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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on
Bengalis
Montage of Bengal.jpg

Personal names in Bengali-speaking countries consist of one or several given names and a surname. The given is usually gender-specific. A name is usually cited in the "Western order" of "given name, surname". Personal names may depend generally on the person's religion and also have origins from other languages like Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and Pali, but they are used and pronounced as according to the native Bengali language.

Given names (first name)

Many people in Bangladesh have two given names: a "good name" (ভাল নাম bhalo nam), which is used on all legal documents, and a "call name" or "nickname" (ডাক নাম đak nam), which is used by family members and close friends.

The two names may or may not be at all related; for example, a man named Šumon Saha (সুমন সাহা) may be called by his đak nam (e.g. Bubai বুবাই) at home and by his bhalo nam (Šumon সুমন) elsewhere. Many people also have a shortened version of their bhalo nam (e.g. Dipu for Deepak, Faru for Farhana, etc.) in addition to their full bhalo nam and their dak nam.

Middle names

Though middle names are very common in Bangladesh, not every individual has one; this applies to West Bengal as well. Recently, many people have begun to add their dak nam to the middle or end of their full official name, resulting in names like "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" (সাইফুদ্দীন কাঞ্চন চৌধুরী), where "Saifuddin" would be the man's bhalo nam, "Kanchon" would be his dak nam and "Choudhuri" would be his family name. "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" could also be written as "Saifuddin Choudhuri Kanchon" dak nam in the end, depending on the choice of the person, how he/she displays their name. In these situations, this man would be correctly addressed "Mr. Choudhuri", not "Mr. Kanchon".

Family names

A majority of the people of Bangladesh are adherents of Islam, and because of this, they mostly use names of Arabic origins followed by Farsi, Bengali and Pali origins. Among Muslims of Bangladesh, there are several different naming conventions. There is no fixed scheme for the structure of names.[1] Many people do not really use a family name, so members of a family can have different last names. The system of usage of different family names in the same family may also be followed by non-Muslims due to the dominating name style of not having same family names in a family by Muslims in Bangladesh. Some family names may be common between all religions like: চৌধুরী (Choudhuri / Chowdhury), সরকার (Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar) and বিশ্বাস (Bishwas).

List of common family names by a person's religion

Muslim family names

S.No. Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
1 শেখ [[Sheikh- (Bengali

surname)|Sheikh]]

2 সৈয়দ Syed
3 লস্কর Laskar
4 মীর Mir
5 উদ্দিন Uddin
6 আখন্দ Akhand
7 উল্লাহ Ullah
8 মীর্জা/মির্জা Mirza
9 শাহ Shah
10 মুন্সী Munshi
11 দেওয়ান Dewan
12 গাজী Gazi
13 কাজী Kazi Quazi (given name disambiguation)
14 খান/খাঁ Khan
15 চৌধুরী Chowdhury
16 সরকার Sarkar
17 মুহুরী Muhuri
18 মল্ল Malla
19 পাটোয়ারী Patoyari
20 মোল্লা Molla
21 ফকির Fakir/Faqir
22 খন্দকার Khondakar
23 হাজারী Hazari
24 শিকদার Shikdar/Sikdar
25 তালুকদার Talukdar
26 মজুমদার Majumdar/Mazumdar
27 হালদার Haldar
28 জোয়ার্দার Joardar
29 ইনামদার Inamdar
30 মিয়া Miah
31 সরদার Sarder/Sardar
32 চাকলাদার Chaqladar/Chakladar
33 হাওলাদার Howladar
34 ডিহিদার Dihidar
35 ভূঁইয়া Bhuiyan
36 মুস্তাফী Mustafi
37 মলঙ্গী Malangi
38 মাতুব্বর Matubbar
39 গোমস্তা Gomastha
40 পন্নী Panni
41 লোহানী Lohani
42 কানুনগো Qanungo
43 কারকুন Karkun
44 মল্লিক Mallik
45 মণ্ডল Mandal
46 বিশ্বাস Bishwash
47 প্রামাণিক Pramanik
48 বেগম Begom
49 মৃধা Mridha

Hindu family names

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
ভট্টাচার্য্য / ভট্টাচার্য Bhottacharjyo / Bhottacharjo / Bhattacharya (Bhattacharjee)
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় (ব্যানার্জী) Bandyapadhyay (Banerjee)
বনিক Bonik / Banik
নস্কর Naskar
ব্যাপারী Byapari / Bapary
বিশ্বাস Bishwas
ভৌমিক Bhoumik / Bhowmik
বসু Basu
চক্রবর্তী Chakroborti / Chakraborty
চট্টপাধ্যায় (চ্যাটার্জী) Chottopadhyay (Chatterjee)
চৌধুরী Choudhuri / Chowdhury
খাঁ kha/khan
দাস Das
দেব Deb
দে De / Dey
দত্ত Datto / Datta / Dutya
গায়েন Gain / Gayen
গুহ Guho / Guha
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় (গাঙ্গুলী) Gongopadhyay / Gangopadhyay (Ganguly)
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
গুপ্ত Gupto / Gupta
ঘোষ Ghos / Ghosh
গোস্বামী Goswami / Gushami
প্রভুপাদ Probhupado / Prabhupada
মজুমদার Mozumdar / Majumder
মিত্র Mitro / Mitra
মুখোপাধ্যায় (মুখার্জী) Mukhopadhyay (Mukharjee)
মুন্সী Munsi / Munshi
নাথ Nath / Natha
পুরকায়স্থ Purokayostho / Purakayastha / Purkait
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Roy
সাহা Saha
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
সেন Sen
ঠাকুর Thakur
চন্দ Chanda / Chonda
বাগচী Bagchi
বটব্যাল Batabyal

Buddhist family names

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় Bondyopadhyay/Bonddopaddhay
চট্টপাধ্যায় Chottopadhyay
বনিক Banik
ব্যাপারী Bæpari / Bapary
বড়ুয়া Baruya / Borua / Baruah
চাকমা Chakma
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় Gonggopadhyay
মুখোপাধ্যায় Mukhopadhyay
মুৎসুদ্দি Mutsuddi
পাটোয়ারী Paŧoyari / Paŧwary
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Rai তনচংগা Tonchongga / Tanchangya
ত্রিপুরা Tripura / Tipra
মারমা / মগ্ Marma / Mog
মুরং Murong / Murung / Mrung / Mru
মহাথের Mohathero / Mahathero
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
লারমা Larma
মুৎসুদ্দী Mutsuddy

Initials and prefixes

Mohammod, Muhammod or Muhammad (মোহাম্মদ) is a common prefix used before the name of many Muslim males, and it is not considered as the name used to refer to the person. In many cases, the "Muhammad" prefix is shortened to মোঃ ("Md.", or "MD."). Other common prefixes are not systematic. The prefix often serves as the first name and the given name appears as the last name/surname.

References

This page was last edited on 22 May 2020, at 13:35
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