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Batman (franchise)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Adaptations of Batman in other media
Batman actors.jpg
Created byBill Finger
Bob Kane
Jerry Robinson
Original sourceComics published by DC Comics
First appearanceDetective Comics #27 (May 1939)
Print publications
Novel(s)Batman: Dead White
Batman: Fear Itself
Batman: Inferno
Batman: The Ultimate Evil
Enemies & Allies
Wayne of Gotham
Reference book(s)Batman: The Complete History
The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual
Films and television
Film(s)
Television
show(s)
Theatrical presentations
Musical(s)Batman: The Musical
Holy Musical B@man! (2012)
Audio presentations
Radio show(s)
Soundtrack(s)Batman: Original Motion Picture Score (1989)
Games
Board game(s)HeroClix
Video game(s)

Since his first appearance in 1939, Batman has been adapted into various media such as film, radio, television, and video games, as well as numerous merchandising items. The Batman franchise is the fourteenth highest-grossing media franchise of all time, having made an estimated US$28.6 billion in revenue.

Film

Early films and serials

Live-action

A number of Batman theatrical films have been made. There have also been several attempted projects during the hiatus between Batman & Robin and Batman Begins.

Serials

Batman

In 1966, a Batman feature film based on the contemporaneous Batman television series was released. It starred Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, Cesar Romero as the Joker, Burgess Meredith as the Penguin, Frank Gorshin as the Riddler, and Lee Meriwether as Catwoman.

Tim Burton and Joel Schumacher series :

Occupation Films
Batman
(1989)
Batman Returns
(1992)
Batman Forever
(1995)
Batman & Robin
(1997)
Director Tim Burton Joel Schumacher
Producer(s) Jon Peters
Peter Guber
Denise Di Novi
Tim Burton
Tim Burton
Peter MacGregor-Scott
Peter MacGregor-Scott
Screenwriter(s) Sam Hamm
Warren Skaaren
Wesley Strick Akiva Goldsman Akiva Goldsman
Story by Sam Hamm Daniel Waters Lee Batchler
Janet Scott Batchler
Cinematographer Roger Pratt Stefan Czapsky Stephen Goldblatt
Composer Danny Elfman Elliot Goldenthal
Editor(s) Ray Lovejoy Chris Lebenzon Dennis Virkler Dennis Virkler
Mark Stevens
Batman portrayer Michael Keaton Val Kilmer George Clooney

The Dark Knight Trilogy

Occupation Films
Batman Begins
(2005)
The Dark Knight
(2008)
The Dark Knight Rises
(2012)
Director Christopher Nolan
Producers Charles Roven
Emma Thomas
Larry Franco
Emma Thomas
Charles Roven
Christopher Nolan
Screenwriter(s) Christopher Nolan
David S. Goyer
Jonathan Nolan
Christopher Nolan
Story by David S. Goyer Christopher Nolan
David S. Goyer
Composer(s) Hans Zimmer
James Newton Howard
Hans Zimmer
Cinematographer Wally Pfister
Editor(s) Lee Smith
Batman portrayer Christian Bale

DC Extended Universe and DC Black

Occupation DCEU Films DC Black Films
Batman v Superman:
Dawn of Justice

(2016)
Suicide Squad
(2016)
Justice League
(2017)
Zack Snyder's
Justice League

(2021)
The Flash
(2022)
Joker[1][2]
(2019)
Director Zack Snyder David Ayer Zack Snyder/Joss Whedon Andrés Muschietti Todd Phillips
Producers Charles Roven
Deborah Snyder
Charles Roven
Richard Suckle
Charles Roven
Deborah Snyder
Jon Berg
Geoff Johns
Charles Roven
Deborah Snyder
Michael Disco

Barbara Muschietti

Todd Phillips
Bradley Cooper
Emma Tillinger Koskoff
Screenwriter(s) Chris Terrio
David S. Goyer
David Ayer Chris Terrio
Joss Whedon
Chris Terrio Christina Hodson Todd Phillips
Scott Silver
Story by Chris Terrio and Zack Snyder
Composer(s) Hans Zimmer
Junkie XL
Steven Price Danny Elfman Junkie XL TBA Hildur Guðnadóttir
Cinematographer Larry Fong Roman Vasyanov Fabian Wagner TBA Lawrence Sher
Editor(s) David Brenner John Gilroy David Brenner
Richard Pearson
Martin Walsh
TBA TBA Jeff Groth
Batman portrayer Ben Affleck Ben Affleck & Michael Keaton Dante Pereira-Olson

