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Gonzalo García Zorro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gonzalo García Zorro
Born c.500
Guadalcanal, Extremadura, Spain
Died 1566 (aged 65–66)
Santa Fe de Bogotá, New Kingdom of Granada
Cause of death Duel with Alonso Venegas Carrillo
Nationality Castilian
Occupation Conquistador
Years active 1536–1544
Employer Spanish Crown
Known for Spanish conquest of the Muisca
Spouse(s) Luisa (indigenous)
Margarita (indigenous from Tunja)
Francisca Pimentel Treceno
Children Francisca García Zorro (daughter)
Gonzalo and Diego García Zorro (sons)
Parents
  • Diego Alonso El Zorro (father)
  • Teresa González de Sancha (mother)
Relatives Antonio García Zorro (brother)
Unnamed (sister)
Encomendero of Bogotá
In office
1544–1545
Preceded by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela
Succeeded by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela
In office
1545–1546
Preceded by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela
Succeeded by Juan de Céspedes
In office
1548–1548
Preceded by Juan Muñoz de Collantes
Succeeded by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela
In office
1550–1551
Preceded by Juan de Avellaneda
Succeeded by Juan de Avellaneda
In office
1553–1554
Preceded by Juan de Rivera
Succeeded by Juan Tafur
In office
1556–1556
Preceded by Antonio Ruiz
Succeeded by Domingo Lozano
In office
1564–1564
Preceded by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela
Succeeded by Andrés de Molina
Notes

Gonzalo García Zorro (c. 1500 – 1566) was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca people. García Zorro was encomendero (mayor) of Santa Fe de Bogotá for seven terms, and received the encomiendas of Fusagasugá and Fosca.

He married three times, twice with Muisca women, and had one daughter, Francisca, and a son, Diego. García Zorro died of wounds he suffered in a duel with Alonso Venegas. Venegas was the son of fellow conquistador Hernán Venegas Carrillo and the grandson through his mother of Sagipa, the last zipa (leader) of the Muisca, whom García Zorro had helped to kill.

Knowledge of the life of García Zorro comes from the works Elegías de varones ilustres de Indias (1589) and El Carnero (1638), by Juan de Castellanos and Juan Rodríguez Freyle respectively.

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • Gustavo Bueno, Javier Neira, David Alvargonzález, Gonzalo Botas. La Espuela 30: El Papa ha muerto
  • A través del espejo Supersticiones y curanderismo, circa 1990
  • Gustavo Bueno, David Alvargonzález, Tomás García López, Javier Cimadevilla. La Espuela 17: La Guerra

Transcription

Contents

Biography

Gonzalo García Zorro was born around 1500 in Guadalcanal, at the border between Extremadura and Seville.[2] His parents were Teresa González de Sancha and Diego Alonso El Zorro. Gonzalo García Zorro had a brother, Antonio, and a sister.[1]

García Zorro joined the expedition led by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada from Santa Marta towards the Muisca Confederation in April 1536 as a cavalry leader.[3][4][5] García Zorro was later convicted of crimes against the last zipa, Sagipa.[6]

Gonzalo García Zorro was seven times encomendero of Santa Fe de Bogotá: in 1544 succeeding Juan Ruiz de Orejuela, who succeeded García Zorro again; from 1545 to 1546, succeeding the second term of Juan Ruiz de Orejuela and preceding Juan de Céspedes; in 1548 between the reign of Juan Muñoz de Collantes and the third term by Juan Ruiz de Orejuela; from 1550 to 1551 in between the terms of Juan de Avellaneda; between 1553 and 1554 succeeding Juan de Rivera and preceding Juan Tafur; in 1556 between the terms of Antonio Ruiz and Domingo Lozano; and finally in 1564 succeeding Juan Ruiz de Orejuela again and preceding Andrés de Molina.[7]

Gonzalo García Zorro received the encomiendas of Fusagasugá,[3][8] and Fosca.[9] The encomienda of Suesca was shared between Gonzalo García Zorro and Juan Tafur.[10]

Gonzalo García Zorro died in 1566 at Santa Fe de Bogotá of wounds he received in a duel with Alonso Venegas. Venagas was the son of Magdalena de Guatavita, daughter of Sagipa, and Hernán Venegas Carrillo.[11]

Encomiendas

Encomiendas of García Zorro on and around the Bogotá savanna
Encomienda of Suesca shared with Juan Tafur
Gonzalo García Zorro was one of the soldiers in the expedition along the green route from Santa Marta into the Muisca Confederation
Gonzalo García Zorro was one of the soldiers in the expedition along the green route from Santa Marta into the Muisca Confederation

See also

References

Bibliography

Further reading

This page was last edited on 20 July 2018, at 07:26
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