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List of political parties in Chile

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coat of arms of Chile.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Chile
Comptroller General
Constitutional Court

This article lists political parties in Chile.

Chile has a multi-party system, within a system with two dominant coalitions.

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Transcription

Many American millennials seem to be drawn to socialism. They came out in big numbers for Bernie Sanders in the 2016 presidential primaries. They rail against capitalism on their college campuses. They wear Che Guevara t-shirts to signal their socialist virtue. I know a lot about socialism. I live in Rio de Janeiro and I work throughout Brazil as a journalist for a popular magazine. In the early 2000s, Brazil’s economy was growing rapidly. The government had enacted economic and monetary reforms and divested holdings in some state-run companies, giving the private sector more room to breathe. Inflation—a chronic problem in Brazil—was dramatically reduced. Foreign investors poured into the country, eager to catch a portion of our expanding economy. The future seemed promising. But today, our economy is in shambles, unemployment and debt are massive and powerful politicians are being investigated for involvement in the largest scandals of fraud and corruption in the country's history. What happened? In 2002, a socialist politician named Lula da Silva ran for the presidency. He was a socialist, but painted himself as a modern, cool kind of socialist. He would be the politician who would heal national divisions and unite everyone. He even had a nickname, “Lulinha paz e amor”, which means "Little Lula peace and love" in Portuguese. But the old message about the need for income redistribution to decrease inequality was still there. The media, academic elite and celebrities assured Brazilians that by transferring the money from the rich to the poor, the poor could finally be richer. But the only ones who really got rich were Lula and his corporate and political friends. It only got worse under his successor, Dilma Rousseff. The socialists increased government spending, deficits, and debt. They called it a stimulus. They increased the minimum wage and the benefits of social programs. They called it social justice. They increased the salaries and retirement benefits of the civil service. They called it investing in the future. They handed out thousands of jobs in the government and state-owned companies as favors to their political allies. And they called it good governance. It worked for a while. Socialism always works at the beginning. But government spending just kept going up and then Lula’s socialist paradise fell apart, and the economy fell with it. The outcome: from 2008 to 2015, government spending grew nearly four times as fast as tax revenue. The economy shrank 3.8 percent in 2015, the worst result in 25 years. That same year, a World Bank survey found Brazil’s economy to be one of the world’s worst. Out of 189 countries, we were the 16th hardest place to open a business, the 60th most difficult nation in which to register property, and the 12th most complex place to pay taxes. Economically and morally, the almost 15 years of Socialist policies have greatly harmed Brazil. We also remain among the world's leaders in murder and robbery, and we rank near the bottom of industrialized nations in terms of education and health care. Americans take it for granted that they can be born into the lower class and reach the middle or even upper class. Many Brazilians take it for granted that they can’t. But finally some things are starting to change. There may be reason for hope. Today, more and more Brazilians see that capitalism and limited government are the only way forward. Thankfully for Brazil, Lula has been charged in several lawsuits for corruption, involvement in a criminal organization, influence peddling, money laundering, and obstruction of justice. Rousseff was impeached in 2016 for falsifying the government’s finances, and illegally using money from state-owned banks to run the government. This crisis prompted the new government to freeze federal spending, reduce the government’s role in state-owned companies, and to encourage some of the massive federal workforce to resign. No one knows whether these basic measures will be enough to rescue Brazil economically. Truthfully, the damage has been so extensive, it may take decades for the country to recover. But if we do, it won’t be socialism that saves us. American millennials take note. I am Felipe Moura Brasil for Prager University. Hi Everyone, I am Felipe Moura Brasil, a journalist and columnist in Brazil. PragerU videos have made a deep impact on me and many Brazilians. If you have been impacted by these videos too, please consider making a donation to PragerU. Your support will help ensure that PragerU can keep these videos free and continue to make a difference. Please donate today. Chao, from Brazil.

Contents

Political parties

Active

As of March 2018 there are 28 legally constituted political parties in Chile.[1]

Parties in green, as of March 2018, support the administration of President Sebastián Piñera.

