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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Zabrze
Main Post Office
Main Post Office
Flag of Zabrze

Flag
Coat of arms of Zabrze

Coat of arms
Zabrze is located in Silesian Voivodeship
Zabrze
Zabrze
Zabrze is located in Poland
Zabrze
Zabrze
Coordinates: 50°18′09″N 18°46′41″E / 50.30250°N 18.77806°E / 50.30250; 18.77806
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Established thirteenth century
Town rights 1922
Government
 • Mayor Małgorzata Mańka-Szulik
Area
 • City 80.40 km2 (31.04 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • City 179,452[1]
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code 41-800 to 41-820
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SZ
Website um.zabrze.pl

Zabrze (/ˈzɑːbʒ/; Polish pronunciation: [ˈzabʐɛ] (About this sound listen); German: 1915–1945: Hindenburg O.S., full form: Hindenburg in Oberschlesien, 1905–1915: Zabrze, Silesian: Zobrze) is a city in Silesia in southern Poland, near Katowice. The west district of the Silesian Metropolis, a metropolis with a population of around 2 million. It is in the Silesian Highlands, on the Bytomka River, a tributary of the Oder.

Zabrze is in the Silesian Voivodeship, which was reformulated in 1999. Before 1999 it was in Katowice Voivodeship. It is one of the cities composing the 2.7 million inhabitant conurbation referred to as the Katowice urban area, itself a major centre in the greater Silesian metropolitan area which is populated by just over five million people.[2] The population of Zabrze as of June 2009, is 188,122.[3]

History

The New Theatre in Zabrze
The New Theatre in Zabrze

Early history

Biskupice (Biskupitz), which is now a subdivision of Zabrze, was first mentioned in 1243 as Biscupici dicitur cirka Bitom[citation needed]. Alt-Zabrze was mentioned in 1295-1305 as Sadbre sive Cunczindorf (sive = "or"). In the Late Middle Ages, the local Silesian Piast dukes invited German settlers into the territory, resulting in increasing German settlement[citation needed]. Zabrze became part of the Habsburg Monarchy of Austria in 1526, and was later annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia during the Silesian Wars[citation needed]. In 1774, the Dorotheendorf settlement was founded. When the first mine in Zabrze became operational in 1790, the town became an important mining center.[citation needed]

Early 20th century and interwar years

In 1905, the Zabrze commune was formed by the former communes Alt-Zabrze, Klein-Zabrze and Dorotheendorf. The Zabrze commune was renamed Hindenburg in 1915 in honour of Generalfeldmarschall Paul von Hindenburg. The name change was approved by King Wilhelm II on 21 February 1915.[4] During the plebiscite held after World War I, 21,333 inhabitants (59%) of the Hindenburg commune voted to remain in Germany, while 14,873 (41%) voted for incorporation to Poland.[4] In May 1921 the Third Silesian Uprising broke out and Hindenburg was captured by Polish insurgents, who held it until the end of the uprising.[4] When Upper Silesia was divided between Poland and Germany in 1921, the Hindenburg commune remained in Germany. It received its city charter in 1922. Just five years after founding Hindenburg became the biggest city in German Upper Silesia and the second biggest City in German Silesia after Breslau. In the March 1933 elections, most of the citizens voted for the Nazi Party, followed by Zentrum and the Communist Party. Nazi politician Max Fillusch became the city's mayor and remained in the position until 1945.[5]

World War Two and aftermath

The town's synagogue, that had stood since 1872, was destroyed in the Kristallnacht pogroms of November 1938.[6] During some of the time of the Nazi German control of the region, a subcamp of Auschwitz III was located here.

Following World War II, the city was annexed by Poland in 1945 and was renamed back[citation needed] to Zabrze on May 19, 1945. Most of the German inhabitants were expelled.

Administrative divisions

Districts and housing estates

On 17 September 2012, the Zabrze city council decided on a new administrative division of the city. Zabrze was subsequently divided into 15 districts and 3 housing estates.[7]

Districts

Districts of Zabrze
Districts of Zabrze
  • 1. Helenka (German: Helenenhof)
  • 2. Grzybowice (German: Pilzendorf)
  • 3. Rokitnica (German: Rokittnitz)
  • 4. Mikulczyce (German: Mikultschütz)
  • 5. Młody Górnik estate
  • 6. Mikołaj Kopernik estate
  • 7. Biskupice (German: Biskupitz)
  • 8. Maciejów (German: Mathesdorf)
  • 9. Tadeusz Kotarbiński estate
  • 10. Centrum Północ
  • 11. Centrum Południe
  • 12. Guido
  • 13. Zaborze Północ (German: Zaborze Nord)
  • 14. Zaborze Południe (German: (German: Zaborze Süd))
  • 15. Pawłów (German: Paulsdorf)
  • 16. Kończyce (German: Kunzendorf)
  • 17. Makoszowy (German: Makoschau)
  • 18. Zandka

Infrastructure

The Polish A4, which is part of the European E40, has a motorway junction near Zabrze. The Drogowa Trasa Srednicowa leads through the town.

Politics

Coal Mining Museum in Zabrze
Coal Mining Museum in Zabrze

Members of Parliament (Sejm) elected from Bytom/Gliwice/Zabrze constituency

  • Chojnacki Jan, SLD-UP
  • Dulias Stanisław, Samoobrona
  • Gałażewski Andrzej, PO
  • Janik Ewa, SLD-UP
  • Kubica Józef, SLD-UP
  • Martyniuk Wacław, SLD-UP
  • Okoński Wiesław, SLD-UP
  • Szarama Wojciech, PiS
  • Szumilas Krystyna, PO
  • Widuch Marek, SLD-UP

Sport

Economy

Like other towns in this populous region, it is an important manufacturing centre, having coal-mines, iron, wire, glass, chemical and oil works, and local Upper Silesia Brewery, etc.

Notable people

Wolności Street in Zabrze
Wolności Street in Zabrze

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Zabrze is twinned with these cities:

References

Notes
  1. ^ Rocznik Demograficzny 2012
  2. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) [1]
  3. ^ Central Statistical Office, Warsaw 2009, "Population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division, as of June 30, 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  4. ^ a b c Historia - Hindenburg at the official website of Zabrze
  5. ^ Stadtkreis Zabrze at Geschichte on Demand website
  6. ^ Ghetto Fighters' House archives, Photo No. 55805: a memorial monument placed by the Zabrze municipality in 1998 to commemorate its Jewish community.
  7. ^ Zestawienie liczby mieszkańców z uwzględnieniem podziału na dzielnice na dzień: 30-09-2013.
  8. ^ "The Dumplings —      Free listening, videos, concerts, stats and photos at Last.fm". www.last.fm. Retrieved 2016-05-19.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 October 2018, at 22:02
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