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Edward Chandler (bishop)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Edward Chandler
Bishop of Durham
EdwardChandler.jpg
In office1730–1750
Orders
Ordination1693
Consecration17 November 1717
Personal details
Bornc. 1668
Died(1750-07-20)20 July 1750 (aged approximately 80–81)
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
Alma materEmmanuel College, Cambridge

Edward Chandler (c. 1668 – 20 July 1750) was an English bishop.

Life

He was educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, and in 1693 became a Master of Arts (Cambridge) (MA Cantab.)[1] was ordained priest, and appointed chaplain to William Lloyd, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (and later Bishop of Worcester). In 1697, he became prebendary of Lichfield; became a Doctor of Divinity (DD) in 1701, and in 1703 received the stall in Salisbury vacant by the death of Lancelot Addison. In 1706, he became prebendary of Worcester. Elected as Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, he was consecrated at Lichfield Cathedral on 17 November 1717. In 1730, he was translated to become Bishop of Durham upon the confirmation of his election on 21 November. He held the position of Lord Lieutenant of Durham from 11 December 1730 to 20 July 1750. Chandler was a man of more learning than capacity.[2]

He gained some reputation by A Defence of Christianity from the Prophecies, &c. (1725), in answer to Collins’s well-known ‘Grounds and Reasons of the Christian Religion.’ - Collins having replied in his ‘Scheme of Liberal Prophecy.’ Chandler published in 1728 ‘A Vindication of the “Defence of Christianity.” The main point at issue was the date of the book of Daniel, in regard to which Collins had anticipated the views of some modern critics. He also published eight sermons, a ‘Chronological Dissertation.' prefixed to R. Arnald’s ‘Commentary on Ecclesiasticus ’ (17 48) [see Arnald, Richard], and a short preface to Cudworth’s ‘Treatise on Immutable Morality’ when first published in 1731.[3] He died, after a long illness, in London on 20 July 1750, and was buried at Farnham Royal.[2]

Chandler was accused of having given £9,000 for the see of Durham. King mentions him as one of the prelates who died ‘shamefull rich.’ On the other hand, it is said that he gave £50 to the living of Monkwearmouth, £200 towards a house fiat the minister of Stockton, £2,000 for the benefit of priests' widows in his diocese, and that he never sold any of his patent offices.[2]

Family

He married Barbara, eldest daughter of Humphrey Briggs, and had by her two sons and three daughters.[2] He was the father of Catherine Chandler, who married Wadham Wyndham, of Eversley in Hampshire.

References

  1. ^ "Chandler, Edward (CHNR692E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c d Stephen 1887.
  3. ^ Mosheim, in the Preface to his 1733 Latin edition of Cudworth's True Intellectual System of the Universe, credits Chandler with having supplied him with a lucid account of Cudworth's life based upon published and original sources.

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie (1887). "Chandler, Edward". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co.

Church of England titles
Preceded by
John Hough
Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry
1717–1730
Succeeded by
Richard Smalbroke
Preceded by
William Talbot
Bishop of Durham
1730–1750
Succeeded by
Joseph Butler
Honorary titles
Preceded by
William Talbot
Lord Lieutenant of Durham
1730–1750
Vacant
Title next held by
Henry Vane
This page was last edited on 10 March 2021, at 23:26
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