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Flag of Turkmenistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
Name Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň baýdagy
Түркменистаның байдагы
Use National flag
Proportion 2:3
Adopted February 19, 1992 (Ratio 1:2)
January 24, 2001
Design A green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls stacked above two crossed olive branches; a white waxing crescent moon and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper field, to the  fly side of the red stripe
Flag of the President of Turkmenistan.svg
Variant flag of Turkmenistan
Use Presidential standard
Proportion 2:3
Adopted September 27, 1992 (Ratio 1:2)
February 2007

The national flag of Turkmenistan (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň baýdagy, Түркменистаның байдагы) features a white crescent (symbol of Islam) and five stars; those stars represent the five regions of the country. Placed upon a green field is a symbolic representation of the country's famous carpet industry. It was introduced as the flag of Turkmenistan on September 27, 1992 to replace the Soviet-era flag which consisted of a red background with two light blue bars in the middle. The modified version with a 2:3 ratio was adopted on January 24, 2001.

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I am ready to give life for our native hearth The spirit of ancestors descendants are famous for. My land is sacred, my flag flies in the world A symbol of the great neutral country flies, The forever great creation of the people The native land, the sovereign state Forever, the light and song of the soul, Long live and prosper, Turkmenistan! My nation is united and in veins of tribes Our ancestors' blood, undying flows. Storms and misfortunes of times are not dreadful for us, Let us increase fame and honour. The forever great creation of the people Native land, the sovereign state Forever, the light and song of the soul, Long live and prosper, Turkmenistan!



The flag on a Turkmenistan postage stamp, 1992.
The flag on a Turkmenistan postage stamp, 1992.

It features a green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to those on the flag of the United Nations; a white waxing crescent moon, typical of Turkic and Islamic symbology, and five white five-pointed stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe.

The green and red colors appear in this flag because they have been venerated historically by the Turkmen. The waxing crescent moon symbolizes the hope of the country for a shining future and the stars represent the five provinces (welayatlar) of Turkmenistan – Ahal, Balkan, Dashoguz, Lebap, and Mary.

The five traditional carpet designs along the hoist represent the five major tribes or houses, and form motifs in the country's state emblem and flag. These Turkmen tribes in traditional order (as well as top to bottom) are Teke (Tekke), Yomut (Yomud), Saryk (Saryq), Chowdur (Choudur), and Arsary (Ersary). The middle design may also represent the Salyr (Salor), a tribe that declined as a result of military defeat before the modern period.

The wreath was added against the rules of heraldry, breaking up the carpet pattern. It was added as an afterthought to represent the "status of permanent neutrality", which was accepted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 12, 1995.


The flag of the Russian Empire was the official flag of Turkmenistan until the Russian Revolution.

Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Turkmenistan had a flag similar to all other Soviet Republics; see Flag of the Turkmen SSR.

After independence in 1991, Turkmenistan adopted a flag very similar to the current design, on February 19, 1992. However, the designs on the left were different. In 1997, an olive branch was added to symbolise the peace-loving nature of the Turkmen people. The positioning of the crescent and stars was also changed, with the crescent positioned roughly to its current position but with the stars in a much more uneven position. In 2001 the flag changed from 1:2 to 2:3 and the green field was made lighter.[1]

Military flags

See also


External links

This page was last edited on 2 September 2018, at 18:58
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