Party
name in Spanish
Founded International affiliation Area of operation Senators
(2018-2022)[2]
Deputies
(2018-2022)[3]
Regional advisors
(2018-2022)[4]
Mayors
(2012-2016)
Councilmen
(2012-2016)
Weighted
representationb
Independent Democratic Uniond
Unión Demócrata Independiente
1983 International Democrat Union[5] Nationwide. 9 30 52 43 351 19.47%
National Renewalc
Renovación Nacional
1987 International Democrat Union,[5] Centrist Democrat International[6] Nationwide. 7 34 72 39 318 17.69%
Socialist Partyi
Partido Socialista de Chile
1933 Progressive Alliance, Socialist International, São Paulo Forum, COPPPAL Nationwide. 7 19 26 27 218 14.14%
Christian Democratic Partyj
Partido Demócrata Cristiano
1957 Centrist Democrat International[6] Nationwide. 5 14 44 56 322 11.98%
Party for Democracyf
Partido por la Democracia
1987 Progressive Alliance, Socialist International, COPPPAL Nationwide. 6 7 26 37 199 11.52%
Political Evolution
Partido Evolución Política
2012 None Nationwide. 2 6 5 2 0 3.63%
Democratic Revolution
Revolución Democrática
2012 São Paulo Forum Regions II, III, IV, V, RM, VI, VII, XIV, and XI. 1 10 10 0 0 2.96%
Pais partido.png
País
País
2017 None. Regions I, II, VII, VIII, and IX. 1 0 0 0 0 1.48%
Communist Party
Partido Comunista de Chile
1922 São Paulo Forum, Bolivarian Congress of the People, International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties Nationwide. 0 8 11 4 92 1.44%
Social Democrat Radical Party
Partido Radical Socialdemócrata
1994a Progressive Alliance, Socialist International, COPPPAL Nationwide. 0 6 8 13 90 1.31%
Humanist Partyd
Partido Humanista
1984 Humanist International, São Paulo Forum All regions, except X and XI. 0 4 6 0 14 0.67%
Social Green Regionalist Federationm
Federación Regionalista Verde Social
2017 None. Regions II, III, IV, VI, and XI. 0 4 2 0 3 0.53%
Progressive Party
Partido Progresista
2010 None. Nationwide. 0 1 2 3 25 0.27%
Liberal Party
Partido Liberal de Chile
2013h Liberal International Regions XV, I, II, and X. 0 2 0 0 0 0.23%
Independent Regionalist Party
Partido Regionalista Independiente
2006 None. Nationwide. 0 0 4 2 95 0.239%
Poder Ciudadano.png
Power
Poder
2015 None. Regions XV, I, II, III, V, RM, and X. 0 1 2 0 0 0.18%
Green Ecologist Party
Partido Ecologista Verde
2008 Global Greens Regions I, II, III, IV, RM, VIII, XIV, and X. 0 1 0 0 0 0.11%
Amplitude
Amplitud
2014 None. Regions I, II, III, IV, V, VIII, IX, and X. 0 0 2 1 21 0.11%
Patagonian Regional Democracy
Democracia Regional Patagónica
2013 None. Regions II, X, XI, and XII. 0 0 0 4 9 0.097%
Equality Party
Partido Igualdad
2009 None. Regions XV, I, II, IV, V, RM, and VIII. 0 0 2 0 1 0.0712%
Citizen Left
Partido Izquierda Ciudadana de Chile
2012g São Paulo Forum Regions XV, I, II, III, VI, VII, and IX. 0 0 1 1 3 0.06%
MAS Regione
MAS Región
2008 São Paulo Forum Regions I, II, III, and VIII. 0 0 1 1 7 0.06%
For Regional Integration
Por la Integración Regional
2016 None. Regions XV, I, and II. 0 0 1 0 0 0.04%
Andha Chile
Andha Chile
2015 None. Regions IV, X, XI, and XII. 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Citizens
Ciudadanos
2013k None. Regions XV, I, II, V, VII, XIV, X, and XI. 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Partido de Trabajadores Revolucionarios.png
Revolutionary Workers' Party
Partido de Trabajadores Revolucionarios
2017 Trotskyist Fraction – Fourth International Regions XV, I, and II. 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Everybody
Todos
2015 None. Regions I, XIV, X, and XI. 0 0 0 0 0 0%
Patriotic Union
Unión Patriótica
2015 None. Regions V, RM, and VI. 0 0 0 0 0 0%

