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Boone, North Carolina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Boone, North Carolina
Town of Boone
West King Street
West King Street
NCMap-doton-Boone.PNG
Coordinates: 36°12′41″N 81°40′7″W / 36.21139°N 81.66861°W / 36.21139; -81.66861
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyWatauga
Incorporated1872
Named forDaniel Boone
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorRennie Brantz[1]
Area
 • Total6.33 sq mi (16.39 km2)
 • Land6.31 sq mi (16.34 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
3,333 ft (1,015.9 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total17,122
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
19,667
 • Density3,117.79/sq mi (1,203.79/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
28607-28608
Area code(s)828
FIPS code37-07080[4]
GNIS feature ID1009539[5]
Websitehttp://www.townofboone.net

Boone is a town in and the county seat of Watauga County, North Carolina, United States. Located in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western North Carolina, Boone is the home of Appalachian State University and the headquarters for the disaster and medical relief organization Samaritan's Purse. The population was 17,122 at the 2010 census.

The town is named for famous American pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, and every summer, other than 2020, from 1952 has hosted an outdoor amphitheatre drama, Horn in the West, portraying the British settlement of the area during the American Revolutionary War and featuring the contributions of its namesake. It is the largest community and the economic hub of the seven-county region of Western North Carolina known as the High Country.

History

Boone as seen from Howard Knob
Boone as seen from Howard Knob

Boone took its name from the famous pioneer and explorer Daniel Boone, who on several occasions camped at a site generally agreed to be within the present city limits. Daniel's nephews, Jesse and Jonathan (sons of brother Israel Boone), were members of the town's first church,[6] Three Forks Baptist, still in existence today.[7]

Boone was served by the narrow gauge East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad (nicknamed "Tweetsie") until the flood of 1940. The flood washed away much of the tracks and it was decided not to replace them.

Boone is the home of Appalachian State University, a constituent member of the University of North Carolina. Appalachian State is the sixth-largest university in the seventeen-campus system. Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute also operates a satellite campus in Boone.

"Horn in the West" is a dramatization of the life and times of the early settlers of the mountain area.[8] It features Daniel Boone as one of its characters, and has been performed in an outdoor amphitheater near the town every summer since 1952, except for when COVID-19 necessitated canceling the 2020 performances.[9] The original actor in the role of "Daniel Boone" was Ned Austin.[10] His "Hollywood Star" stands on a pedestal on King Street in downtown Boone. He was followed in the role by Glenn Causey, who portrayed the rugged frontiersman for 41 years, and whose image is still seen in many of the depictions of Boone featured in the area today.[citation needed]

Boone is notable for being home to the Junaluska community. Located in the hills just north of Downtown Boone, a free black community has existed in the area since before the Civil War. Although integration in the mid-20th century led to many of the businesses in the neighborhood closing in favor of their downtown counterparts, descendants of the original inhabitants still live in the neighborhood. Junaluska is also home to one of the few majority-African American Mennonite Brethren congregations.[11]

Boone is a center for bluegrass musicians and Appalachian storytellers. Notable artists associated with Boone include the late Grammy Award-winning bluegrass guitar player Doc Watson, and the late guitarist Michael Houser, one of the founding members of and the lead guitarist for the band Widespread Panic, as well as Old Crow Medicine Show, The Blue Rags, and Eric Church, all who are Boone natives.

The Blair Farm, Daniel Boone Hotel, Jones House, John Smith Miller House, and US Post Office-Boone are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12]

Geography and climate

Boone is located at 36°12′41″N 81°40′7″W / 36.21139°N 81.66861°W / 36.21139; -81.66861 (36.211364, −81.668657)[13] and has an elevation of 3,333 feet (1015.9 m) above sea level. An earlier survey gave the elevation as 3,332 ft and since then it has been published as having an elevation of 3,333 ft (1,016 m). Boone has the highest elevation of any town of its size (over 10,000 population) east of the Mississippi River. As such, Boone features, depending on the isotherm used, a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), a rarity for the Southeastern United States, bordering on a subtropical highland climate (Cfb) and straddles the boundary between USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6B and 7A;[14] the elevation also results in enhanced precipitation, with 52.7 inches (1,340 mm) of average annual precipitation. Compared to the lower elevations of the Carolinas, winters are long and cold, with frequent sleet and snowfall. The daily average temperature in January is 31.2 °F (−0.4 °C),[15] which gives Boone a winter climate more similar to coastal southern New England rather than the Southeast, where a humid subtropical climate predominates. Blizzard-like conditions are not unusual during many winters. Summers are warm, but far cooler and less humid than lower regions to the south and east, with a July daily average temperature of 68.5 °F (20.3 °C).[15] Boone typically receives on average nearly 35 inches (89 cm) of snowfall annually, far higher than the lowland areas in the rest of North Carolina. On January 18, 1966, the temperature fell to −18 °F (−28 °C).[16]

