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Brazil–Mexico relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Brazil–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and Mexico


Former Presidents Felipe Calderón and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Mexico City; 2007.
Former Presidents Felipe Calderón and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in Mexico City; 2007.

Brazil–Mexico relations are the diplomatic and bilateral relations between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the United Mexican States. The governments of Brazil and Mexico maintain friendly relations. Together, Brazil and Mexico account as the most populous nations in Latin America and both nations have the largest global emerging economies and are considered to be regional powers.

According to a 2011 BBC World Service Poll, 65% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 17% viewing it negatively,[1] and according to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, 49% of Mexicans view Brazil's influence positively, with 25% viewing it negatively.[2]

Both countries are members of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, G-20 major economies, Latin American Integration Association, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the United Nations.

Common name Mexico Brazil
Official name United Mexican States Federative Republic of Brazil
Coat of arms
Coat of arms of Mexico.svg
Coat of arms of Brazil.svg
Flag Mexico Brazil
Area 1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi) 22,055,740 km2 (8,515,767 sq mi)
Population (est. 1 January 2018) 123,675,325 210,147,125
Population density 8.58/km2 (22.2/sq mi) 33.25/km2 (86.12/sq mi)
Capital Mexico City Brasilia
Largest metropolitan area Mexico City – 1,485 km2 São Paulo – 1,521.11 km2 (7,946.96 km2 metro)
Government Federal presidential constitutional republic Federal presidential constitutional republic
First leader Guadalupe Victoria D. Pedro I
Current leader Andrés Manuel López Obrador Jair Bolsonaro
Official languages Spanish Portuguese
Currency Mexican peso Brazilian real

Diplomatic history

Diplomatic relations between Brazil and Mexico were established on 9 March 1825, two years after the declaration of independence of Brazil. In 1831, both nations established resident diplomatic missions in each other's capitals respectively.[3] During the 1860s, both nations were the only Latin-American countries to be governed by monarchs; in Brazil by emperor Pedro II and in Mexico by Emperor Maximilian I; both emperors being cousins.

In 1914, Brazil belonged to regional group called the ABC nations (which also included Argentina and Chile). These three nations made up the richest and most influential nations in South America at the time. That year, the ABC nations intervened in a diplomatic dispute between the United States and Mexico who were on verge of war over the Tampico Affair and the subsequent occupation of Veracruz by US forces. The ABC nations met with representatives of the United States and Mexico in Niagara Falls, Canada to ease the tension between the two nations and to avoid war, which afterwards did not occur. Between 1910 - 1920, diplomatic relations between both nations were severed during the Mexican revolution. Diplomatic relations were re-reestablished in 1920 when Brazil recognized the new Mexican government.[3] In 1922, diplomatic missions in each other's capitals were upgraded to embassies, respectively.[3]

During World War II, both Brazil and Mexico were the only two Latin American nations to declare war on the Axis powers and to send troops to fight abroad. Brazil sent an expeditionary force to fight in Italy while Mexico sent the 201st Fighter Squadron to fight in the Philippines.

State visits

Former President Dilma Rousseff attending the G-20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico; 2012.
Former President Dilma Rousseff attending the G-20 summit in Los Cabos, Mexico; 2012.

Presidential visits from Brazil to Mexico[3][4][5][6][7]

Presidential visits from Mexico to Brazil[8]

The environment

Brazil and Mexico worked together, to a certain extent, on climate change issues during the G20 summit in Los Cabos, and the Rio+20 conference, though environmentalist observers called for more.[9]

Trade relations

At a 2009 heads of state conference then Brazilian president Lula da Silva commented that there was "mistrust" between the two countries that needed to be overcome in order to increase trade, which he stated was a goal. He proposed further high-level talks aimed at strengthening ties between the two countries' national oil companies, Petrobras and Pemex. Mexican president Felipe Calderón stated that Mexico wanted to diversify its trade away from over-reliance on the United States and hoped to finish a free trade agreement between the two countries that has been in negotiation since 2000.[10] Shortly after his election in 2012 Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto criticized cuts to Brazil quotas of imported Mexican-built automobiles, and restated Mexico's interest in a free trade agreement.[11]

In 2017, two-way trade between both nations amounted to $9.1 billion USD.[12]

Resident diplomatic missions

See also


  1. ^ Views of US Continue to Improve in 2011 BBC Country Rating Poll Archived 2012-11-23 at the Wayback Machine. BBC World Service
  2. ^ Views of China and India Slide While UK's Ratings Climb Archived 2013-09-26 at the Wayback Machine. BBC World Service
  3. ^ a b c d Historical diplomatic relations between Mexico and Brazil (in Spanish)
  4. ^ "Visitas de mandatarios sudamericanos a México (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2014-08-13. Retrieved 2015-04-01.
  5. ^ "El Universal - Nación - Llega Lula da Silva en visita de Estado a México". El Universal. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  6. ^ Jan Martínez Ahrens (26 May 2015). "EPN Dilma Rousseff:  Peña Nieto sobre Brasil: "Es el momento de un nuevo horizonte" - Internacional - EL PAÍS". EL PAÍS. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  7. ^ México y Brasil firman acuerdo de cooperación aduanera (in Spanish)
  8. ^ Las relaciones diplomáticas entre México y Brasil (in Spanish)
  9. ^ Reuters Foundation: Can Mexico and Brazil join forces on climate change? Archived November 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "México y Brasil buscan relanzar el TLC". Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  11. ^ Reuters Editorial (20 September 2012). "Mexico's next leader wants more trade with Brazil, not less". Reuters India. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  12. ^ Mexican Ministry of the Economy: Brazil
  13. ^ Embassy of Brazil in Mexico City (in Portuguese and Spanish) Archived 2014-10-31 at the Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Brasília (in Portuguese and Spanish)
  15. ^ Consulate-General of Mexico in Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese and Spanish)
  16. ^ "Inicio". Retrieved 28 April 2016.
This page was last edited on 7 December 2018, at 17:20
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