To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Lumiere Pictures and Television

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Canal+ Image International
FormerlyEMI-Elstree (1969–1970)
MGM-EMI (1970–1973)
Anglo-EMI Film Distributors (1971–1973)
EMI Film Distributors (1973–1979)
Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment (1979–1986)
Cannon Screen Entertainment (1986–1988)
Lumiere Pictures and Television (1992–1996)
UGC DA (1996–1997)
Company typeSubsidiary
IndustryFilm studio
PredecessorAssociated British Productions
Founded1969; 55 years ago (1969)
FounderBryan Forbes
Defunct2000; 24 years ago (2000) (as a company)
2006; 18 years ago (2006) (as a home video label in the UK)
FateAcquired and merged by StudioCanal
StudioCanal UK
HeadquartersLondon, United Kingdom
Paris, France
Area served
Key people
Jean Cazes (Chairman/CEO)
Alastair Waddell (Chief Executive)
Chris Cary (Head of Business Development)
Ralph Kamp (Theatrical Sales)
Christine Ghazarian (Head of Overseas Sales, Paris Office)
Alison Trumpy (TV Sales Manager)
Martin Bigham (Technical Operations)
Jamie Carmichael (TV Sales)[1]
ProductsMotion pictures
OwnerCannon Screen Entertainment:

EMI (1969–1979)
Thorn EMI (1979–1986)
The Cannon Group, Inc. (1986–1988)
Weintraub Entertainment Group:
The Coca-Cola Company
US Tobacco Company[2]
Columbia Pictures (15%; 1987–1989)
Warner Bros. (15%; 1989–1990)[3]
Lumiere Pictures and Television:

Independent (1992–1995)
Caisse des Depots (54%;)
Credit Lyonnais (5%;)
Euro Clinvest (6.5%;)
France Telecom (18%;)
UAP (8%;)
Cazes (5%;)
Time Warner (3.5%; 1995–1996)
UGC (1996)
Groupe Canal+ (1996–2000)
SubsidiariesFrance Animation

Canal+ Image International (formerly known as EMI Films, Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment, Lumiere Pictures and Television,[5] and UGC DA) was a British-French film, television, animation studio and distributor.[6] A former subsidiary of the EMI conglomerate, the corporate name was not used throughout the entire period of EMI's involvement in the film industry, from 1969 to 1986,[7] but the company's brief connection with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Anglo-EMI, the division under Nat Cohen, and the later company as part of the Thorn EMI conglomerate (following the merger with Thorn) are outlined here.

The library passed through the hands of several companies over the following years and is now owned by StudioCanal, a former sister company to Universal Music Group and parent company Canal+ Group's acquisition of European cinema operator UGC who acquired the library's then-owner, the United Kingdom-based Lumiere Pictures and Television in 1996, via Cannon Films. EMI Films also owned Elstree Studios in Hertfordshire, England; in turn, Cannon ended up purchasing the studio as well, but later sold it to Brent Walker in 1988, who in turn ended up selling half of the EMI Elstree Studios site to Tesco for a supermarket, before Hertsmere Council eventually acquired what was left of the Elstree Studios, and, as of 2018, continues to operate it as a film and television studios centre.[7]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    1 040
    7 105
    11 677
  • Lumiere (Highlander)
  • Lumiere Pictures (1996, with Republic Pictures jingle)
  • Lumiere/EMI
  • Lumiere Pictures/Distributed by MGM/UA Distribution Co./MGM Television logo
  • Lumiere Pictures (1992-1996)



Headed by Bryan Forbes

The company was formed after the takeover of Associated British Picture Corporation (ABPC) in 1969 by EMI, following the acquisition of Warner Bros.' shares in ABPC the previous year.[8] At the time ABPC owned 270 ABC Cinemas, a half share in the ITV contractor Thames Television, Elstree Studios at Shenley Road, and had recently bought Anglo-Amalgamated, a film studio in which Nat Cohen had been a partner.

EMI moved into film production with the foundation of a new company, EMI-Elstree. Bernard Delfont appointed writer-director Bryan Forbes as the head of production at Elstree in April 1969 for three years at £40,000 a year, plus a percentage of the profits.[9][10] As part of the general shake up of EMI, Nat Cohen was appointed to the Board.[11]

EMI announced they would make 28 films for $36 million—13 of these would be from Cohen's unit for £7 million,[12] the rest from Forbes'. Bernard Delfont called it "probably the most ambitious program ever undertaken by a British film company."[13]

Forbes announced his intention to make a variety of films at Elstree, steering away from what he called the "pornography of violence."[14][15] He claimed EMI would make 14 films in 18 months with such stars as Peter Sellers and Roger Moore at a cost of £5–10 million in total.[16] His aim was to keep budgets down and create a varied slate which would increase the chances of appealing to audiences and making a sufficient return to continue productions.[17]

