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United States Secretary of the Treasury

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

United States Secretary of the Treasury
Seal of the United States Department of the Treasury.svg
Seal of the United States Department of the Treasury
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Treasury.svg
Flag of the United States Secretary of the Treasury
Incumbent
Steven Mnuchin

since February 13, 2017
United States Department of the Treasury
StyleMr. Secretary
Member of
Reports toPresident of the United States
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President of the United States
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
Constituting instrument31 U.S.C. § 301
FormationSeptember 11, 1789; 229 years ago (1789-09-11)
First holderAlexander Hamilton
SuccessionFifth[1]
DeputyDeputy Secretary of the Treasury[2]
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level I[3]
Websitewww.treasury.gov

The secretary of the treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury[4] which is concerned with all financial and monetary matters relating to the federal government, and, until 2003, also included several major federal law enforcement agencies. This position in the federal government of the United States is analogous to the minister of finance in many other countries. The secretary of the treasury is a member of the president's Cabinet, and is nominated by the president of the United States. Nominees for secretary of the treasury undergo a confirmation hearing before the United States Senate Committee on Finance before being voted on by the United States Senate.

The secretary of the treasury, the secretary of state, the attorney general, and the secretary of defense are generally regarded as the four most important cabinet officials because of the importance of their departments.[5] The secretary of the treasury is a non-statutory member of the U.S. National Security Council and fifth in the United States presidential line of succession.

Powers and functions

The Secretary of the Treasury is the principal economic advisor to the President and plays a critical role in policy-making by bringing an economic and government financial policy perspective to issues facing the government. The Secretary is responsible for formulating and recommending domestic and international financial, economic, and tax policy, participating in the formulation of broad fiscal policies that have general significance for the economy, and managing the public debt. The Secretary oversees the activities of the Department in carrying out its major law enforcement responsibilities; in serving as the financial agent for the United States Government; and in manufacturing coins and currency. The Chief Financial Officer of the government, the Secretary serves as Chairman Pro Tempore of the President's Economic Policy Council, Chairman of the Boards and Managing Trustee of the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, and as U.S. Governor of the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

— U.S. Department of the Treasury Web site[6]

The secretary along with the treasurer of the United States must sign Federal Reserve notes before they can become legal tender.[further explanation needed] The secretary also manages the United States Emergency Economic Stabilization fund.

Most of the department's law enforcement agencies such as the U.S. Customs Service, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and the U.S. Secret Service were reassigned to other departments in 2003 in conjunction with the creation of the Department of Homeland Security.

The salary of the secretary of the treasury is $205,700 annually.

List of secretaries of the treasury

Parties

  No party (1)   Federalist (4)   Democratic-Republican (4)   Democratic (29)   Whig (5)   Republican (34)