Animated

Featuring Batman

Team-Ups

Web series

Other

Television

Live-action

  • 1952: Adventures of Superman; Batman was seen on the cover of several comic books alongside Dick Grayson/Robin vs. the Joker in the episode Mystery in Wax.
  • 1966–68: Batman starring Adam West and Burt Ward as Bruce Wayne/Batman and Dick Grayson/Robin respectively. Yvonne Craig played Barbara Gordon/Batgirl in the 3rd season. This was the first onscreen appearance of Batgirl.
  • 1972: "Equal pay" Public Service Announcement featuring Dick Gautier as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Yvonne Craig as Batgirl.
  • 1979: Legends of the Superheroes by Hanna Barbera, featuring West and Ward as Batman and Robin.[6]
  • 1995: Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman, features a cameo appearance of the Batmobile from the film Batman (1989) in the episode "Don't Tug on Superman's Cape", implying that the wealthy couple Tim and Amber Lake (Jonathan Frakes and Genie Francis) stole it from Batman. Batman is also mentioned in the next episode "Ultra Woman".
  • 2001: Batman OnStar commercials, a television advertising campaign for OnStar featuring Bruce Thomas as Batman and Michael Gough as Alfred, and followed the visual style of the 1989–97 film series.
  • 2002: Birds of Prey, TV series that briefly showed Batman in the first episode and in a recap during the opening credits. His marriage to Catwoman in this show is similar to his Earth-2 counterpart where he is the father of Huntress. He left Gotham City at some point after Catwoman is killed and Barbara Gordon was crippled by Joker. The actor remains uncredited. At the end of the series, it is revealed that Alfred maintains contact with Bruce Wayne when giving him the status of his daughter
  • 2017: Powerless: Batman is seen in the opening theme, and mentioned throughout the show. One of the main characters is actually Bruce Wayne's cousin Van Wayne who is in charge of Wayne Security in Charge City.
  • 2018: Titans: Batman appears in the season finale in a dream sequence created by Raven's father Trigon with Alain Moussi and Maxim Savarias portraying Batman as stunt doubles. In Trigon's induced dream, Batman started killing his enemies causing Dick to end Batman's life.[7][8] Iain Glen portrayed Bruce Wayne / Batman for the show's second season.[9] As a result, Bruce is portrayed much older than most versions. Bruce is visited by Dick after the defeat of Trigon, allowing Dick to restart the Titans on the condition that Robin II be a member. In his self-titled episode, Bruce appears in Dick's hallucinations about the guilt he felt following a disastrous fight with Deathstroke. In the episode "E.L._.O.," Starfire, Raven, Donna Troy, and Dove are lured to the Elko Diner by Bruce in an effort to reunite the team after Dick was incarcerated at Kane County Correctional Facility. In the episode "Nightwing," Bruce Wayne attends Donna's funeral at Titan's Tower. When Starfire thanks Bruce for bringing them together, Bruce had no knowledge of going to Elko and claimed that they confused him with someone else.
  • 2020: The Not-Too-Late Show with Elmo: Batman (played by an uncredited actor) is a guest on an episode of the internet talk show featuring characters from Sesame Street.

Bruce Wayne

In 1999, Tim McCanlies wrote a pilot script and series bible for a planned series called Bruce Wayne to be produced by Tollin/Robbins Productions. Taking place in his teenage years, the series would cover his passage into young adulthood, training, and development into becoming Batman. Other characters would include Alfred, Sergeant Jim Gordon, law school student Harvey Dent, and a seductive young Selina Kyle. Planned to run for five to six seasons, it would show how he acquired his martial arts skills, his equipment, and detective abilities he would use in his war on crime. It would also focus on topics such as corruption within the board of Wayne Enterprises (an element which influenced Batman Begins and Gotham) and police affiliation with the mafia. Bruce Wayne was nearing pre-production when Warner Bros.‘s movie division felt it would conflict with the planned Year One movie and scrapped it. The result was Batman Begins and Tollin/Robbins Productions later went to create Smallville, a series about a teenage Clark Kent.[10]

