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Henry Dickerson McDaniel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Henry Dickerson McDaniel
HenryDickersonMcDaniel.jpg
52nd Governor of Georgia
In office
May 10, 1883 – November 9, 1886
Preceded byJames S. Boynton
Succeeded byJohn B. Gordon
Personal details
BornSeptember 4, 1836 (1836-09-04)
Monroe, Georgia
DiedJuly 25, 1926 (1926-07-26) (aged 89)
Citizenship United States
Political partyDemocratic
ProfessionAttorney
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Branch/service Confederate States Army
RankMajor
Unit 11th Georgia Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Henry Dickerson McDaniel (September 4, 1836 – July 25, 1926) was the 52nd Governor of Georgia from 1883 to 1886.

Early life

Born in Monroe, Georgia, to Ira McDaniel, one of the first professors of Mercer University, McDaniel graduated at the head of his class in law at Mercer and established a practice in his home town. He was the youngest delegate to Georgia's secession convention in 1861, and later served in the Confederate Army.

Civil War

McDaniel first attracted attention during the American Civil War for taking command of the 11th Georgia Infantry after the death of his officers at the Battle of Gettysburg.[1] Eight days after the battle, he was shot by a Union soldier at Funkstown, Maryland, and spent the rest of the war in a POW camp.

Political career

McDaniel was a member of the Democratic Party and after the war entered Georgia state politics, serving in its House and Senate, ultimately becoming governor at the death of Alexander Stephens in 1883. He served out Stephens' term and won a two-year term of his own in 1884. During his administration, the Georgia School of Technology was established, and construction began on the new State Capitol. He signed the General Local Option Liquor Law into effect on September 18, 1885[2] as part of the Temperance Movement in Georgia.

Postbellum Life

After the war, McDaniel returned to Monroe, where he married Hester Felker. Felker's father did not approve of the marriage, but Henry and Hester McDaniel were married for sixty years. The couple had two children, Sanders and Gipsy.[3] His home, the McDaniel-Tichenor House,[4] was listed with the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Photograph of Henry Dickerson McDaniel, Walton County, Georgia, ca. 1862". Vanishing Georgia. Georgia Archives. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  2. ^ Wagner, Michael A. (2009). "'As Gold Is Tried In The Fire, So Hearts Must Be Tried By Pain': The Temperance Movement in Georgia and the Local Option Law of 1885". Georgia Historical Quarterly. 93 (1). Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Photograph of Gipsy McDaniel Tichenor, Walton County, Georgia". Vanishing Georgia. Georgia Archives. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Photograph of Henry Dickerson McDaniel home, Monroe, Walton County, Georgia, 1887". Vanishing Georgia. Georgia Archives. Retrieved 3 June 2016.

External links

Davis, Jefferson. "Davis, Jefferson, to Georgia Governor Henry McDaniel". Henry D. McDaniel Family and Business Papers, ac. 1966-0400M. Georgia Archives. Retrieved 3 June 2016.

Further reading

  • Georgia, and Henry D. McDaniel. Message of Gov. Henry D. McDaniel, to the General Assembly of Georgia, November 1884. Atlanta, Ga: Jas. P. Harrison & Co. [State Printers], 1885.
  • Herringshaw, Thomas William. McDaniel, Henry Dickerson. Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography : Contains Thirty-Five Thousand Biographies of the Acknowledged Leaders of Life and Thought of the United States; Illustrated with Three Thousand Vignette Portraits. v4.
  • McDaniel, Henry D., Hester Felker McDaniel, and Anita B. Sams. With Unabated Trust: Major Henry McDaniel's Love Letters from Confederate Battlefields As Treasured in Hester McDaniel's Bonnet Box. [s.l.]: Historical Society of Walton County, 1977.
  • "McDaniel, Henry Dickerson: Thirty-Fourth Governor of Georgia". National Cyclopedia of American Biography. 1. 1898.
  • McDaniel, Henry D. Henry Dickerson McDaniel Letter. 1894.
  • McDaniel, Henry D., et al. Henry Dickerson McDaniel Directorship Records. 1870.
  • McDaniel, Henry D., et al. Henry Dickerson McDaniel Family Papers. 1838.
  • University of Georgia, and Henry D. McDaniel. Statement from Ex-Governor McDaniel, Chairman, of the Board of Trustees of the University of Georgia, As to Questions between That Board and the G.N. and I. College. Atlanta: Foote & Davies, 1917.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Alexander H. Stephens
Democratic nominee for Governor of Georgia
1883, 1884
Succeeded by
John Brown Gordon
Political offices
Preceded by
James S. Boynton
Governor of Georgia
1883-1886
Succeeded by
John Brown Gordon
This page was last edited on 13 May 2020, at 18:11
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