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Cher (department)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cher
Prefecture of Cher, in Bourges
Prefecture of Cher, in Bourges
Location of Cher in France
Location of Cher in France
Coordinates: 47°0′N 2°35′E / 47.000°N 2.583°E / 47.000; 2.583
CountryFrance
RegionCentre-Val de Loire
PrefectureBourges
SubprefecturesSaint-Amand-Montrond
Vierzon
Government
 • President of the General CouncilMichel Autissier (LR)
Area
 • Total7,235 km2 (2,793 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total307,110
 • Rank73rd
 • Density42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number18
Arrondissements3
Cantons19
Communes287
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Cher (/ʃɛər/; French: [ʃɛʁ]; Berrichon: Char) is a department in the administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire, France. It is named after the Cher River.

History

Cher is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. Most of it was created, along with the adjacent department of Indre from the former province of Berry. The southeastern corner of the department, however, was part of the Duchy of Bourbon.

Geography

The department is part of the current administrative region of Centre-Val de Loire. It is surrounded by the departments of Indre, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret, Nièvre, Allier, and Creuse.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1791207,541—    
1801217,785+0.48%
1806228,158+0.93%
1821239,561+0.33%
1831256,059+0.67%
1841273,645+0.67%
1851306,261+1.13%
1861323,393+0.55%
1872335,392+0.33%
1881351,405+0.52%
1891359,276+0.22%
1901345,543−0.39%
1911337,810−0.23%
1921304,800−1.02%
1931293,918−0.36%
1936288,695−0.36%
1946286,070−0.09%
1954284,376−0.07%
1962293,514+0.40%
1968304,601+0.62%
1975316,350+0.54%
1982320,174+0.17%
1990321,559+0.05%
1999314,428−0.25%
2006314,676+0.01%
2016307,110−0.24%
source:[1]

The inhabitants of the department are called Berrichons from the former province of Berry.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Alain Rafesthain of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Union for a Popular Movement 10
Socialist Party 9
French Communist Party 7
Miscellaneous Right 5
Miscellaneous Left 4

Current National Assembly representatives

Constituency Member[2] Party
1st François Cormier-Bouligeon La République En Marche!
2nd Nadia Essayan MoDem
3rd Loïc Kervran La République En Marche!

Tourism

The Bourges Cathedral of St. Étienne is a major tourist attraction.

See also

Languages

The historical languages are Berrichon and the northern version of Bourbonnais. These are both dialects of French, or the Langues d'oïl. They are named respectively after the former Province of Berry and the former Duchy of Bourbon. Some 11 communes in the extreme South used to speak Occitan.

The old dialects were in widespread use until the middle decades of the twentieth century and incorporated major regional variations within the department, influenced by the dialects of adjacent regions near the departmental frontiers. During the twentieth century government educational policy promoted a more standardised version of the French language.

In the extreme south of the department influence from the southern Occitan language begins to appear, with "chambrat" being used in place of "grenier a foin" (hayloft), "betoulle" in place of "bouleau" (birch tree) and "aigue" in place of "eau" (water).

References

External links

This page was last edited on 18 February 2021, at 11:03
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