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1900 United States presidential election in Colorado

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1900 United States presidential election in Colorado

← 1896 November 6, 1900 1904 →
 
WilliamJBryan1902.png
Mckinley.jpg
Nominee William J. Bryan William McKinley
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Nebraska Ohio
Running mate Adlai Stevenson I Theodore Roosevelt
Electoral vote 4 0
Popular vote 122,733 93,072
Percentage 55.43% 42.04%

Colorado Presidential Election Results 1900.svg
County Results

President before election

William McKinley
Republican

Elected President

William McKinley
Republican

The 1900 United States presidential election in Colorado took place on November 6, 1900. All contemporary 45 states were part of the 1900 United States presidential election. Colorado voters chose four electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

Background

In its early days as a state, Colorado had like the Plains States to its east been solidly Republican. However, with crises emerging in its agricultural sector from low wheat prices[1] and a severe drought in 1888 and 1889,[2] and the state’s underdevelopment leading to resentment of the Northeast,[3] the new Populist Party was able to largely take over the state’s politics in the early 1890s. Aided by fusion with the minority Democratic Party and strong support for free silver in this state which produced over half of all American silver,[2] the Populist Party under James B. Weaver in 1892 carried the state’s presidential electoral votes and won both its congressional seats.[2] After the Republicans gained a 130-seat majority in the House of Representatives following the 1894 elections, five dissident Republicans from the Mountain States who supported free silver jointed together as the “Silver Republicans”[a] They supported nominating Centennial State Senator Teller at first, but ultimately this was viewed as impractical and the Silver Republicans fused with Democrat/Populist William Jennings Bryan, who won Colorado by six-and-a-half-to-one over William McKinley.[4]

Following the election, the Populist majority in Colorado largely faded after the ensuing return to prosperity.[5] However, Colorado and other Mountain States became opposed to the Philippine–American War, which they viewed as an imperialist land grab,[6] which maintained substantial support for Bryan although free silver had largely disappeared as an important issue except within the silver-mining industry.

Vote

One week before the election, the GOP had given up trying to carry Colorado,[7] and ultimately Bryan won the state by 13.39 percentage points, which was nonetheless only two-elevenths of his 1896 margin. Bryan had previously won Colorado against William McKinley four years earlier and would later also win the state against William Howard Taft in 1908.

Results

1900 United States presidential election in Colorado[8]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic William Jennings Bryan 122,733 55.43% 4
Republican William McKinley 93,072 42.04% 0
Prohibition John Woolley 3,790 1.71% 0
Social Democratic Eugene Debs 714 0.32% 0
Socialist Labor Joseph Maloney 684 0.31% 0
Populist Wharton Barker 389 0.18% 0
Write-ins Scattered 26 0.01% 0
Totals 221,408 100.00% 4
Voter turnout

