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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Siecha Lakes
Lagunas de Siecha.jpg
Siecha Lakes, from left (east) to right (west)
Siecha, Guasca, De los Patos
Siecha Lakes is located in Colombia
Siecha Lakes
Siecha Lakes
LocationGuasca, Cundinamarca
Coordinates4°45′52″N 73°51′04″W / 4.76444°N 73.85111°W / 4.76444; -73.85111
TypeGlacial
Part ofChingaza Natural National Park
Basin countriesColombia
Surface area141,401 m2 (1,522,030 sq ft)[1]
Max. depth25 m (82 ft)
Surface elevation3,590 m (11,780 ft)[2]
Painting of Lake Siecha, 1855
Painting of Lake Siecha, 1855
Famous Muisca rafta similar raft was found in Lake Siecha but lost due to fire of the ship in the harbour of Bremen
Famous Muisca raft
a similar raft was found in Lake Siecha but lost due to fire of the ship in the harbour of Bremen

The Siecha Lakes are three glacial lakes located in the Chingaza Natural National Park in Cundinamarca, Colombia. The Andean lakes are considered sacred in the religion of the Muisca who inhabited the area before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca in the 1530s.[3]

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  • ✪ Siecha Lakes, Guasca Cundinamarca, Colombia - Drone
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  • ✪ vuelo sobre el norte de Bogotá localidad de usaquén

Transcription

Contents

Etymology

In the Chibcha language of the Muisca Siecha means "House of the Lord".[4]

Description

The Siecha Lakes consist of three small glacial lakes, from large to small and east to west; Siecha (63,893 m²),[1] Guasca (56,846 m²)[1] and De los Patos (20,662 m²).[1] Alternative names for the smaller two are Fausto and America.[4] The lakes belong to the municipality of Guasca. Fauna around the lakes are the birds American purple gallinule, helmeted curassow, torrent duck, Andean cock-of-the-rock, eagles and orange-fronted parakeet. In the lakes the birds Oxyura jamaicensis andina, Andean teal and the American coot can be found. Mammals around the lakes include the spectacled bear, white-tailed deer, red deer and the little red brocket.[4]

History

In the colonial period, the lakes were partly drained to extract the golden artefacts of the Muisca from the water. In 1855 a golden raft was found in one of the lakes, similar to the famous Muisca raft. It was named Balsa de Siecha or "Siecha raft" and pictured in the book El Dorado by Muisca scholar Liborio Zerda in 1883. The discovery of the raft made Zerda believe that the site of the initiation ritual of the new zipa was not in Lake Guatavita, yet in the Siecha Lakes.[5] Later, the raft was more-or-less legally taken from Colombia to Europe. The transporting ship burnt in the harbour of Bremen and the raft was lost.[4]

Tourism

To visit the lakes certain rules apply; visits are only possible on Saturdays and Sundays, access at the entrance point needs to be not later than 10:00 AM and exit not after 4:00 PM. A maximum of 30 visitors per day is allowed.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Google Maps Area Calculator
  2. ^ Google Maps Elevation Finder
  3. ^ Ocampo López, 2013, p.213
  4. ^ a b c d e (in Spanish) Description of the Siecha Lakes
  5. ^ Guarín Martínez, 2005, p.239

Bibliography

  • Guarín Martínez, Óscar. 2005. De bárbaros a civilizados: la invención de los muiscas en el siglo XIX - From brutals to civilised: the invention of the Muisca in the 19th century, 228–246. Universidad La Javeriana.
  • Ocampo López, Javier. 2013. Mitos y leyendas indígenas de Colombia - Indigenous myths and legends of Colombia, 1-219. Plaza & Janes Editores Colombia S.A..

External links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2019, at 17:59
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