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Sergei Stanishev

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sergei Stanishev
Сергей Станишев

Sergey Stanishev 2009 elections diff crop.jpg
President of the Party of European Socialists
Assumed office
24 November 2011
Preceded byPoul Nyrup Rasmussen
Member of the European Parliament
for Bulgaria
Assumed office
1 July 2014
49th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
In office
17 August 2005 – 27 July 2009
PresidentGeorgi Parvanov
DeputyIvailo Kalfin
Meglena Plugchieva
Daniel Valchev
Emel Etem Toshkova
Preceded bySimeon Sakskoburggotski
Succeeded byBoyko Borisov
Leader of the Socialist Party
In office
5 December 2001 – 27 July 2014
Preceded byGeorgi Parvanov
Succeeded byMihail Mikov
Member of the National Assembly
for Ruse
In office
19 April 1997 – 10 July 2014
Personal details
Born
Sergei Dmitrievich Stanishev

(1966-05-05) 5 May 1966 (age 53)
Kherson, Soviet Union
(now Ukraine)
Political partySocialist Party
Other political
affiliations
Party of European Socialists
Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Spouse(s)Monika Yosifova (2013–present)
Children2
EducationMoscow State University

Sergei Dmitrievich Stanishev (Bulgarian: Сергей Дмитриевич Станишев; born 5 May 1966) is a Bulgarian politician who has served as President of the Party of European Socialists since November 2011 and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Bulgaria. He previously served as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2005 to 2009, Leader of the Socialist Party from 2001 to 2014 and Member of the National Assembly from 1997 to 2014.[1]

Early life, education and career

Stanishev was born in 1966, in Kherson, Ukrainian SSR (Soviet Union) to Dinah Sergeevna Muhina, a Soviet citizen and Dimitar Stanishev [bg; ru; hu; zh], a Bulgarian communist official who headed Bulgarian communist party's foreign policy department and would later become secretary of the central committee of the Communist Party Bulgaria.[2][3]

After beginning his schooling in Russia, he then graduated from the 35 SOU "Dobri Voynikov" in Sofia.[4] Stanishev subsequently graduated from Moscow State University in 1989 and obtained his candidate degree (PhD-equivalent) in 1994 both in the field of history. His thesis was entitled “The system of service promotion of high ranking officials in Russia and its evolution during the second half of XIX century”.[4] In 1998, he specialized in political sciences at Moscow School of political studies. He was a visiting fellow in international relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science in 1999-2000. He also worked as a freelance journalist.[5]

In 1995 he became a staff member in the Foreign Affairs Department of the BSP.[6] He was Chief of Foreign Policy and International Relations for the BSP from 1996 to 2001.[7] In May 2000 he was elected a Member of the BSP Supreme Council and Member of the Executive Bureau.[8] In June 2001, he entered politics when he was elected as a member of the Bulgarian National Assembly from the region of Ruse.[citation needed]

Political career

Chairmanship of the Bulgarian Socialist Party

In December 2001 Stanishev was elected Chairman of the BSP at the party's Congress, and also Chairman of the Parliamentary Group of the Coalition for Bulgaria following the resignation of the previous holder of these positions, Georgi Parvanov, after his victory in the 2001 presidential election. Since April 2004 Stanishev has also been a member of the presidency of the Party of European Socialists. Even though, at the beginning, older party members regarded him with suspicion due to his lack of experience,[9] Stanishev has enjoyed considerable public approval[dubious ] mainly because of his successful efforts[dubious ] to modernise the BSP. Stanishev succeed to modernise the Bulgarian Socialist Party, leading it to a fill membership to Socialist's international and then - to member of the PES. He was elected as a member of the European Parliament for a second term in 2019.[10]

Prime minister

For more information on cabinet formation and composition, see Stanishev Government.

In the general election of June 25, 2005, Stanishev was re-elected to the National Assembly, this time for a seat in Burgas. Under his leadership the Coalition for Bulgaria (a coalition dominated by the BSP) won 31% of the votes. Stanishev said that the next government "should be led by the party which won most votes in the elections." On 20 July, after nearly a month of political uncertainty, Stanishev agreed to attempt to form a Cabinet. On July 27, 2005 the Bulgarian Parliament chose him as the new Prime Minister in a coalition government, led by the BSP and National Movement Simeon II in a partnership with the Movement for Rights and Freedoms. The vote was 120 to 119. However, the parliament voted against Stanishev's proposed Cabinet by 119 to 117 votes.

This was followed by another two weeks of political deadlock. Finally, on August 15, Stanishev was able to form a three-party grand coalition with the party of outgoing Prime Minister Simeon Sakskoburggotski and with the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, a Turkish minority party. Stanishev said the coalition's priorities would be "European integration, social responsibility and economic growth." He was elected Prime Minister by the Bulgarian parliament on August 16 with 168 in favour and 67 against. On August 17, 2005, with an official ceremony on 1 Dondukov Boulevard, Sergei Stanishev took office as Prime Minister.