a A fusion of the Chilean Social Democracy Party (Partido Socialdemocracia Chilena, founded 1971) and the Radical Party of Chile (Partido Radical de Chile, founded 1863).
b The percentage of seats held by a party in each elected body is multiplied by a weighting factor, which is equal to the inverse value of that body's total seats divided by the summation of the inverse values of all bodies' total seats. The resulting weighted percentages are then summed together to obtain a party's "weighted representation" value. (Formula: [S/43^2+D/155^2+R/278^2+M/345^2+C/2224^2]/T, with T=1/43+1/155+1/278+1/345+1/2224, S=party senators, D=party deputies, R=party regional advisors, M=party mayors, C=party councilmen.)
c Figures updated with the October 2015 party resignations of RN mayors of Ñuñoa and Traiguén, Andrés Zarhi and Luis Álvarez, respectively, and RN councilmen of Las Condes, Limache and La Unión, Tomás Fuentes, Cynthia Marín and María Eugenia Márquez, respectively; and the July 2016 party resignation of RN senator Manuel José Ossandón.
d Figures updated with, the July 2013 party resignation of UDI mayor of Santo Domingo Fernando Rodríguez Larraín; the January 2014 death of Yumbel mayor Camilo Cabezas (PH) and its subsequent replacement with independent councilman Jaime Gacitúa, who in turn was replaced with Fredy Winter from the UDI; the June 2015 party resignation of UDI councilman Francisco Vera; the October 2015 party resignation of UDI mayor of Rancagua Eduardo Soto; the November 2015 party resignations of UDI mayor of La Florida Rodolfo Carter and UDI councilman of Lo Barnechea Carlos Ward; and the May 2016 death of UDI mayor of Pinto Fernando Chávez.
e A fusion of the Broad Social Movement (Movimiento Amplio Social) and the Northern Force Party (Partido Fuerza del Norte). Figures updated with the September 2016 party resignation of MAS senator Alejandro Navarro.
f Figures updated with the September 2014 expulsion of Providencia councilman Rodrigo García Márquez from his party (PPD); the October 2015 party resignation of PPD councilman of Los Andes Julio Lobos; and the August 2016 party resignation of PPD regional advisor Teodoro Aguirre.
g Formerly known as Christian Left (Izquierda Cristiana).
h Formerly known as ChileFirst (ChilePrimero).
i Figures updated with the October 2015 party resignations of PS mayors of San Vicente de Tagua Tagua, Los Lagos and Coltauco, Jaime González, Simón Mansilla and Rubén Jorquera, respectively; and the October 2016 party resignation of PS councilwoman for Valparaíso Paula Quintana.
j Figures updated with the October 2015 party resignation of DC councilwoman of Concepción Alejandra Smith.
k Before October 2015, known as Fuerza Pública ("Public Force").
l Considers itself to be the continuation of the same-named party founded in 1932.
m A fusion of Regional and Popular Front, Green North Regional Force, Social Agrarian Regionalist Independent Movement and We Are Aysén parties.

Historical

Alliances

Active

Historical

See also

References

  1. ^ "Partidos Constituidos". Servicio Electoral (in Spanish). 28 August 2017. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
  2. ^ http://www.senado.cl/appsenado/index.php?mo=senadores&ac=listado
  3. ^ https://www.camara.cl/camara/diputados_print.aspx
  4. ^ http://pv.servelelecciones.cl
  5. ^ a b http://uplalatinoamerica.org/?page_id=73
  6. ^ a b https://idc-cdi.com/parties/
This page was last edited on 9 January 2019, at 05:19
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