In August 1969 Forbes announced his slate of fifteen projects, including:[18]

  • Hoffman (with Peter Sellers, directed by Alvin Rakoff),
  • And Now the Darkness
  • The Man Who Haunted Himself
  • The Go-Between directed by Joseph Losey from a script by Harold Pinter,
  • The Breaking of Bumbo directed by Kevin Brownlow and Andrew Mollo,
  • The Feathers of Death directed by Richard Attenborough from a story by Simon Raven (unproduced),[19]
  • a film of a script by Richard Condon directed by John Bryson (unproduced),
  • an adaptation of The Railway Children directed by Lionel Jeffries,
  • A Fine and Private Place, directed by Paul Watson
  • adaptation of the novel The Bitter Lollipop by John Quigly
  • adaptation of the novel Candidate of Promise by Dennis Barker
  • The Barnardo Boys a musical about Dr Barnardo with music by Michael Lewis
  • Question of Innocence from a script by Julian Bond based on a story by Roger Moore
  • Dulcima directed by Frank Nesbitt with John Mills,
  • Forbush and the Penguins.[20][21]

"This is the first serious effort to revitalize the British film industry in 20 years", said Forbes. He added, "We intend to give youth a chance and not merely pay lip service to it. This is our first program and it won't be our last."[22]

In November 1969 Nat Cohen and Bernard Delfont announced a slate of eight more films for EMI including:[23][24]

  • The Impotent starring Carol White and Malcolm McDowell (never made)
  • The Practice from the novel by Stanley Winchester (never made)
  • The Burden of Proof from a novel by James Barlow - this became Villain
  • Percy the story of a penis transplant
  • Jam Today from a novel by Susan Baratt (never made)
  • My Family and Other Animals from a book by Gerald Durrell produced by Michael Medwin (never made)
  • Wise Child from Simon Gray's stage play (never made)
  • a film starring Julie Christie (never made)
  • a film directed by John Schlesinger (never made)

The first few films of Forbes' regime actually performed poorly commercially: Eyewitness, Hoffmann, And Soon the Darkness and The Man Who Haunted Himself (starring Moore).[25] The Breaking of Bumbo (all 1970), and Mr. Forbush and the Penguins (1971) flopped and A Fine and Private Place was abandoned. Forbes clashed with Bernard Delfont and their American backers, in this case Columbia, over the artistic and commercial value of director Joseph Losey's film The Go-Between (1970). Forbes was also criticised within EMI for directing his own film, The Raging Moon (US: Long Ago, Tomorrow, 1971). The Railway Children (1970) and Tales of Beatrix Potter (1971) were Forbes' only hits.

The company was affected with labour problems. Forbes felt as though he did not have the support of the EMI board, arguing that he never had the funds to market his films, in contrast with those available to Anglo-EMI, which was headed by Nat Cohen.

Forbes resigned in March 1971,[26] after committing himself to a no-redundancy policy.[27] He had made eleven films in total for an estimated cost of £4 million.[28] Although Forbes' regime was seen at the time to have been a commercial failure, he later claimed that by 1993 his £4 million program of films had eventually brought EMI a profit of £16 million.[29]

Among the films Forbes wished to make but was unable to during his time at Elstree were adaptations of The Living Room, the play by Graham Greene to be directed by Michael Powell;[30] a musical about the Barnardo Boys;[31] and The Loud, Loud Silence a post-apocalyptic story from Richard Condon. He turned down Ned Kelly (1970) because its projected budget was too high.


In April 1970, EMI struck up a co-production agreement with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The Hollywood studio announced they would sell their Borehamwood facility ("MGM-British Studios") and move their equipment to EMI's Elstree studio. MGM and EMI would then distribute and produce films in co-operation through a joint venture to be called MGM-EMI.[32] and MGM began to finance some of EMI's productions.[27] EMI's studio complex was renamed EMI-MGM Elstree Studios[33] while a film distribution company MGM-EMI Distributors Ltd. was formed as part of the co-production agreement. This company, headed by Mike Havas would handle domestic distribution of MGM and EMI-produced films in the United Kingdom.

It was originally announced that MGM-EMI would make six to eight films a year, but they ended up producing far fewer.[34] Forbes was given the title of managing director of MGM-EMI to add to his existing title of head of production. In July 1970 MGM-EMI announced they would make four co-productions: The Go-Between, Get Carter, The Boyfriend and The Last Run directed by John Boorman.[35] Of these only the last was not made.

