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Loire (department)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Loire
red roofed buildings, surrounded by trees, on a cloudy day
Montbrison in 2007
yellow fish on a red field
yellow fish on a red field
Location of Loire in France
Location of Loire in France
Coordinates: 45°05′N 04°05′E / 45.083°N 4.083°E / 45.083; 4.083
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
PrefectureSaint-Étienne
SubprefecturesMontbrison
Roanne
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilGeorges Ziegler[1] (LR)
Area
 • Total4,781 km2 (1,846 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Total765,634
 • Rank30th
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ligerians
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number42
Arrondissements3
Cantons21
Communes323
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Loire (/lwɑːr/; French pronunciation: ​[lwaʁ]; Arpitan: Lêre; Occitan: Léger) is a landlocked department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes occupying the river Loire's upper reaches. It had a population of 765,634 in 2019.[3]

History

Loire was created in 1793 when the Rhône-et-Loire department was split into two, about 3½ years after it was created. This was a response to counter-revolutionary activities in Lyon which, by population, was the country's second largest city. By splitting Rhône-et-Loire the government sought to protect the French Revolution from the potential power and influence of counter revolutionary activity in the Lyon region.

The departmental capitals (prefectures) throughout its history are as follows:[4]

Geography

Loire is part of the current administrative region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes and is surrounded by the departments of Rhône, Isère, Ardèche, Haute-Loire, Puy-de-Dôme, Allier, and Saône-et-Loire.

The river Loire traverses the department from south to north.

The Loire department is divided into three arrondissements:

Parts of the department belong to Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez.

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Ligériens. The industrial city of Saint-Étienne with its agglomeration contains about half of the inhabitants of the department.[5]

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801290,903—    
1806317,053+1.74%
1821343,454+0.53%
1831391,216+1.31%
1841434,085+1.05%
1851472,588+0.85%
1861517,603+0.91%
1872550,611+0.56%
1881599,836+0.96%
1891616,227+0.27%
1901647,633+0.50%
1911640,549−0.11%
1921637,130−0.05%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931664,822+0.43%
1936650,226−0.44%
1946631,591−0.29%
1954654,482+0.45%
1962696,348+0.78%
1968722,443+0.62%
1975742,396+0.39%
1982739,521−0.06%
1990746,288+0.11%
1999728,524−0.27%
2006741,269+0.25%
2011749,053+0.21%
2016761,997+0.34%
source:[4][6]

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Saint-Étienne, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 6 communes with more than 15,000 inhabitants:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Saint-Étienne 173,821
Saint-Chamond 34,841
Roanne 33,809
Firminy 16,901
Montbrison 15,915
Saint-Just-Saint-Rambert 15,229

Politics

The president of the Departmental Council is Georges Ziegler, elected in October 2017.

Current National Assembly Representatives

Constituency Member[7] Party
Loire's 1st constituency Régis Juanico Socialist Party
Loire's 2nd constituency Jean-Michel Mis La République En Marche!
Loire's 3rd constituency Valéria Faure-Muntian La République En Marche!
Loire's 4th constituency Dino Cinieri The Republicans
Loire's 5th constituency Nathalie Sarles Modem
Loire's 6th constituency Julien Borowczyk La République En Marche!

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 42 Loire, INSEE
  4. ^ a b "Historique de la Loire". Le SPLAF.
  5. ^ Comparateur de territoires, Unité urbaine 2020 de Saint-Étienne (00753), Département de la Loire (42), INSEE
  6. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  7. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 July 2022, at 14:34
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