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Martin H. Glynn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Martin Glynn
Martin H. Glynn.jpg
Glynn in 1910
40th Governor of New York
In office
October 17, 1913 – December 31, 1914
LieutenantRobert F. Wagner (acting)
Preceded byWilliam Sulzer
Succeeded byCharles S. Whitman
Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1913 – October 17, 1913
GovernorWilliam Sulzer
Preceded byThomas F. Conway
Succeeded byRobert F. Wagner
39th Comptroller of New York
In office
January 1, 1907 – December 31, 1908
GovernorCharles Evans Hughes
Preceded byWilliam C. Wilson
Succeeded byCharles H. Gaus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 20th district
In office
March 4, 1899 – March 3, 1901
Preceded byGeorge N. Southwick
Succeeded byGeorge N. Southwick
Personal details
Martin Henry Glynn

(1871-09-27)September 27, 1871
Valatie, New York, U.S.
DiedDecember 14, 1924(1924-12-14) (aged 53)
Albany, New York, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary McGrane
EducationFordham University (BA)
Union University, New York (LLB)

Martin Henry Glynn (September 27, 1871 – December 14, 1924) was an American politician. He was the 40th Governor of New York from 1913 to 1914, the first Irish American Roman Catholic head of government of what was then the most populated state of the United States.


Glynn was born in Kinderhook, New York and grew up in Valatie, one of Kinderhook's villages. He was the son of Martin Glynn (son of Martin Glynn and Catherine de Burke) and Ann Scanlon, who were both born in Ireland.[1]

He graduated from Fordham University in 1894,[2] then studied at Albany Law School of Union University, New York, and was admitted to the bar in 1897. From 1896 on, he wrote for the Albany Times-Union daily newspaper, becoming eventually its editor, publisher and owner. In 1898, Fordham awarded Glynn the honorary degree of master of arts.[3] Over the course of his career, Glynn received honorary LL.D. degrees from Fordham, Syracuse, Georgetown, and Union Universities.[3]

Glynn as a Congressman in 1901. Bain Collection, Library of Congress.
Glynn as a Congressman in 1901. Bain Collection, Library of Congress.

Glynn was elected as a Democrat to the 56th United States Congress, and served from March 4, 1899, to March 3, 1901. When he took his seat at age 26, Glynn was the youngest member of the House. He was New York State Comptroller from 1907 to 1908, elected in 1906, but defeated for re-election in 1908 by Republican Charles H. Gaus.

At the New York state election of 1912, Glynn was the running mate of the successful Democratic candidate for Governor, William Sulzer. Glynn was sworn in as Lieutenant Governor of New York on January 1. Following friction with the dominant Tammany Hall faction, Sulzer was impeached and in August 1913, Glynn was appointed Acting Governor. On October 17, following Sulzer's formal removal from office, Glynn was sworn in as Governor. He was the first Catholic Governor of New York and showed an interest in Irish-American affairs. However, Glynn was forced to manage conflict in his own party between Tammany Hall and reformers/progressives led by Sulzer, who became a critic of Glynn's administration. After a year in office Glynn was defeated at the 1914 election, by the Republican candidate, Charles S. Whitman. Sulzer was later active in the Progressive Party; some sources also describe Glynn as a member of the progressive movement, although there is no evidence that he was a member of the Progressive Party.

Glynn was a delegate to the 1916 and 1924 Democratic National Conventions. As the keynote speaker at the 1916 National Democratic Convention, Glynn delivered one of his most famous speeches, praising the accomplishments of President Woodrow Wilson and the platform of the Democratic Party.

He committed suicide by gunshot in 1924, after having suffered throughout his adult life from chronic back pain caused by a spinal injury. Though the cause of death was listed on his death certificate, the local media reported that Glynn died of heart trouble.[4] The true story of his death was publicized in Dominick Lizzi's 1994 biography.[5][6] He was buried at the St. Agnes Cemetery in Menands, New York.[7]

"The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop!"

Glynn's article "The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop!" was published in the October 31, 1919, issue of The American Hebrew; in it he lamented the poor conditions for European Jews after World War I. Glynn referred to these conditions as a potential "holocaust" and asserted that "six million Jewish men and women are starving across the seas".[8][9] Robert N. Proctor says that "[this] oddity has been exploited by Holocaust deniers but is simply a remarkable coincidence and nothing more."[10]


  1. ^ "Martin Henry Glynn".
  2. ^ Holmes, Frank R. (1924). Who's Who in New York City and State. 8. New York, NY: L. R. Hamersly Company. p. 513.
  3. ^ a b Who's Who in New York City and State, p. 513.
  4. ^ "Ex-Gov. Glynn Dies Suddenly In Albany Home. Stricken With a Heart Attack After His Return From a Boston Sanitarium". New York Times. December 14, 1924. Retrieved August 1, 2014. Former Governor Martin H. Glynn died in his home here today. Mr. Glynn returned yesterday from a hospital in the suburbs of Boston, where he had been under treatment during the last two months for spinal trouble of long standing. Members of his family said he complained last night of not feeling well, but attributed it to the trip
  5. ^ Dominick C. Lizzi, Governor Martin H. Glynn, Forgotten Hero, Valatie Press. LOC Catalog Card Number:94-96495
  6. ^ Paul Grondahl, Albany Times-Union, Big News, Small-Town Flavor: 1924 is a Turning Point Archived 2014-03-23 at the Wayback Machine, retrieved December 18, 2013
  7. ^ Martin H. Glynn at Find a Grave
  8. ^ Image of the text
  9. ^ reference to article in Jewish Virtual Library
  10. ^ Proctor, Robert N. (2000). The Nazi War on Cancer. Princeton University Press. p. 11.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 20th congressional district

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Comptroller of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Lieutenant Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by
Democratic nominee for Governor of New York
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Keynote Speaker of the Democratic National Convention
Succeeded by
This page was last edited on 27 October 2021, at 15:55
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