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Municipalities of Nuevo León

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of Mexico with Nuevo León highlighted
Map of Mexico with Nuevo León highlighted

Nuevo León is a state in Northeast Mexico that is divided into 51 municipalities.[1]

Municipalities in Nuevo León are administratively autonomous of the state according to the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution of Mexico.[2] Every three years, citizens elect a municipal president (Spanish: presidente municipal) by a plurality voting system who heads a concurrently elected municipal council (ayuntamiento) responsible for providing all the public services for their constituents. The municipal council consists of a variable number of trustees and councillors (regidores y síndicos).[3] Municipalities are responsible for public services (such as water and sewerage), street lighting, public safety, traffic, supervision of slaughterhouses and the maintenance of public parks, gardens and cemeteries.[4] They may also assist the state and federal governments in education, emergency fire and medical services, environmental protection and maintenance of monuments and historical landmarks. Since 1984, they have had the power to collect property taxes and user fees, although more funds are obtained from the state and federal governments than from their own income.[4]

The most populous one is Monterrey, which also serves as the capital of the state. Outside the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (which consists of Apodaca, Escobedo, Guadalupe, San Nicolás de los Garza, San Pedro Garza García and Santa Catarina) the municipalities tend to be scarcely populated. Aside from Cadereyta Jiménez, Juárez, Linares and Montemorelos, no other municipality surpasses 50,000 inhabitants. The largest municipality by area is Galeana. One of the smallest ones, Hualahuises, is an enclave of Linares.


Map of the administrative divisions of Nuevo León.
Map of the administrative divisions of Nuevo León.
INEGI-code Municipality Administrative seat
001 Abasolo Abasolo
002 Agualeguas Agualeguas
003 Allende Allende
004 Anáhuac Anáhuac
005 Apodaca Apodaca
006 Aramberri Aramberri
007 Bustamante Bustamante
008 Cadereyta Jiménez Cadereyta Jiménez
009 El Carmen El Carmen
010 Cerralvo Cerralvo
011 China China
012 Ciénega de Flores Ciénega de Flores
014 Doctor Arroyo Doctor Arroyo
013 Doctor Coss Doctor Coss
015 Doctor González Doctor González
016 Galeana Galeana
017 García García
018 General Bravo General Bravo
019 General Escobedo General Escobedo
020 General Terán General Terán
021 General Treviño General Treviño
022 General Zaragoza General Zaragoza
023 General Zuazua General Zuazua
024 Guadalupe Guadalupe
025 Hidalgo Hidalgo
026 Higueras Higueras
027 Hualahuises Hualahuises
028 Iturbide Iturbide
029 Juárez Juárez
030 Lampazos de Naranjo Lampazos de Naranjo
031 Linares Linares
032 Los Aldama Los Aldamas
033 Los Herrera Los Herreras
034 Los Ramones Los Ramones
035 Marín Marín
036 Melchor Ocampo Melchor Ocampo
037 Mier y Noriega Mier y Noriega
038 Mina Mina
039 Montemorelos Montemorelos
040 Monterrey Monterrey
041 Parás Parás
042 Pesquería Pesquería
043 Rayones Rayones
044 Sabinas Hidalgo Sabinas Hidalgo
045 Salinas Victoria Salinas Victoria
046 San Nicolás de los Garza San Nicolás de los Garza
047 San Pedro Garza García San Pedro Garza García
048 Santa Catarina Santa Catarina
049 Santiago Santiago
050 Vallecillo Vallecillo
051 Villaldama Villaldama

