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National personification

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in World War I.
Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in World War I.
An early example of National personification in a gospel book dated 990: Sclavinia, Germania, Gallia, and Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor Otto III.
An early example of National personification in a gospel book dated 990: Sclavinia, Germania, Gallia, and Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor Otto III.
1909 cartoon in Puck shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.
1909 cartoon in Puck shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.

A national personification is an anthropomorphism of a nation or its people. It may appear in editorial cartoons and propaganda.

Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess Minerva/Athena, and often took the Latin name of the ancient Roman province. Examples of this type include Britannia, Germania, Hibernia, Helvetia and Polonia. Examples of personifications of the Goddess of Liberty include Marianne, the Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World), and many examples of United States coinage. Another ancient model was Roma, a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state, and who was revived in the 20th Century as the personification of Mussolini's "New Roman Empire". Examples of representations of the everyman or citizenry in addition to the nation itself are Deutscher Michel, John Bull and Uncle Sam.[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    40 491
    3 395
    7 748
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  • What Is Your Country's National Personification?
  • Who is Uncle Sam?
  • The Average Soldier's Life in the Military During the American Civil War (2002)
  • Who is John Bull
  • List of National symbols and National things of Australia - Every Australian should know



Personifications by country or territory

Country Image Personification
Mother Albania Tirana 2.JPG
Mother Albania (Nëna Shqipëria)
20060128 - Mausoleo del General San Martín en la Catedral de Buenos Aires.jpg
Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, Gaucho, Martín Fierro
Arm-3897-65 amyak end K 2.jpg
Mother Armenia (Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother Hayastan")
Little Boy from Manly, Boxing kangaroo
Wien 01 Austriabrunnen 07.jpg
 Bangladesh Bangamata (lit. Mother Bengal); Bengal tiger.[2]

Joy Bangla (Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of Bangladesh during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[3]

 Belgium La-Belgique-couronnant-ses-enfants-illustres-Jamar-1854.tif La Belgique or Belgica. The country is also commonly represented by a lion, historically known as Leo Belgicus.
Efígie da República; the Bandeirante (only in São Paulo State); the Candango (in Brasília); the Gaúcho (in Rio Grande do Sul)
Mother Bulgaria
 Cambodia Preah Thong and Neang Neak
Statue Dollard des Ormeaux, parc Lafontaine, Montréal 2005-08-29.jpg
Mountie[disputed ], Johnny Canuck, Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), Adam Dollard des Ormeaux (used during the two World Wars as a military example), Mother Canada (at the Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
Roto chileno.jpg
El Roto, El Huaso, La Carmela, Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
 China and  Taiwan
Jade Emperor. Ming Dynasty.jpg
Jade Emperor, Chinese dragon, Mao Zedong (in Mainland China), Sun Yat-sen (in Taiwan)
 Czech Republic
Vaclav Maly -The National Museum in Prague 048.jpg
Čechie, Czech Vašek, double-tailed Czech lion, Svejk.
Holger danske.jpg
Holger Danske, Mor Danmark
 Dominican Republic
Nahdet Misr.jpg
Mother of the World (Om El Donia)
 El Salvador
Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
Enlèvement d'Europe by Nöel-Nicolas Coypel (detail).jpg
Europa or Europa regina
Finnish Maiden (Suomi-neito)
Marianne - symbol of French Republic.jpg
Marianne, Jean Crapaud
Saint George - Carlo Crivelli.jpg
Georgia: Saint George, "Mother of a Georgian" (Kartvlis Deda)
Image Germania (painting).jpg
Germany: Germania, Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker), Deutscher Michel

Bavaria: Bavaria, Berlin: Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia

Theodoros Vryzakis, Grateful Hellas (1858).jpg
Ezili Dantor, Katrin (based on the real life Haitian hero, Catherine Flon)
Hungária nőalak Aradon.jpg
The Lady of Hungaria
The Lady of the Mountains (Fjallkonan)
Bharat matha.jpg
Bharat Mata ("Mother India")
Statue of Goddess or Queen at Monas.JPG
Ibu Pertiwi
Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg
Cyrus the Great
Edmund Dwyer Gray Hibernia.png
Ériu, Banba, Fódla, Kathleen Ni Houlihan, Hibernia, Scotia,[4] Granuaile, The Old Woman of Beare[5], Grace O'Malley[6][7]

