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Order of the Cross of Independence

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cross of Independence
Order of the Cross of Independence
Order Krzyża Niepodległości
POL Order Krzyza Niepodleglosci I kl.png
POL Order Krzyza Niepodleglosci II kl.png
Order 1st Class (top), and 2nd Class
TypeOrder with 2 classes
Country Poland
Presented bythe President of Poland
StatusCurrently awarded
Established5 August 2010
POL Order Krzyża Niepodległości 1 Klasy BAR.svg

Ribbon of the cross, 1st Class
POL Order Krzyża Niepodległości 2 Klasy BAR.svg

Ribbon of the cross, 2nd Class
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of Military Cross
Next (lower)Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland
RelatedCross of Independence
Cross of Freedom and Solidarity

The Order of the Cross of Independence (Order Krzyża Niepodległości) was established on 5 August 2010, to honor those who between the years of 1939-1956 voluntarily served with merit in defending the independence of the Polish State. At its establishment it was declared to be a continuation of Cross of Independence which was established on 29 October 1930. It is fifth in the order of precedence of Polish awards and decorations.[1]

Drawing of the order 1st and 2nd class.
Drawing of the order 1st and 2nd class.

Classes

The Order is divided into two classes. The first class cross of the Order of Independence is suspended by swords attached to a ribbon with a width of 45mm which is worn around the neck. The ribbon is blue with stripes of gold and red at the edges. The ribbon bar of the first class is denoted by a rosette at the center. The first class is awarded to those who guided the struggle or fought with arms for independence and sovereignty of the motherland with an extraordinary sacrifice. The second class cross of the Order of the Cross of Independence is worn on the left breast suspended from a ribbon with a width of 40 mm, with colors identical to that of the first class. The ribbon bar of the second class is unadorned by any clasp or attachment. The second class is awarded to those who for a significant period of time or in circumstances of extreme danger defended the independence and sovereignty of the homeland, fighting for her recovery, or maintaining the functioning of institutions and traditions of the Polish Republic.[2]

Recipients

On 28 February 2013 the first investiture of the order took place. Eight persons were awarded the order with swords and nineteen the order without swords.[3][4]

References

  1. ^ Chancellery of the Sejm (15 November 2010). "OJ 2010 nr 221 poz. 1448 Regulation of the Polish President on 15 November 2010 amending the Regulation on the description, material, dimensions, designs, drawings and how to wear badges and the circumstances of orders and decorations" (pdf) (in Polish). Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  2. ^ Official website of the Polish President. "Order of the Cross of Independence" (in Polish). Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  3. ^ Official website of the Polish President. "Mr. President: Motherland thanks you and remembers" (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  4. ^ Official website of the Polish President. "Mr. President handed Orders of the Cross of Independence" (in Polish). Retrieved 2013-02-28.

See also

This page was last edited on 18 May 2021, at 05:33
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