Gotham

In 2014, Warner Bros. Television and Fox Network premiered the series Gotham with show creator Bruno Heller, which focuses on James Gordon (played by Ben McKenzie), a detective solving Thomas and Martha Wayne's murder.[11][12] The series premiered in 2014 and ended in 2019, which features Bruce Wayne (played by David Mazouz) at 12 years old by the first season and at 19 years old by the final season, as well as his journey to becoming Batman. In the show, Wayne executes several characteristics that his alter-ego Batman is known for, such as expertise in stealth, deduction and hand-to-hand combatant. Fox Chairman Kevin Reilly revealed that the series has an origin story of Wayne before becoming Batman, as well as origin stories for Joker, Riddler, Penguin, and Catwoman among other Batman villains. The series has a similar tone to the Christopher Nolan Batman films.[13] Danny Cannon directed the pilot and executive produces the series.[14] The series finale is set in a 10-year time jump, with Mazouz suited up as Batman in close ups along with actor and real estate salesperson Mikhail Mudrik as Batman in the suit as his uncredited performance.[15] Mudrik served as a stand-in as Mazouz wasn't 6 foot 4, the showrunners height preference for their Batman, while Mazouz provided Batman's voice.[16]

Arrowverse

Bruce Wayne or Batman is mentioned in various times of The CW's series The Flash, Arrow, Supergirl and DC's Legends of Tomorrow.

  • The 2018 crossover Elseworlds confirms that Batman exists within the Arrowverse in both Earth-1 (home of Arrow and The Flash) and Earth-38 (home of Supergirl). On Earth-38, he is friends or "frenemies" with Superman.[17] On Earth-1, Bruce Wayne, along with Batman, went missing three years before the events of the crossover. Gotham is now being protected by his cousin Kate Kane/Batwoman. Batman is considered to be a myth by Green Arrow, who insists that he is his Earth's original vigilante until Batwoman's presence validates Gotham City's own existence. Supergirl mentions her cousin's relationship with Batman's Earth-38 doppelgänger to Batwoman.[18]
  • Bruce Wayne/Batman is mentioned in the series Batwoman. He is shown in the pilot episode in a flashback portrayed by an uncredited extra. In Batman's place, Crows Security was established to help protect Gotham City. Despite Bruce Wayne's disappearance, Lucius Fox's son Luke knows where he is and has the means to contact him. However, Wayne rarely answer his calls. Bruce's history with Thomas Elliot remains intact. In the season one finale episode "O, Mouse", Warren Christie portrayed Bruce Wayne/Batman on a magazine cover when Alice made a face for Hush to look like Bruce so that he can get into Wayne Enterprises and obtain the Kryptonite that Alice plans to use on Batwoman's Batsuit.
  • In the Arrow episode "Starling City" on Lian Yu, the cowl of Earth-2's Batman is seen on Lian Yu. Adrian Chase/The Hood later quoted "Bruce Wayne once told me that if you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth".
  • In August 2019, Kevin Conroy was cast as the Earth-99 version of Bruce Wayne/Batman for the 2019 crossover "Crisis on Infinite Earths".[19] In the crossover, he is depicted as an aged man wearing an exo-skeleton (a reference to Kingdom Come and The Dark Knight Returns) after years of killing his enemies (akin to the iteration from Batman & Dracula trilogy) as well as his version of Superman ever since his Kate died. In addition, he is served by this world's version of Luke Fox. Harbinger sent Kate Kane of Earth-1 and Supergirl of Earth-38 to look for the "Bat of the Future". He tries to kill Earth-38 Supergirl and Earth-1 Kate Kane as well, only to end up accidentally electrocuting himself to death.
  • Arrow producer Marc Guggenheim has revealed that originally in the show's final episode "Fadeout" that Oliver would have inspired Bruce to become Batman.[20]

Pennyworth

Gotham creator Bruno Heller and executive producer Danny Cannon developed an Alfred Pennyworth TV series titled Pennyworth which is an origin story on a younger Alfred and his past as a soldier in the SAS. The two are the showrunners for the series which aired in 2019 on Epix with Jack Bannon portraying the young Alfred.[21][22][23]

Untitled Gotham television series

On July 10, 2020, HBO Max have announced that Matt Reeves and Terence Winter are both making a spin-off television series which is taking place in The Batman universe which Reeves is developing with the film, and, the series was reportedly announced to be "an untitled Gotham PD (Police Department) drama".[24]

