of the Farmers' Alliance organized the chamber and elected an Alliance Speaker, Ezra T. Champlin. [2]
  17. ^ a b c d e Succeeded to office following death or resignation of previous officeholder. Later elected to office in his or her own right.
  18. ^ Had also been endorsed by the Populists and Silver Republicans.
  19. ^ a b c Resigned following appointment to Minnesota Supreme Court.
  20. ^ After a constitutional amendment in 1912, the Minnesota Legislature was nonpartisan until 1973. It went into effect in 1915 Legislators caucused as "conservatives" and "liberals," roughly equivalent to Republicans and Democrats/Farmer Laborites.
  21. ^ Served as acting lieutenant governor; never took the oath of office.
  22. ^ a b Resigned to become Vice President of the United States.
  23. ^ Resigned to become administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration.
  24. ^ a b A recount and subsequent litigation lasting 139 days delayed Karl Rolvaag's inauguration as governor.
  25. ^ A series of special elections and party switches led to the composition in the 1978 session.[4]
  26. ^ With the split chamber, a power-sharing agreement was negotiated. A Republican Speaker, Rod Searle, was elected, but Democrats received control of most committees. The tie was broken when a Republican, Robert Pavlak, was expelled from the chamber on May 19, 1979 on a party-line vote due to a legal and ethical violations. The agreement of shared-power held through the end of the year's session two days later, despite the Democrats' 67-66 majority.[5][6]
  27. ^ Appointed by governor to fill vacancy, having already been elected to next full term.
  28. ^ A special election was held for Pavlak's seat in District 67A. A Democrat, Frank J. Rodriguez, Jr., was elected, giving the Democrats a constitutional majority. With that, they reorganized the chamber under their control in the 1980 session.[5][4]
  29. ^ A party switch from Republican to Independent by Charles Berg led to the composition in the 1985 session.[3]
  30. ^ A party switch from Independent to DFL by Charles Berg led to the composition in the 1986 session.[3]
  31. ^ Dutcher switched parties in 2000
  32. ^ A series of special elections and party switches led to the composition in the 2000 session.[4]
  33. ^ A party switch from Republican to Independent by Doug Reuter led to the composition in the 2000 session.[4]
  34. ^ In December 2007, Republican Tom Neuville resigned to accept a District Court appointment.
  35. ^ In January 2008, Democrat Kevin Dahle was elected in a special election to succeed Republican Tom Neuville.
  36. ^ In July 2008, Republican incumbent Ron Erhardt became an independent.
  37. ^ A seat flipped from Democratic to Republican in February through a special election.[7]
  38. ^ Four Republicans announced on December 8, 2018, they would not join the Republican caucus in the 91st Legislature and would instead form their own caucus, the "New House Republican Caucus."[8]
  39. ^ Tom Bakk and David Tomassoni were re-elected as Democrats in the 2020 election, but switched to Independent immediately after.


  1. ^ Nordby, Mary Jane Morrison. Foreword by Jack (2002). The Minnesota state constitution : a reference guide. Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-313-28411-3.
  2. ^ "Speakers of the Minnesota House of Representatives, 1849-present"
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Party Control of the Minnesota Senate - Minnesota Legislative Reference Library".
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Party Control of the Minnesota House of Representatives - Minnesota Legislative Reference Library".
  5. ^ a b Loepp, Daniel (1999). Sharing the balance of power : an examination of shared power in the Michigan House of Representatives, 1993-94. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 24. ISBN 0472097024. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  6. ^ "Journal of the House" (PDF). Minnesota Legislature. Minnesota State Legislature. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  7. ^ Van Oot, Torey. "Republican Jason Rarick wins Minnesota Senate seat vacated by Democrat". Star Tribune. Retrieved 7 November 2020.
  8. ^ Bakst, Brian (December 8, 2018). "Renegade House members split from GOP caucus". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  9. ^ "NR Members - Minnesota House of Representatives". Retrieved 2021-03-04.
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