MGM pulled out of the amalgamation in 1973, and became a member of CIC, which took over international distribution of MGM produced films. At this point the distribution company became EMI Film Distributors Ltd., and EMI-MGM Elstree Studios reverted to EMI-Elstree Studios.[33]

Anglo-EMI Film Distributors

EMI's other filmmaking division, Anglo-EMI Film Distributors Ltd, which had come out of Anglo-Amalgamated, was run autonomously by Nat Cohen. This wing of the company had released films such as Percy (1971). They also financed and distributed a series of films made by Hammer Film Productions, which partly came about through Bernard Delfont's friendship with James Carreras.

Nat Cohen took over Forbes' responsibilities as head of production after his resignation in 1971.[36] Cohen backed productions intended for international success, and EMI had a more obviously commercial outlook. In October 1971, EMI's chairman John Read admitted the film division had performed disappointingly. "Profits were negligible last year and we felt it was desirable to make one or two provisions to write off some of the costs." However films like On the Buses and Up Pompeii (both 1971) performed well in relation to their budgets. "The experts say you're doing well if you make money out of one in three films", said Read. "We see filmmaking as a significant profit earner in the future."[37]

Cohen was responsible for overseeing about 70% of the films produced in the UK during 1973, following a significant decline in domestic projects overall. In particular, long-term duopoly rival Rank had by now greatly reduced its own investment in British film production to a token presence.[36] Cohen was not unaware of the problems inherent in his dominant position.[38] Meanwhile, dependent on support from the most profitable parts of EMI, the company's financial position meant that they had to avoid backing any risky productions.[32]

In May 1973, Cohen announced a £3 million production slate of movies including an adaptation of Swallows and Amazons (1974) and a sequel to Alfie (1966)[39] released as Alfie Darling (1975).

The greatest success of Cohen's regime was Murder on the Orient Express (1974), which Cohen later claimed was the first British movie fully financed by a British company to reach the top of the American box office charts.[40][41]

In July 1975, Cohen announced a £6 million programme of eleven new films:[42]

Cohen resigned as chairman on 31 December 1977.[45]

Michael Deeley and Barry Spikings

In May 1976, the company purchased British Lion Films and the two men who ran British Lion, Michael Deeley and Barry Spikings, became joint managing directors of EMI Distributors, with Nat Cohen remaining as chairman and chief executive. They also joined the EMI board, headed by Bernard Delfont.[46][47]

Deeley and Spikings's method was to only make a film if at least half the budget was put up by an American studio, reducing their financial risk although making the studio's product less obviously British.[48] They focused on movies with international appeal – i.e. action films – and major stars.[49] The initial Deeley-Spikings slate included three films shot in the US, with $18 million in all" The Deer Hunter, Convoy and The Driver (all 1978).[50] They also made three British-based films, Death on the Nile (1978), Warlords of Atlantis (1978) and Sweeney 2 (1978).[51] Films announced by not made include The Last Gun and Chinese Bandit.[52]

EMI also signed an agreement to invest $5 million in Columbia films. They picked Close Encounters of the Third Kind, The Deep and The Greatest (all 1977).[53] Muhammad Ali played himself in the last of these.

In July 1976, EMI bought Roger Gimbel's production company, Tomorrow Enterprises, and formed EMI Television, headed by Gimbel.[54] They made a large number of American TV movies like The Amazing Howard Hughes (1977) and Deadman's Curve (1978).

EMI backed out of funding Life of Brian (1979) at the last moment, after Bernard Delfont read the script and objected to its treatment of religion.

In April 1978, EMI announced they would make films with the newly formed Orion Pictures, including Arabian Adventure (1979) and other projects.[55]

Michael Deeley left EMI in 1979 but Barry Spikings remained in charge of film production.

Spikings, AFD and Thorn-EMI merger

Spikings announced a slate of films under his auspices: The Jazz Singer with Neil Diamond, The Elephant Man (both 1980), Honky Tonk Freeway (1981) Franco Zeffirelli's biopic of Maria Callas, Discoland, The Awakening, and The Knight directed by Ridley Scott.[56]

Delfont created a new company, Associated Film Distribution, to distribute films of EMI and ITC, then controlled by Lew Grade, his brother.[57] EMI's film division was renamed Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment, to reflect EMI's merger with Thorn Electrical Industries to become Thorn EMI in 1979.

In March 1980, EMI were only making one film in Britain The Mirror Crack'd, which was released at the end of the year, but was a box-office failure. Lord Delfont announced that the company had purchased two British scripts, The Defense by John Mortimer and Off the Record by Frederick Forsyth. He admitted that sixty percent of the company's film budget would be spent in America the following year but "100% of the profits would come to this country... We have got to make films we believe are international, to get the money to bring exports back to this country."[58]

In February 1981, Barry Spikings announced a slate of films worth £70 million, including Honky Tonk Freeway, Memoirs of a Survivor, Comrades and The Knight (a Walter Hill film).[59] The latter was not made.