Sergei Stanishev is an avid pro-EU politician who is credited[by whom?] with reforming Bulgaria to the extent that he managed to steer his country to be among the last group of countries which joined the EU. Stanishev said Bulgaria's entrance to the EU was the final fall of the Berlin Wall for his nation, while EU President Jose Manuel Barroso hailed Bulgaria for having "gone through a remarkable transformation" in order to join.[11]

The European Commission's report on Bulgaria and Romania's accession had confirmed that after seven years of talks, Bulgaria and Romania were able to take on the rights and obligations of EU membership. Reading the report, Barroso said the two nations' entry would be a "historic achievement".

In June 2008 Stanishev drew criticism from human rights advocates for his remarks regarding Bulgaria's first gay pride parade; the Prime Minister said he did not approve of "the manifestation and demonstration of such orientations."[12]

Also in June 2008 The Guardian published an article highly critical of planned real estate development in a pristine seacoast area under EU environmental protection. Sergei Stanishev's brother, Georgi Stanishev, is the Bulgarian partner of Foster and Partners, the developer behind the controversial project.[13]

In March 2009, New Europe published the heading 'Barroso backs Stanishev'. Stanishev received the full support of European Commissions President Jose Manuel Barroso concerning the improvement of the cooperation with the European Commission and the enhancement of the administrative capacity. Prime Minister Stanishev was on a working visit to Brussels and met with President Barroso, as well as European Commissioner for Energy Andris Piebalgs and Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs Joaquin Almunia.[14]

Later in June 2009, Sergei Stanishev supported Jose Manuel Barroso for a second term as EU Commission President.[15]

President of the Party of European Socialists (PES)

Stanishev took over the PES leadership as Interim President in late 2011 after his predecessor, Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, stepped down from his post. In September 2012, at the 9th PES Congress, Sergei Stanishev was elected (with 91.3% of the votes) as President of PES for a full two-year term. He was the only candidate for the post.[16]

On June 11, 2015,[17] he was re-elected after his rival, Enrique Barón Crespo, withdrew from the race. According to him, his victory margin was 69.5% to 16.5%, with 13.3% abstaining.[18] At the PES congress in Lisbon in 2018 Stanishev was re-elected as president of the PES.[19]

Later career

At the 2014 European parliament election, Stanishev was elected as Member of the European Parliament for Bulgaria, placing second on the BSP party list.

In early July 2014, Stanishev announced that he would step down as leader of the BSP. On July 27, at the BSP's 48th congress, incumbent chairperson of the National Assembly Mihail Mikov was elected to succeed Stanishev as party chair.[20]

In the 2019 European Parliament election Stanishev earned a seat as a Member of the European Parliament for the 2019-2014 term.[21] At the summit at which EU's top jobs were discussed Stanishev was proposed as a candidate for President of the European Parliament.[22] However, he withdrew his nomination.[23] Boyko Borisov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, said Stanishev's nomination was an "honor and pride for Bulgaria".[24] According to Euractiv, Stanishev is "at war" with the leader of the Bulgarian socialists Korneliya Ninova.[25]

Controversies

Scandal Hochegger

In March 2012, scandalous Austrian lobbyist Peter Hochegger was found to have received nearly 1.5 M from the former three-way coalition government for a dubious campaign aimed at boosting Bulgaria's image abroad. A report indicated that a part of the sum paid to Hochegger's company had returned to the PR agency owned by Monika Yosifova, now Stanisheva, wife of Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev. Hochegger made headlines in Bulgaria after it emerged that he had lobbied for Bulgaria's EU accession in exchange for a fee of €1.5 M under two contracts from 2006 and 2008 signed during the term in office of the government headed by Stanishev. The Viennese Regional Criminal Court sentenced Hochegger to two and a half years in prison.[26]

European elections project scandal

A public relations firm led by Stanishev’s wife, Monika Stanisheva, won a €60,000 contract for a project to the European elections in Bulgaria. MEPs from the EPP have rang the alarm bell an "obvious" conflict of interest involving some of the most prominent figures in the European socialist family.

The project consists of a website explaining the functions of the European Parliament to a Bulgarian audience. According to experts, quoted by the Bulgarian press, the website is built on open source software and contains information copy-pasted from the EU institutions own websites. The contract will be investigated by the Budgets Committee of the European Parliament. Stanishev defended his wife saying that she was working on similar projects before they got married in 2013. He attacked his opponents by asking if they, "suggest that she should stop working?". Stanisheva has announced that she was returning the down payment of €29,679.93.[27]

Criminal prosecution for lost documents

Sergei Stanishev faced a court on 18 March 2014 in the so-called "lost documents" case,[28] which many observers and Stanishev himself[29] have claimed as based on pure political grounds. In a written statement, he stated that "In Bulgaria it is clear to everyone that the case against me is political."[17]

He was charged with losing 7 classified documents - 3 from the State Agency for National Security (DANS), 2 from the Interior Ministry, 1 from the Defense Ministry and 1 from NATO - while he was Prime Minister. In October 2013 Stanishev voluntarily gave up his parliamentary immunity to be tried in court.[28]

If convicted, he could have faced a two-year jail sentence or a fine.[17]

On December 16, 2016 Stanishev was acquitted, with the judge stating that "there were no indisputable evidence that Stanishev lost the documents, nor was it proven conclusively that the documents contained confidential information".[30][31]

Personal life

In 2011, PR agent Monika Yosifova announced that she was having a baby with Stanishev.[32] Their daughter Daria was born on May 1, 2011.[33] Their second child Georgi was born in 2013.[4] Yosifova is a divorcee who has two other children - Monika and Ventsislav - by her ex-husband Ventsislav Yosifov.[34] Stanishev married Monika in May 2013.[35]

Stanishev has one brother, architect Georgi Stanishev.

