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Lyman Hall
Governor of Georgia
In office
January 8, 1783 – January 9, 1784
Preceded byJohn Martin
Succeeded byJohn Houstoun
Delegate from Georgia to the
Continental Congress
In office
Personal details
BornApril 12, 1724
Wallingford, Connecticut
DiedOctober 19, 1790(1790-10-19) (aged 66)
Burke County, Georgia
Political partyPro-Administration
Medical Doctor
Member Continental Congress
founder of University of Georgia

Lyman Hall (April 12, 1724 – October 19, 1790) was an American Founding Father, physician, clergyman, and statesman who signed the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia.[1] Hall County is named after him. He was one of four physicians to sign the Declaration, along with Benjamin Rush, Josiah Bartlett, and Matthew Thornton.

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Early life and family

Coat of Arms of Lyman Hall

Hall was born on April 12, 1724, in Wallingford, Connecticut. He was the son of John Hall, a minister,[2] and Mary (née Street) Hall, daughter of Rev. Samuel Street.[3][4] He studied with his uncle Samuel Hall[5] and graduated from Yale College in 1747,[6] a tradition in his family. He was a nephew of Anne Law, daughter of Gov. Jonathan Law, cousin of Dr. William Brenton Hall, and a grandnephew of Capt. Theophilus Yale of the Yale family.[7][8][9][10] In 1749, he was called to the pulpit of Stratfield Parish (now Bridgeport, Connecticut). His pastorate was a stormy one: an outspoken group of parishioners opposed his ordination; in 1751, he was dismissed after charges against his moral character which, according to one biography, "Were supported by proof and also by his own confession." He continued to preach for two more years, filling vacant pulpits, while he studied medicine and taught school.

In 1752, he married Abigail Burr of Fairfield, Connecticut; she died the following year.[2][5] In 1757, he married Mary Osborne.[11] He migrated to South Carolina and established himself as a physician at Dorchester, South Carolina, near Charleston,[5] a community settled by Congregationalist migrants from Dorchester, Massachusetts, decades earlier. When these settlers moved to the Midway District – now Liberty County – in Georgia, Hall accompanied them. Hall soon became one of the leading citizens of the newly founded town of Sunbury.

Revolutionary War

On the eve of the American Revolution, St. John's Parish, in which Sunbury was located, was a hotbed of radical sentiment in a predominantly Loyalist colony. Though Georgia was not initially represented in the First Continental Congress, through Hall's influence the parish was persuaded to send a delegate to Philadelphia to the Second Continental Congress. Hall was delegated and was admitted to a seat in the Congress in 1775. He was one of the three Georgians and one of four doctors to sign the document of Independence.[12]

In January 1779, Sunbury was burned by the British. Hall's family fled to the North, where they remained until the British evacuation in 1782. Hall then returned to Georgia, settling in Savannah. In January 1783, he was elected governor of the state – a position that he held for one year. While governor, Hall advocated the chartering of a state university, believing that education, particularly religious education, would result in a more virtuous citizenry. His efforts led to the chartering of the University of Georgia in 1785. At the expiration of his term as governor, he resumed his medical practice.

Death and legacy

In 1790, Hall moved to a plantation in Burke County, Georgia, on the South Carolina border, where he died on October 19 at the age of 66. Hall's widow died in November 1793.

Lyman Hall is memorialized in Georgia where Hall County, Georgia, bears his name; and in Connecticut, his native state, where the town of Wallingford honored him by naming a high school after its distinguished native son. Elementary schools in Liberty County, Georgia, and in Hall County, Georgia, are also named for him. Signers Monument, a granite obelisk in front of the courthouse in Augusta, Georgia, memorializes Hall along with Button Gwinnett and George Walton as Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence. His remains were re-interred there in 1848 after being exhumed from his original grave on his plantation in Burke County.

See also


  1. ^ Bernstein, Richard B. (2011) [2009]. "Appendix: The Founding Fathers: A Partial List". The Founding Fathers Reconsidered. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199832576.
  2. ^ a b Garraty & Carnes 1990, pp. 865–66
  3. ^ Cook 2005, p. 50
  4. ^ Hall Ancestry : a Series of Sketches, Charles S. Hall, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1896, p. 98-255-256
  5. ^ a b c Dexter 1896, pp. 116–19
  6. ^ United States Congress
  7. ^ Family Records of Theodore Parsons Hall, W. C. Heath Printing Co., Detroit, Michigan, 1892, p. 10
  8. ^ Lyman Hall (1721-1790), Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence Society, Thornton C. Lockwood, 2008, Accessed January 26, 2024
  9. ^ Hall Ancestry : a Series of Sketches, Charles S. Hall, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1896, p. 98-255-256
  10. ^ Early Families of Wallingford, Connecticut, Charles Henry Stanley Davis, Clearfield, Baltimore, Maryland, 1979, p. 297-298
  11. ^ Young 2010
  12. ^ Rosen 1976, pp. 397–398


Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: Dexter 1896

Further reading

External links

Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Georgia
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 7 April 2024, at 11:39
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