Status
  Denotes acting Secretary of the Treasury
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office President(s)
1 Alexander Hamilton New York September 11, 1789 January 31, 1795 George Washington
2 Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Connecticut February 3, 1795 December 31, 1800
John Adams
3 Samuel Dexter Massachusetts January 1, 1801 May 13, 1801
Thomas Jefferson
4 Albert Gallatin Pennsylvania May 14, 1801 February 8, 1814
James Madison
5 George W. Campbell Tennessee February 9, 1814 October 5, 1814
6 Alexander J. Dallas Pennsylvania October 6, 1814 October 21, 1816
William-Jones.jpg
William Jones[1]
Acting
Pennsylvania October 21, 1816 October 22, 1816
7 William H. Crawford Georgia October 22, 1816 March 6, 1825
James Monroe
8 Richard Rush Pennsylvania March 7, 1825 March 5, 1829 John Quincy Adams
9 Samuel D. Ingham Pennsylvania March 6, 1829 June 20, 1831 Andrew Jackson
10 Louis McLane Delaware August 8, 1831 May 28, 1833
11 William J. Duane Pennsylvania May 29, 1833 September 22, 1833
12 Roger B. Taney Maryland September 23, 1833 June 25, 1834
13 Levi Woodbury New Hampshire July 1, 1834 March 3, 1841
Martin Van Buren
14 Thomas Ewing Ohio March 4, 1841 September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison
John Tyler
15 Walter Forward Pennsylvania September 13, 1841 March 1, 1843
16 John C. Spencer New York March 8, 1843 May 2, 1844
17 George M. Bibb Kentucky July 4, 1844 March 7, 1845
18 Robert J. Walker Mississippi March 8, 1845 March 5, 1849 James K. Polk
19 William M. Meredith Pennsylvania March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 Thomas Corwin Ohio July 23, 1850 March 6, 1853 Millard Fillmore
21 James Guthrie Kentucky March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857 Franklin Pierce
22 Howell Cobb Georgia March 7, 1857 December 8, 1860 James Buchanan
23 Philip F. Thomas Maryland December 12, 1860 January 14, 1861
24 John A. Dix New York January 15, 1861 March 6, 1861
25 Salmon P. Chase Ohio March 7, 1861 June 30, 1864 Abraham Lincoln
26 William P. Fessenden Maine July 5, 1864 March 3, 1865
27 Hugh McCulloch Indiana March 9, 1865 March 3, 1869
Andrew Johnson
28 George S. Boutwell Massachusetts March 12, 1869 March 16, 1873 Ulysses S. Grant
29 William A. Richardson Massachusetts March 17, 1873 June 3, 1874
30 Benjamin H. Bristow Kentucky June 4, 1874 June 20, 1876
31 Lot M. Morrill Maine July 7, 1876 March 9, 1877
32 John Sherman Ohio March 10, 1877 March 3, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
33 William Windom Minnesota March 8, 1881 November 13, 1881 James A. Garfield
Chester A. Arthur
34 Charles J. Folger New York November 14, 1881 September 4, 1884
35 Walter Q. Gresham Indiana September 5, 1884 October 30, 1884
36 Hugh McCulloch Indiana October 31, 1884 March 7, 1885
37 Daniel Manning New York March 8, 1885 March 31, 1887 Grover Cleveland
38 Charles S. Fairchild New York April 1, 1887 March 6, 1889
39 William Windom Minnesota March 7, 1889 January 29, 1891 Benjamin Harrison
40 Charles W. Foster Ohio February 25, 1891 March 6, 1893
41 John G. Carlisle Kentucky March 7, 1893 March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland
42 Lyman J. Gage Illinois March 6, 1897 January 31, 1902 William McKinley
Theodore Roosevelt
43
Leslie Shaw, Bain photo portrait.jpg
Leslie M. Shaw Iowa February 1, 1902 March 3, 1907
44
Cortelyou-george-bruce.jpg
George B. Cortelyou New York March 4, 1907 March 7, 1909
45
Franklin MacVeagh, formal bw photo portrait, 1909.jpg
Franklin MacVeagh Illinois March 8, 1909 March 5, 1913 William Howard Taft
46
William Gibbs McAdoo, formal photo portrait, 1914.jpg
William G. McAdoo California March 6, 1913 December 15, 1918 Woodrow Wilson
47
CGlass.jpg
