To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Orders, decorations, and medals of Poland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is a list of medals, awards and decorations in use in Poland. Most of them are awarded by the Polish Army, but some of them are civilian decorations that may be worn by the military personnel.

Most of these decorations ceased to be awarded; some were awarded before the World War II only, and some in the People's Republic of Poland only; order of some of them was changed by law.

The state awards may be awarded only by the President of Poland. The order of precedence was last reformed in 2007. The order of precedence is: 6 orders (order) in specific order of precedence (see table below); other orders in order they were received; 12 crosses (krzyż), 3 medals (medal) and 6 stars (gwiazda) in specific order of precedence; other crosses and awards in order they were received.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/2
    Views:
    4 016
    595
  • ✪ Veterans Day: Military Awards and Honors
  • ✪ Ewa i Bugi - Decoration Ceremony (wreczenie orderow)

Transcription

There are many different medals and honors awarded by the different branches of the United States Armed Forces. What are some of these awards? How does someone become a recipient of one? Unfortunately, one of the most commonly awarded military decorations is the Purple Heart. A Purple Heart is awarded to any member of the military who is wounded or killed in action. The Purple Heart was first created and awarded in 1932. During World War II, the first war in which the Purple Heart was awarded, more than one million Purple Hearts were distributed. Over the years, more than 1.5 million Purple Hearts have been awarded. Another decoration that is frequently awarded by the U.S. Armed Forces is the Bronze Star. The Bronze Star can be earned in many different ways including "acts of heroism" and "acts of merit" in a combat zone. The Bronze Star was established in 1944 and there have been thousands of soldiers who have received this prestigious award. In fact, even soldiers from other countries have been presented with Bronze Stars, because it is an award that can be given to any soldier serving alongside Americans. The Silver Star is an even more prestigious award presented by the U.S. Armed Forces. A Silver Star is awarded for "gallantry in action against an enemy of the United States." The Silver Star was established in July of 1932 and has been presented to thousands of members of the U.S. Armed Forces. The most prestigious award presented to members of the U.S. Armed Forces is the Medal of Honor. The Medal of Honor was first created in 1861 and was awarded to many soldiers throughout the Civil War. The Medal of Honor is presented to those who have performed courageous acts of bravery in battle that go above and beyond the call of duty. All members of the Armed Forces are eligible to earn this prestigious award. There are actually different versions of the Medal of Honor made for the Army, Air Force, and Navy. Those serving in the Marines and Coast Guard are presented with the Naval Medal of Honor. There have only been a little more than 3,400 people win the Medal of Honor. Over 1,500 of those came during the Civil War when it was the only award that existed. This means that since the end of the Civil War in 1865, only about 1,900 individuals have won the Medal of Honor. The Medal of Honor is such an important award that it is presented to those who earned it by the President of the United States. There are also special laws which prohibit selling a Medal of Honor. It is even illegal to wear one if it was not presented to you! These are certainly not the only awards presented to members of the United States Armed Forces. There are many ways in which a soldier, sailor, or airman can distinguish themselves.

