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While the City Sleeps (1956 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

While the City Sleeps
While the City Sleeps (1956 poster).jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byFritz Lang
Screenplay byCasey Robinson
Based onThe Bloody Spur
1953 novel
by Charles Einstein
Produced byBert E. Friedlob
StarringDana Andrews
Rhonda Fleming
George Sanders
John Drew Barrymore
Ida Lupino
CinematographyErnest Laszlo
Edited byGene Fowler Jr.
Music byHerschel Burke Gilbert
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release date
  • May 16, 1956 (1956-05-16) (United States)
Running time
100 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish

While the City Sleeps is a 1956 film noir directed by Fritz Lang and starring Dana Andrews, Rhonda Fleming, George Sanders, Howard Duff, Thomas Mitchell, Vincent Price, John Drew Barrymore and Ida Lupino. Written by Casey Robinson, the newspaper drama was based on The Bloody Spur by Charles Einstein, which depicts the story of "Lipstick Killer" William Heirens.[1] Five decades after the film's release, critic Dennis Schwartz wrote, "Fritz Lang ('M') directs his most under-appreciated great film, more a social commentary than a straight crime drama."[2]

Plot

The film opens with a vicious killer attacking an innocent woman in her apartment. It soon becomes apparent this murderer is a serial killer.

The scene switches to elderly Amos Kyne (Robert Warwick), a news media mogul, who is on his deathbed (in his office) talking to the men in charge of his company's divisions: wire-service chief Mark Loving (George Sanders), newspaper chief Jon Day Griffith (Thomas Mitchell), and television chief "Honest" Harry Kritzer (James Craig); Edward Mobley (Dana Andrews), TV anchorman for Kyne Inc., is also present. After Kyne dismisses the others, he talks with Mobley about his concerns regarding his empire after his death; Mobley has refused the top job many times and does so again during this conversation. He is due on the air in four minutes and walks over to turn on Kyne's TV. When he looks back, he sees the old man has died.

After Kyne's death, the corporation goes to his son, Walter Kyne (Vincent Price), whom his father resented and has never allowed into the business.

Due to his lack of knowledge, and not wanting to take on all the work at the top by himself, Walter Kyne decides to create a new second-in-command position of Executive Director. He challenges Loving, Griffith and Kritzer to catch the serial killer who has been dubbed the "Lipstick Killer". The man who achieves this will get the new job.

The job is a very lucrative prize, and in order to secure it, Griffith attempts to ally with his friend Mobley, who agrees to help although not interested in the job himself. Loving manipulates star writer Mildred Donner (Ida Lupino) to cozy up to and get information out of Mobley. Kritzer uses a different method: he is having a secret affair with Walter Kyne's wife, Dorothy (Rhonda Fleming), and uses her both as his confidante and to sweet-talk her husband on his behalf. To help conceal the affair, Dorothy has rented an apartment that happens to be across the hall from of Loving's secretary, Nancy Liggett (Sally Forrest), to whom Mobley becomes engaged.

Mobley receives inside information from his police friend, Lt. Kaufman (Howard Duff). After a new murder, the two men devise a plan to set a trap by using Nancy as the bait, with Mobley taunting the Lipstick Killer (John Drew Barrymore) on TV in order to bring him out into the open.

Taking the bait, the Lipstick Killer follows Nancy to her apartment to attack her, but fails to gain entrance. Mrs. Kyne happens to arrive just then and enters her apartment. The killer takes advantage of the open door and succeeds in attacking her. She fights him off and runs screaming to Nancy's apartment. The killer runs away and, after a chase that includes Mobley, the police catch him. Through Kaufman, Mobley provides the scoop to Griffith, who makes sure to release it first in an extra-edition newspaper and only then on the Kyne wire service, but still ahead of any competitors.

In all the commotion, Dorothy is recognized at the secret apartment and the adulterous affair is exposed. "Honest" Harry Kritzer wins the promotion because of the threat of blackmail against Kyne. As Mobley and Griffith discuss the aftermath of these events in a bar, Mobley announces that he has resigned. Kyne comes in and Mobley tells him what he thinks of him.

