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List of political parties in Brazil

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Above the broad range of political parties in Brazilian Congress, the Workers' Party (PT), the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), the Social Liberal Party (PSL) and the Democrats (DEM) together control the absolute majority of seats in the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Smaller parties often make alliances with at least one of these four major parties.[2]

Since 1982 Brazilian political parties have been given an electoral number to make it easier for illiterate people to vote. Initially, it was a one-digit number: 1 for PDS, 2 for PDT, 3 for PT, 4 for PTB, and 5 for PMDB. When it became clear that there was going to be more than nine parties, two-digit numbers were assigned, with the first five parties having a "1" added to their former one-digit number (PDS becoming number 11, PDT 12, PT 13, PTB 14, and PMDB 15). Often political parties change their names but retain their number.

Current parties

Party Abbr. TSE № Founded Deputies Senators Membership Ideology Position
Brazilian Democratic Movement
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
MDB 15 1965
33 / 513
16 / 81
2,163,568 Big tent[3]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Syncretic politics[5]
Centre[6] to
centre-right[7]
Workers' Party
Partido dos Trabalhadores
PT 13 1980
53 / 513
6 / 81
1,535,153 Anti-bolsonarism[8]
Social democracy[9]
Democratic socialism[10]
Economic progressivism[4]
Left-wing populism[11]
Lulism[12]
Centre-left[13][14]
to left-wing[15][16]
Brazilian Social Democracy Party
Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira
PSDB 45 1988
33 / 513
7 / 81
1,379,341 Third Way[17] Centre[18]
Progressives
Progressistas
PP 11 1995
41 / 513
7 / 81
1,341,920 Brazilian nationalism[19]
National conservatism[19]
Social conservatism[20]
Right-wing[4]
Democratic Labour Party
Partido Democrático Trabalhista
PDT 12 1979
25 / 513
3 / 81
1,162,350 Anti-bolsonarism[21]
Brazilian nationalism
Anti-lulism[22]
Democratic socialism[23]
Left-wing nationalism[23]
Political labour[24]
Centre-left[25]
to left-wing[26]
Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
PTB 14 1981
11 / 513
0 / 81
1,092,097 Economic liberalism[4]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Centre-right[4]
to right-wing[26]
Democrats
Democratas
DEM 25 1985
28 / 513
6 / 81
1,025,332 Brazilian conservatism[4]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Right-wing[26]
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
PL 22 2006
41 / 513
4 / 81
771,584 Economic liberalism[4]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
National liberalism[27]
Centre-right[28]
Brazilian Socialist Party
Partido Socialista Brasileiro
PSB 40 1985
30 / 513
1 / 81
641,410 Democratic socialism[25]
Left-wing nationalism[4]
Social democracy[4]
Centre-left[25]
to left-wing[26]
Republicans
Republicanos
10 2005
33 / 513
1 / 81
478,721 Economic nationalism[29]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Minority:
Bolsonarism[30][31]
Right-wing[26]
Citizenship
Cidadania
23 1992
7 / 513
2 / 81
459,016 Economic liberalism[4]
LGBT rights[32]
Social progressivism[4]
Centre-left[25]
Social Liberal Party
Partido Social Liberal
PSL 17 1994
53 / 513
2 / 81
435,560 Far-right[42]
Social Christian Party
Partido Social Cristão
PSC 20 1985
11 / 513
0 / 81
419,549 Christian right[43]
Political Catholicism[44]
Social conservatism[4]
Right-wing[26]
to far-right[7]
Communist Party of Brazil
Partido Comunista do Brasil
PCdoB 65 1962
7 / 513
0 / 81
416,147 Communism
Marxism–Leninism[45]
Far-left[46]
We Can
Podemos
PODE 19 1945
10 / 513
9 / 81
409,162 Direct democracy[47]
Fiscal conservatism[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Right-wing[26]
Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PSD 55 2011
35 / 513
11 / 81
406,640 Big tent[48]
Classical liberalism[48]
Syncretic politics[48]
Centre[25]
Green Party
Partido Verde
PV 43 1986
4 / 513
0 / 81
365,560 Cannabis legalization[49][50]
Direct democracy[51]
Green politics[52]
Parliamentary system[53]
Centre[7]
Patriot
Patriota
51 2011
6 / 513
1 / 81
331,715 Brazilian nationalism[54]
Christian nationalism[54]
National conservatism[54]
Right-wing[26]
to far-right[55]
Solidarity
Solidariedade
77 2013
14 / 513
0 / 81
252,741 Economic interventionism[4]
Political labour[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Centre[26]
Party of National Mobilization
Partido da Mobilização Nacional
PMN 33 1984
0 / 513
0 / 81
218,820 Agrarian socialism[56]
Left-wing nationalism[56]
Social patriotism[56]
Left-wing[56]
Forward
Avante
Avante 70 1989
8 / 513
0 / 81
212,353 Brazilian nationalism[4]
Political labour[4]
Social conservatism[4]
Centre[25]
Christian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Cristão
PTC 36 1985
0 / 513
0 / 81
189,400 Christian democracy[57]
Liberal conservatism[57]
Political labour[57]
Right-wing[26]
Socialism and Liberty Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
PSOL 50 2004
10 / 513
0 / 81
186,567 Anti-bolsonarism[58]
Cannabis legalization[59]
Democratic socialism[60]
LGBT rights[61]
Social progressivism[4]
Left-wing[4]
to far-left[62]
Christian Democracy
Democracia Cristã
DC 27 1995
0 / 513
0 / 81
178,534 Christian democracy[63]
Christian right[63]
Social conservatism[63]
Right-wing[26]
Brazilian Labour Renewal Party
Partido Renovador Trabalhista Brasileiro
PRTB 28 1994
0 / 513
0 / 81
147,424 Brazilian nationalism[64]
Christian right[61]
Political labour[65]
Far-right[64]
Republican Party of the Social Order
Partido Republicano da Ordem Social
PROS 90 2010
11 / 513
3 / 81
119,681 Big tent[66]
Economic interventionism[4]
Syncretic politics[66]
Centre[26]
Party of the Brazilian Woman
Partido da Mulher Brasileira
PMB 35 2015
0 / 513
0 / 81
47,054 Anti-feminism[67]
Paternalistic conservatism[68]
Social conservatism[68]
Women's rights[68]
Right-wing[26]
New Party
Partido Novo
NOVO 30 2011
8 / 513
0 / 81
42,113 Economic liberalism
Fiscal conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Centre-right[25]
to right-wing[26]
Sustainability Network
Rede Sustentabilidade
REDE 18 2013
1 / 513
2 / 81
33,332 Environmentalism[69][70][71] Centre-left[72][73]
United Socialist Workers' Party
Partido Socialista dos Trabalhadores Unificado
PSTU 16 1972
0 / 513
0 / 81
15,815 Trotskyism[74]
Political labour[74]
Far-left[62]
Brazilian Communist Party
Partido Comunista Brasileiro
PCB 21 1922
0 / 513
0 / 81
12,755 Classical Marxism[75]
Revolutionary socialism[75]
Marxism-Leninism
Far-left[62]
Workers' Cause Party
Partido da Causa Operária
PCO 29 1995
0 / 513
0 / 81
4,358 Drug liberalization[49]
Trotskyism[76]
Political labour[76]
Revolutionary socialism[76]
Far-left[62]
Popular Unity
Unidade Popular
UP 80 2016
0 / 513
0 / 81
1,116 Left-wing nationalism[77]
Revolutionary socialism[77]
Far-left[77]