Contents

Currently recognized state awards subject to order of precedence

Award I class II class III class IV class V class Description Established in
Order of the White Eagle
Order Orła Białego
POL Order Orła Białego BAR.svg
Poland's highest decoration awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. 1705, reactivated in 1921, reinstated in 1992
Virtuti Militari
POL Virtuti Militari Wielki BAR.svg
POL Virtuti Militari Komandorski BAR.svg
POL Virtuti Militari Kawalerski BAR.svg
POL Virtuti Militari Złoty BAR.svg
POL Virtuti Militari Srebrny BAR.svg
Poland's highest military decoration for valor in the face of the enemy 1792, reactivated in 1919
Order of Polonia Restituta
Order Odrodzenia Polski
Order of Poland Reborn
POL Polonia Restituta Wielki BAR.svg
POL Polonia Restituta Komandorski ZG BAR.svg
POL Polonia Restituta Komandorski BAR.svg
POL Polonia Restituta Oficerski BAR.svg
POL Polonia Restituta Kawalerski BAR.svg
Awarded to both civilians and the military for their merits. 1921
Order of Military Cross
Order Krzyża Wojskowego
POL Order Krzyża Wojskowego Wielki BAR.svg
POL Order Krzyża Wojskowego Komandorski BAR.svg
POL Order Krzyża Wojskowego Kawalerski BAR.svg
Awarded to military personnel for actions in peacetime. 2006
Order of the Cross of Independence
Order Krzyża Niepodległości
POL Order Krzyża Niepodległości 1 Klasy BAR.svg
POL Order Krzyża Niepodległości 2 Klasy BAR.svg
Awarded for struggle for independence in 1939-1956 period. 2010
Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
Order Zasługi Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl1 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl2 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl3 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl4 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl5 BAR.png
Awarded to foreigners for contributing to good foreign relations. 1990
Other orders in the order they were received.
Cross of Valour
Krzyż Walecznych
POL Krzyż Walecznych BAR.svg
Polish military decoration awarded to a person who "has demonstrated deeds of valor and courage on the battlefield." 1920
Military Cross
Krzyż Wojskowy
POL Krzyż Wojskowy BAR.svg
Combat decoration, conferred to a military, irrespective of rank and service for combat valor against an act of terror in the territory of Poland or while on a mission of the Armed Forces overseas. 2007
Cross of Merit for Bravery
Krzyż Zasługi za Dzielność
POL Krzyż Zasługi za Dzielność BAR.svg
For recognition of military or police personnel. 1928
Gold Cross of Merit with Swords
Złoty Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
POL Złoty Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Awarded for deeds of bravery and valor not connected with direct fight, as well as for merit rendered in perilous circumstances. 1942
Cross of Freedom and Solidarity
Krzyż Wolności i Solidarności
POL Krzyż Wolności i Solidarności BAR.svg
Awarded to members of anti-communist opposition movement in PRL. 2010
Virtus et Fraternitas Medal
Medal Virtus et Fraternitas
POL Medal Virtus et Fraternitas BAR.svg
For those who keep remembrance about people of Polish nationality or Polish citizens of other nationalities who are victims of Soviet crimes, Nazi German crimes, nationalist crimes or other crimes against peace, humanity or war crimes, in the period from November 8, 1917, until July 31, 1990. 2017
Gold Cross of Merit
Złoty Krzyż Zasługi
POL Złoty Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
Civil state award established to recognize services to the state. 1923
Silver Cross of Merit with Swords
Srebrny Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
POL Srebrny Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Awarded for deeds of bravery and valor not connected with direct fight, as well as for merit rendered in perilous circumstances. 1942
Silver Cross of Merit
Srebrny Krzyż Zasługi
POL Srebrny Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
Civil state award established to recognize services to the state. 1923
Bronze Cross of Merit with Swords
Brązowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
POL Brązowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Awarded for deeds of bravery and valor not connected with direct fight, as well as for merit rendered in perilous circumstances. 1942
Bronze Cross of Merit
Brązowy Krzyż Zasługi
POL Brązowy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
Civil state award established to recognize services to the state. 1923
Military Cross of Merit with Swords
Air Force Cross of Merit with Swords
Navy Cross of Merit with Swords
Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg


POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg


POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg
Conferred for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military missions overseas. 2007
Military Cross of Merit
Air Force Cross of Merit
Navy Cross of Merit
Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi
Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi
Morski Krzyż Zasługi
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg


POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg


POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg
Bestowed for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service. 2007
Medal for Sacrifice and Courage
Medal za Ofiarność i Odwagę
POL Medal za Ofiarność i Odwagę BAR.svg
Civil award for risking one's life to save another's. 1960
Medal for Long Service
Medal za Długoletnią Służbę
POL Medal Za Długoletnią Służbę Złoty BAR.svg
POL Medal Za Długoletnią Służbę Srebrny BAR.svg
POL Medal Za Długoletnią Służbę Brązowy BAR.svg
Conferred for long service in the armed forces, police, fire service, education, justice, central or local administration; awarded for 30, 20 and 10 years of service respectively 1938, reactivated in 2007
Medal for Long Marital Life
Medal Za Długoletnie Pożycie Małżeńskie
POL Medal za Długoletnie Pożycie Małżeńskie BAR.svg
For a marriage lasting 50 years or more. 1960
Stars
Gwiazdy
POL Gwiazda Afganistanu BAR.svg


POL Gwiazda Iraku BAR.svg


POL Gwiazda Czadu BAR.svg


POL Gwiazda Konga BAR.svg


POL Gwiazda Morza Srodziemnego BAR.svg


POL Gwiazda Zalog Lotniczych BAR.svg
Afghanistan Star (for service in Afghanistan; since 2002)

Iraq Star (for service in Iraq; 2003–2008)

Chad Star (for service in EUFOR Tchad/RCA and MINURCAT; 2008–2009)

Congo Star (for service in EUFOR RD Congo; 2006)

Mediterranean Sea Star (for service in Active Endeavour; since 2005)

Air Crew Star (for service, inter alia, in Baltic Air Policing; since 2005)
2008 (2)
2010 (3)
2012 (1)
Other crosses and awards in the order they were received.

