To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Nathan Brownson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Nathan Brownson
Governor of Georgia
In office
August 18, 1781 – January 3, 1782
Preceded byMyrick Davies
Succeeded byJohn Martin
Delegate from Georgia to the
Continental Congress
In office
Personal details
BornMay 14, 1742
Woodbury, Connecticut
DiedNovember 6, 1796(1796-11-06) (aged 54)
Riceboro, Georgia
Political partyNone

Nathan Brownson (May 14, 1742 – November 6, 1796) was an American physician and statesman. He served Georgia as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1777 and as the Governor of Georgia in 1781. Nathan Brownson was a member of the Society of the Cincinnati of the State of Georgia.[1]

Early life

Brownson was born in Woodbury, Connecticut, the sixth of ten children born to Timothy (1701–1766) and Abgail Jenner (1707–1784). He graduated from Yale in 1761 and practiced medicine in his hometown. In 1769 he married Elizabeth Lewis. The couple moved to St. John Parish, Georgia, in 1774 and began working a 500-acre plantation near Savannah. He settled in Liberty County, Georgia in 1764 and began his medical practice. Brownson’s wife died in 1775,[2] and the following year he married Elizabeth McLean, with whom he had two children.

Revolutionary War

In 1774, St. John Parish was a hotbed of revolutionary activity; many of its people were New England Congregationalists by way of Dorchester, South Carolina, a settlement on the Ashley River above Charlestown that had been founded by Puritans from Massachusetts. Brownson and another transplanted Connecticut physician, Lyman Hall, were among the eleven delegates chosen to represent the parish at the provincial congress, which met in Savannah in July 1775. Both men were elected to represent Georgia in the Second Continental Congress; Brownson served from January to May 1777 and again from late August to early October of the same year.

The British invasion of Georgia in the final days of 1778 was part of the southern theater of the revolution, but with the expulsion of the king’s troops from Augusta in June 1781, factional disputes threatened to spoil the victory. At this critical moment Brownson, then acting as deputy purveyor of hospitals in the South, was dispatched to Georgia with a brigadier’s commission from Congress. He initially served as Speaker of the House of Representatives, before a compromise was worked out whereby Brownson became governor and John Twiggs was promoted to brigadier general. Brownson congratulated General Nathanael Greene for his efforts to restore civil government in Georgia.[3]

Brownson's term as governor during the last few months of 1781 was filled with dealing with hostile Creek Indians and bands of Tories that roamed the countryside. Commandant of Spanish Pensacola, Florida, Arturo O'Neill wrote to Gov. Brownson on Nov. 18, 1781, indicating his suspicions regarding attempts of British traders in the area to gain favor with the Indians by securing presents for them.[4] Brownson talked to the upper and lower Creek Nation and accused them of making an unsuccessful attack against American soldiers and of holding American traders, commissaries, and property. He told them that the Americans desire friendship, and threatened them with reprisal if they did not submit.[5]

During the decade following the war, Brownson served the public almost continuously as justice of the peace, as a commissioner for erecting a new capital in Louisville, as a member of the convention that ratified the federal constitution, as a delegate to the convention that drafted the state constitution in 1788, and as the first president of the Georgia Senate. He was appointed by Congress as deputy purveyor of hospitals and later to the charge of the southern hospitals.[6] He was one of the trustees for the establishment of Franklin College, later called the University of Georgia.

Death and legacy

Brownson died at his plantation in 1796 in Riceboro, Georgia and was buried in Midway Cemetery in Midway, Georgia. Although his career was not as distinguished as some others of Georgia’s founding fathers, Brownson’s service at crucial periods helped the state transcend factional bickering and focus on the improvement of society.[7]

Further reading

  • Cook, James; The Governors Of Georgia: 1754–2004; 1995, Mercer University Press; (2004 paperback edition, ISBN 0-86554-954-0)
  • Jackson, Harvey; Lachlan McIntosh and the Politics of Revolutionary Georgia; 1979, Univ of Georgia Press, ISBN 0-8203-0459-X; (2003 paperback edition, ISBN 0-8203-2542-2).

See also


  1. ^ Aimone, Alan Conrad (2005). "New York State Society of the Cincinnati: Biographies of Original Members and Other Continental Officers (review)". The Journal of Military History. 69 (1): 231–232. doi:10.1353/jmh.2005.0002. ISSN 1543-7795.
  2. ^ Brownson, Elizabeth Lewis. "Brownson, Elizabeth". Wills, Colony of Georgia, RG 49-1-2. Georgia Archives. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  3. ^ Cashin, Edward J. (1999). The King's Ranger : Thomas Brown and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780820310930. Retrieved May 23, 2016.
  4. ^ O'Neill, Arturo. "[Letter in Spanish] 1781 Nov. 18, Pensacola, [Florida, to Governor of Georgia] Nath[a]n Brownson / Arturo O'Neill". Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  5. ^ Brownson, Nathan. "[Oral presentation] 1781[?], [to the] friends and brothers of the up[p]er and lower Creek Nation". Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved May 23, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Welch, William Henry (1901). "The Relation of Yale to Medicine". Science. 15 (361): 825–840. doi:10.1126/science.14.361.825. JSTOR 1627965. PMID 17798489.
  7. ^ Cashin, Edward J. (2010). Nathan Brownson. London: Oxford University Press. Retrieved May 23, 2016.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Myrick Davies
Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
John Martin
This page was last edited on 2 September 2021, at 02:26
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.