Carter Glass Virginia December 16, 1918 February 1, 1920
48
Picture of David F. Houston.jpg
David F. Houston Missouri February 2, 1920 March 3, 1921
49
AWMellon.jpg
Andrew W. Mellon Pennsylvania March 4, 1921 February 12, 1932 Warren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Herbert Hoover
50
Ogden Livingston Mills.jpg
Ogden L. Mills New York February 13, 1932 March 4, 1933
51
Woodin2.jpg
William H. Woodin New York March 5, 1933 December 31, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt
52
Henry Morgenthau, Jr..jpg
Henry Morgenthau, Jr. New York January 1, 1934 July 22, 1945
53
Frederick Vinson portrait.png
Fred M. Vinson Kentucky July 23, 1945 June 23, 1946 Harry S. Truman
54
Portrait of John W. Snyder.jpg
John W. Snyder Missouri June 25, 1946 January 20, 1953
55
George M Humphrey.jpg
George M. Humphrey Ohio January 21, 1953 July 29, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
56
Robert B Anderson.jpeg
Robert B. Anderson Connecticut July 29, 1957 January 20, 1961
57
C Douglas Dillon.jpg
C. Douglas Dillon New Jersey January 21, 1961 April 1, 1965 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
58
HFowler2.jpg
Henry H. Fowler Virginia April 1, 1965 December 20, 1968
59
Joseph W Barr.jpg
Joseph W. Barr Indiana December 21, 1968 January 20, 1969
60
David M Kennedy.jpg
David M. Kennedy Utah January 22, 1969 February 10, 1971 Richard Nixon
61
Portrait of John Connally.jpg
John B. Connally, Jr. Texas February 11, 1971 June 12, 1972
62
George Pratt Shultz.jpg
George P. Shultz Illinois June 12, 1972 May 8, 1974
63
William E Simon.jpg
William E. Simon New Jersey May 8, 1974 January 20, 1977
Gerald Ford
64
Portrait of W. Michael Blumenthal.jpg
W. Michael Blumenthal Michigan January 23, 1977 August 4, 1979 Jimmy Carter
65
G. William Miller.jpg
G. William Miller Rhode Island August 7, 1979 January 20, 1981
66
Donaldtregan1.jpg
Donald T. Regan New Jersey January 22, 1981 February 1, 1985 Ronald Reagan
67
James A. Baker III, U.S. Secretary of State (2380044355).jpg
James A. Baker III Texas February 4, 1985 August 17, 1988
M Peter McPherson at lectern in 1981.jpg
M. Peter McPherson[2]
Acting
Michigan August 17, 1988 September 15, 1988
68
Nicholas Frederick Brady.jpg
Nicholas F. Brady New Jersey September 15, 1988 January 17, 1993
George H. W. Bush
69
LloydBentsen.jpg
Lloyd Bentsen Texas January 20, 1993 December 22, 1994 Bill Clinton
Frank N. Newman[3]
Acting
Massachusetts December 22, 1994 January 11, 1995
70
Pr4262ls-treasury-rubin.jpg
Robert E. Rubin New York January 11, 1995 July 2, 1999
71
Lawrence Summers Treasury portrait.jpg
Lawrence H. Summers Massachusetts July 2, 1999 January 20, 2001
72
OneilllPaul.jpg
Paul H. O'Neill Pennsylvania January 20, 2001 December 31, 2002 George W. Bush
Kenneth Dam.jpg
Kenneth W. Dam[4]
Acting
Illinois December 31, 2002 February 3, 2003
73
John W. Snow.jpg
John W. Snow Virginia February 3, 2003 June 30, 2006
Robert Kimmitt, official Treasury photo.jpg
Robert M. Kimmitt[5]
Acting
Virginia June 30, 2006 July 10, 2006
74
Henry Paulson official Treasury photo, 2006.jpg
Henry M. Paulson, Jr. Illinois July 10, 2006 January 20, 2009
Stuart Levey.jpg
Stuart A. Levey[6]
Acting
Ohio January 20, 2009 January 26, 2009 Barack Obama
75
Timothy Geithner official portrait.jpg
Timothy F. Geithner New York January 26, 2009 January 25, 2013
Neal S. Wolin official portrait.jpg
Neal S. Wolin[7]
Acting
Illinois January 25, 2013 February 28, 2013
76
Jacob Lew official portrait.jpg
Jacob J. Lew New York February 28, 2013 January 20, 2017
Adam Szubin.jpg
Adam J. Szubin[8]
Acting
Washington, D.C. January 20, 2017 February 13, 2017 Donald Trump
77
Steven Mnuchin official photo (cropped).jpg
Steven T. Mnuchin California February 13, 2017 Incumbent

