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Walter Skirlaw

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Walter Skirlaw
Bishop of Durham
Bishop Walter Skirlaw, East Window, York Minster.jpg
Image of Bishop Walter Skirlaw in the East Window of York Minster
Appointed3 April 1388
Term ended24 March 1406
PredecessorJohn Fordham
SuccessorThomas Langley
Orders
Consecration14 January 1386
Personal details
BornSwine, East Riding of Yorkshire
Died24 March 1406
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post(s)Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
Bishop of Bath and Wells

Walter Skirlaw[a] (born Swine parish, Holderness,[1][2] brought up at Skirlaugh; died 1406) was an English bishop and diplomat. He was Bishop of Durham from 1388 to 1406. He was an important adviser to Richard II of England and Henry IV of England.[3]

Life

Skirlaw was Archdeacon of the East Riding from 1359 to 1385[4] and Archdeacon of Northampton from 1381.[5] In 1382, he was given custody of the privy seal, filling the office of Lord Privy Seal, which office he held until 1386.[6]: 95  He was elected Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield on 28 June 1385, and consecrated on 14 January 1386.[6]: 253 [7] Then he was translated to be Bishop of Bath and Wells on 18 August 1386.[6]: 228  On 3 April 1388, he was once again transferred, this time to the see of Durham.[6]: 242  He would have become Archbishop of York in 1398, but Richard II over-ruled the cathedral chapter, insisting on Richard le Scrope.[8]

Skirlaw was employed on diplomatic missions to Italy in 1381–3,[9] to Calais to negotiate with the French in 1388,[10] and to the Scots. He died on 24 March 1406.[6]: 242 

Skirlaw is described as "a munificent prelate. He built bridges at Shincliffe, Bishop Auckland, and Yarm; a refuge tower, a beautiful chapter-house (now in ruins) at Howden; and was a large contributor to the expense of building the central tower of York Cathedral".[11]

During his episcopacy much was added to Durham Cathedral, including its cloisters.[12] He is portrayed in the east stained-glass window in York Minster,[13] which he had made.[14]

Notes

  1. ^ Also Walter de Skirlaw, Walter Skirclaw, Walter Skirlaugh, Walter Shirlagh, or Walter Skarlawe

Citations

  1. ^ Secrets of Hylton Castle accessed on 23 August 2007
  2. ^ A History of the County of East Riding: Swine Parish accessed on 23 August 2007
  3. ^ The Fading Years of the Prince Bishops accessed on 23 August 2007
  4. ^ British History – Archdeacons of the East Riding, 1300–1541
  5. ^ Archdeacons of Northampton accessed on 23 August 2007
  6. ^ a b c d e Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology
  7. ^ Bishops of Coventry and Lichfield accessed on 23 August 2007
  8. ^ Welcome to York Minster accessed on 23 August 2007
  9. ^ Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  10. ^ May McKisack, The Fourteenth Century, p. 463.
  11. ^ J. E. Bygate, Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Durham, Gutenberg text.
  12. ^ Durham Cathedral Historical Survey accessed on 23 August 2007
  13. ^ Vidimus no. 6 (April 2007): Panel of the Month accessed on 23 August 2007
  14. ^ York Minster: The Great East Window accessed on 7 September 2007

References

  • Archdeacons of Northampton
  • Bishops of Coventry and Lichfield
  • Bygate, J. E. Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Durham, Gutenberg text
  • Concise Dictionary of National Biography
  • Durham Cathedral Historical Survey
  • The Fading Years of the Prince Bishops
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Glynne Jarratt The Life of Walter Skirlaw: Medieval Diplomat and Prince Bishop of Durham 2004
  • A History of the County of East Riding: Swine Parish
  • McKisack, May The Fourteenth Century
  • Secrets of Hylton Castle
  • Vidimus no. 6 (April 2007): Panel of the Month
  • Welcome to York Minster
Political offices
Preceded by
William Dighton
Lord Privy Seal
1382–1386
Succeeded by
John Waltham
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Robert de Stretton
Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
1385–1386
Succeeded by
Richard le Scrope
Preceded by
John Harewell
Bishop of Bath and Wells
1386–1388
Succeeded by
Ralph Ergham
Preceded by
John Fordham
Bishop of Durham
1388–1406
Succeeded by
Thomas Langley
This page was last edited on 21 April 2021, at 14:29
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