Non-registered

Waiting for registration in the Superior Electoral Court:

Name Abbrev. Founded Ideology Position
Alliance for Brazil
Aliança pelo Brasil
ALIANÇA 12 November 2019 Far-right
Libertarians
Libertários
LIBER 20 June 2009 Right-wing
Royal Parliamentary Democracy Party
Partido da Real Democracia Parlamentar
RDP 9 November 2013 Right-wing
Conservatives' Party
Partido dos Conservadores
PACO 2003 Right-wing
Corinthians National Party
Partido Nacional Corinthiano
PNC 2012 Left-wing
Democratic Nationalist Party
Partido Nacionalista Democrático
PND 1985 Right-wing
Revolutionary Workers' Party
Partido Operário Revolucionário
POR 1989 Left-wing
Pirate Party of Brazil
Partido Pirata do Brasil
PIRATAS 28 July 2012
Centre
Animals' Political Party
Partido Político dos Animais
ANIMAIS 2016 Centre-left
Root Cidadanist Movement
Raiz Movimento Cidadanista
RAIZ 2016 Left-wing

Former

Recently absorbed or merged parties

Name (Portuguese) Name (English) Abbrev. TSE number Ideology Merged with Year
Partido Social Democrático Social Democratic Party PSD 41 Centrism
Social democracy
Brazilian Labour Party 2002
Partido Geral dos Trabalhadores General Party of the Workers PGT 30 Centrism
Social democracy
Liberal Party 2002
Partido Social Trabalhista Social Labour Party PST 18 Centrism Liberal Party 2002
Partido dos Aposentados da Nação Party of the Nation's Retirees PAN 26 Centrism Brazilian Labour Party 2006
Partido Liberal Liberal Party PL 22 Centrism
Populism
Liberal Party 2006
Partido da Reedificação da Ordem Nacional Party of the Reconstruction of the National Order PRONA 56 Nationalism
Populism

Anti-communism

Liberal Party 2006
Partido Republicano Progressista Progressive Republican Party (Brazil) PRP 44 Conservatism Patriot 2018
Partido Pátria Livre Free Fatherland Party PPL 54 Left-wing nationalism Communist Party of Brazil 2018
Partido Humanista da Solidariedade Humanist Party of Solidarity PHS 31 Centre-right Podemos 2018