Set in the world Reeves is creating for The Batman feature film and will build upon the motion picture’s examination of the anatomy of corruption in Gotham City, ultimately launching a new Batman universe across multiple platforms. The series provides an unprecedented opportunity to extend the world established in the movie and further explore the myriad of compelling and complex characters of Gotham

Despite the Hollywood Reporter reportedly announced that it is unclear if actor Jeffrey Wright is set to reprise his role as Jim Gordon from the film into the series, the website Fandom has announced Wright will return as Gordon.[26]

Animation

Super Friends

DC Animated Universe

  • 1992–2006: In The DC animated universe produced by Warner Bros. Animation; Batman is a major character and is voiced by Kevin Conroy in all appearances:
    • 1992–95: Batman: The Animated Series; the first series of the DCAU. Batman is in the middle years of his career, he spends much of his time fighting crime solo, as Dick Grayson/Robin by then is in college and therefore works semi regularly. He is also shown regularly dating Selina Kyle when not crime fighting. He is shown to also have a very close relationship with Commissioner James Gordon viewing him like a father figure and becomes extremely worried for him in one episode and quits for a while after he is badly injured and nearly dies after being hurt by a criminal, though he comes to his senses later on.
    • 1996–99: Superman: The Animated Series; Batman first guest stars in "World's Finest", he comes to Metropolis to stop Joker, who being bankrupt allies with Lex Luthor to kill Superman for a million dollars. He also dates Lois Lane briefly much to the chagrin of Clark Kent /Superman, though they put aside their differences and work to stop Joker. He next appears in "Knight Time", where he is revealed to have gone missing leading to Superman and Robin working together to find him, and when they do find out he is under Brainiac's control, the latter wanting a secret weapon to help control the planet though he is eventually stopped. He then appears in "The Demon Reborn" where he rescues Superman from Ra's al Ghul who wanted the former's strength for immortality after the Lazarus Pits began failing due to his continuous usage. The duo then team up to stop him and the League of Shadows.
    • 1997–99: The New Batman Adventures; a continuation of Batman: The Animated Series, Bruce now works with Barbara Gordon/Batgirl and Tim Drake/Robin, the former of whose secret identity he figured out in the interim between the two shows. Dick Grayson left Gotham after an argument with Batman over not telling him Barbara's secret and his increased ruthlessness, though he eventually returns and occasionally works with him as Nightwing.
    • 1999–2001: Batman Beyond; a middle-aged Batman retired from crime-fighting after he suffered a heart attack during a rescue mission that forced him to use a gun in self defense, something he highly detests, though he didn't kill his attacker. Twenty years later, though initially reluctant, Bruce passes the mantle of Batman onto teenager Terry McGinnis (voiced by Will Friedle) after the latter experiences a similar tragedy to his own, the loss of a parent, thus becoming his mentor from that point onwards.
    • 2001: The Zeta Project; the future Batman guest stars in the episode "Shadows".
    • 2001–04: Justice League; the original Batman becomes one of the founding members of the League, though does not officially join them, claiming not to be a "people" person. He plays a pivotal role in stopping the Imperium Invasion in the premiere three parter episode. Meets an alternate version of himself who has become a dictator on his earth alongside his fellow lords and succeeds in convincing the latter that he is wrong and sets him on the right path, and in the three part season finale, risks his life in stopping the Thanagarian invasion. He is also shown having a mutual attraction to Wonder Woman as they flirt frequently evidenced in the episodes, "The Brave and the Bold", "Maid of Honor" and the finale.
    • 2002–04: Static Shock; Batman guest stars in "The Big Leagues" where he and Robin help Static stop Joker and his new gang of metahumans, "Hard as Nails" where he helps Static thwart Poison Ivy and Harley Quinn's plans to use new bang baby Nails and rescue her, "A League of Their Own" where he, the Justice League and Static fight Brainiac and "Future Shock" where both he and his older self from Batman Beyond appear with the former playing a minor role alongside Robin in stopping a villain Timecode and the latter a bigger one as he helps Static and his successor Terry rescue Static's future self; he appears in his "New Batman Adventures" attire for three episodes and in his "Justice League" outfit for one episode.
    • 2004–06: Justice League Unlimited; a continuation of Justice League, he again plays instrumental roles in helping his allies, such as recruiting Green Arrow to the Justice League in "Initiation", help save Wonder Woman after she is transformed into a pig by Circe in "This Little Piggy", in that episode he reveals that though he may have feelings for Diana, does not want to enter a relationship with her as he fears that it could cause problems in the team and demonstrates to Amanda Waller, that she is only a tool in Lex Luthor's plot to discredit the League. The episode "Epilogue" reveals that he is Terry's biological father, due to Waller's machinations. She came to admire and respect Batman and thought a world without him and his skillset was unacceptable. She then created Project Batman Beyond to ensure he would have a successor, first by rewriting Warren McGinnis' DNA with a copy of Bruce's and then hired Bruce's former fiancee Andrea Beaumont to kill Terry's parents when he was 8 years old and under the same circumstances to trigger a trauma in the boy much like his biological father, though the assassin out of respect for Bruce and his code did not go through with it leading to Waller shutting down the project. Though partially complete she would eventually succeed by chance after Terry's father's murder compels him to become the new Dark Knight.