List of municipalities with additional information

INEGI code
Municipal seat
Origin and older names
001 Abasolo Abasolo 1826 Founded as the Hacienda of Eguía de Viudas in 1648, renamed as Abasolo in 1826 Mariano Abasolo (1780–1819) a Mexican revolutionist during the War of Independence 2,746 44 5.22
Abasolo (Nuevo León).png
002 Agualeguas Agualeguas 1793 Founded by Friar Diego Vázquez as a Spanish mission named Santa Teresa de Alamillo, in 1675 changed its name to San Nicolás Gualeguas Mission, then it was renamed Agualeguas in 1793 Its current name comes from the now extinct Gualeguas, a Native American nomadic tribe, which scarcely inhabited this area before the Spanish settlement 3,537 1,034 5.55
003 Allende Allende 1850 Previously known as Rancho del Reparo (Bucking Ranch) formed in 1825 Ignacio Allende (January 21, 1769–June 26, 1811) a captain of the Spanish Army who came to sympathize with the Mexican independence movement 29,568 186 177
Allende (Nuevo León).png
004 Anáhuac Anáhuac 1933 Merged on May 5, 1933, it is the youngest municipality of the state, prior to 1933, most of its area was part of the Lampazos and Vallecillo municipalities in Nuevo León, the rest was bought by the governor of Nuevo León, Bernardo Reyes from the Juárez municipality in the state of Coahuila in order to expand Nuevo León's border with Texas and to compete with the bordering Mexican states of Coahuila and Tamaulipas in the import-export market It is named after the region which comprises the "Valle de México" or "Meseta de Anáhuac" 17,983 4,303 4.20
Anáhuac (Nuevo León).png
005 Apodaca Apodaca 1871 Founded by the Portuguese settler Gaspar Castaño de Sosa as the Hacienda of San Francisco in 1585 Salvador de Apodaca, a former bishop of the city of Linares, Nuevo León 418,784 250 1675
Apodaca (Nuevo León).png
006 Aramberri Aramberri 1877 Founded as the Santa María de los Angeles de Río Blanco Mission by the Spanish friar Lorenzo Cantú in 1648, later known as Villa de Río Blanco from 1660 to 1877 José Silvestre Aramberri, a general from this municipality who fought in the War of Reform 14,692 2,809 5.38
Aramberri (Nuevo León).png
007 Bustamante Bustamante 1832 Prior to 1832, was known as San Miguel de Aguayo, founded in 1686 Anastasio Bustamante, a president of Mexico, who was during its presidency when Bustamante was renamed 3,326 558 5.92
Bustamante (Nuevo León).png
008 Cadereyta Jiménez Cadereyta Jiménez 1825 Founded as Villa de Cadereyta in 1637, later known as Villa de San Juan Bautista de Cadereyta (1692) In honor of the marquis of Cadereyta, Spain Lope Díez de Armendáriz, marqués de Cadereyta, also viceroy of the New Spain. Mariano Jiménez, precursor of the independence in Nuevo León 73,746 1,153 62.16
Cadereyta Jiménez.png
009 El Carmen El Carmen 1852 Founded in 1614 by Bernabé de las Casas as Hacienda de Chipinque, which was part of the administrative area of Valle de las Salinas, created as a municipality in 1852 El Carmen, in honor of Nuestra señora del Carmén, (Our Lady of Mount Carmel) 6,996 101 37.33
El Carmen (Nuevo León).png
010 Cerralvo Cerralvo 1626 The Villa of San Gregorio de Cerralvo, the oldest municipality of the state as it was the first Spanish settlement in Nuevo León which took place in 1582 in what is now Cerralvo. It was the first capital of the state In honor of the marquis of Cerralvo, Spain and fifteenth Viceroy of New Spain Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio, marqués de Cerralvo, (1565–1652), 9,343 880 8.6
011 China China 1812 It was formed in 1719 as a ranch named San Felipe de Jesús of China, renamed simply as China in 1812, prior to 1868 included the Rancho El Toro (Bull's ranch) and Rancho del Zacate (Grass Ranch) which are now General Bravo and Doctor Coss municipalities Saint Philip of Jesus, (1572–1597), a Mexican Catholic missionary in China and Japan, who became one of the Twenty-six Martyrs of Japan 10,697 4,092 2.92
China (Nuevo León).png
012 Ciénega de Flores Ciénega de Flores 1863 Formed as the Hacienda of Ciénega de Flores, prior to 1634, the area was part of the Valle del Carrizal Cienega, a Spanish word for "boggy", and Flores, the surname of an early rancher of the area 14,268 171 42.94
Ciénega de Flores.png