Results by county

County William Jennings Bryan[9]
Democratic
William McKinley[9]
Republican
John Granville Woolley[9]
Prohibition
Various candidates[9]
Other parties
Margin
% # % # % # % # % #
Dolores 84.60% 412 13.55% 66 0.62% 3 1.23% 6 71.05% 346
Pitkin 82.71% 2,305 16.43% 458 0.22% 6 0.65% 18 66.27% 1,847
Mineral 76.50% 700 22.73% 208 0.44% 4 0.33% 3 53.77% 492
Montezuma 75.46% 732 22.68% 220 0.52% 5 1.34% 13 52.78% 512
San Juan 74.57% 1,135 23.78% 362 0.13% 2 1.51% 23 50.79% 773
Clear Creek 73.96% 2,309 24.38% 761 0.42% 13 1.25% 39 49.58% 1,548
Ouray 71.91% 1,656 26.49% 610 0.26% 6 1.35% 31 45.42% 1,046
Hinsdale 71.60% 595 27.68% 230 0.48% 4 0.24% 2 43.92% 365
Summit 70.17% 967 28.59% 394 0.44% 6 0.80% 11 41.58% 573
Eagle 68.43% 943 29.90% 412 0.44% 6 1.23% 17 38.53% 531
San Miguel 67.99% 1,604 30.39% 717 0.47% 11 1.14% 27 37.60% 887
Garfield 66.46% 1,700 32.29% 826 0.66% 17 0.59% 15 34.17% 874
La Plata 66.59% 1,844 32.50% 900 0.40% 11 0.51% 14 34.09% 944
Teller 66.27% 9,659 32.51% 4,738 0.42% 61 0.80% 117 33.76% 4,921
Lake 65.00% 4,755 32.60% 2,385 1.08% 79 1.31% 96 32.40% 2,370
Chaffee 62.96% 1,890 34.41% 1,033 1.87% 56 0.77% 23 28.55% 857
Custer 63.00% 870 36.93% 510 0.00% 0 0.07% 1 26.07% 360
Gunnison 61.07% 1,559 37.02% 945 1.45% 37 0.47% 12 24.05% 614
Park 61.52% 940 37.89% 579 0.20% 3 0.39% 6 23.63% 361
Delta 58.71% 1,352 35.69% 822 3.26% 75 2.34% 54 23.01% 530
Montrose 56.60% 1,038 35.88% 658 2.73% 50 4.80% 88 20.72% 380
Saguache 59.13% 1,085 39.84% 731 0.44% 8 0.60% 11 19.29% 354
Rio Grande 58.63% 1,118 39.43% 752 1.31% 25 0.63% 12 19.19% 366
Mesa 55.69% 1,968 37.27% 1,317 3.88% 137 3.17% 112 18.42% 651
Routt 58.19% 828 40.41% 575 0.49% 7 0.91% 13 17.78% 253
Rio Blanco 57.93% 391 40.89% 276 0.59% 4 0.59% 4 17.04% 115
Boulder 55.81% 5,117 40.57% 3,719 2.88% 264 0.74% 68 15.25% 1,398
Arapahoe 55.81% 33,754 42.11% 25,469 1.37% 828 0.71% 432 13.70% 8,285
Las Animas 54.90% 4,204 44.16% 3,382 0.73% 56 0.21% 16 10.73% 822
Yuma 52.41% 392 42.25% 316 3.07% 23 2.27% 17 10.16% 76
Weld 52.20% 3,386 42.95% 2,786 4.64% 301 0.20% 13 9.25% 600
Fremont 51.19% 3,094 42.55% 2,572 4.04% 244 2.22% 134 8.64% 522
Jefferson 53.00% 2,138 44.79% 1,807 1.74% 70 0.47% 19 8.21% 331
Otero 51.79% 2,266 43.73% 1,913 4.34% 190 0.14% 6 8.07% 353
Gilpin 49.95% 1,498 45.72% 1,371 2.87% 86 1.47% 44 4.23% 127
Grand 51.27% 182 48.17% 171 0.00% 0 0.56% 2 3.10% 11
Larimer 48.05% 2,456 45.84% 2,343 5.67% 290 0.43% 22 2.21% 113
Elbert 49.31% 640 48.23% 626 2.08% 27 0.39% 5 1.08% 14
Douglas 49.62% 650 49.01% 642 1.22% 16 0.15% 2 0.61% 8
Logan 45.73% 583 46.59% 594 6.27% 80 1.41% 18 -0.86% -11
Pueblo 48.32% 5,878 49.56% 6,028 1.47% 179 0.65% 79 -1.23% -150
Bent 48.45% 546 50.49% 569 0.98% 11 0.09% 1 -2.04% -23
Kiowa 48.48% 144 50.84% 151 0.00% 0 0.67% 2 -2.36% -7
Baca 46.05% 134 53.95% 157 0.00% 0 0.00% 0 -7.90% -23
Prowers 43.72% 633 53.11% 769 2.07% 30 1.10% 16 -9.39% -136
El Paso 43.19% 6,230 53.76% 7,755 2.33% 336 0.71% 103 -10.57% -1,525
Phillips 42.57% 275 53.72% 347 3.56% 23 0.15% 1 -11.15% -72
Cheyenne 42.73% 97 56.39% 128 0.88% 2 0.00% 0 -13.66% -31
Morgan 41.16% 538 55.32% 723 2.07% 27 1.45% 19 -14.15% -185
Kit Carson 39.36% 259 58.36% 384 1.98% 13 0.30% 2 -19.00% -125
Archuleta 40.18% 391 59.40% 578 0.41% 4 0.00% 0 -19.22% -187
Sedgwick 37.05% 163 58.18% 256 4.77% 21 0.00% 0 -21.14% -93
Washington 36.59% 191 59.77% 312 3.26% 17 0.38% 2 -23.18% -121
Costilla 33.53% 453 65.43% 884 0.81% 11 0.22% 3 -31.90% -431
Conejos 32.91% 912 66.87% 1,853 0.11% 3 0.11% 3 -33.96% -941
Lincoln 32.55% 124 66.93% 255 0.52% 2 0.00% 0 -34.38% -131
Huerfano 30.83% 1,022 68.69% 2,277 0.00% 0 0.48% 16 -37.86% -1,255

Notes

References

  1. ^ Gormley, Ken (editor); The Presidents and the Constitution: A Living History, p. 299 ISBN 1479839906
  2. ^ a b c Larson, Robert W.; ‘Populism in the Mountain West: A Mainstream Movement’; Western Historical Quarterly; Vol. 13, No. 2 (April 1982), pp. 143-164
  3. ^ Azari, Julia and Hetherington, Mark J.; ‘Back to the Future? What the Politics of the Late Nineteenth Century Can Tell Us about the 2016 Election’; The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science; Vol 667: Elections in America; (September 2016), pp. 92-109
  4. ^ a b Ellis, Elmer; ‘The Silver Republicans in the Election of 1896’; The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 18, No. 4 (March 1932), pp. 519-534
  5. ^ McCarthy, G. Michael; ‘The People’s Party in Colorado: A Profile of Populist Leadership’; Agricultural History, Vol. 47, No. 2 (April 1973), pp. 146-155
  6. ^ Stock, Catherine McNicol; ‘Making War Their Business: The Short History of Populist Anti-Militarism’; The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Vol. 13, No. 3 (July 2014), pp. 387-399
  7. ^ ‘Republicans Do Not Hope To Carry Colorado’; San Francisco Examiner, October 29, 1900, p. 2
  8. ^ Dave Leip's U.S. Election Atlas; Presidential General Election Results – Colorado
  9. ^ a b c d Géoelections; Popular Vote at the Presidential Election for 1900 (.xlsx file for €30 including full minor party figures)
This page was last edited on 26 March 2021, at 18:37
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