Other

Radio

Beginning in March 1945, Batman and Robin made regular appearances on the radio drama The Adventures of Superman on the Mutual Broadcasting System, including solo stories when series star, Bud Collyer had time off. Batman was voiced by Matt Crowley, Stacy Harris and Gary Merrill, with Ronald Liss as Robin.

Efforts were later made to launch a Batman radio series in 1943 and again in 1950, but neither came to fruition.

In 1989, an original radio drama, Batman: The Lazarus Syndrome, was produced by Dirk Maggs for BBC Radio 4. Bob Sessions was the voice of Batman.

A second Maggs production aired on BBC Radio 1 in 1994, this time adapting the comic book storyline Batman: Knightfall. It was adapted, produced and directed by Maggs—with music composed by Mark Russell—who had also made Superman: Doomsday & Beyond on BBC Radio 5. This show, however was not commissioned of its own, but rather to be three-minute episodes on the Mark Goodier Show. This meant it was written with a sense of immediacy; having to make an instant effect and each three-minute segment contains a major plot development or sound effect stunt and ends on a cliffhanger. DC acknowledged the effort in an issue Shadow of The Bat by having villains jump past a sign reading "Dirk Maggs Radio". Michael Gough reprised the role of Alfred Pennyworth from the Burton/Schumacher film series.

Newspaper

From 1943 to 1946, Batman and Robin appeared in a syndicated daily newspaper comic strip produced by the McClure Syndicate. Other versions appeared in 1953, 1966, and 1989. The original run is collected in the book Batman: The Dailies. One more comic strip series ran briefly after the success of the 1989 film.

Books

Batman appears in a novel by cyberpunk/horror novelist John Shirley, titled Batman: Dead White from Del Rey. Many other novels and short story collections featuring Batman have been published over the years, including novelizations of each of the recent movies (such as Batman and The Dark Knight Rises) and many of the comic book arcs.

There are also several more scholarly works, aimed at either Batman's history or art, such as Les Daniels' Batman: The Complete History, Will Brooker's Batman Unmasked: Analysing a Cultural Icon and compilations such as Batman: Cover to Cover: The Greatest Comic Book Covers of the Dark Knight. In 2004, The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual, written by Scott Beatty was published by Quirk Books (ISBN 1-59474-023-2). Written in the same style as The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook series, the book explained the basics on how to be Batman. Amongst the skills included in the book are "How to Train a Sidekick", "How to Execute a Backflip", "How to Throw a Grappling Hook", and "How to Survive a Poison Gas Attack". Finally, there are of course countless sticker, coloring, activity, and other children's books featuring the Dark Knight.[30]

Foreign comics

Novelty singles

Several musical singles featuring cast members of the television show singing in-character were released in 1966: Burgess Meredith as the Penguin in "The Capture" and "The Escape", Frank Gorshin as the Riddler in "The Riddler", and Adam West as Batman in "Miranda". In 1976 West performed a pair of novelty songs, "The Story of Batman" and "Batman and Robin", for Target Records. All six of these recordings (sans the b-sides to Gorshin and West's singles) were later included on the 1997 compilation, Batmania: Songs Inspired by Batman TV Series.

In 1966, Burt Ward also recorded a limited "disc jokey only" release with Frank Zappa called "Boy Wonder, I Love You".

