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Cloak and Dagger (1946 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cloak and Dagger
Cloak and Dagger (film).jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed byFritz Lang
Screenplay by
Story by
Based on
Cloak and Dagger: The Secret Story of O.S.S.
by
Produced byMilton Sperling
StarringGary Cooper
Lilli Palmer
CinematographySol Polito
Edited byChristian Nyby
Music byMax Steiner
Production
company
Distributed byWarner Bros.
Release date
  • September 28, 1946 (1946-09-28) (United States)
Running time
106 minutes
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$2,070,000[1]
Box office$2.5 million (US rentals)[2] or $4,408,000[1]

Cloak and Dagger is a 1946 spy film directed by Fritz Lang which stars Gary Cooper as an American scientist sent by the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to contact European scientists working on the German nuclear weapons program and Lilli Palmer as a member of the Italian resistance movement who shelters and guides him. The story was drawn from the 1946 non-fiction book Cloak and Dagger: The Secret Story of O.S.S. by Corey Ford and Alastair MacBain, while a former OSS agent E. Michael Burke acted as technical advisor. Like 13 Rue Madeleine (1947), the film was intended as a tribute to Office of Strategic Services (OSS) operations in German-occupied Europe during World War II.

Plot

In 1944, in the United States a handsome bachelor, nuclear physicist Alvah Jesper is working on the Manhattan Project to build an American nuclear bomb. Recruited into the Office of Strategic Services, his mission is to make contact with a Hungarian nuclear physicist, Katerin Lodor, who has been working on the German project to make a nuclear bomb and has escaped into neutral Switzerland. Flown into Switzerland, Alvah finds it full of German agents who, after he manages one brief conversation with Katerin, abduct her. By befriending and then blackmailing an attractive female agent, he discovers where Katerin is being held, but an OSS raid on the building fails and she is shot dead.

In the conversation, she had said that the Germans wanted her to work with an Italian nuclear physicist named Polda. The OSS land Alvah in Italy from a British submarine and he is hidden by an attractive member of the Resistance, Gina. He manages to obtain a brief conversation with Polda, who agrees to work with the Americans only if the OSS first frees his daughter Maria, who is being held by the Germans. The OSS raid on the building is successful and in an isolated safe house they deliver Maria to her father. He is horrified, because it is not his daughter but a German agent, who says the house is surrounded by German troops. In the ensuing gun battle, Alvah and Gina smuggle Polda out through the cellar and struggle across country to a rendezvous with a British aircraft which will fly them out. Polda and Alvah board it safely, but Gina says she must stay behind to free her country from the Germans and begs Alvah to come back for her when the war is over.

Cast

Missing final reel

As planned by Lang, the film had a different ending. Jesper (Cooper) leads a group of American paratroopers into Germany to discover the remains of an underground factory, the bodies of dead concentration camp workers, and evidence the factory was working on nuclear weapons.

Jesper remarks that the factory may have been relocated to Spain or Argentina and launched a diatribe saying: "This is the Year One of the Atomic Age and God help us if we think we can keep this secret from the World!"[3]

Producer Milton Sperling, who had frequently quarreled with Lang on the set, thought the final scene ridiculous, since the audience knew the Germans had no nuclear capacity. The film's screenwriters Lardner and Maltz became two of the Hollywood Ten, accused of adding communist dogma to movie scripts such as this one. Writing a script saying the US could not keep nuclear secrets from the USSR, such as in this film, was one of many accusations against the Ten.[4]

Radio show

A 1950 NBC radio show of the same title based on Ford and MacBain's book lasted 26 episodes. Cloak and Dagger began with actor Raymond Edward Johnson asking "Are you willing to undertake a dangerous mission for the United States knowing in advance you may never return alive?"[5]

Box-office

According to Warner Bros., records the film earned $2,580,000 domestically and $1,828,000 foreign.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Warner Bros financial information in The William Shaefer Ledger. See Appendix 1, Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, (1995) 15:sup1, 1-31 p 27 DOI: 10.1080/01439689508604551
  2. ^ "60 Top Grossers of 1946", Variety 8 January 1947 p8
  3. ^ p. 197 Frayling, Christopher Mad, Bad and Dangerous?: The Scientist and the Cinema (Reaktion Books, 2005)
  4. ^ p.101 Kalat, David the Strange Case of Dr. Mabuse 2005 McFarland
  5. ^ pp66-67 Britton, Wesley Beyond Bond: Spies in Fiction and Film Greenwood Publishing

External links

This page was last edited on 23 April 2021, at 11:25
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