Stanishev acquired Bulgarian citizenship in 1996.[36]

His hobbies include fitness, skiing, swimming and motorcycling.[36]

References

  1. ^ "The President: Sergei Stanishev". PES news. Party of European Socialists. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  2. ^ "Почина майката на Сергей Станишев" [Sergei Stanishev's mother died] (in Bulgarian). 14 May 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Димитър Станишев - политик от БКП". Bulgarian Politburo. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Lilov 2013, p. 349.
  5. ^ "H.E. Sergei Dmitrievich Stanishev". Bussola Institute. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  6. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 350.
  7. ^ "Профил на Сергей Станишев (Sergei Stanishev Biographical Data)". personi.dir.bg editors. personi.dir.bg. Archived from the original on 3 July 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  8. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 353.
  9. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 371.
  10. ^ Krassen Nikolov (29 May 2019). "The full list of MEPs from Bulgaria, re-shuffled by the preferential vote". EU Elections Bulgaria. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Romania and Bulgaria hail EU deal". BBC News Online. British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 September 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  12. ^ Anna Mudeva (28 June 2008). "About 60 arrested at Bulgaria's first gay parade". Reuters. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  13. ^ Kate Connolly (14 July 2008). "Architecture: Bulgarian eco town 'the biggest mistake of Norman Foster's career', say protesters". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Barroso backs Stanishev". New Europe. 9 March 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  15. ^ Adelina Marini (18 June 2009). "Stanishev supports Barroso for a second term". euinside.eu. euinside. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Stanishev elected PES president". 1 October 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  17. ^ a b c Vincenti, Daniela (29 May 2015). "Race is on to lead European Socialists". EURACTIV. EurActiv.com plc. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Bulgarian Socialist Party's Stanishev re-elected as Party of European Socialists leader". The Sofia Globe. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  19. ^ "European Socialitss Reelected the Former Bulgarian PM Stanishev as PES President". Novinite. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  20. ^ "Mihail Mikov Elected Chair of Bulgarian Socialist Party". Novinite. Sofia News Agency. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  21. ^ "Results by Central Election Commission". Central Election Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  22. ^ Gotev, Georgi (2 July 2019). "EU summit suggests Stanishev to take over as European Parliament chief". Euractiv. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  23. ^ "Sergei Stanishev withdraws his nomination for President of the European Parliament". Focus News Agency. 3 July 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  24. ^ "Борисов за номинацията на Станишев: Българин на такава позиция е чест и гордост" [Sergei Borisov on Stanishev's Nomination]. Dnevnik (in Bulgarian). 2 July 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  25. ^ Sarantis Michalopoulos; Alexandra Brzozowski (24 July 2019). "The Brief – Europe's Progressives are cats and dogs". EURACTIV. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  26. ^ "Ex Austrian Lobbyist Hochegger to Spend 2.5 Years in Jail". Novinite. Sofia News Agency. 15 September 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  27. ^ "EPP turns up the heat on Schulz over Parliament bid-rigging allegations". EURACTIV. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  28. ^ a b "PES Leader to Face Court in Bulgaria in 'Lost Files' Case March 18". Novinite. Sofia News Agency. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  29. ^ "Attorney-general requests MP's imunity of five MPs and Stanishev (in Bulgarian)". Novinite. 16 May 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  30. ^ "Sofia City Court Acquitted Former Socialist PM Stanishev Over Losing 7 Secret Documents". Bulgarian National TV. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  31. ^ "Sofia City Court acquits former PM Stanishev over losing secret documents". The Sofia Globe. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  32. ^ "Bulgaria Opposition Leader Stanishev to Become Father". Novinite. 22 February 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  33. ^ "Bulgarian Socialist Leader Begets First Child on Labor Day". Novinite. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  34. ^ "Ex Bulgarian PM Elated about Becoming Father". Novinite. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  35. ^ "Станишев се ожени за приятелката си Моника" [Stanishev married his girlfriend Monika]. Nova TV. 20 May 2013. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  36. ^ a b Lilov 2013, p. 347.

Bibliography

  • Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД. ISBN 978-954-92098-9-1.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Georgi Parvanov
Leader of the Socialist Party
2001–2014
Succeeded by
Mihail Mikov
Preceded by
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
President of the Party of European Socialists
2011–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Simeon Sakskoburggotski
Prime Minister of Bulgaria
2005–2009
Succeeded by
Boyko Borisov
This page was last edited on 6 October 2019, at 12:26
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