In March 1981, Spikings admitted AFD has not "gotten off to a flying start" and would be wound up, with Universal taking over distribution of EMI Films. He argued that "production and distribution are not linked" and pointed to the five Oscars that EMI films had earned.[60] In particular, Can't Stop the Music, Honky Tonk Freeway, and Raise the Titanic had been box-office failures.

Also in 1981, Thorn EMI entered the fast-growing home video market as Thorn EMI Video, featuring an initial line-up of 14 titles (The Tubes Video, April Wine Live in London, I Am a Dancer, Can't Stop the Music, Times Square, Death on the Nile, The Cruel Sea, The Day the Earth Caught Fire, The Best of Benny Hill, Scars of Dracula, Sophia Loren: Her Own Story, S.O.S. Titanic, The Royal Wedding, and Queen: Greatest Flix). The division was primarily active in both the UK and the US, as well as in Australia. In addition to Thorn EMI's own material, the division licensed titles from other companies, mostly those who had no home video division at the time, including New Line Cinema, Orion Pictures, Carolco Pictures and Hemdale Film Corporation.[61]

Verity Lambert

In January 1983, Barry Spikings left the company and Verity Lambert was appointed head of production. Gary Dartnall became executive chairman. Lambert's first slate was Slayground, Comfort and Joy, Illegal Aliens (which became Morons from Outer Space) and Dreamchild. Lambert said they aimed to make five films a year ranging in budget from $5 to $10 million.[62]

On 1 March 1983, EMI Films filed a lawsuit against United Artists, whereas EMI would finance WarGames, and UA would receive North American rights, while EMI received international rights to the film and pay $4.5 million delivery.[63]

November 1984 saw Thorn EMI Video's US division form a partnership with pay television company HBO; the company then became known as Thorn EMI/HBO Video. The deal saw HBO take a stake in the venture and contribute their own productions for video distribution.[64]

In December 1984, Thorn EMI offered investors the chance to invest in several films by issuing £36 million worth of shares. The films were A Passage to India (1984), Morons from Outer Space, Dreamchild, Wild Geese II and The Holcroft Covenant[65] (all 1985).[66]

In March 1985, Thorn-EMI announced they would set up a production fund worth $175 million to make around twenty films. Film Finance Director John Reiss said the fund would be used as loans for filmmakers or to invest in films budgeted around $13–14 million. Reiss said that the films would be made for international audiences.[67] On 15 May 1985, Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment made an agreement with Gladden Entertainment whereas Thorn EMI would release Gladden's films for international theatrical distribution.[68]

Lambert resigned in July 1985. After this TESE wound down its in-house production arm and relied on films from independent outfits.[69] That month, TESE signed a deal with French distributor AAA for a 30-month output of the entire British film library, serving 20 films, and did not want to cover all home video rights.[70] On August 6, 1985, Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment agreed deals with various production outfits such as John Bradbourne and Richard Goodwin, Jeremy Thomas, Euan Lloyd and Chris Chrisafis, Verity Lambert and Simon Perry in order to gave the independent outfits "complete freedom" to develop motion pictures.[71] The last films made under Lambert's watch were Clockwise and Link.[72]

On 20 August 1985, Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment and Universal Pictures, which was distributing EMI's films ever since 1981 after acquiring Associated Film Distribution elected to dissolve the U.S. partnership by mutual consent.[73]

Lambert recalled in 1997: "the person who hired me left, and the person who came in didn't want to produce films and didn't want me. While I managed to make some films I was proud of... Dreamchild, and Clockwise... it was terribly tough and not a very happy experience. But I was determined to see out my three-year contract. By the end I'd had enough of corporate life and wanted to see what I could do as an independent."[74]


In November 1985, Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment was placed up for sale with interested buyers including Rank, Cannon, Robert Maxwell, Heron Communications, and a management buyout led by Gary Dartnall.[75] The following month, in December 1985, it accepted a £110 million ($161.7 million) management offer to place the entire Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment division up for sale.[76] The company's division, British Lion Film Productions Ltd., which EMI bought in 1976, and all trademarks of the British Lion name, which was divested to a former staffer of the company, Peter Snell, of Britannic Film & Television.[77]

