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Military Cross of Merit (Poland)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Military Cross of Merit (Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi)
Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi)
Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi)
POL Wojskowy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 1x awers.png
POL Morski Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami awers.png
POL Lotniczy Krzyz Zaslugi z Mieczami 2x awers..png
Obverse of the crosses with swords (z Mieczami)
Awarded forTo members of the Polish Armed Forces for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military missions overseas (w. swords); for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service (without swords).
Country Poland
Presented bythe President of Poland
EligibilityMilitary
Claspsdenotes subsequent award
StatusCurrently awarded
Established14 June 2007
POL Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg

Ribbon bar of the Army Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Morski Krzyż Zasługi z Mieczami BAR.svg

Ribbon bar of the Navy Cross of Merit w. Swords
POL Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi BAR.svg

Ribbon bar of the Air Force Cross of Merit
Precedence
Next (higher)Bronze Cross of Merit
Next (lower)Medal for Sacrifice and Courage
RelatedOrder of the Military Cross
Military Cross

The Military Cross of Merit (Polish: Wojskowy Krzyż Zasługi), Navy Cross of Merit (Morski Krzyż Zasługi), Air Force Cross of Merit (Lotniczy Krzyż Zasługi) are military decorations awarded to members of the Polish Armed Forces. The crosses with swords (z Mieczami) are conferred for meritorious service in combat operations against acts of terrorism at home or during military, peacekeeping or stabilization missions overseas; the crosses without swords are conferred for outstanding non-combat meritorious achievement or service.[1]

History

The crosses were established by the Law of 14 June 2007, which amended the Act of 16 October 1992, concerning medals and decorations. This law saw the creation of the crosses along with the Military Cross and the Medal for Long Service. The change was implemented on October 9, 2007. In the order of precedence of Polish medals it ranks between the Bronze Cross of Merit and the Medal for Sacrifice and Courage.[2]

Eligibility

The crosses are presented by the President of Poland, on his own initiative or at the request of the Minister of Defence. The president also has the right to revoke the award. The crosses with swords are to be awarded no later than three years after the end of combat operations. Each of the crosses may be awarded twice to any single person, the second award being denoted by a bar on the ribbon and ribbon bar. A particular cross may be awarded to members of the service it represents, however in exceptional cases it can be conferred to members of the other services as well. Civilians and members of non-military uniformed services are not eligible.

Design

The design of the crosses is patterned on that of the Order of the Military Cross. It is a massive Greek cross, in bronze for the Military Cross of Merit, in silver for the two other crosses. The center of the crosses is as follows:

The reverse looks the same for all three crosses and is inscribed "POLSKA SWEMU OBROŃCY" (Poland to her defender) with two laurel twigs on the sides.

Ribbon bars
1st award 2nd award
Military Cross of Merit
Military Cross of Merit with Swords
Navy Cross of Merit
Navy Cross of Merit with Swords
Air Force Cross of Merit
Air Force Cross of Merit with Swords

References

  1. ^ Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  2. ^ Sejm of the Republic of Poland (14 June 2007). "Act of 14 June 2007 amending the Law on medals and decorations" (in Polish). Chancellery of the Sejm. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

External links

  1. Lukasz Gaszewski (2011). "Army Cross of Merit". Orders and Decorations of Poland. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  2. Megan C. Robertson (11 January 2009). "Poland Army Cross of Merit". Medals of the World. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

See also

This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 04:20
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