Presidential awards

Award I class II class III class Description Established in
Cross of the Deported to Siberia
Krzyż Zesłańców Sybiru
POL Krzyż Zesłańców Sybiru BAR.svg
For deported to Siberia, Kazakhstan and northern Russia by the Soviet regime after September 17, 1939, as well to their children who were born there 2003
Eastern Cross
Krzyż Wschodni
POL Krzyz Wschodni BAR.svg
For foreigners who helped and saved Polish citizens in 1917-1991 period in former Polish territory and Soviet Union 2016
Western Cross
Krzyż Zachodni
POL Krzyz Zachodni BAR.svg
For foreigners who helped and saved Polish citizens in 1939-1989 period in opposition to German occupants (during World War II) and Polish communist government (after war) 2017
Medal of the Centenary of Regained Independence
Medal Stulecia Odzyskanej Niepodległości
POL Medal Stulecia Odzyskanej Niepodl BAR.svg
For Polish citizens who contributed to the regaining or strengthening of the sovereignty of the Republic of Poland, including, in particular, the building of a Polish citizens' community and a sense of national identity, development of science, praising the good name of Poland through culture and art, social development and strengthening ties with Poles abroad and building the economic prosperity of the state. 2018

Ministerial awards

Award I class II class III class Description Established in
Medal of the Armed Forces in the Service of the Fatherland
Medal Siły Zbrojne w Służbie Ojczyzny
POL Złoty Medal Siły Zbrojne w Służbie Ojczyzny BAR.svg
POL Srebrny Medal Siły Zbrojne w Służbie Ojczyzny BAR.svg
POL Brązowy Medal Siły Zbrojne w Służbie Ojczyzny BAR.svg
For Polish military personnel awarded for long service in the Polish armed forces 1951. Ministry of Defence award since 2008.
Medal of Merit for National Defence
Medal Za Zaslugi dla Obronnosci Kraju
POL Złoty Medal za Zasługi dla Obronności Kraju BAR.svg
POL Srebrny Medal za Zasługi dla Obronności Kraju BAR.svg
POL Brązowy Medal za Zasługi dla Obronności Kraju BAR.svg
Presented to Polish military personnel and civilian employees for meritorious activities to strengthen military power of the country. 1966 and revised 1991
Polish Army Medal
Medal Wojska Polskiego
POL Złoty Medal Wojska Polskiego BAR.svg
POL Srebrny Medal Wojska Polskiego BAR.svg
POL Brązowy Medal Wojska Polskiego BAR.svg
Services to the Polish armed forces by foreign civilian and military personnel 1999
Medal of Merit for Police
Medal za Zasługi dla Policji
POL Złoty Medal Za Zasługi dla Policji BAR.png
POL Srebrny Medal Za Zasługi dla Policji BAR.png
POL Brązowy Medal Za Zasługi dla Policji BAR.png
For outstanding achievements 2001
Medal of Merit for the Border Guard
Medal za Zasługi dla Straży Granicznej
POL Złoty Medal Za Zasługi dla Straży Granicznej BAR.png
POL Srebrny Medal Za Zasługi dla Straży Granicznej BAR.png
POL Brązowy Medal Za Zasługi dla Straży Granicznej BAR.png
2004
Medal of the National Education Commission
Medal Komisji Edukacji Narodowej
POL Medal KEN BAR.svg
Outstanding contribution to education 1967
Medal for Merit to Culture
Medal Zasłużony Kulturze Gloria Artis
POL Złoty Medal Zasłużony Kulturze Gloria Artis BAR.png
POL Srebrny Medal Zasłużony Kulturze Gloria Artis BAR.png
POL Brązowy Medal Zasłużony Kulturze Gloria Artis BAR.png
Distinguished contributions to the Polish culture and heritage. 2006
Decoration of Honor "Meritorious for Polish Culture"
Odznaka honorowa Zasłużony dla Kultury Polskiej
POL Odznaka honorowa Zasluzony dla Kultury Polskiej.png
Distinguished contributions to the Polish culture and heritage. 1969
Decoration of Honor "Bene Merito"
Odznaka Honorowa "Bene Merito"
POL Odznaka Honorowa Bene Merito BAR.svg
For activities aiming at strengthening of the position of Poland on the international arena. 2009
Decoration of Honor "For Merit In Actions Outside the Republic of Poland"
Odznaka Honorowa "Za zasługi w działaniach poza granicami RP"
POL Odznaka Hon Za zaslugi w dzialaniach poza granicami RP BAR.svg
For merits of personnel of Police, Firefighters, BOR and Border Guard during service abroad. 2011 (in general); 2013 (detailed)
Pro Patria Medal
Medal Pro Patria
POL Medal Pro Patria BAR.png
For special merits in cultivating the memory of the struggle for the independence of the Polish 2011
Pro Memoria Medal
Medal Pro Memoria
POL Medal Pro Memoria BAR.png
For outstanding contributions in perpetuating the memory of the people and deeds in the struggle for Polish independence during World War II 2005
Decoration of Honor "For Merit To Human Rights Protection"
Odznaka honorowa "Za Zasługi dla Ochrony Praw Człowieka"
POL Odznaka Za Zaslugi dla Ochr Praw Cz BAR.svg
For extraordinary achievements in defense of human rights. 2009
Decoration of Honor "For Merits to the Rights of the Child Protection"
Odznaka Honorowa za Zasługi dla Ochrony Praw Dziecka
POL Odznaka Hon za Zaslugi dla Ochr Praw Dz BAR.svg
For extraordinary achievements in defense of the Rights of the Child. 2013
Guardian Medal of the Places of National Remembrance
Medal Opiekuna Miejsc Pamięci Narodowej
POL Zloty Medal Opiekuna Miejsc Pamięci Narodowej BAR.png
POL Srebrny Medal Opiekuna Miejsc Pamięci Narodowej BAR.png
Special merits in promoting the idea of national memory and the distinctive activities of the commemoration of struggle and martyrdom of the Polish Nation 1976