013 Doctor Arroyo Doctor Arroyo 1828 Previously known as Valle de la Purísima Concepción Dr. José Francisco Arroyo, a doctor, theologist, and the first delegate of the Nuevo León's state congress 33,269 5,420 7.24
Doctor Arroyo (Nuevo León).png
014 Doctor Coss Doctor Coss 1882 Formed in 1740 as the Rancho del Zacate. prior to 1882, the area was part of what is now China, Nuevo León Dr. José María Coss, a distinguished member of the insurgent Congress 1,639 712 2.92
Doctor Coss (Nuevo León).png
015 Doctor González Doctor González 1883 Prior to 1883, the area was known as Hacienda de Ramos which was part of the Valle de las Salinas Dr. José Eleuterio González, a doctor, philanthropist, writer and governor of Nuevo León in 1870 3,092 628 4.53
Doctor González (Nuevo León).png
016 Galeana Galeana 1678 Founded as San Pablo de Labradores Mission, and later known as The Valle of San Pablo de Galeana Hermenegildo Galeana, a soldier of the insurgent army during the Mexican War of independence 38,930 7,154 5.52
Galeana (Nuevo León).png
017 García García 1851 Founded as Pesquería Grande in 1583 Joaquín García, governor of Nuevo León (1829–1833) and (1837–1839) 51,658 913 33
García (Nuevo León).png
018 General Bravo General Bravo 1863 Formed as Rancho del Toro in 1790, Prior to 1863, the area was part of what is now China, Nuevo León municipality Nicolás Bravo Rueda, a Mexican president and general 5,385 1,999 2.79
General Bravo (Nuevo León).png
019 General Escobedo General Escobedo 1868 Prior to 1868, was known in 1624 as Hacienda of Topo de los Ayala Mariano Escobedo (1826–1902), a New Leonese army general, and governor of Nuevo León (1865 and 1866) 299,364 207 513.86
General Escobedo (Nuevo León).png
020 General Terán General Terán 1851 The area was part of Valle de la Mota which was founded in 1746 Manuel Mier y Terán, a general of the Mexican war of independence 14,022 2,477 6.27
General Terán (Nuevo León).png
021 General Treviño General Treviño 1868 Formed as Rancho del Puntiagudo (Sharp's Ranch) in 1688 Jerónimo Treviño, a general who participated in the War of reform and against the French intervention in Mexico 1,476 356 4.33
General Treviño (Nuevo León).png
022 General Zaragoza General Zaragoza 1866 Founded in 1626 as San José de Río Blanco Mission by Friar Lorenzo Cantú, then in 1660 became part of what is now Aramberri, Nuevo León until 1866 Ignacio Zaragoza, a Texan general of the Mexican army during the Battle of Puebla 5,733 1,289 5.03
General Zaragoza (Nuevo León).png
023 General Zuazua General Zuazua 1863 Founded as the Hacienda of Santa Helena in 1660 Juan Zuazua (1821–1860), a New Leonese general of the War of Reform and the Mexican–American War 6,985 194 48.5
General Zuazua (Nuevo León).png
024 Guadalupe Guadalupe 1825 Founded in 1714 as a Spanish mission named Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Mission Its name comes from the name of the early Spanish mission in the area, (Our lady of Guadalupe Mission), in honour of the Virgin of Guadalupe 691,931 118 4,429
Guadalupe (Nuevo León).png
025 Hidalgo Hidalgo 1828 Founded by the Spanish Canarian settler Bernabé de las casas as Hacienda de En medio (1611), renamed as El pueblito, and later San Nicolás Hidalgo Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753–1811), the priest who raised the call for Mexico's independence from Spain 11,668 109 53
Hidalgo (Nuevo León).png
026 Higueras Higueras 1863 Founded in 1714 as Santa Teresa de las Higueras by the Spanish settler Diego González Higueras, the Spanish word for the Common fig tree, which is abundant throughout the area 1,427 669 2.28
Higueras (Nuevo León).png
027 Hualahuises Hualahuises 1715 Founded in 1646 as the Mission of San Cristóbal de los Hualahuises by the Spanish settler Martín de Zavala, but it was almost unpopulated until 1715, in 1908 the area around the municipality was annexed into the Linares municipality, thus making it an enclave of that municipality Hualahuises, a Native American tribe which inhabited the area before the Spanish settlement in 1646 6,631 165 26.4
028 Iturbide Iturbide 1850 Prior to 1850 was known as Hacienda de los San Pedros Agustin de Iturbide (September 27, 1783–July 19, 1824), One of the national liberators of the Mexico's independence from Spain, and the first emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823 3,533 700 4.84
