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Leo E. Allen
Leo Elwood Allen.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th district
In office
January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
Preceded byEverett Dirksen
Succeeded byJohn B. Anderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1949
Preceded byWilliam R. Johnson
Succeeded byRalph E. Church
Personal details
Born(1898-10-05)October 5, 1898
Elizabeth, Illinois U.S.
DiedJanuary 19, 1973(1973-01-19) (aged 74)
Galena, Illinois U.S.
Political partyRepublican

Leo Elwood Allen (October 5, 1898 – January 19, 1973) was an American politician from Illinois.

Born in Elizabeth, Illinois, Allen's maternal grandparents were German immigrants and his paternal grandfather was from England.[1] He attended public schools and graduated from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor in 1923. During the First World War, he served as a sergeant in the 123rd Field Artillery Regiment between 1917 and 1919. He taught school in Galena, Illinois in 1922 and 1923 and was clerk of the circuit court of Jo Daviess County from 1924 to 1932. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1930, starting a practice in Galena.

Allen was elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1932 and would be re-elected thirteen additional times, serving from March 4, 1933 to January 3, 1961. He twice served as chairman of the House Committee on Rules during the two Congresses he served in which the Republicans held majorities, the 80th Congress (1947–1949) and the 83rd Congress (1953–1955). Allen declined to seek a fifteenth term in 1960 and retired in Galena, where he died on January 19, 1973. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery.

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  • ✪ Why should you read Tolstoy's "War and Peace"? - Brendan Pelsue
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Transcription

"War and Peace," a tome, a slog, the sort of book you shouldn't read in bed because if you fall asleep, it could give you a concussion, right? Only partly. "War and Peace" is a long book, sure, but it's also a thrilling examination of history, populated with some of the deepest, most realistic characters you'll find anywhere. And if its length intimidates you, just image how poor Tolstoy felt. In 1863, he set out to write a short novel about a political dissident returning from exile in Siberia. Five years later, he had produced a 1,200 page epic featuring love stories, battlefields, bankruptcies, firing squads, religious visions, the burning of Moscow, and a semi-domesticated bear, but no exile and no political dissidents. Here's how it happened. Tolstoy, a volcanic soul, was born to a famously eccentric aristocratic family in 1828. By the time he was 30, he had already dropped out of Kazan University, gambled away the family fortune, joined the army, written memoirs, and rejected the literary establishment to travel Europe. He then settled into Yasnaya Polyana, his ancestral mansion, to write about the return of the Decembrists, a band of well-born revolutionaries pardoned in 1856 after 30 years in exile. But, Tolstoy thought, how could he tell the story of the Decembrists return from exile without telling the story of 1825, when they revolted against the conservative Tsar Nicholas II? And how could he do that without telling the story of 1812, when Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia helped trigger the authoritarianism the Decembrists were rebelling against? And how could he tell the story of 1812 without talking about 1805, when the Russians first learned of the threat Napoleon posed after their defeat at the Battle of Austerlitz? So Tolstoy began writing, both about the big events of history and the small lives that inhabit those events. He focused on aristocrats, the class he knew best. The book only occasionally touches on the lives of the vast majority of the Russian population, who were peasants, or even serfs, farmers bound to serve the owners of the land on which they lived. "War and Peace" opens on the eve of war between France and Russia. Aristocrats at a cocktail party fret about the looming violence, but then change the topic to those things aristocrats always seem to care about: money, sex, and death. This first scene is indicative of the way the book bounces between the political and personal over an ever-widening canvas. There are no main characters in "War and Peace." Instead, readers enter a vast interlocking web of relationships and questions. Will the hapless and illegitimate son of a count marry a beautiful but conniving princess? Will his only friend survive the battlefields of Austria? And what about that nice young girl falling in love with both men at once? Real historical figures mix and mingle with all these fictional folk, Napoleon appears several times, and even one of Tolstoy's ancestors plays a background part. But while the characters and their psychologies are gripping, Tolstoy is not afraid to interrupt the narrative to pose insightful questions about history. Why do wars start? What are good battlefield tactics? Do nations rise and fall on the actions of so-called great men like Napoleon, or are there larger cultural and economic forces at play? These extended digressions are part of what make "War and Peace" so panoramic in scope. But for some 19th century critics, this meant "War and Peace" barely felt like a novel at all. It was a "large, loose, baggy monster," in the words of Henry James. Tolstoy, in fact, agreed. To him, novels were a western European form. Russian writers had to write differently because Russian people lived differently. "What is 'War and Peace'?" he asked. "It is not a novel. Still less an epic poem. Still less a historical chronicle. 'War and Peace' is what the author wanted and was able to express in the form in which it was expressed." It is, in other words, the sum total of Tolstoy's imaginative powers, and nothing less. By the time "War and Peace" ends, Tolstoy has brought his characters to the year 1820, 36 years before the events he originally hoped to write about. In trying to understand his own times, he had become immersed in the years piled up behind him. The result is a grand interrogation into history, culture, philosophy, psychology, and the human response to war.

References

  1. ^ "United States Census, 1900", FamilySearch, retrieved April 11, 2018

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William R. Johnson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 13th congressional district

March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1949
Succeeded by
Ralph E. Church
Preceded by
Everett Dirksen
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 16th congressional district

January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1961
Succeeded by
John B. Anderson


This page was last edited on 19 May 2019, at 23:48
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