Historical

Name Abbrev. Active Ideology Position
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal
None 1831–1889 Centre
Conservative Party
Partido Conservador
None 1836–1889 Right-wing
Paulista Republican Party
Partido Republicano Paulista
PRP 1873–1937 Right-wing
Rio-grandense Republican Party
Partido Republicano Rio-grandense
PRR 1882–1929 Centre to Centre-Right
Minas Republican Party
Partido Republicano Mineiro
PRM 1888–1937 Right-wing
Liberator Party
Partido Libertador
PL 1928–1937, 1945-1965 Federalism Centre-Right
Brazilian Black Front
Frente Negra Brasileira
FNB 1931-1938 Right-wing to Far-right
Brazilian Integralist Action
Ação Integralista Brasileira
AIB 1933–1938 Far-right
Orienting Labour Party
Partido Orientador Trabalhista
POT 1945-1951 Centre-Right
Popular Representation Party
Partido de Representação Popular
PRP 1945–1965 Far-right
Brazilian Labour Party
Partido Trabalhista Brasileiro
PTB 1945–1965 Centre-Left to Left-Wing
Social Democratic Party
Partido Social Democrático
PSD 1945–1965 Centre to Centre-Right
National Democratic Union
União Democrática Nacional
UDN 1945–1965 Conservatism Right-Wing
Christian Democratic Party
Partido Democrata Cristão
PDC 1945-66; 1985–1993 Right-Wing
Republican Party
Partido Republicano
PR 1945 - 1965 Centrism Centre to Centre-right
Progressive Social Party
Partido Social Progresista
PSP 1947–1966 Centre-Right to Right-Wing
National Renewal Alliance Party
Aliança Renovadora Nacional
ARENA 1966–1979 Right-Wing to Far-Right
Brazilian Democratic Movement
Movimento Democrático Brasileiro
MDB 1966–1979 Centrism Centre-Left
Democratic Social Party
Partido Democrático Social
PDS 1979–1993 Conservatism Right-Wing
National Reconstruction Party
Partido da Reconstrução Nacional
PRN 1989–2000 Centre-Right to Right-Wing
Reform Progressive Party
Partido Progressista Reformador
PPR 1993–1995 Right-Wing

See also

References

  1. ^ Freedom House report on Brazil, 2007
  2. ^ "Estatísticas do eleitorado – Eleitores filiados". www.tse.jus.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  3. ^ "O lugar do PMDB na política brasileira: o limitedas tipologias partidárias" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Direita ou esquerda? Análise de votações indica posição de partidos brasileiros no espectro ideológico".
  5. ^ "De criação na ditadura até rompimento com governo: o PMDB em 10 capítulos".
  6. ^ O Globo. "Maioria dos partidos se posiciona como de Centro. Veja quem sobra no campo da Direita e da Esquerda". Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "O que significa esquerda, direita e centro na política?".
  8. ^ "Eleição de 2018 foi "semidemocrática" e Bolsonaro é "troglodita", diz Lula". Correio Braziliense.
  9. ^ Samuels, D. (2004). From Socialism to Social Democracy: Party Organization and the Transformation of the Workers’ Party in Brazil. Comparative Political Studies, 37(9), 999–1024. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414004268856
  10. ^ ""A saída é pela esquerda: por um PT com projeto estratégico socialista!"".
  11. ^ "Proposta do PT é "populista' e "estúpida', diz Dornbusch".
  12. ^ "Cientista político André Singer explica sua tese sobre o lulismo - 19/08/2012 - Ilustríssima". Folha de S.Paulo. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  13. ^ Claire Rigby (14 November 2016). "How Lula's party fell from grace: the toppling of the Brazilian left". New Statesman. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  14. ^ Daniel Gallas (29 March 2016). "Dilma Rousseff and Brazil face up to decisive month". BBC News. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  15. ^ The demise of Brazil’s great centrist party. The Economist. Published 1 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  16. ^ Jair Bolsonaro: Brazil's far-right president-elect accused of campaign funding irregularities. The Independent. Author - Shehab Khan. Published 14 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  17. ^ “A terceira via está crescendo. Pesquisa que vale é a de 7 de outubro”, diz Geraldo Alckmin
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  24. ^ PDT - Partido Democrático Trabalhista
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  38. ^ "Com chegada de bolsonaro livres anuncia saida do psl".
  39. ^ Venaglia, Guilherme (5 August 2018). "Com discurso militarista, PSL de Bolsonaro lança Major Olímpio ao Senado" (in Portuguese). MSN. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  40. ^ "Jair Bolsonaro seeks top judge to become Brazil justice minister". BBC News. 30 October 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
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  43. ^ "Mission and Values".
  44. ^ "Social Christian Party - Historic". Archived from the original on 28 October 2014.
  45. ^ TSE Estatuto do Partido Comunista do Brasil
  46. ^ Comunistas? Uma análise dos projetos de lei dos deputados federais do PCdoB e PPS
  47. ^ "Novo partido Podemos usa estratégia internacional para se firmar".
  48. ^ a b c "Princípios e Valores - Partido Social Democrático".
  49. ^ a b "Rui Costa Pimenta e Eduardo Jorge defendem legalização da maconha". Agência Brasil (in Portuguese). 6 August 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  50. ^ G1, Felipe NériDo; Brasília, em (26 February 2014). "Deputado do PV apresenta projeto para legalizar a maconha no país". Política (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 July 2020.
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  53. ^ "A saída é o parlamentarismo".
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