The movie ends with Mobley and Nancy having married in Florida, and learning from a local paper of an unexpected shakeup in the Kyne organization. Kritzer is out; the promotion has gone to Griffith; and Mobley is to be promoted in turn to replace him. The happy couple kiss, ignoring a ringing telephone.

Cast

Background

The film was based on the Charles Einstein novel Bloody Spur, which had been optioned by the producer Bert Fiedlob.[3] The script was originally known as News is Made at Night.[4] It was made for United Artists.[5]

The city in the film is supposed to be New York, but the film was shot in Los Angeles. In so doing, they used the Pacific Electric Belmont trolley tunnel under downtown LA and interurban cars with steps and trolley poles to represent the heavyweight cars of the New York City Subway rolling stock, which are drastically different in appearance.

Several props—some of which featured a large K in a circle—were recycled from Citizen Kane, which RKO had made 15 years earlier, and may have prompted the use of the name "Kyne."

The film was reportedly sold outright to RKO for a profit of $500,000.[6]

Reception

On its release, film critic Abe Weiler liked the film, especially the acting. He wrote: "Since it is full of sound and fury, murder, sacred and profane love and a fair quota of intramural intrigue, a viewer is left wondering if the tycoons of the giant Kyne publishing combine ever bother to cover such mundane stories as the weather. But while this journalistic jamboree is more flamboyant than probable, a tight and sophisticated script by Casey Robinson and a clutch of professional performances make While the City Sleeps a diverting and workmanlike fiction."[7]

Decades after the film's release, it continues to attract critical attention. In 1998, Jonathan Rosenbaum of the Chicago Reader included the film in his unranked list of the best American films not included on the AFI Top 100.[8] Time Out film reviews wrote of the film, "Lang makes inspired use of glass-walled offices, where all is seen and nothing revealed, and traces explicit parallels between Andrews and the murderer. Lang's most underrated movie."[9] Emanuel Levy wrote in 2019, "One of Fritz Lang’s best noir crime films of the 1950s, 'While the City Sleeps' is a significant film in anticipating future trends of the genre."[10]

Home media

Unavailable on home video for many years following a VHS release in the 1990s, in 2010 While the City Sleeps became available on DVD in the UK by Exposure Cinema. In 2011 it was released in the U.S. on DVD-R by the Warner Archive Collection (WAC). Internet review site DVD Beaver compared these releases, citing the Exposure release as superior due to the Warner Archive release being "Single-layered and significantly softer. It also has some brightness boosting." The reviewer, Gary Tooze, also states that "There are no extras, not even the trailer that is available on [the] Exposure disc". The Exposure Cinema release is open-matte, while the Warner Archive release is in Superscope. Warner Archive released a region-free Blu-ray on March 13, 2018, about which Tooze concludes, "I love the film, but the HD - superior in quality - is a part of an underwhelming package - yet we must own it with no signs of a more complete Blu-ray release in the future, unless it comes from the UK or France."[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ While the City Sleeps at the American Film Institute Catalog
  2. ^ Schwartz, Dennis (March 2, 2005). "While the City Sleeps".
  3. ^ Pryor, Thomas M. (April 28, 1955). "Rhonda Fleming Signs for Movie". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Schallert, E. (September 13, 1955). "'Brave one' find wanted as nazi hostage; gerard philipe bergman lead". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 166861563.
  5. ^ Pryor, Thomas M. (May 10, 1955). "Warners to Film Air Force Story". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Scheuer, P.K. (January 4, 1956). "Drama". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 166908548.
  7. ^ Weiler, Abe (May 17, 1956). "Newspaper Story". The New York Times.
  8. ^ Rosenbaum, Jonathan (June 25, 1998). "List-o-Mania: Or, How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Love American Movies". Chicago Reader. Archived from the original on April 13, 2020.
  9. ^ Jenkins, Steve (2011). "While the City Sleeps". In Pym, John (ed.). Time Out Film Guide (19 ed.). Retrieved 2019-10-16.
  10. ^ Levy, Emanuel (July 21, 2019). "While the City Sleeps".
  11. ^ Tooze, Gary. "While the City Sleeps". DVD Beaver. Retrieved July 21, 2019.

Further reading

External links

This page was last edited on 22 June 2021, at 20:28
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