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Marne (department)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marne
Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
Flag of Marne
Flag
Coat of arms of Marne
Coat of arms
Location of Marne in France
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250
CountryFrance
RegionGrand Est
PrefectureChâlons-en-Champagne
SubprefecturesÉpernay
Reims
Vitry-le-François
Government
 • President of the General CouncilRené-Paul Savary
Area
 • Total8,162 km2 (3,151 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total570,883
 • Rank45th
 • Density70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number51
Arrondissements4
Cantons23
Communes613
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Marne (French pronunciation: ​[maʁn]) is a department in the Grand Est region of France. It is named after the river Marne which flows through it. The prefecture (capital) of Marne is Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne). The subprefectures are Épernay, Reims, and Vitry-le-François.

The Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

Name

The department is named after the Marne, which was called Matrona[disambiguation needed] in Roman times.

History

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the province of Champagne.

Marne has a long association with the French Army. The training ground of the Camp Militaire de Mailly straddles the border with the département of Aube in the south while that of the Camp de Mourmelon occupies a large area north of Châlons-en-Champagne. The smaller Camp de Moronvilliers lies to the east of Reims and the Camp Militaire de Suippes lies to the east of that. These are all on the chalk of the Champagne plateau, a feature comparable in geology but not size, with the British military training ground on Salisbury Plain.

Also, this place was also known for Battle of the Marne Where British and French soldiers became friends and worked together to fight against the German Military in 1916

Geography

Marne is part of the region of Grand Est and is surrounded by the departments of Ardennes, Meuse, Haute-Marne, Aube, Seine-et-Marne, and Aisne.

Geologically, it divides into two distinct parts; the Upper Cretaceous chalk plain in the east and the more wooded and hilly Eocene and Oligocene in the west.

Rivers draining the department include the Marne, Vesle, Ardre and Somme-Soude. Numerous other rivers, such as the Grande and the Petite Morin rise in the department but flow mainly in others. Conversely, the Aube joins the Seine in the department of Marne.


Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Marnais.

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801304,651—    
1806311,017+0.41%
1821307,644−0.07%
1831337,076+0.92%
1841356,632+0.57%
1851373,302+0.46%
1861385,498+0.32%
1872386,157+0.02%
1881421,800+0.99%
1891434,734+0.30%
1901432,882−0.04%
1911436,310+0.08%
1921366,734−1.72%
1931412,156+1.17%
1936410,238−0.09%
1946386,926−0.58%
1954415,141+0.88%
1962442,135+0.79%
1968485,388+1.57%
1975530,399+1.27%
1982543,627+0.35%
1990558,217+0.33%
1999565,229+0.14%
2006565,841+0.02%
2011566,571+0.03%
2016570,883+0.15%
source:[1]

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

Constituency Member[2] Party
Marne's 1st constituency Valérie Beauvais The Republicans
Marne's 2nd constituency Aina Kuric La République En Marche!
Marne's 3rd constituency Éric Girardin La République En Marche!
Marne's 4th constituency Lise Magnier The Republicans
Marne's 5th constituency Charles de Courson Union of Democrats and Independents

Tourism

Reims, with its famous cathedral in which the kings of France were traditionally crowned, is a major attraction. Other branches of tourism are provided by the bird reserve on the Lake Der-Chantecoq and the fishing lakes nearby. The Parc Naturel Régional de la Montagne de Reims is a major area of country recreation. In the west of the département there are many scenic routes to be explored as also are the several wine cellars of Épernay.

See also

References

External links

This page was last edited on 14 June 2021, at 19:05
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