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Municipalities of Tabasco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Mexico with Tabasco highlighted
Map of Mexico with Tabasco highlighted

Tabasco is a state in Southeast Mexico that is divided into 17 municipalities.[1] According to the 2020 Mexican Census, it has the 20th largest population with 2,402,598 inhabitants and is the 24th largest by land area spanning 24,738 square kilometres (9,551 sq mi).[1][2]

Municipalities in Tabasco are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[3] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[4] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[5] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[5]

The largest municipality by population is Centro, with 683,607 residents while the smallest is Jonuta with 30,798 residents.[1] The largest municipality by land area is Huimanguillo which spans 3,729.69 km2 (1,440.04 sq mi), and the smallest is Jalpa de Méndez with 370.83 km2 (143.18 sq mi).[2] Tabasco has kept the same number of municipalities since 1883, one of the few Mexican states without recent changes.[6]

Municipalities


State capital  State capital

Name Municipal seat Population
(2020)[1]
Population
(2010)[7]
Change Land area[2] Population density
(2020)
Incorporation date[6]
km2 sq mi
Balancán Balancán 58,524 56,739 +3.1% 3,588.92 1,385.69 16.3/km2 (42.2/sq mi) April 26, 1837
Cárdenas Cárdenas 243,229 248,481 −2.1% 2,055.61 793.67 118.3/km2 (306.5/sq mi) December 18, 1883
Centla Frontera 107,731 102,110 +5.5% 2,701.85 1,043.19 39.9/km2 (103.3/sq mi) December 18, 1883
Centro VillahermosaState capital 683,607 640,359 +6.8% 1,723.38 665.40 396.7/km2 (1,027.4/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Comalcalco Comalcalco 214,877 102,110 +110.4% 770.67 297.56 278.8/km2 (722.1/sq mi) November 14, 1834
Cunduacán Cunduacán 137,257 126,416 +8.6% 600.58 231.88 228.5/km2 (591.9/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Emiliano Zapata[a] Emiliano Zapata 32,181 29,518 +9.0% 594.23 229.44 54.2/km2 (140.3/sq mi) December 18, 1883
Huimanguillo Huimanguillo 190,885 179,285 +6.5% 3,729.69 1,440.04 51.2/km2 (132.6/sq mi) February 5, 1857
Jalapa Jalapa 37,749 36,391 +3.7% 594.26 229.45 63.5/km2 (164.5/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Jalpa de Méndez Jalpa de Méndez 91,185 83,356 +9.4% 370.83 143.18 245.9/km2 (636.9/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Jonuta Jonuta 30,798 29,511 +4.4% 1,650.18 637.14 18.7/km2 (48.3/sq mi) June 30, 1842
Macuspana Macuspana 158,601 153,132 +3.6% 2,436.89 940.89 65.1/km2 (168.6/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Nacajuca Nacajuca 150,300 115,066 +30.6% 536.87 207.29 280.0/km2 (725.1/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Paraíso Paraíso 96,741 86,620 +11.7% 409.33 158.04 236.3/km2 (612.1/sq mi) December 18, 1883
Tacotalpa Tacotalpa 47,905 46,302 +3.5% 737.00 284.56 65.0/km2 (168.3/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Teapa Teapa 58,718 53,555 +9.6% 422.18 163.00 139.1/km2 (360.2/sq mi) February 5, 1825
Tenosique Tenosique 62,310 58,960 +5.7% 1,888.53 729.16 33.0/km2 (85.5/sq mi) December 18, 1883
Tabasco 2,402,598 2,238,603 +7.3% 24,738 9,551.40 97.1/km2 (251.5/sq mi)
Mexico 126,014,024 112,336,538 +12.2% 1,972,550 761,606 63.9/km2 (165.5/sq mi)

Notes

  1. ^ Emiliano Zapata was originally incorporated as Montecristo, changing its name on December 27, 1927.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2020 - SCITEL" (in Spanish). INEGI. Retrieved 2021-01-27.
  2. ^ a b c "Unidad de Microrregiones Cédulas de Información Municipal (SCIM) - Tabasco" (in Spanish). Secretaría de Desarrollo Social. Retrieved February 10, 2020.
  3. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  4. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  5. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-4330-7030-3.
  6. ^ a b c Estado de Tabasco División Territorial de 1810 a 1995 (PDF) (in Spanish). Mexico: INEGI. 1996. ISBN 970-13-1514-6.
  7. ^ "Localidades y su población por municipio segun tamaño de localidad" (PDF) (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 31, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2018.
This page was last edited on 22 December 2021, at 18:54
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