Iturbide (Nuevo León).png
029 Juárez Juárez 1868 Founded in 1604 as Hacienda de San José Don Benito Juárez García, a former president of Mexico 144,380 275 100.84
Juárez (Nuevo León).png
030 Lampazos de Naranjo Lampazos de Naranjo 1877 Founded as the Mission of Nuestra señora de la Punta de Lampazos by Friar Diego de Salazar in 1698, created as municipality in 1877 Lampazos was named in honor of the plant that grows in this area Xanthosoma Robustum, the Naranjo part was named in honor to the New Leonese general Francisco Naranjo who was from this municipality 5,305 4,020 1.32
Lampazos de Naranjo.png
031 Linares Linares 1712 Previously known as San Felipe de Linares, founded in 1712 Its name honours Fernando de Alencastre, a viceroy and duke of Linares, Spain 71,061 2,322 25.8
Linares (Nuevo León).png
032 Los Aldamas Los Aldamas 1820 Founded as a Mission, later named Villa de Hoyos, renamed Santa María de los Aldamas and finally created as municipality and renamed as Los Aldamas in 1820 In honour of the brothers, Juan and Ignacio Aldamas, initiators of the independence of Mexico along with Miguel Hidalgo 1,675 645 5
Los Aldamas (Nuevo León).png
033 Los Herreras Los Herreras 1874 Formed as Rancho de la Manteca around 1760, created as a municipality in 1870 In honor of the New Leonese brothers, José Martín Herrera and the colonel Rafael Herrera, who participated in the Battle of San Bernabé 2,795 550 7.68
Los Herreras (Nuevo León).png
034 Los Ramones Los Ramones 1912 Prior to 1847 the area was part of the Cerralvo municipality and the area was known as Rancho del Capadero, later annexed to the Cadereyta municipality and was known as Valle de San José de los Ramones, and was created as a separate municipality until 1912 In honor of the brothers Juan Ignacio Ramón and Buenaventura Ramón, notable precursors of the Mexican independence movement 6,538 1,156 5
Los Ramones (Nuevo León).png
035 Marín Marín 1804 Formed in 1684 as a ranch named Rancho de San Antonio de los Martinez, renamed as Villa de San Carlos de Marín in 1804 and subsequently known as Marin Primo Feliciano Marín de Porras, a bishop of the New kingdom of León and honor chaplain of the Spain's king 4,719 157 26
Marín (Nuevo León).png
036 Melchor Ocampo Melchor Ocampo 1924 Formed as a ranch named Charco Redondo in 1702 Melchor Ocampo, Foreign Secretary during the War of Reform 1,052 262 7
Melchor Ocampo (Nuevo León).png
037 Mier y Noriega Mier y Noriega 1849 Founded around 1715 by Spanish settlers as Hacienda de San Antonio de Medina Friar Servando Teresa de Mier, (October 18, 1765–December 3, 1827), a Roman Catholic priest from Monterrey and a famous preacher and politician in New Spain, also one of the most prominent figures of Nuevo León during the independence movement of New Spain 7,047 981 6
Mier y Noriega (Nuevo León).png
038 Mina Mina 1851 Founded in 1608 by the Spanish Canarian settler Bernabé de las Casas as the Hacienda de San Francisco de Cañas, also known as "Valle de San Francisco de las Cañas" and San Francisco de las Cañas which was an administrative area of the Valle de las Salinas, it was declared as a municipality in 1851 Francisco Javier Mina, (December 15, 1789–November 11, 1817), a Spanish lawyer and army officer who sympathized with the Mexican independence from Spain, convinced by Friar Servando Teresa de Mier that it was possible to fight the absolute monarchy of Ferdinand VII in his own colonies. 5,384 3,915 1.28
Mina (Nuevo León).png
039 Montemorelos Montemorelos 1825 Prior to 1825, the area was part of the Valle de San Mateo del Pilón established in 1701, which was founded in 1653 by the Spanish Captain Alonso de León Composed of the words Monte (mountain), and Morelos, a precursor of the independence of Mexico from Spain 53,854 1,700 30.9
040 Monterrey Monterrey 1596 Founded in its first attempt in 1577 by Alberto del Canto as Santa Lucía, re-founded by Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva in 1582 as San Luis rey de Francia but it still was unpopulated, and was finally declared founded with success on September 20, 1596 by Diego de Montemayor as Nuestra Señora de Monterrey The city is named Monterrey in honor of the Count and Countess of Monterrey, Spain, also viceroy of New Spain Gaspar de Zúñiga y Acevedo and his wife 1,133,814 781 2461
