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Stanishev Government

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Stanishev Government
Flag of Bulgaria.svg

86 cabinet of Bulgaria
Sergey Stanishev 2009 elections diff crop.jpg
Date formed 17 August 2005
Date dissolved 27 July 2009
People and organisations
Head of state Georgi Parvanov
Head of government Sergei Stanishev
Deputy head of government
Member parties Bulgarian Socialist Party
National Movement Simeon II
Movement for Rights and Freedoms
Status in legislature Coalition Government
History
Election(s) 2005
Legislature term(s) 40th National Assembly
Outgoing formation Electoral Defeat (2009)
Predecessor Sakskoburggotski Government
Successor First Borisov Government

The eighty-six cabinet of Bulgaria also known as the three-party coalition cabinet (in Bulgarian: тройната коалиция) ruled from August 17, 2005 to July 27, 2009. The cabinet was formed with the coalition of the three leading at that time parties BSP, NDSV and DPS - in order of their parliamentary representation. Their parliamentary representation also determined the number of cabinet appointments (8:5:3 respectively).

Formation

Following the 2005 parliamentary elections no party won an outright majority. Almost a month after the election the first attempt to form a government was made. The Bulgarian Socialist Party, with 82 seats, reached a coalition agreement with the Movement for Rights and Freedoms, which had 34 seats. The proposed government would give the BSP 13 ministries and would give the MRF 5. Since the participating parties of the coalition only had 116 seats (out of 240) in the National Assembly, they would need the support of at least one of the other parties to support their minority coalition.

On Wednesday July 26 the first vote was supposed to be held but had to be postponed when opposition parties walked out of parliament, denying quorum.[1]

The following day the Socialists succeeded in winning the support of the Bulgarian People's Union to hold a secret ballot.[2] This move was designed to poach enough votes to form government. Sergei Stanishev, the chairman of the Socialist Party, narrowly won the vote to become Prime Minister: 120 "for", 119 "against" (1 absent). Stanishev then submitted his draft cabinet for approval, but it was rejected. The vote was tied in deciding the structure of the Council of ministers (119 "for" and "against") but its composition was defeated by a vote of 117 to 118.[3] Claiming that the vote was rigged, Stanishev was able to schedule a new vote on Thursday to try to get approval for the draft cabinet. However, under pressure from the opposition and at least one constitutional judge who claimed a second vote would be unconstitutional,[4] the Socialists admitted defeat and returned the exploratory mandate.

The leaders of the rightist parties then met with Simeon Sakskoburggotski, who would be next to receive a mandate from President Parvanov, to discuss a possible coalition. Former Prime Ministers Stefan Sofiyanski (Bulgarian People's Union) and Ivan Kostov (Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria) refused to support the "King's Party" if they nominated their leader for a second term at the helm of cabinet.[5] Even with the support of the UtDF, DSB and the BNS such a coalition would be even smaller than the one just rejected by Parliament, holding only 103 seats. They would have to rely on the nationalist Attack for support after the Movement for Rights and Freedoms announced they would not support the possible coalition. The reason for the enmity between the MRF and NDSV was because the latter had withdrawn its support from an earlier deal with the BSP and the MRF.[6] Realizing it would be impossible to form a government without the inclusion of the Socialists, the King's Party reached out to them to form a broad coalition.[7] This move angered the hardline Democrats for Strong Bulgaria who broke off talks with the NDSV, driving the nail into the coffin that was the possibility of a center-right coalition government.[8]

Stanishev sent a personal letter to Sakskoburggotski with 12 questions to see if a coalition was possible. After being satisfied by only 2 of the responses, he rejected the idea of forming a government under the second mandate and started negotiations under the third mandate.[9] Citing the "complicated political situation in the country" the NDSV decided not to exercise its right to nominate a prime minister-designate and try to form a government on August 11.[10]

According to article 99 (3) the President now had to consult with parties and then entrust the third mandate with one of the minor parties.[11] Even though Parvanov consulted with all the parties, it was viewed that only the BSP, NDSV (having made a U-turn and was back working with the Socialists), MRF and BPU could form a coalition.[12] After discussions wrapped up the President dealt the third mandate to the Movement for Rights and Freedoms who nominated Sergei Stanishev for Prime Minister. He was approved by a vote of 168 to 67. The structure cabinet was approved 169-67 and its line-up was approved 169-68.[13]