In April 1986, Thorn EMI sold its film production and distribution arm (Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment), home video (Thorn EMI Video), and cinema (ABC Cinemas) operations to businessman Alan Bond. Bond, in turn, sold it to The Cannon Group a week later.[7] A year after the purchase, a cash-strapped Cannon sold most of the film library to Weintraub Entertainment Group.[78] They also sold their stake in the video venture inherited from Thorn EMI (which had been renamed as HBO/Cannon Video in the meantime), resulting in HBO running the video label alone from that point forward.[79][80]

Weintraub Entertainment Group

Weintraub Entertainment Group was formed on July 1, 1986 by Jerry Weintraub.[2] In February 1987, WEG received $461 million in financing from Columbia Pictures, Cineplex Odeon and others in the form of securities, bank loans and advances.[81] The Coca-Cola Company and US Tobacco were principal investors.[2] WEG also arranged a $145-million, 7-year credit line with the Bank of America. WEG also signed a 20-year distribution deal with Columbia and planned to release seven or eight movies per year.[81]

In March 1987, WEG signed its first production and distribution deal, a three-year agreement with Robert Stigwood's RSO Films for multiple films budgeted in the $12-million to $15-million range.[82] With Stigwood's partnership, WEG was to finance a film version of Evita with Oliver Stone as writer/director and Meryl Streep as Eva Perón. However, the studio dropped the project.[83]

WEG purchased from The Cannon Group in May 1987 its 2,000-title British film library,[84] the Thorn-EMI Screen Entertainment library, for $85 million with $50 million from a loan.[81] On July 20, Harry Usher joined the Group as President of the Weintraub International Enterprises division and as a senior vice president.[85]

In January 1988, Barney Rosenzweig was hired as chairman of the television unit, corporate vice president and a member of the executive committee.[86] In July, the Bank of America terminated its credit line with Weintraub after difficulties in syndicating parts of the loan to other banks due to the Thorn-EMI loan.[81] The Group's first release was The Big Blue in August; it grossed $1.6 million the opening weekend.[87]

In January 1989, Usher left his position as President of the Weintraub International Enterprises.[88] The Bank of America and WEG established a new credit line for two years and $95 million with Crédit Lyonnais participating.[81]

In 1989, as a result of Sony/Columbia hiring Peter Guber and Jon Peters away from Warner Bros., Sony/Columbia traded its 15% share in WEG.[3]

In September 1990, WEG filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Later that month, Jerry Weintraub left the company and forged a deal with Warner Bros., while Columbia still remained indebted to releasing WEG films.[89]

Film Asset Holding Co., a company formed by WEG's two primary bank creditors, sued Weintraub over his structuring of a sale of the Peter Pan story to Sony Pictures Entertainment in the fall of 1990. Weintraub and Film Assets settled in January 1992.[90]

In August 1998, a jury verdict for $7 million was lost by Bear Stearns to investors who had been misled by the brokerage's $83 million bond issue prospectus for the now-bankrupt Weintraub Entertainment Group.[91]

After the company shut down its assets were reorganized into the WEG Acquisition Corp, and are currently held by Sony, while the television rights are controlled by Paramount Pictures.

Lumiere Pictures and Television/UGC DA/Canal+ Image International

Its early origins of Canal+ Image and StudioCanal was first founded in 5 August 1873 as Marseille Louis and Adolphe Fraissinet, under the appelation Nouvelle Compagnie Marseillaise de navigation à vapeur A. et L. Fraissinet et compagnie.[92]

La Compagnie Fraissinet was a Marseille arming company by maritime transport. During the 1960s, decolonization and competition with jet-powered air travel weakened the group's results and it ended up selling its maritime assets to the Chargers Gatten in 1964.[93]

In July 1981, Cyril of Rouvre Do a OPA surprise on the Compagnie Fraissinet en difficulté. Having become specialised in the maintenance and resale of business aircraft, Fraissinet-Transair becomes the Financière Robur in tribute to the hero of Jules Verne, Robur-le-Conquérant. The grandson of Antoine de Rouvre who had embarked in the cinema in the late 1920s, Cyril de Rouvre brings together his film assets within the Robur Financière: the Compagnie Française de cinématographie (CFC), the Consortium Financier pour la production de films (CFPF) and Coficiné, which specialises in the financing of production. Rouvre gradually separates from its industrial activities and then rachats multiple film catalogues (Les Films Gibé, Les Films Corona, Silver Films) created in August 1987 via a new subsidiary, Robur Droits Audiovisuels.[citation needed]

In 30 June 1992, the Financière Robur merges its catalogue of films with that of UGC by absorbing UGC Droits Audiovisuels, its subsidiary founded in 1985. The UGC group takes control of the new company, the first catalogue of films in France with nearly 1500 feature films and 500 hours of audiovisual programmes.[citation needed]