1 William Jones served as acting secretary between the resignation of Alexander J. Dallas and appointment of William H. Crawford.

2 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury M. Peter McPherson served as acting secretary of the treasury from August 17, 1988, to September 15, 1988.

3 Because of the resignation of Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Roger Altman in August 1994, Under Secretary of Treasury for Domestic Finance Frank N. Newman served from December 22, 1994, to January 11, 1995 as acting secretary of the treasury.

4 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Kenneth W. Dam served as acting secretary of the treasury from December 31, 2002, to February 3, 2003.

5 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Robert M. Kimmitt served as acting secretary of the treasury from June 30, 2006, to July 9, 2006.

6 Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Stuart A. Levey served as acting secretary of the treasury from January 20, 2009, until the confirmation of Timothy Geithner, which occurred January 26, 2009.

7 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury Neal Wolin served as acting secretary of the treasury from January 25, 2013, until the confirmation of Jack Lew which occurred February 28, 2013.

8 Acting Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Adam J. Szubin served as acting secretary of the treasury from January 20, 2017, until the confirmation of Steven Mnuchin which occurred February 13, 2017.

The former flag of the U.S. secretary of the treasury, originating from the 19th century.
The former flag of the U.S. secretary of the treasury, originating from the 19th century.

If both the secretary and the deputy secretary of the treasury are unable to carry out the duties of the office of secretary of the treasury, then whichever treasury official of under secretary rank sworn in earliest assumes the role of acting secretary. Positions listed on the Department of the Treasury website include the under secretary for domestic finance, the under secretary for international affairs, and the under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence.

Living former secretaries of the treasury

As of July 2019, there are eleven living former secretaries of the treasury (with all secretaries that have served since 1995 still living), the oldest being George P. Shultz (served 1972–1974, born 1920). The most recent secretary of the treasury to die, as well as the most recently serving secretary to die, was Lloyd M. Bentsen, Jr. (served 1993–1994, born 1921), on May 23, 2006.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
George P. Shultz 1972–1974 (1920-12-13) December 13, 1920 (age 98)
W. Michael Blumenthal 1977–1979 (1926-01-03) January 3, 1926 (age 93)
James A. Baker 1985–1988 (1930-04-28) April 28, 1930 (age 89)
Nicholas F. Brady 1988–1993 (1930-04-11) April 11, 1930 (age 89)
Robert Rubin 1995–1999 (1938-08-29) August 29, 1938 (age 80)
Lawrence H. Summers 1999–2001 (1954-11-30) November 30, 1954 (age 64)
Paul O'Neill 2001–2002 (1935-12-04) December 4, 1935 (age 83)
John W. Snow 2003–2006 (1939-08-02) August 2, 1939 (age 79)
Henry Paulson 2006–2009 (1946-03-28) March 28, 1946 (age 73)
Timothy F. Geithner 2009–2013 (1961-08-18) August 18, 1961 (age 57)
Jack Lew 2013–2017 (1955-08-29) August 29, 1955 (age 63)

Notes

  1. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19
  2. ^ 31 U.S.C. § 301
  3. ^ 5 U.S.C. § 5312
  4. ^ 31 U.S.C. § 301
  5. ^ Cabinets and Counselors: The President and the Executive Branch (1997). Congressional Quarterly. p. 87.
  6. ^ "Duties & Functions: Secretaries of the Treasury". United States Department of the Treasury. Archived from the original on November 19, 2010. Retrieved November 30, 2012.

References

External links

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
David Souter
as Senior Associate Justice
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Patrick M. Shanahan
as Acting Secretary of Defense
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
Secretary of State
Mike Pompeo
5th in line Succeeded by
Acting Secretary of Defense
Patrick M. Shanahan
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