Cabinet

Original Composition

Ministry Minister Party
Prime Minister Sergei Stanishev BSP
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ivaylo Kalfin BSP
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education and Science Daniel Valchev NDSV
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Disaster Management Policy Emel Etem Toshkova DPS
Minister of Finance Plamen Oresharski Independent
Minister of Interior Rumen Petkov BSP
Minister of Defence Veselin Bliznakov NDSV
Minister of Justice Georgi Petkanov NDSV
Minister of Economy and Energy Rumen Ovcharov BSP
Minister of Public Administration and Administrative Reform Nikolay Vassilev NDSV
Minister of Transport Petar Mutafchiev BSP
Minister of Regional Development and Public Works Asen Gagauzov BSP
Minister of Environment and Water Dzhevdet Chakarov DPS
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Nihat Kabil DPS
Minister of Labour and Social Policy Emilia Maslarova BSP
Minister of Health Radoslav Gaydarski BSP
Minister of Culture Stefan Danailov BSP
Minister of European Affairs Meglena Kuneva NDSV

Changes on December 21, 2006

With the election of Meglena Kuneva as the first Bulgarian European commissioner she was relieved from her duties as Minister of European Affairs. Her successor, Gergana Grancharova (NDSV) did not take office until March 16 of the following year.

Changes on July 18, 2007

Miglena Tacheva (NDSV) takes over the Ministry of Justice.

Petar Dimitrov (BSP) takes over the Ministry of Economy and Energy.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry is reorganized into the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Supply. Its minister, Nihat Kabil, stays on.

Changes on April 24, 2008

Rumen Petkov resigned as Minister of Interior on April 13 after a scandal broke exposing links between him and his staff and suspected organized criminals.[14] This prompted a major cabinet shuffle on April 24. On that day Mikhail Mikov (BSP) was sworn in as the new Minister of Interior.

The number of Deputy Prime Ministers was increased by one when Meglena Plugchieva (BSP) was assigned to the role. She was also assigned to oversee the funds from the EU. This appointment came after criticisms from the EU about Bulgaria's poor management of EU money.[15]

The Ministry of Disaster Management Policy was reorganized into the Ministry of Emergency Situations. Its minister, Emel Etem Toshkova, remained a deputy Prime Minister.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Food Supply was reorganized as the Ministry of Agriculture and Food. After criticisms for failing to prevent misuse of funds in the Ministry, the new portfolio was taken over by Valeri Tsvetanov (DPS).[15]

Veselin Bliznakov, who was blamed for having failure in modernization reform, was replaced by Nikolai Tsonev (NDSV) as Minister of Defence.[15]

Radoslav Gaidarski, blamed for lagging reforms in the healthcare sector, was replaced by Evgeni Zhelev (BSP) as Minister of Health.[15]

Electoral Defeat and Resignation

The 2009 parliamentary election resulted in a victory for the new conservative party Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria who won 117 seats. The ruling socialists lost just over half their seats and were reduced to 40, while the NDSV failed to cross the 4% threshold and did not enter parliament. Only the DPS increased its representation, by 3, to win 37 seats.

On 22 July 2009 parliament accepted the resignation of the three party coalition with 209 votes for, 1 against and 26 abstentions.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Opponents Unanimously Boycott Socialists' Draft Govt, Vote Fails". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Socialists' Mandate Fails For Now, New Vote on Thursday". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Socialists' Mandate Fails For Now, New Vote on Thursday". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Opposition Seeks Urgent Meeting with President". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2004.
  5. ^ "Likely Partners Challenge Simeon". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Dogan: We Will Not Back King's Party". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  7. ^ "King's Party Officially Reaches out to Socialists to Form Govt". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  8. ^ "Diehard Rightists Dump King's Party Coalition Talks". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  9. ^ "Bulgaria's Socialists Refuse Centrist Coalition, Commence Third Mandate Talks". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  10. ^ "King's Party Gives up Mandate to Form Bulgaria's Govt". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  11. ^ "CONSTITUTION". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Sofia Readies for Handing of 3rd Mandate". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  13. ^ "Bulgaria Approves Three-Way Govt, Stanishev is PM". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Bulgarian interior minister resigns amid corruption scandal". Google News. Google. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  15. ^ a b c d "Bulgaria reshuffles government amid corruption scandal". Hurriyet Dail yNew. Hürriyet. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  16. ^ "Bulgaria Parliament Supports Resignation of Stanishev Government". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
This page was last edited on 12 November 2016, at 06:15
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