Former awards

Award I class II class III class IV class V class Description Established in
Cross of Independence with Swords
Krzyż Niepodległości z Mieczmi
POL Krzyż Niepodległości z Mieczami BAR.svg
1930
Cross of Independence
Krzyż Niepodległości
POL Krzyż Niepodległości BAR.svg
1930
Medal of Independence
Medal Niepodległości
POL Krzyż Niepodległości BAR.svg
1930
Krzyż Ochotniczy za Wojnę 1918-1921
Volunteer Cross for War 1918-1921
Krzyz Ochotniczy za Wojne 1918-1921 Ribbon.png
1939
Krzyż na Śląskiej Wstędze Waleczności i Zasługi
Cross on Silesian Ribbon of Valour and Merit
POL Krzyż na Śląskiej Wstędze Waleczności i Zasługi 1kl BAR.svg
POL Krzyż na Śląskiej Wstędze Waleczności i Zasługi BAR.svg
1921
Cross of Military Merits
of Central Lithuania
Krzyz Zaslugi Wojsk Litwy Srodkowej Ribbon.png
1922
Medal za Ratowanie Ginących
Life Saving Medal
POL Medal za Ratowanie Ginacych 1x BAR.svg
1928
Army Medal for War 1939-45
Medal Wojska za Wojnę 1939-45
POL Medal Wojska BAR.svg
1945
Air Force Medal for War 1939-45
Medal Lotniczy za Wojnę 1939-45
POL Medal Lotniczy BAR.svg
1945
Navy Medal for War 1939-45
Medal Morski za Wojnę 1939-45
POL Medal Morski BAR.svg
1945
Merchant Marine Medal for War 1939-45
Medal Morski PMH za Wojnę 1939-45
POL Medal Morski PMH BAR.svg
1945
Krzyż Monte Cassino
Cross of Monte Cassino
POL Krzyż Monte Cassino BAR.svg
1944
Krzyż Armii Krajowej
Home Army Cross
POL Krzyż Armii Krajowej BAR.svg
1966
Commemorative Medal for War of 1918-1921
POL Medal Pamiątkowy Za Wojnę 1918-1921 BAR.svg
1928
Medal of the 10th Anniversary of Independence
POL Medal 10-lecia Odzyskania Niepodległości BAR.svg
1928
Order of the Builders of People's Poland
Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej
POL Order Budowniczych Polski Ludowej BAR.svg
Highest civil decoration of the People's Republic of Poland. 1949-1992
Order of the Cross of Grunwald
Order Krzyża Grunwaldu
POL Order Krzyża Grunwaldu 1 Klasy BAR.svg
POL Order Krzyża Grunwaldu 2 Klasy BAR.svg
POL Order Krzyża Grunwaldu 3 Klasy BAR.svg
Awarded by the Gwardia Ludowa for acts of heroism in armed combat with the German occupiers for fighting for freedom and Polish Independence. 1943-1992
Order of the Banner of Work
Order Sztandaru Pracy
POL Order Sztandaru Pracy 1 klasy BAR.svg
POL Order Sztandaru Pracy 2 klasy BAR.svg
Awarded for unique achievements for the Nation and the Country. 1949-1992
Order of Merit of the People's Republic of Poland
Order Zasługi Polskiej Rzeczypospolitej Ludowej
