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Geographic Names Information System

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The logo of the United States Geological Survey
The logo of the United States Geological Survey

The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier.[1] The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication."[2]

YouTube Encyclopedic

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  • ✪ Rivers of India part I
  • ✪ Asia: Political Divisions, Location and Physical Features
  • ✪ Why Do Rivers Curve?


In this vedieo we shall learn major rivers in india The major rivers in India can be divided into The Himalayan rivers and the rivers of the Indian plateau The major Himalayan rivers are river Ganga, river Brahmaputra and river Indus These are not just rivers they are river systems River Ganga is the longest and the most important river of India. It is 2525 km long and it flows through the states of Uttrakhand Uttar Pradesh Bihar Jharkhand West Bengal River Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus. It is also a lifeline to millions of Indians who live along its course and depend on it for their daily needs. River Ganga originates from Gangotri glaciers at Gomukh. The headwaters of Ganga is known as Bhagirathi. It joins river Alaknanda at Devprayag. From here the river is known as Ganga. Yamuna is the 2nd largest tributary of Ganga. River Yamuna originates at Yamnotri and joins Ganga at Allahabad. It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow into the sea. The rivers joining Ganga from north are Ramganga, Gomati Ghagra Rapti joins Ghagra Gandak and Kosi River Ghagra is the largest tributary of Ganga The rivers joining Yamuna from the south are Chambal The tributaries of Chambal are Banas Parbati and Kalisind Other tributaries of Yamuna are sind and Betwa The tributary of Betwa is Dhassan. Then it is Ken and Tons River Son joins river Ganga The tributary of river Son are Rihand and Koel. In West Bengal river ganga is joined by Mayurakshi and Damodar. coming to the next river River Indus The Indus River, is 3,180 km long and this makes it one of the longest rivers in Asia. The river originates in the western part of Tibet in the vicinity of Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar. The river passes through Kashmir and before joining Arabian sea it passes through Pakistan. It is the longest river and national river of Pakistan. River Satluj is the largest Tributary of river Indus. It originates from Rakshastal lake in Tibet. This river flows through the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and joins Indus in Pakistan. The tributaries of Indus are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Beas. and in the northern part the tributaries are Shyok, Gilgit and zaskar The next important Himalayan river is the river Brahmaputra River Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia, which flows through China, India and Bangladesh. This river is 3,848 km long. River Brahmaputra is called Tsangpo in Tibet It originates originates on the Chemayungdung Glacier located on the northern side of the Himalayas in Burang County of Tibet. A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes, in certain modern nations. Brahmaputra enters India in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, where it is called Siang. In Assam the river is called Brahmaputra. In Bangladesh, the Brahmaputra is joined by the River Teesta then it is known as Jamuna. Later on it merges with the lower Ganga, called the River Padma. In the final part the river is called Meghna. The main tributaries of Brahmaputra are Tiesta, Dhubri, Manas, Subansiri, Lohit, Dibang, Dhansiri, Kopili, and Meghna River Meghna in the initial stage is known as river Barak River Surma when it turns south it is known as Meghna The important rivers of the Indian plateau are Mahanadi, Godawari, Krishna Kaveri, Narmada and Tapi River Mahanadi originates in Chattisgarh It is an important river of chattisgarh and Odisha The tributaries of river Mahanadi are seonath, Hasdeo, Mand, Ib, Ong and river Tel River Godawari is the second largest river in India after the river Ganga It has its source at Trimbakeshwar The main tributaries of river Godawari are river Pravara, Puma wainganga The tributaries of Wainganga are Penganga and river Wardha then it is Manjara and Indrawati River krishna originates in the western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar The main tributaries of Krishna are Bhima Tungabadhra Ghatprabha and Malaprabha Then it is river Penner and river Kaveri The two important westward flowing rivers are River Narmada and river Tapi River Narmada is the longest westward flowing rivers of india


Name changes

The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features. The general public can make proposals at the GNIS web site and can review the justifications and supporters of the proposals.

Other authorities

  • The Bureau of the Census defines Census Designated Places as a subset of locations in the National Geographic Names Database.
  • U.S. Postal Service Publication 28 gives standards for addressing mail. In this publication, the postal service defines two-letter state abbreviations, street identifiers such as boulevard (BLVD) and street (ST), and secondary identifiers such as suite (STE).

See also


  1. ^ "US Census County Based TIGER/Line® 2009 Data Dictionary: Entity, Joins, Attributes, and Domains". Archived from the original on 27 June 2014.
  2. ^ Cartographic Users Advisory Council (CUAC) (April 26–27, 2007). 2007 Agency Presentation Minutes. Reston, VA: US Geological Survey. Archived from the original on 11 January 2014.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 26 February 2019, at 16:24
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