In November 1993, UGC Droits Audiovisuels acquired United Communication, mainly holding the French-speaking rights of the catalogue of the MGM and United Artists nearly 800 American films and 2,000 hours of television. The continued consolidation in January 1996 with the acquisition of the group Lumière de Jean Cazès, the second French catalogue of film and audiovisual rights, having itself acquired the British catalogue Weintraub (formerly Thorn EMI) in 1991, while Lumiere Pictures and Television formed earlier in 1992 as a merger between two French companies: Jean Cazes' Initial Groupe (est. 1984) and Investissements en Droits Audiovisuelles (est. 1987). Lumiere owned a substantial library of films from the Thorn EMI Screen Entertainment/Weintraub library, representing a third of all films made in the UK from the beginning of silent pictures. Cazes then spun-off Lumiere's Los Angeles branch into a new company, Lumiere International.[94]

Later that year in June, Canal+ in turn, acquires UGC Droits Audiovisuels, with the rights of more than 5,000 films. An alliance strongly encouraged by their common shareholder, the General of the Eaux, which holds both 25% of UGC Droits Audiovisuels, and 20% of Canal+.[citation needed]

UGC Droits Audiovisuels and Canal+ D.A. was merged and renamed as Canal+ Image International in June 1997, before the merger of the company StudioCanal with Le Studio Canal+ in 2000.[citation needed]

In the 1990s to early 2000s, Warner Home Video formerly handled distribution of StudioCanal titles through the Canal+ Image label in the United Kingdom on VHS and DVD. However, its name in the UK was kept until 2006 when StudioCanal opened its own distribution unit in the UK, with titles distributed through Optimum Releasing.[95]


Lumiere Pictures and Television financed and produced films under several names and with a series of production partners. Below are the main ones:

Bryan Forbes

Hammer co-productions


Nat Cohen/Anglo-EMI

Co-productions with Columbia

Michael Deeley and Barry Spikings regime

TV movies

Barry Spikings

Verity Lambert

Later films

Weintraub Entertainment Group

See also


  1. ^ Groves, Don (13 August 1993). "Lumiere reorganizes sales, biz divisions". Variety. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  2. ^ a b c "Cannon sells its Film Library". New Straits Times. Reuter. 5 April 1987. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b Dick, Bernard F. (1992). Columbia Pictures: Portrait of a Studio. University Press of Kentucky. p. 56. ISBN 9780813132785.
  4. ^ Williams, Michael (24 April 1995). "Lumiere sets its sights on H'wood, seeks cash allies". Variety. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  5. ^ Hopewell, John (20 October 2012). "Lumiere rocks to French classics". Variety. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  6. ^ Groves, Don (13 August 1993). "Lumiere reorganizes sales, biz divisions". Variety. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  7. ^ a b c "Vertical integration". Terramedia. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  8. ^ Warren, Patricia (2001). British Film Studios: An Illustrated History. London: B. T. Batsford. p. 75.
  9. ^ Forbes, p 62
  10. ^ Pearson, Kenneth (13 April 1969). "The Great Film Gamble". Sunday Times. p. 53 – via The Sunday Times Digital Archive.
  11. ^ "BUSINESS diary". The Times. London. 9 April 1969. p. 23 – via The Times Digital Archive.
  12. ^ "ECONOMY: Ease the squeeze now please". The Observer. 30 November 1969. p. 18.
  13. ^ "Shot in Arm for British Film Industry". Los Angeles Times. 29 November 1969. p. a9.
  14. ^ Dennis Barker (9 August 1969). "Parable of talent: DENNIS BARKER interviews Bryan Forbes". The Guardian. London. p. 6.
  15. ^ Walker, 1974, p.426-428
  16. ^ "Britain steps back into cinema's big league". The Guardian. London. 13 August 1969. p. 5.
  17. ^ John Heilpern (28 June 1970). "The End: In the Last Fifteen Years the British Cinema Has Lost Four-Fifths of its Audience. Today Half of the Industry'sTechnicians Are Out of Work". The Observer. London. p. 9.
  18. ^ Day-Lewis, Sean (13 August 1969). "British finance backs plans for 15 new films". The Daily Telegraph. p. 17.
  19. ^ Forbes, p.103
  20. ^ "In the Picture". Sight and Sound. No. 38.4 (Fall 1969). p. 181.
  21. ^ "BRYAN FORBES INTERVIEW at ABPC ELSTREE STUDIOS". Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
  22. ^ McEWAN, IAN (15 August 1969). "British Film Czar Plans to Revitalize Industry". Los Angeles Times. p. d16.
  23. ^ Owen, Michael (25 November 1969). "8 new British films are in the pipeline". Evening Standard. p. 17. (subscription required)
  24. ^ Shamoon, Stella (26 November 1969). "EMI puts faith and £15 million into filmmaking". The Daily Telegraph. p. 17. (subscription required)
  25. ^ "City comment: Soon the darkness". The Guardian. 8 March 1971. p. 12.
  26. ^ "Forbes Quits as Elstree's Film Chief". Los Angeles Times. 26 March 1971. p. e15.
  27. ^ a b Brian McFarlane, ed. (2003). The Encyclopedia of British Film. London: Methuen/BFI. p. 203.
  28. ^ Walker, 1985, p 114
  29. ^ Forbes, p.108
  30. ^ Forbes, p.102
  31. ^ Pearson, Kenneth (4 April 1971). "News in the Arts". Sunday Times. London. p. 37 – via The Sunday Times Digital Archive.
  32. ^ a b Sian Barber The British Film Industry in the 1970s: Capital, Culture and Creativity, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, p.47
  33. ^ a b Patricia Warren British Film Studios: An Illustrated History, London: B.T Batsford, 2001, p.76
  34. ^ ""MGM to Close, Down English Film Facility"". Los Angeles Times. April 1970. p. a6.
  35. ^ Gary Arnold. (15 July 1970). "Spectrum Of Interest: Film Notes". The Washington Post. p. B5.
  36. ^ a b Sue Harper (2000). "Women in British Cinema: Mad, Bad and Dangerous to Know". London & New York: Continuum. p. 128. ISBN 9781441134981.
  37. ^ "EMI faces the music Braham, Michael". The Observer. 10 October 1971. p. 14.
  38. ^ Barber, p.48
  39. ^ "News in Brief". The Times. London. 9 May 1973. p. 4 – via The Times Digital Archive.
  40. ^ "'Murder on the Orient Express' tops US charts". The Times. London. 11 February 1975. p. 7 – via The Times Digital Archive.
  41. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Film Studios and Industry Bodies > EMI Film Productions". Screen Online. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  42. ^ Shamoon, Stella (9 July 1975). "EMI putting £6 million into films in next 12 months". The Daily Telegraph. p. 20.
  43. ^ Walker, 1985 p141
  44. ^ Z (9 July 1975). "News in Brief". The Times. London. p. 3 – via The Times Digital Archive.
  45. ^ Kilday, Gregg (22 October 1977). "FILM CLIPS: 'The Body Snatchers' Moves Up". Los Angeles Times. p. c11.
  46. ^ Mills, Bart (2 September 1977). "British money is suddenly big in Hollywood,'right up with Fox and Warner'". The Guardian. p. 8.
  47. ^ "Acquisition of B Lion". The Guardian. London. 19 May 1976. p. 18.
  48. ^ Michael Deeley (2009). "Blade Runners, Deer Hunters and Blowing the Bloody Doors Off: My Life in Cult Movies". Pegasus Books. pp. 128–199.
  49. ^ ALJEAN HARMETZ (1 August 1977). "If a Movie Goes in America, Will Rest of World Buy It?: E.M.I. Films Chief Says Answer Depends Upon Motion and Stars". The New York Times. p. 34.
  50. ^ Champlin, Charles. (27 May 1977). "CRITIC AT LARGE: In Search of World Viewers". Los Angeles Times. p. g1.
  51. ^ Deeley in his memoirs says the sixth film was Arabian Adventure. See Deeley p 134
  52. ^ Vagg, Stephen (14 July 2020). ""John Wick with spurs" – A look at Walter Hill's Unmade The Last Gun". Diabolique.