Climate data for Boone, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1980–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
72
(22)
81
(27)
85
(29)
85
(29)
91
(33)
93
(34)
91
(33)
86
(30)
84
(29)
76
(24)
72
(22)
93
(34)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60
(16)
63
(17)
70
(21)
77
(25)
80
(27)
84
(29)
86
(30)
84
(29)
81
(27)
76
(24)
68
(20)
62
(17)
87
(31)
Average high °F (°C) 41.4
(5.2)
44.7
(7.1)
51.7
(10.9)
61.7
(16.5)
69.4
(20.8)
75.8
(24.3)
79.0
(26.1)
77.8
(25.4)
72.2
(22.3)
63.0
(17.2)
53.0
(11.7)
45.0
(7.2)
61.2
(16.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 31.5
(−0.3)
34.2
(1.2)
40.5
(4.7)
49.3
(9.6)
57.6
(14.2)
64.7
(18.2)
68.4
(20.2)
67.1
(19.5)
61.3
(16.3)
51.2
(10.7)
41.3
(5.2)
34.9
(1.6)
50.2
(10.1)
Average low °F (°C) 21.6
(−5.8)
23.8
(−4.6)
29.2
(−1.6)
36.9
(2.7)
45.8
(7.7)
53.7
(12.1)
57.7
(14.3)
56.3
(13.5)
50.3
(10.2)
39.3
(4.1)
29.6
(−1.3)
24.7
(−4.1)
39.1
(3.9)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 4
(−16)
9
(−13)
14
(−10)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
44
(7)
50
(10)
49
(9)
38
(3)
26
(−3)
18
(−8)
10
(−12)
2
(−17)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−8
(−22)
−6
(−21)
14
(−10)
26
(−3)
36
(2)
40
(4)
38
(3)
30
(−1)
18
(−8)
10
(−12)
−11
(−24)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.39
(112)
3.64
(92)
4.77
(121)
5.52
(140)
5.46
(139)
5.59
(142)
5.11
(130)
5.56
(141)
5.73
(146)
4.69
(119)
4.44
(113)
4.23
(107)
59.13
(1,502)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.6
(17)
6.7
(17)
4.8
(12)
1.0
(2.5)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.3
(0.76)
1.0
(2.5)
5.2
(13)
25.6
(65)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.7 11.5 12.3 12.9 14.0 14.3 14.1 13.3 10.9 9.8 9.2 11.9 145.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.7 3.8 2.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.7 2.6 14.6
Source: NOAA[15][17]
Climate data for Boone, extremes 1920-1980
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
(26)
75
(24)
80
(27)
89
(32)
86
(30)
94
(34)
96
(36)
91
(33)
92
(33)
87
(31)
80
(27)
73
(23)
96
(36)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 61.1
(16.2)
62.8
(17.1)
70.0
(21.1)
77.6
(25.3)
80.8
(27.1)
84.8
(29.3)
85.9
(29.9)
84.6
(29.2)
82.3
(27.9)
75.7
(24.3)
69.4
(20.8)
61.4
(16.3)
87.8
(31.0)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 3.3
(−15.9)
5.7
(−14.6)
12.9
(−10.6)
23.4
(−4.8)
32.8
(0.4)
41.2
(5.1)
48.1
(8.9)
45.5
(7.5)
36.2
(2.3)
24.2
(−4.3)
13.1
(−10.5)
5.5
(−14.7)
−2.5
(−19.2)
Record low °F (°C) −18
(−28)
−8
(−22)
−1
(−18)
13
(−11)
24
(−4)
33
(1)
38
(3)
33
(1)
25
(−4)
14
(−10)
−6
(−21)
−10
(−23)
−18
(−28)
Source: WRCC[16]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880167
1890144−13.8%
19001557.6%
191017915.5%
1920374108.9%
19301,295246.3%
19401,78838.1%
19502,97366.3%
19603,68624.0%
19708,754137.5%
198010,19116.4%
199012,91526.7%
200013,4724.3%
201017,12227.1%
2019 (est.)19,667[3]14.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 13,472 people, 4,374 households, and 1,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,307.0 people per square mile (890.7/km2). There were 4,748 housing units at an average density of 813.0 per square mile (313.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 93.98% White, 3.42% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 1.64% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[4]

There were 4,374 households, out of which 9.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 21.0% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 71.7% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.97 and the average family size was 2.63.[4]

In the town, the population was spread out, with 5.8% under 18, 65.9% from 18 to 24, 12.1% from 25 to 44, 9.1% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.[4]

The median income for a household in the town was $20,541, and the median income for a family was $49,762. The per capita income was $12,256. Males had a median income of $28,060 versus $20,000 for females. About 9.2% of families and 37.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under the age of 18 and 9.1% of those 65 and older.[4]

Media

Newspaper

Boone is mainly served by three local newspapers:

A smaller newspaper, The Appalachian, is Appalachian State University's campus newspaper; it is published once a week on Thursdays.[20] In addition to the locally printed papers, a monthly entertainment pamphlet named Kraut Creek Revival has limited circulation and is funded by a Denver, NC-based newspaper.

