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Antonio Díaz de Cardoso

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso
Born unknown
Santa Comba, Portugal
Died unknown
New Kingdom of Granada
Nationality Portuguese
Other names Díaz (de) Cardozo
Occupation Conquistador
Years active 1526-1541
Employer Spanish Crown
Known for Spanish conquest of the Muisca
Spouse(s) Felipa de Almeyda Cabral
Children Marquesa & Isabel Cardozo Almeyda
  • Diego Díaz (father)
  • Marquesa Cardozo (mother)
Encomendero of Bogotá
In office
Preceded by Juan Arévalo
Succeeded by Juan Tafur
In office
Preceded by Juan de Rivera
Succeeded by Alonso de Olaya
In office
Preceded by Antón de Olaya
Succeeded by Gonzalo de Ledesma

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso (?, Santa Comba, Portugal - ?, ?) was a Portuguese conquistador who participated in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca people.

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso is mentioned as Cardosso in the early chronicles of the Spanish conquest, a work of uncertain authorship; Epítome de la conquista del Nuevo Reino de Granada.[3]

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Birth and name

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso, whose surnames are alternatively spelled Díaz Cardoso, Díaz de Cardozo or Díaz Cardozo, was born in Santa Comba in the Kingdom of Portugal.[2] His parents were Diego Díaz and Marquesa Cardoso.[1]

American expeditions

Díaz de Cardoso joined the expedition in search of El Dorado, the journey led by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada which left Santa Marta in April 1536.[4] Antonio Díaz de Cardoso was one of the captains of the three brigs that De Quesada sent up the Magdalena River; the other two were Gómez del Corral and Juan de Albarracín.[5]

From La Tora, present Barrancabermeja, De Quesada sent troops ahead to investigate routes towards the then unknown Andes. Díaz de Cardoso and De Albarracín found the loafs of high quality salt that would lead the conquistadors along the Camino de la Sal ("Salt Route") into the Muisca Confederation.[6]


Díaz de Cardoso received the encomienda (mayoralty) of Suba, and ruled over 900 to 1000 Muisca.[7]

Antonio Díaz de Cardoso was three times encomendero (mayor) of Santa Fe de Bogotá; from 1540 to 1541 between the terms of Juan Arévalo and Juan Tafur, between 1562 and 1563 succeeding Juan de Rivera and preceding Alonso de Olaya and from 1567 to 1568 as successor to Antón de Olaya and succeeded by Gonzalo de Ledesma.[8]

Personal life

Díaz de Cardoso was married to Felipa Almeida,[2] or Felipa de Almeyda Cabral,[1] and the couple had two daughters, Marquesa and Isabel Cardozo Almeyda, who married the two sons of Luis Fernández de Acosta.[1]


Encomiendas of Díaz de Cardoso on the Bogotá savanna
Antonio Díaz de Cardoso was one of the brig captains in the expedition along the green route from Santa Marta into the Muisca Confederation
Antonio Díaz de Cardoso was one of the brig captains in the expedition along the green route from Santa Marta into the Muisca Confederation

See also



Further reading

This page was last edited on 19 July 2018, at 00:33
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