  53. ^ Deeley p 134
  54. ^ "Gimbel Will Head EMI-TV". Los Angeles Times. 26 July 1976. p. f12.
  55. ^ Harmetz, Aliean (19 April 1978). "Orion's Star Rises in Hollywood". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  56. ^ "The man who came to film". The Guardian. 18 July 1979. p. 10.
  57. ^ Kilday, Gregg (28 October 1978). "FILM CLIPS: A New Dimension for a Brother Act". Los Angeles Times. p. b11.
  58. ^ Barker, Dennis (12 March 1980). "British films get British boost". The Guardian. p. 2.
  59. ^ "Orange order". The Guardian. London. 2 February 1981. p. 11.
  60. ^ Barker, Dennis (3 March 1981). "British role in US film market is cut". The Guardian. p. 2.
  61. ^ "It's Not TV: HBO, The Company That Changed Television: Expanding The Brand (Part 1)". PopOptiq. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  62. ^ Fiddick, Peter (24 November 1983). "Cinema Verity: Peter Fiddick talks to EMI-Thorn 's new film production chief". The Guardian. p. 13.
  63. ^ "EMI Sues UA Over 'War Games' Distrib Rights, Territories". Variety. 2 March 1983. p. 7.
  64. ^ Seideman, Tony (1 December 1984). "HBO, Thorn EMI Team in Video Venture" (PDF). Billboard.
  65. ^ Walker 1985 p286
  66. ^ "Producer splits cost of films". The Guardian. 10 January 1985. p. 4.
  67. ^ Brown, Maggie (20 March 1985). "Thorn EMI plans $175m film fund". The Guardian. p. 24.
  68. ^ "Thorn And Gladden Profess Ignorance of Revised Terms". Variety. 15 May 1985. p. 4.
  69. ^ Walker, 1985, p35-36
  70. ^ "Thorn EMI Inks France's AAA To 20-Pic Exclusive Output Deal". Variety. 17 July 1985. p. 22.
  71. ^ "Thorn EMI Signs Up Slew of British Indies To Production Pacts". Variety. 7 August 1985. p. 3.
  72. ^ Newport, David (1 August 1985). "Three of the best: David Newpart on three big theatrical names going into films". The Guardian. p. 11.
  73. ^ "EMI & Universal To Dissolve U.S. Distribution Pact". Variety. 21 August 1985. p. 3.
  74. ^ Lambert, Verity; Hughes, Scott (5 May 1997). "CV; Verity Lambert Founder, Cinema Verity". The Independent. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  75. ^ "Several Offers But No TESE Sale Yet". Variety. 27 November 1985. p. 3.
  76. ^ Watkins, Roger (11 December 1985). "Thorn EMI accepts bid by management". Variety. pp. 3, 7.
  77. ^ "British Lion Subsid of TESE Sold Off To Former Staffer". Variety. 11 December 1985. pp. 3, 26.
  78. ^ WILLIAM K. KNOEDELSEDER JR (7 August 1987). "Cannon Group Loses $9.9 Million in Quarter". Retrieved 21 February 2018 – via Los Angeles Times.
  79. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; Cannon Will Sell Home Video Stake". The New York Times. 7 April 1987. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  80. ^ "HBO said it is buying out HBO/Cannon Video". Los Angeles Times. 7 April 1987. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  81. ^ a b c d e f Cieply, Michael (11 January 1989). "Weintraub's Worries : Box-Office Flops Add to Woes of Flashy 'Mini-Major'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  82. ^ "Weintraub Entertainment and RSO reached a pact". Los Angeles Times. 27 March 1987. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  83. ^ Greeberg, James (19 November 1989). "Is It Time Now to Cry for 'Evita'?". The New York Times.
  84. ^ Knoedelseder Jr., William K. (7 August 1987). "Cannon Group Loses $9.9 Million in Quarter". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  85. ^ "Usher Named Division Head at Weintraub". Los Angeles Times. 12 July 1987. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  86. ^ Delugach, Al (1 February 1988). "Weintraub Taps Rosenzweig as TV Unit Chief". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  87. ^ Voland, John (23 August 1988). "WEEKEND BOX OFFICE : Freddy Shreds the Movie Competition". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  88. ^ "Harry Usher Joins Executive Search Firm". Los Angeles Times. ASSOCIATED PRESS. 7 January 1989. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  89. ^ Cieply, Michael (14 September 1990). "Weintraub Is Expected to File Chapter 11 : Entertainment: The film firm seeks to cut off bondholders' action". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  90. ^ Citron, Alan (18 January 1992). "Creditors Agree With Weintraub to Settle Lawsuit : * Film: Two banks had accused the producer of taking an unwarranted $748,000 in developing 'Hook". Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  91. ^ "Bear Stearns Misled Its Investors, Jury Finds". Los Angeles Times. Bloomberg News. 25 August 1998. Retrieved 2 July 2012.
  92. ^ StudioCanal. "Statuts mis à jour". Infogreffe. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  93. ^ Bulletin de la Société de l'histoire du protestantisme français. "Les Fraissinet, une famille d'armateurs protestants marseillais". Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  94. ^ "Lumiere Pictures". Audiovisual Identity Database. Retrieved 10 March 2024.
  95. ^ James, Alison; Dawtrey, Adam (7 May 2006). "Studio Canal moves into Blighty". Variety. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
  • Forbes, Bryan, A Divided Life, Mandarin Paperbacks, 1993
  • Walker, Alexander, Hollywood England, Harrap and Stein, 1974
  • Walker, Alexander, National Heroes: British Cinema in the Seventies and Eighties, Harrap, 1985
  • Walker, Alexander, Icons in the Fire: The Rise and Fall of Practically Everyone in the British Film Industry 1984–2000, Orion Books, 2005

External links

This page was last edited on 11 June 2024, at 10:30
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.