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Regions of Turkmenistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Capital city and Regions of Turkmenistan
  • Also known as:
  • Province
A clickable map of Turkmenistan exhibiting its provinces.Balkan ProvinceDasoguz ProvinceAhal ProvinceLebap ProvinceMary Province
A clickable map of Turkmenistan exhibiting its provinces.
CategoryUnitary state
Number5 Regions
1 Capital city
Populations(Regions only): 569,100 (Balkan) - 1,519,000 (Mary)
Areas(Regions only): 139,270 km2 (53,772 sq mi) (Balkan) – 97,160 km2 (37,513 sq mi) (Ahal)

Turkmenistan is divided into five regions, or welaýatlar (singular welaýat) and one capital city (şäher) with provincial legal status. They are Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap and Mary, plus the capital city of Ashgabat. Each province is divided into districts. As of 20 December 2022 there were 37 districts (Turkmen: etraplar, singular etrap), 49 cities (Turkmen: şäherler, singular şäher), including 7 cities with district status (Turkmen: etrap hukukly), 68 towns (Turkmen: şäherçeler, singular şäherçe), 469 rural councils (rural municipal units, Turkmen: geňeşlikler, singular geňeşlik) and 1690 villages (rural settlements Turkmen: oba ilatly ýerler) in Turkmenistan.[1][2][3]

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Capital city

The capital city of Turkmenistan is Ashgabat, which is an administrative and territorial unit with provincial authorities.
See also Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat

As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs (uly etraplar), each with a presidentially appointed mayor (Turkmen: häkim):[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

  1. Bagtyýarlyk etraby (formerly President Niyazov, Lenin District, expanded to include former Ruhabat District plus new territory)
  2. Berkararlyk etraby (formerly Azatlyk, Sovetskiy District)
  3. Büzmeýin etraby (formerly Abadan District, expanded to include former Arçabil and Çandybil Districts)
  4. Köpetdag etraby (formerly Proletarskiy District)

This is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs. Arçabil and Çandybil boroughs were merged on February 4, 2015, and the new etrap, named Arçabil, was in turn renamed Büzmeýin in January 2018. At that time the Abadan borough of Ashgabat, created in 2013 by annexing the town of Abadan and surrounding villages to Abadan's south, was abolished and its territory was merged into the newly renamed Büzmeýin borough. The former Ruhabat borough was abolished at the same time and its territory absorbed by Bagtyýarlyk borough.[11]

On 15 June 2020, Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow announced intention to create a fifth borough of Ashgabat, to be called Altyn etraby, centered on the new resort zone created on the shores of the former Gurtly Water Reservoir, recently renamed "Golden Lake" (Altyn köl).[12]

List of regions

Division ISO 3166-2 Capital city Governor[13] Area[14] Pop (2001)[15] Key Map
Ashgabat TM-S Ashgabat Yaztagan Gylyjov 260 km2 (100 sq mi) 730,000 not on map
Ahal Region TM-A Arkadag Yazmuhammet Gurbanov 97,260 km2 (37,550 sq mi) 785,800 1
Balkan Region TM-B Balkanabat  Tangryguly Atahallyev 139,300 km2 (53,800 sq mi) 479,500 2
Daşoguz Region TM-D Dashoguz Nazarmyrat Nazarmyradov 73,400 km2 (28,300 sq mi) 1,196,700 3
Lebap Region TM-L Turkmenabat Shohrat Amangeldiyev 93,700 km2 (36,200 sq mi) 1,160,300 4
Mary Region TM-M Mary Dovranberdi Annaberdiyev 87,200 km2 (33,700 sq mi) 1,287,700 5

The heads of the regions (Turkmen: häkim, "the leader"), sometimes known as "governors", are appointed by the President of Turkmenistan (Constitution of Turkmenistan, Articles 80–81).

See also


  1. ^ "Türkmenistanyň sebitler boýunça administratiw-çäkleýin bölünişi" (in Turkmen). Turkmenistan State Statistics Committee.
  2. ^ "Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 10 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Постановление Меджлиса Милли Генгеша Туркменистана об отнесении к категории города нового современного административного центра Ахалского велаята и присвоении ему наименования" (in Russian). Электронная газета «Золотой век». 21 December 2022.
  4. ^ "Türkmenistanyň Halk Maslahatynyň Çözgüdi HM-6 14 December 1992" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Постановление о вопросах административно-территориального деления города Ашхабада". January 5, 2018.
  6. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". January 5, 2018.
  7. ^ "Меджлис Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление города Ашхабада". January 5, 2018.
  8. ^ "Парламент Туркменистана внёс изменения в административно-территориальное деление Ашхабада". January 6, 2018.
  9. ^ "В Туркменистане изменились административные границы Ашхабада и Ахалского региона". January 6, 2018.
  10. ^ "Глава государства подписал Постановления о переименовании и структурной реорганизации некоторых хякимликов Ахалского велаята и Ашхабада". January 8, 2018.
  11. ^ "Ашхабад прирос новыми территориями". Государственное информационное агентство Туркменистана. 2013-05-27. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
  12. ^ "Бердымухамедов открыл Золотое озеро – очередной грандиозный проект" (in Russian). Хроника Туркменистана. 16 June 2020.
  13. ^ Akhal-Teke: A Turkmenistan Bulletin (25 January 2022). "Turkmenistan: A strong and stably economy". Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  14. ^ Passport of Turkmenistan 1998, National Institute of Statistics and Forecasting of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 1998 (in Russian).
  15. ^ Social-economic situation of Turkmenistan in 2001, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2002, pp. 68-69 (in Russian).
This page was last edited on 21 April 2023, at 12:53
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