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National personification

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in World War I.
Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in World War I.
 An early example of National personification in a gospel book dated 990: Sclavinia, Germania, Gallia, and Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor Otto III.
An early example of National personification in a gospel book dated 990: Sclavinia, Germania, Gallia, and Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor Otto III.
 1909 cartoon in Puck shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.
1909 cartoon in Puck shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.

A national personification is an anthropomorphism of a nation or its people.[citation needed] It may appear in editorial cartoons and propaganda.

Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess Minerva/Athena, and often took the Latin name of the ancient Roman province. Examples of this type include Britannia, Germania, Hibernia, Helvetia and Polonia. Examples of personifications of the Goddess of Liberty include Marianne, the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World), and many examples of United States coinage. Another ancient model was Roma, a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state, and who was revived in the 20th Century as the personification of Mussolini's "New Roman Empire". Examples of representations of the everyman or citizenry—rather than of the nation itself—are Deutscher Michel, John Bull and Uncle Sam.[1]

Personifications by country or territory

Country Image Personification
 Albania
Mother Albania Tirana 2.JPG
Mother Albania (Nëna Shqipëria)
 Argentina
20060128 - Mausoleo del General San Martín en la Catedral de Buenos Aires.jpg
Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, Gaucho, Martín Fierro
 Armenia
Arm-3897-65 amyak end K 2.jpg
Mother Armenia (Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother Hayastan")
 Australia
LBM-Lindsay.jpg
Little Boy from Manly, alternatively native animals like the Kangaroo
 Austria
Wien 01 Austriabrunnen 07.jpg
Austria
 Bangladesh Bangamata (lit. Mother Bengal); Bengal tiger.[2]

Joy Bangla (Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[3]

 Belgium La-Belgique-couronnant-ses-enfants-illustres-Jamar-1854.tif La Belgique or Belgica. The country is also commonly represented by a lion, historically known as Leo Belgicus.
 Brazil
Rodrigues-republica-mab.jpg
Efígie da República; the Bandeirante (only in São Paulo State); the Candango (in Brasília); the Gaúcho (in Rio Grande do Sul)
 Bulgaria
Georgi-Danchov-Svobodna-Bulgaria.jpg
Mother Bulgaria
 Cambodia Preah Thong and Neang Neak
 Canada
Statue Dollard des Ormeaux, parc Lafontaine, Montréal 2005-08-29.jpg
Mountie[disputed ], Johnny Canuck, Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), Adam Dollard des Ormeaux (used during the two World Wars as a military example), Mother Canada (at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
 Chile
Roto chileno.jpg
El Roto, El Huaso, La Carmela, Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
 Czech Republic
Vaclav Maly -The National Museum in Prague 048
Čechie, Czech Vašek, double-tailed Czech lion, Svejk.
 Denmark
Holger danske.jpg
Holger Danske, Mor Danmark
 Dominican Republic
Conchoprimo.jpeg
Conchoprimo
 Egypt
Nahdet Misr.jpg
Mother of the World (Om El Donia)
 El Salvador
SalvadorDelMundo.jpg
Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
 Europe
Enlèvement d'Europe by Nöel-Nicolas Coypel (detail).jpg
Europa or Europa regina
 Finland
SuomiNeito.png
Finnish Maiden (Suomi-neito)
 France
Marianne - symbol of French Republic.jpg
Marianne
 Georgia
Saint George - Carlo Crivelli.jpg
Georgia: Saint George, "Mother of a Georgian" (Kartvlis Deda)
 Germany
Image Germania (painting).jpg
Germany: Germania, Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker), Deutscher Michel

