To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Robert of Holy Island

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Robert of Holy Island
Bishop of Durham
Elected24 September 1274
Term ended7 June 1283
PredecessorRobert Stitchill
SuccessorAntony Bek
Consecration9 December 1274
Personal details
Died7 June 1283
Bishop Middleham
Buried10 June 1283
Durham Cathedral in the chapter house

Robert of Holy Island (or Robert de Insula; died 1283) was a medieval Bishop of Durham.

Robert was the son of crofters and was a native of the island of Lindisfarne.[1] He had a brother, Henry, who became Robert's executor. He became a Benedictine monk at Durham, where he served as sacrist from 1265 to 1269. He was prior of Durham's dependent monastic cell at Finchale Priory by 1272. Robert was sent as a representative of the Durham cathedral chapter to the Second Council of Lyon in 1274.[2] He was elected to the see of Durham on 24 September 1274.[3] He was consecrated on 9 December 1274 at York.[2]

While Robert was bishop, in 1281 the Archbishop of York, William Wickwane, declared that he was going to inspect the cathedral chapter at Durham. The monks claimed an exemption from oversight by the archbishops of York and were supported by Robert as bishop. When the archbishop attempted to enter the cathedral chapter in June 1281, he found the doors shut and locked. Both sides sued each other and the resulting litigation dragged on for years. In fact, it was never technically resolved and is one of the longest law cases on record.[2]

Robert died on 7 June 1283[4] at Bishop Middleham. He was buried in the chapter house at Durham Cathedral on 10 June 1283.[2] In the 19th century, a grave identified as his was excavated in the chapter house.[5]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    5 259
  • Holy Wells
  • At the edge of the world : A history of the peoples of the British Isles - Pilot



  1. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 25
  2. ^ a b c d "Robert of Holy Island", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Durham: Bishops
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 242
  5. ^ Carver "Early Medieval Durham" Medieval Art and Architecture p. 13


  • Carver, M. O. H. (1980). "Early Medieval Durham: the Archaeological Evidence". Medieval Art and Architecture at Durham Cathedral. British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the year 1977. Leeds, UK: British Archaeological Association. pp. 11–19. OCLC 13464190.
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
  • Greenway, Diana E. (1971). Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Durham: Bishops. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 October 2007.
  • Moorman, John R. H. (1955). Church Life in England in the Thirteenth Century (Revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. OCLC 213820968.
  • Piper, A. J. (2004). "Holy Island, Robert of (d. 1283)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14434. Retrieved 2 February 2008. {{cite encyclopedia}}: External link in |format= (help)
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Durham
Succeeded by

This page was last edited on 16 February 2021, at 22:33
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.