POL Order Zaslugi PRL kl1 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi PRL kl2 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi PRL kl3 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi PRL kl4 BAR.png
POL Order Zaslugi PRL kl5 BAR.PNG
Awarded to foreigners for contributing to good foreign relations. 1974-1989
Zasłużonym na Polu Chwały
For Merits in Field of Glory
POL Złoty Medal Zasłużonym na Polu Chwały BAR.svg
POL Srebrny Medal Zasłużonym na Polu Chwały BAR.svg
POL Brązowy Medal Zasłużonym na Polu Chwały BAR.svg
1943-1992
Partisan Cross
Krzyż Partyzancki
POL Krzyż Partyzancki BAR.svg
1945
Krzyż Oświęcimski
Auschwitz Cross
POL Krzyż Oświęcimski BAR.svg
1985
Za waszą wolność i naszą
For our freedom and yours
POL Medal Za Wolność Naszą i Waszą BAR.svg
1956
Za Udział w Wojnie Obronnej 1939
For Defence War 1939
POL Medal Za udział w wojnie obronnej 1939 BAR.svg
1981
Za Udział w Walkach w Obronie Władzy Ludowej
For Fighting in defence of People's Rule
POL Medal Za udział w walkach w obronie władzy ludowej BAR.png
1983
Śląski Krzyż Powstańczy
Cross for Silesian Uprisings
POL Śląski Krzyż Powstańczy BAR.svg
1946
Wielkopolski Krzyż Powstańczy
Cross for Great Poland Uprising
POL Wielkopolski Krzyż Powstańczy BAR.svg
1957
Warszawski Krzyż Powstańczy
Cross for the Warsaw Uprising
POL Warszawski Krzyż Powstańczy BAR.svg
1981
Medal Za Warszawę 1939-1945
For Warsaw 1939-1945
POL Za Warszawę 1939-1945 BAR.svg
1945
Medal za Odrę, Nysę i Bałtyk
For Odra, Nysa and Baltic
POL Medal za Odrę Nysę i Bałtyk BAR.svg
1945
Medal Zwycięstwa i Wolności
For Victory and Freedom
POL Medal Zwycięstwa i Wolności BAR.svg
1945
Medal Za Udział w Walkach o Berlin
For Battle of Berlin
POL Za udział w walkach o Berlin BAR.svg
1966
Medal of the 10th Anniversary of People's Poland
POL Medal 10-lecia Polski Ludowej BAR.svg
1954
Medal of the 30th Anniversary of People's Poland
POL Medal 30-lecia Polski Ludowej BAR.svg
1974
Medal of the 40th Anniversary of People's Poland
POL Medal 40-lecia Polski Ludowej BAR.svg
1984
Krzyż Waleczności
Lithuanian-Belarusian Division
of Gen. Bułak-Bałachowicz
Krzyż Waleczności Armii Bułak-Bałachowicza BAR.svg
1918
Civil awards that can be worn on a military uniform without requiring the approval of one's superiors.
Krzyż harcerski
Scouting cross
None
miniature worn instead
Polish Scouts Cross.png

See also

References

This page was last edited on 9 December 2018, at 00:46
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.