Bavaria: Bavaria, Berlin: Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia

 Greece
Theodoros Vryzakis, Grateful Hellas (1858).jpg
Hellas
 Haiti
Czestochowska.jpg
Ezili Dantor, Katrin (based off the real life Haitian hero, Catherine Flon)
 Hungary
Hungária nőalak Aradon.jpg
The Lady of Hungaria
 Iceland
Arnason-front.jpg
The Lady of the Mountains (Fjallkonan)
 India
Bharat matha.jpg
Bharat Mata ("Mother India")
 Indonesia
Statue of Goddess or Queen at Monas.JPG
Ibu Pertiwi
 Iran
Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg
Cyrus the Great
 Ireland
Edmund Dwyer Gray Hibernia.png
Ériu, Banba, Fódla, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Hibernia, Scotia,[4] Granuaile, The Old Woman of Beare[5]
 Israel
PikiWiki Israel 5668 cartoon museu in holon.jpg
Srulik
 Italy
Reggio calabria monumento all'italia.jpg
Italia Turrita
 Japan
Amaterasu cave crop.jpg
Amaterasu
 Jordan Abu Mahjoob
 Kenya Wanjiku
Korea ( North Korea and  South Korea) Dangun, Ungnyeo, Korean Tiger, Yangban, Chollima
 Lebanon Abu Abed
 Macedonia Mother Macedonia[6][7]
 Malaysia
TuahNatlHistoryMuseumKL.jpg
Hang Tuah, Harimau Malaya
 Malta
Malta 1922 One Pound.jpg
Melita
 Mexico
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana 1.jpg
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana (es), Our Lady of Guadalupe, La China Poblana
 Morocco
BarbaryLionB1898bw.jpg
Barbary Lion
 Montenegro
Vlah Church 2.jpg
Fairy of Lovćen, Mother Montenegro
 Netherlands
Wapen Bataafse Republiek.svg
Dutch Maiden, Dutch Republic Lion
 New Zealand
1901 Universal Postage 1 penny red.JPG
Kiwi, Zealandia, southern man (for the South Island)
 Norway
Norges Grundlov 1814 Frihed Lighed Broderskab, 1914.jpg
Mother Norway (no), stereotyp. Ola Nordmann & Kari Nordmann, hist. Nór
 Pakistan Pak sar zamin
 Palestine Handala
 Peru The chalán, La Madre Patria
 Philippines Juan dela Cruz, María Clara, Ináng Bayan, Filipinas, Philippine eagle
 Poland
Quincunx Polonia.jpg
Polonia
 Portugal
Zepovinho.jpg
Zé Povinho, Eu nacional (National Self), Republic effigy, Guardian Angel of Portugal
 Romania
Gheorghe Tattarescu - 11 februarie 1866 Romania Moderna.jpg
România
 Russia
RossiiaLaveretsky.jpg
Mother Russia/Mother Motherland
 Serbia
Kosovo Maiden, Uroš Predić, 1919.jpg
Mother Serbia, Kosovo Maiden
 Singapore
Singapore Mini Merlion.JPG
Merlion
 Slovakia
Wladyslaw Skoczylas - Janosik.jpg
Jánošík
 Slovenia Kranjski Janez ("John from Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
 Spain
Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 03b.jpg
Hispania
 Suriname
Mama Sranan Sculpture
Mama Sranan (Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms.[8]
 Sweden
Moder svea berga.JPG
Mother Svea
  Switzerland
Zweifranken (cropped).jpg
Helvetia
 Thailand
Pra Siamdevadhiraj.png
Phra Siam Devadhiraj (พระสยามเทวาธิราช "The guardian angel of Siam"), Thailand
 Ukraine
Cossack Mamay 1890.jpg
Cossack Mamay
 United Kingdom
Britannia-Statue.jpg
Britannia, John Bull
 United States
Unclesamwantyou.jpg
Uncle Sam (government personification), Statue of Liberty as Lady Liberty, Columbia, Johnny Rebel (The South, obsolete), Billy Yank (The North, obsolete), Brother Jonathan (New England, obsolete)
 Vietnam The Four Immortals

See also

References

  1. ^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
  2. ^ "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. 
  3. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. ISBN 8176484695. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ O'Clery, M. (2003) Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters as translated into English
  5. ^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006). An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
  6. ^ "A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army 
  7. ^ Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and Macedonia
  8. ^ http://www.parbode.com/opinie/item/2629-kunstschatten-mama-sranan

Further reading

  • Lionel Gossman. "Making of a Romantic Icon: The Religious Context of Friedrich Overbeck's 'Italia und Germania.'" American Philosophical Society, 2007. ISBN 0-87169-975-3. [1]

External links

This page was last edited on 17 June 2018, at 17:56.
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