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List of states of Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico (31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity without being formally a state).[1][2][3][4]

The states are further divided into municipalities. In Mexico City the municipalities are known as alcaldías (similar to other state's municipalities but with different administrative powers).[5][circular reference]

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Transcription

List

It is noteworthy that Mexico's post agency, Correos de México, does not offer an official list of state name abbreviations, and as such they are not included below. A list of Mexican states and several versions of their abbreviations can be found here.

States of Mexico
State Official Name (except Mexico City):

Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :

Flag Capital Largest city Area[6] Population (2010)[7] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes
Flag of Aguascalientes.svg
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 0056185,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi) 011849961,184,996 2424 185702051857-02-05[8]
Baja California Baja California
Flag of Baja California.svg
Mexicali Tijuana 07144671,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi) 031550703,155,070 2929 195201161952-01-16[9]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur
Flag of Baja California Sur.svg
La Paz La Paz 07392273,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi) 00637026637,026 3131 197410081974-10-08[10]
Campeche Campeche
Flag of Campeche.svg
San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 05792457,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi) 00822441822,441 2525 186304291863-04-29[11]
Chiapas Chiapas
Flag of Chiapas.svg
Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 07328973,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi) 047965804,796,580 1919 182409141824-09-14[12]
Mexico City Ciudad de México
Flag of Mexico City, Mexico.svg
Ciudad de México Ciudad de México 0014951,495 km2 (577 sq mi) 089186538,918,653 3232 182409142016-01-29
Chihuahua Chihuahua
Flag of Chihuahua.svg
Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247455247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi) 034064653,406,465 1818 182407061824-07-06[12]
Coahuila1 4 Coahuila de Zaragoza
Flag of Coahuila.svg
Saltillo Saltillo 151563151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi) 027483912,748,391 1616 182405071824-05-07[12]
Colima6 Colima
Flag of Colima.svg
Colima Manzanillo 0056255,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 00650,555 650,555 2323 185609121856-09-12[13][14]
Durango Durango
Flag of Durango.svg
Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123451123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi) 016329341,632,934 1717 182405221824-05-22[12]
Guanajuato Guanajuato
Flag of Guanajuato.svg
Guanajuato León 03060830,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi) 054863725,486,372 022 182312201823-12-20[12]
Guerrero Guerrero
Flag of Guerrero.svg
Chilpancingo Acapulco 06362163,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi) 033887683,388,768 2121 184910271849-10-27[15]
Hidalgo Hidalgo
Flag of Hidalgo.svg
Pachuca Pachuca 02084620,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi) 026650182,665,018 2626 186901161869-01-16[16]
Jalisco Jalisco
Flag of Jalisco.svg
Guadalajara Guadalajara 07859978,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi) 073506827,350,682 099 182312231823-12-23[12]
México México
Flag of the State of Mexico.svg
Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 02235722,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi) 1517586215,175,862 011 182312201823-12-20[12]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo
Flag of Michoacan.svg
Morelia Morelia 05864358,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi) 043510374,351,037 055 182312221823-12-22[12]
Morelos Morelos
Flag of Morelos.svg
Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 0048934,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi) 017772271,777,227 2727 186904171869-04-17[17]
Nayarit Nayarit
Flag of Nayarit.svg
Tepic Tepic 02781527,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi) 010849791,084,979 2828 191701261917-01-26[18]
Nuevo León4 Nuevo León
Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg
Monterrey Monterrey 06422064,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi) 046534584,653,458 1515 182405071824-05-07[12]
Oaxaca Oaxaca
Flag of Oaxaca.svg
Oaxaca Oaxaca 09379393,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi) 038019623,801,962 033 182312211823-12-21[12]
Puebla Puebla
Flag of Puebla.svg
Puebla Puebla 03429034,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi) 057798295,779,829 044 182312211823-12-21[12]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga
Flag of Queretaro.svg
Querétaro Querétaro 01168411,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi) 018279371,827,937 1111 182312231823-12-23[12]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo
Flag of Quintana Roo.svg
Chetumal Cancún 04236142,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi) 013255781,325,578 3030 197410081974-10-08[19]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
Flag of San Luis Potosi.svg
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 06098360,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi) 025855182,585,518 066 182312221823-12-22[12]
Sinaloa Sinaloa
Flag of Sinaloa.svg
Culiacán Culiacán 05820058,200 km2 (22,500 sq mi) 032160003,216,000 2020 183010141830-10-14[20]
Sonora2 Sonora
Flag of Sonora.svg
Hermosillo Hermosillo 179503179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi) 026624802,662,480 1212 182401101824-01-10[12]
Tabasco5 Tabasco
Flag of Tabasco.svg
Villahermosa Villahermosa 02473824,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi) 022386032,238,603 1313 182402071824-02-07[12]
Tamaulipas4 Tamaulipas
Flag of Tamaulipas.svg
Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 08017580,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi) 032685543,268,554 1414 182402071824-02-07[12]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala
Flag of Tlaxcala.svg
Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 0039913,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi) 011699361,169,936 2222 185612091856-12-09[21]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Flag of Veracruz.svg
Xalapa Veracruz 07182071,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi) 076431947,643,194 077 182312221823-12-22[12]
Yucatán3 Yucatán
Flag of Yucatan.svg
Mérida Mérida 03961239,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi) 019555771,955,577 088 182312231823-12-23[12]
Zacatecas Zacatecas
Flag of Zacatecas.svg
Zacatecas Zacatecas 07553975,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi) 014906681,490,668 1010 182312231823-12-23[12]

Notes:

  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Tejas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán[22] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces.[23]
  5. The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846
  6. Inc the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.

See also

References

  1. ^ Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. ^ El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. ^ "Artículo 43 de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF).
  4. ^ "DF no es el estado 32, aclaran legisladores". Archived from the original on 2020-04-18.
  5. ^ "Municipalities of Mexico City".
  6. ^ "INEGI". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23.
  7. ^ Censo 2010 Archived 2011-04-06 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Calendario de Eventos Cívicos - Febrero". Archived from the original on 2010-04-11.
  9. ^ "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29".
  10. ^ "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  11. ^ "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2011-10-26.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  13. ^ "Portal Ciudadano de Baja California".
  14. ^ "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  15. ^ "Erección del Estado de Guerrero". Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  16. ^ "Congreso del Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  17. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
  18. ^ "Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  19. ^ "Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo". Archived from the original on 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  20. ^ "500 años de México en documentos".
  21. ^ "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2009-12-27.
  22. ^ "La historia de la República de Yucatán".
  23. ^ "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:53
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