To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Anton Yugov
Антон Югов
Anton Yugov.jpg
35th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
In office
17 April 1956 – 19 November 1962
Preceded byValko Chervenkov
Succeeded byTodor Zhivkov
Personal details
Born28 August 1904
Rugunovec, Ottoman Empire (now Polykastro, Greece)
Died6 July 1991(1991-07-06) (aged 86)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Political partyBulgarian Communist Party

Anton Tanev (Dontcho) Yugov (Bulgarian: Антон Танев Югов) (28 August 1904 – 6 July 1991) was a Bulgarian politician who was a leading member of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP), and served as Prime Minister of the country from 1956 to 1962. He was an Honorary Citizen of Tirana, Albania.[citation needed]

Yugov was born to a Bulgarian family in Karasuli (Rugunovets), Ottoman Macedonia (today Polykastro, Greece).His family moved to Plovdiv after World War I.[citation needed]

War years and Ministry

Yugov was a prominent figure in the BCP during the Second World War and attempted to reach a settlement with Marshal Josip Broz Tito in Yugoslavia regarding co-operation between both countries' communists. This 1941 initiative was aborted however as Tito would not accept the sacrifice of Macedonia, something upon which Yugov insisted.[1] The two would revisit the issue in 1945 when they discussed the possibility of a Bulgarian-Yugoslav confederation to solve the issue although the United States and United Kingdom raised such objections to the plan that Joseph Stalin personally intervened to tell the two leaders to abandon the idea.[2]

He served as Minister of the Interior from 1944 to 1949. As Interior Minister he oversaw a purge of the army of members of Zveno and fascist sympathisers that became noted for its brutality.[3] Linked to Traycho Kostov, he fell with him in 1949 and, whilst Yugov was not to follow his ally to the gallows, he was nonetheless rebuked by new prime minister Valko Chervenkov for supposedly allowing Kostov's conspiracies to go unchecked.[4]


Following the death of Stalin and the process of de-Stalinization across Eastern Europe Yugov emerged as a leading figure within the "home communist" tendency, who emphasised the importance of specifically Bulgarian communism rather than simply following Moscow in order to legitimise the regime in the eyes of the people.[5] As part of the move away from the Stalin template, the Bulgarian government released the "April Line" of 1956, which formed the basis of Bulgarian communism for the next three decades. As well as a template for government it included such provisions as the abandonment of the cult of personality, the release of certain dissidents from prison and full rehabilitation to others, including Yugov, living under a cloud, thus allowing him to launch a full and immediate political comeback.[6]

The home communists gained the upper hand on the Politburo and as a consequence Prime minister Valko Chervenkov, a noted Stalinist, was removed in 1956 and replaced by Yugov, who had emerged as the leading figure amongst the home party, in part because of the ruthless reputation he garnered in the interior ministry.[7]

Fall from grace

He remained in the job for six years until overall leader Todor Zhivkov also assumed this role. Yugov, who had criticised Zhivkov for allowing the Great Leap Forward to influence economic policy, was removed as a potential rival.[8] His strong following amongst the home communists also meant that Zhivkov feared Yugov as a challenge to his own position and so used the economic issue as a pretext for his removal.[7] Yugov's fate had been sealed earlier that same year when Nikita Khrushchev visited Bulgaria and publicly declared his support for Zhivkov, whilst snubbing Yugov.[9]

He was rehabilitated on the 1990 BCP party congress.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Marshall Lee Miller, Bulgaria During the Second World War, Stanford University Press, 1975, p. 131
  2. ^ George H. Hodos, Show Trials: Stalinist Purges in Eastern Europe, 1948-1954, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1987, pp. 13-14
  3. ^ Lee Miller, Bulgaria During the Second World War, p. 219
  4. ^ Hubert Ripka, Eastern Europe in the Post-war World, Taylor & Francis, 1961, p. 121
  5. ^ Martin McCauley & Stephen Carter, Leadership and Succession in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China, M.E. Sharpe, 1986, pp. 138-139
  6. ^ R. J. Crampton, Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century, Routledge, 1994, p. 314
  7. ^ a b McCauley & Carter, Leadership and Succession, p. 143
  8. ^ Bulgaria - Communism
  9. ^ J. D. B. Miller, T. H. Rigby, The Disintegrating Monolith: Pluralist Trends On The Communist World, Routledge, 1966, p. 8
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Bulgaria
17 April 1956 - 19 November 1962
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 21 April 2022, at 06:13
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.