Monterrey (Nuevo León).png
041 Parás Parás 1851 Previously formed as a ranch called Rancho del Huizachal de los Canales, created as a municipality in 1851 José María Parás y Ballesteros, First governor of Nuevo León as a Mexican state 992 1,008 1
Parás (Nuevo León).png
042 Pesquería Pesquería 1844 Founded in 1699 as Hacienda del Espíritu Santo, later known as Hacienda of Pesquería Chica Pesquería in Spanish means 'fishery', it was named so because of the Pesquería River, which cross the area 3,075 346 27
043 Rayones Rayones 1851 Merged in 1851 as Rayones, prior to 1851, the municipal seat was a ranch named San Miguel del Tasajal, which was part of the Valle del Pilón now Montemorelos In honor of the brothers, Ramón, Ignacio and Francisco Rayón, who fought in the Mexican war of Independence 905.20 844 2.88
Rayones (Nuevo León).png
044 Sabinas Hidalgo Sabinas Hidalgo 1826 Founded in 1693 as Valle de Santiago de las Sabinas, created as a municipality in 1826 Sabinas, the Spanish word for "Junipers", coniferous plants abundant in the area 32,040 1,393 19.4
045 Salinas Victoria Salinas Victoria 1826 Founded by the Portuguese settler Luis Carvajal y de la Cueva as "Villa de Cueva" in 1586, subsequently known as Valle de Salinas, which was the administrative area's seat of the Valle de las Salinas, one of the five original administrative areas of the New kingdom of León "Salinas" (Spanish for salt marshes) was chosen because the lands present saline characteristics. "Victoria" after the first presidentof Mexico Guadalupe Victoria. 27,848 1,609 19.4
Salinas Victoria.png
046 San Nicolás de los Garza San Nicolás de los Garza 1830 Founded in 1596 when the lands were transfer by Diego de Montemayor (who successfully had founded Monterrey), to Diego Díaz de Berlanga and his wife Mariana. It was known as San Nicolás de los Garza, created as a municipality in 1830 In honor of Saint Nicholas, and the last part in honor of the Garza surname of Pedro de la Garza, an early Spanish settler and rancher of the area 496,878 57 5,724
San Nicolás de los Garza.png
047 San Pedro Garza García San Pedro Garza García 1882 The lands were passed in November 20, 1596 to Diego de Montemayor's son, Diego de Montemayor el mozo, the area was called San Pedro de los Nogales in 1725, later known as the Valle de San Pedro, and created as a municipality in 1882 "San Pedro", in honor of Saint Peter, and "Garza Garcia", in honor of the governor of Nuevo León, Genaro Garza García 125,978 86.8 1,815
San Pedro Garza García.png
048 Santa Catarina Santa Catarina 1864 Founded in November 20, 1596 by the Spanish captain Lucas García as the Hacienda de Santa Catarina, later known as Valle de Santa Catarina, created as a municipality in 1864 In honor of Saint Catherine, as it was founded on the eve of Saint Catherine's day (November 24) 227,026 927 230
Santa Catarina (Nuevo León).png
049 Santiago Santiago 1831 Founded in 1648 as Valle de Santiago del Huajuco by Diego Rodríguez de Montemayor (Diego de Montemayor's grandson) "Santiago", a Spanish name version of the apostle James, son of Alphaeus 37,886 732 48.2
Santiago (Nuevo León).png
050 Vallecillo Vallecillo 1825 Founded in 1768 as Real de San Carlos de Vallecillo In honor of El Vallecillo, a Spanish municipality located in the province of Teruel, Aragon, Spain 2,169 1,823 1.16
051 Villaldama Villaldama 1826 Founded in 1690 as Boca de Leones or Real Boca de Leones, created as a municipality in 1826 with the name of Villaldama Juan Aldama, one of the precursors of the independence of Mexico 4,247 1,436 4.87


  1. ^ "División municipal. Nuevo León". Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  2. ^ "Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos". Article 115,  of 1917 (in Spanish). Retrieved September 27, 2017.
  3. ^ OECD (November 12, 2004). New Forms of Governance for Economic Development. OECD Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 9264015329.
  4. ^ a b International Business Publications (2009). Mexico Company Laws and Regulations Handbook. p. 42. ISBN 1-4330-7030-8.

External links

This page was last edited on 24 June 2020, at 08:03
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