Radio

Law and government

Boone operates under a mayor–council government. The city council consists of five members. The mayor presides over the council and casts a vote on issues only in the event of a tie. As of February 2021, the Town Council members were: Mayor Rennie Brantz, and Councilors: Connie Ulmer (Mayor Pro-Tem), Dustin Hicks, Sam Furgiuele, Virginia Roseman and Nancy LaPlaca. [22]

Development

Industrial, commercial, and residential development in the town of Boone is a controversial issue due to its location in the mountains of Appalachia. On October 16, 2009, the town council accepted the "Boone 2030 Land Use Plan."[23] While the document itself is not in any way actual law, it is used by the town council, board of adjustment, and other committees to guide decision making as to what types of development are appropriate.[24]

In 2009, the North Carolina Department of Transportation began widening 1.1 miles of U.S. 421 (King Street) to a 4-to-6-lane divided highway with a raised concrete median from U.S. 321 (Hardin Street) to east of N.C. 194 (Jefferson Road), including a new entrance and exit to the new Watauga High School, at a cost of $16.2 million.[25] The widening has displaced 25 businesses and 63 residences east of historic downtown King Street.[26] The project was slated to be completed by December 31, 2011, but construction continued into the spring of 2012.

Points of interest

Notable residents

Doc Watson sculpture in downtown Boone
Doc Watson sculpture in downtown Boone

Sister city

Boone has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 6, 2015. Retrieved July 31, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Archived from the original on July 26, 2019. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Archived from the original on February 26, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Philosophy of Ministry". Three Forks Baptist Church. Archived from the original on May 30, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  7. ^ Arthur, John Preston (1915). A History of Watauga County, North Carolina. Richmond: Everett Waddey Co. p. 30. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  8. ^ "Horn in the West to host auditions for 69th season". Watauga Democrat. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "69th Season of Horn in the West Postponed Until 2021". WataugaOnline.com. May 14, 2020. Archived from the original on May 20, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  10. ^ "Original 'Horn in the West' member recalls premiere". Watauga Democrat. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved August 10, 2020.
  11. ^ Staff, Our State (January 30, 2015). "Invisible Appalachia: Junaluska". Our State. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Archived from the original on August 24, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  14. ^ "What is my arborday.org Hardiness Zone?". Arborday.org. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  15. ^ a b c "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  16. ^ a b "BOONE, NORTH CAROLINA – Climate Summary". wrcc.dri.edu. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  17. ^ "Station: Boone 1 SE, NC". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 11, 2021.
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  19. ^ "About Us | Site". Wataugademocrat.com. Archived from the original on June 6, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  20. ^ "About Us". theappalachianonline.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2020. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  21. ^ "WFDD in the High Country on 100.1". WFDD.org. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  22. ^ Lasure, Kayla. "Roseman appointed to Boone Town Council". Archived from the original on February 23, 2021. Retrieved March 1, 2021.
  23. ^ "Boone2030Blogspot". TownOfBoone. Archived from the original on August 12, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
  24. ^ "Boone 2030 Land Use Plan PDF" (PDF). Lawrence Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 17, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
  25. ^ "NC DOT US421 Widening Project". NCDOT. Archived from the original on July 31, 2009. Retrieved October 31, 2010.
  26. ^ "statedotpaves". Wataugademocrat.com. March 16, 2007. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
  27. ^ Sam Adams - Tournament Results | Tennessee PGA Archived November 25, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. PGA Tennessee Section. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  28. ^ Chris Austin | country music singer | MerleFest | Blue Ridge National Heritage Area Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. Blue Ridge National Heritage Area. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  29. ^ RUFUS L. EDMISTEN - Carolinas Boxing Hall of Fame. Carolinas Boxing Hall of Fame. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  30. ^ http://www.thebaseballcube.com/players/profile.asp?ID=12149 Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. The Baseball Cube. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  31. ^ Former Senator Steve Goss dies at 65 Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. Watauga Democrat. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  32. ^ https://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/H/HollJo21.htm Archived November 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine. Pro Football Reference. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  33. ^ Lucas, Fred. March 29, 2018. Backers of Trump Pick for UN Migration Agency Counter Media Attacks Archived November 25, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. The Daily Signal. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
  34. ^ "Ryder Jones Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
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  37. ^ http://www.thebaseballcube.com/players/profile.asp?ID=19016 Archived July 27, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. The Baseball Cube. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  38. ^ "About Sister Cities | Town of Collingwood". www.collingwood.ca. Archived from the original on February 28, 2018. Retrieved March 20, 2019.

External links

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