Also in 1966, British novelty group The Scaffold produced a single called "Goodbat Nightman" (lyrics by Roger McGough, who "has written several poems" about Batman and Robin).[31]

Audio drama

Following the popularity of the Adam West television series, a pair of LPs were released in 1966 on MGM's "Leo the Lion" label. Each contained three dramatizations, including stories adapted from Batman comic books:

  • The Official Adventures Of Batman And Robin:
    • The Legend of Batman and Robin
    • The Penguin's Plunder
    • The Joker's Revenge
  • More Official Adventures of Batman & Robin:
    • The Marriage of Batman and Batwoman
    • The Fake Boy Wonder
    • When Batman Became a Coward

Throughout the 1970s Batman was the subject of a number of Power Records Book-and-record sets, as well as records unaccompanied by books:[32]

45 rpm book and record sets:

  • Batman: Stacked Cards
  • Batman: Robin Meets Man-Bat

7" 33​13 rpm records no comic:

  • Batman: If Music be the Food of Death
  • Batman: The Scarecrow's Mirages
  • Batman: Catwoman's Revenge

33​13 rpm 12 book and record sets:

  • Batman: Gorilla City & Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse
  • Batman (Collects Stacked Cards, The Scarecrow's Mirage, Challenge of the Catwoman, If Music Be the Food of Death)
  • Batman (Collects Robin Meets Man Bat, Gorilla City, Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse, The Catwoman's Revenge)
  • A Super Hero Christmas (segment Batman: Christmas Carol Caper)

The 1980 mini-series, The Untold Legend of the Batman was available in a special "MPI Audio Edition." Each of the three issues were accompanied by an audio cassette containing a performance of the text of the issue, with musical cues.

As part of its DC Superheroes collection, in 1982 Fisher-Price released Batman: The Case of the Laughing Sphinx, an audio cassette accompanied by a hard back illustrated book.

In 2007, the audiobook publisher GraphicAudio licensed DC Comics properties to adapt as audiodramas. They have produced three adaptations of Batman novels: Batman: Dead White by John Shirley, Batman: Inferno by Alex Irvine, and Alan Grant's Batman: The Stone King. Batman also appears as a supporting cast member in the GraphicAudio's adaptations of Crisis on Infinite Earths, Infinite Crisis and JLA: Exterminators.

Video games

Video games featuring Batman include:

Lego: Batman

Batman Arkham

Other DC Games

LittleBigPlanet

  • LittleBigPlanet 2 (2011) for PlayStation 3: A puzzle-platformer video game featuring several DC characters, including Batman (voiced by Gary Martin)
  • LittleBigPlanet PS Vita (2012) for PlayStation Vita: A puzzle-platformer video game featuring several DC characters, including Batman (voiced by Gary Martin)

Other video games

  • The Revenge of Shinobi features a non-authorized Batman as a boss.
  • The 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System game Final Fantasy features "Badman", a character with strong resemblances to Batman, as one of the enemies of the final area.
  • The 2017 game Fortnite has Batman-themed merchandise such as Catwoman and Batman outfits and a Gotham City location in the map. This was added in honour Of Batman's 80th anniversary.

Musical theatre

While a parody of a Batman musical was featured in one of the most recent series' comics, in 2002, Jim Steinman, David Ives, and Tim Burton had worked on a theatre production called Batman: The Musical although it was ultimately cancelled. Steinman has revealed five songs from the musical. The first is the opening theme for "Gotham City" and the entry of Batman with his tortured solo "The Graveyard Shift"; followed by "The Joker's Song (Where Does He Get All Those Wonderful Toys?)", "The Catwoman's Song (I Need All The Love I Can Get)", "We're Still The Children We Once Were" (the climactic sequence) and "In The Land Of The Pig The Butcher Is King", sung by the corrupt blood-suckers ruling Gotham, covered on the Meat Loaf album Bat Out of Hell III: The Monster Is Loose. These songs can be heard at the Batman: The Musical memorial site, Dark Knight of the Soul.

A Batman musical is also parodied in the animated series Batman Beyond. The episode "Out of the Past", (first aired October 21, 2000) opens with Bruce Wayne and Terry McGinnis attending a performance of (a fictional) Batman: The Musical, featuring caricatures of prominent members of the Rogues Gallery (the Joker, the Penguin, Two-Face, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, and Harley Quinn). Series creator Paul Dini, who wrote the episode in question, also wrote a song for the fictitious musical entitled Superstitious and Cowardly Lot.