PikiWiki Israel 5668 cartoon museu in holon.jpg
Reggio calabria monumento all'italia.jpg
Italia Turrita
Amaterasu cave crop.jpg
Amaterasu, Emperor Jimmu, Emperor Meiji, Kiji
 Jordan Abu Mahjoob
 Kenya Wanjiku
Korea ( North Korea and  South Korea)
Portrait of Dangun.jpg
Dangun, Ungnyeo, Korean Tiger, Yangban, Chollima, Kim Il-Sung (North Korea only)
Manas Monument in Bishkek.jpg
 Lebanon Abu Abed
 Macedonia Mother Macedonia[8][9]
Hang Tuah, Harimau Malaya
Malta 1922 One Pound.jpg
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana 1.jpg
Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana (es), Our Lady of Guadalupe, La China Poblana
Barbary Lion
Vlah Church 2.jpg
Fairy of Lovćen, Mother Montenegro
Element uit de vlag van de marine van de Bataafse Republiek.svg
Dutch Maiden, Dutch Republic Lion
 New Zealand
1901 Universal Postage 1 penny red.JPG
Kiwi, Zealandia, southern man (for the South Island)
Norges Grundlov 1814 Frihed Lighed Broderskab, 1914.jpg
Mother Norway [no], stereotyp. Ola Nordmann & Kari Nordmann, hist. Nór
 Palestine Handala
 Peru The chalán, La Madre Patria
 Philippines Juan dela Cruz, María Clara, Ináng Bayan, Filipinas, Philippine eagle
Quincunx Polonia.jpg
Polonia, Polandball
Zé Povinho, Eu nacional (National Self), Republic effigy, Guardian Angel of Portugal
Gheorghe Tattarescu - 11 februarie 1866 Romania Moderna.jpg
Mother Russia/Mother Motherland, Russian bear
Kosovo Maiden, Uroš Predić, 1919.jpg
Mother Serbia, Kosovo Maiden
Singapore Mini Merlion.JPG
Wladyslaw Skoczylas - Janosik.jpg
 Slovenia Kranjski Janez ("John from Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 03b.jpg
Mama Sranan Sculpture.JPG
Mama Sranan (Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms.[10]
Moder svea berga.JPG
Mother Svea
Zweifranken (cropped).jpg
Pra Siamdevadhiraj.png
Phra Siam Devadhiraj (พระสยามเทวาธิราช "The guardian angel of Siam"), Thailand
Cossack Mamay 1890.jpg
Cossack Mamay
 United Kingdom
Britannia (United Kingdom), John Bull (England), The Lion and the Unicorn (England and Scotland), Dame Wales (Wales), Welsh dragon (Wales)
 United States
Uncle Sam (government personification), Statue of Liberty as Lady Liberty, Columbia, Johnny Rebel (The South, obsolete), Billy Yank (The North, obsolete), Brother Jonathan (New England, obsolete)
 Vietnam The Four Immortals

See also


  1. ^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
  2. ^ "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism.
  3. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. ISBN 8176484695. Retrieved July 11, 2012.
  4. ^ O'Clery, M. (2003) Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters as translated into English
  5. ^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006). An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
  6. ^ Hardiman, James (1831). Irish Minstrelsy; or Bardic Remains of Ireland, Volume 2. p. 140.

    Her name has been frequently used by our Bards, to designate Ireland. Hence our Countrymen have been often called “Sons of old Grana Weal.”

  7. ^ "Granuaile". Retrieved 31 May 2011.
  8. ^ "A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army
  9. ^ Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and Macedonia
  10. ^

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 17 November 2018, at 16:00
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