An episode of the sketch comedy show MADtv also featured a Batman: The Musical parody called Batman V: Out of the Cave which starred Tommy Tune as Batman, and Ben Vereen as Robin.

A live stage show was also created, called Batman Live: World Tour. The show is a unique fusion of live action theatre, magic, stunts, digital projection and music from an 85-piece orchestra and choir. The tour began at Manchester, UK in Summer 2011 and visited arenas throughout the UK and Europe before arriving in North America in Summer 2012.

In 2012, the Internet theatre troupe StarKid Productions created a musical titled Holy Musical B@man!, which went on YouTube on April 13. It was performed in Chicago from March 16–25, and because of copyright laws, tickets were free. Batman is portrayed by Joseph (Joe) Walker.

Music

The album Knightfall by multinational Swedish band Silent Images, is based on the Batman: Knightfall story arc, with Batman serving as a central character, the "Nightly Priest". The album explores the underlying sociopolitical themes in the Batman universe, and his struggle against "The Venomous One", which is the album's interpretation of Bane.[38][39][40]

Fine arts

Starting with the Pop Art period, and on a continuing basis, since the 1960s, the character of Batman has been "appropriated" by multiple visual artists and incorporated into contemporary artwork, most notably by Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Mel Ramos, Dulce Pinzon, Mr. Brainwash, Raymond Pettibon, Peter Saul, and others.[41][42][43][44][45][46][47]

Games, action figures, and other toys

Hundreds of Batman action figures, die-cast models, and other items have been released. Many companies have acquired the rights to make Batman merchandise, including:

Batman has appeared as a HeroClix figure, along with other Batman characters, in the following HeroClix sets:

  • Hypertime
  • Cosmic Justice
  • Unleashed
  • Legacy
  • Icons

For April 2006, Lego introduced a Batman line which also includes characters such as the Joker and Two-Face, at American International Toy Fair.

Postage stamps

In 2006, the United States Postal Service (USPS) issued a DC Comics Superheroes pane of 20 stamps which included a stamp of Batman.[48]

To celebrate the 75th anniversary of Batman, USPS released a limited edition stamp series on October 9, 2014.[49] Four versions of the superhero were depicted from the four eras of comic book history: Golden, Silver, Bronze and Modern. In addition, it included four versions of the Bat-Signal.

Theme park attractions

the central, metal laticework spire of the Batwing Spaceshot ride.
The 61 metres (200 ft)-tall Batwing Spaceshot tower in the Gold Coast, Australia

Several Six Flags theme parks, formerly owned by Warner Bros., opened live-action "Batman Stunt Shows" as the movies increased in popularity. The now closed Six Flags Astroworld in Houston, Texas was home to a standing roller coaster known as Batman: The Escape. Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas is home to two roller coasters called Mr. Freeze, and Batman: The Ride. Six Flags México in Mexico City, Mexico has also a looping, suspended roller coaster named Batman: The Ride (Six Flags St. Louis has the same ride, as does Six Flags Great America in Gurnee, Illinois) as well as twin roller coasters named Batman and Robin: The Chiller. On the latter attraction, riders may ride on either the Batman or Robin versions of the coaster. But unfortunately in the 2007 off-season, the ride was removed after a long history of technical difficulties and occasionally breaking down. Six Flags Over Georgia contains a Gotham City area that contains the same Batman: The Ride and also features a looping coaster called The Mindbender that was adapted to fit the color tone of the Riddler after Batman Forever came out to fit the Gotham City section of the park it shares with Batman: The Ride. Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California has two Batman-themed coasters, the suspended coaster Batman: The Ride, and The Riddler's Revenge, a stand-up type roller coaster. This Six Flags park also features an entire themed area called "Gotham City" complete with architecture to match that of the fictional Gotham City. Warner Bros. Movie World in the Gold Coast, Australia, also has two Batman-themed rides. Batman Adventure – The Ride, revamped in 2001, is a motion simulator style simulator ride while Batwing Spaceshot is a vertical free-fall ride.

In 2008, The Dark Knight Coaster opened in Six Flags Great Adventure and Six Flags Great America. Based on The Dark Knight film, they are Wild Mouse roller coasters, indoors, heavily themed, and give riders a feeling that they are being stalked by the Joker. Six Flags New England was originally going to receive this roller coaster; however, due to problems with building permits, the park scratched the project and then sent the coaster to Six Flags México.

See also

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External links

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