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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yvelines
From top down, left to right: prefecture building in Versailles, view of La Celle-Saint-Cloud, forest and lake in Guyancourt, marble courtyard and gardens of the Palace of Versailles
Flag of Yvelines
Flag
Coat of arms of Yvelines
Coat of arms
Location of Yvelines in France
Location of Yvelines in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
PrefectureVersailles
SubprefecturesMantes-la-Jolie
Rambouillet
Saint-Germain-
en-Laye
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilPierre Bédier (LR)
Area
 • Total2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total1,431,808
 • Rank9th
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number78
Arrondissements4
Cantons21
Communes259
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Yvelines (/vlɪnz/, /vlnz/; French: [ivlin] (About this soundlisten)) is a department in the western part of the Île-de-France region in Northern France. In 2016, it had a population of 1,431,808. Its prefecture is Versailles, home to the Palace of Versailles, the principal residence of the King of France from 1682 until 1789, a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. Yvelines's subprefectures are Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Mantes-la-Jolie and Rambouillet.

History

Yvelines was created from the western part of the former department of Seine-et-Oise on 1 January 1968 in accordance with a law passed on 10 January 1964 and a décret d'application (a decree specifying how a law should be enforced) from 26 February 1965. It inherited Seine-et-Oise's official number of 78 since it took up the largest portion of its territory. In addition to this, it inherited Seine-et-Oise’s prefecture, Versailles.

It gained the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble from the adjacent department of Essonne in 1969.

The departmental capital, Versailles, which grew up around Louis XIV's château, was also the French capital for more than a century under the Ancien Régime and again between 1871 and 1879 during the early years of the Third Republic. Since then the château has continued to welcome the French Parliament when it is called upon to sit in a congressional sitting (with both houses sitting together) in order to enact constitutional changes or to listen to a formal declaration by the President.[1]

Geography

Situation

Yvelines is bordered by the departments of Val-d'Oise on the north, Hauts-de-Seine on the east, Essonne on the southeast, Eure-et-Loir on the southwest and Eure on the west.

The eastern part of the department, as well as its northern part along the Seine, is part of the Paris metropolitan area, but the rest of the department is rural, much of it covered by the Forest of Rambouillet (also known as the Forest of Yveline, from which the name of the department is derived).

Besides Versailles (the prefecture) and the subprefectures of Mantes-la-Jolie, Rambouillet, and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, important cities include Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Poissy, Les Mureaux, Houilles, Plaisir, Sartrouville, Chatou, Le Chesnay, and the new agglomeration community of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.

Two regional parks can be found in Yvelines: Haute Vallée de Chevreuse Regional Natural Park and part of Vexin Français Park. Yvelines is home to one of France's best known golf courses, La Tuilerie-Bignon, in the village of Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche.

Largest communes

Most Populous Yvelines communes[2]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population (2017)
1 Versailles Versailles-1
Versailles-2
Versailles 85,862
2 Sartrouville Sartrouville Saint-Germain-en-Laye 51,967
3 Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye 44,753
4 Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie 44,299
5 Poissy Poissy Saint-Germain-en-Laye 37,388
6 Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Saint-Germain-en-Laye 35,846
7 Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 32,929
8 Les Mureaux Les Mureaux Mantes-la-Jolie 32,792
9 Trappes Trappes Versailles 32,584
10 Houilles Houilles Saint-Germain-en-Laye 32,151
11 Plaisir Plaisir Versailles 31,419
12 Le Chesnay-Rocquencourt Le Chesnay Versailles 31,164
13 Chatou Chatou Saint-Germain-en-Laye 30,253
14 Guyancourt Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 28,633
15 Rambouillet Rambouillet Rambouillet 26,736

Demographics

In French, a man from the Yvelines is called Yvelinois (plural Yvelinois); a woman is Yvelinoise (plural Yvelinoises).

Population development since 1876

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1876235,511—    
1881236,471+0.08%
1891250,552+0.58%
1901270,228+0.76%
1911297,562+0.97%
1921321,237+0.77%
1931408,282+2.43%
1936428,166+0.96%
1946431,499+0.08%
1954519,976+2.36%
1962687,827+3.56%
1968854,382+3.68%
19751,082,255+3.44%
19821,196,111+1.44%
19901,307,150+1.12%
19991,354,304+0.39%
20071,403,957+0.45%
20161,431,808+0.22%
source:[3]

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Yvelines in 1999
Born in metropolitan France Born outside metropolitan France
85.5% 14.5%
Born in
overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.1% 3.0% 4.2% 6.2%
1 This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as Pieds-Noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), as well as to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.

2 An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism

Palaces and châteaux

Museums

  • Museum of National Antiques (Saint-Germain-en-Laye)
  • Museum of River and Canal Craft (Conflans-Sainte-Honorine)
  • Horse-drawn Coach Museum (Versailles)
  • Toy Museum (Poissy)
  • Sheep Museum (Rambouillet)
  • Cloth Museum of Jouy (Jouy-en-Josas)
  • National Barn Museum of Port-Royal (Magny-les-Hameaux)
  • International Museum of Naive Art
  • Musee Lambinet (Versailles)

Artists' and writers' houses

Parks and gardens

Politics

Michel Rocard, who served as Prime Minister of France from 1988 to 1991 under President François Mitterrand, was an MP for the department in the Socialist Party.

Members of the National Assembly

In the 2017 legislative election, Yvelines elected the following representatives to the National Assembly:

Constituency Member[4] Party
Yvelines's 1st constituency Didier Baichère La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 2nd constituency Jean-Noël Barrot MoDem
Yvelines's 3rd constituency Béatrice Piron La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 4th constituency Marie Lebec La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 5th constituency Yaël Braun-Pivet La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 6th constituency Natalia Pouzyreff La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 7th constituency Rodrigue Kokouendo MoDem
Yvelines's 8th constituency Michel Vialay The Republicans
Yvelines's 9th constituency Bruno Millienne MoDem
Yvelines's 10th constituency Aurore Bergé La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 11th constituency Nadia Hai La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 12th constituency Florence Granjus La République En Marche!

Senators

In the Senate, Yvelines is represented by:

  • Toine Bourrat (DVD), since 2020
  • Marta de Cidrac (LR), since 2017
  • Gérard Larcher (LR), since 2007 (President of the Senate since 2014)
  • Michel Laugier (UDI), since 2017
  • Martin Lévrier (REM), since 2017
  • Sophie Primas (LR), since 2011

See also

References

  1. ^ "Communiqué de la présidence de la République" (in French). Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  2. ^ Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  3. ^ Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. ^ http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/

External links

This page was last edited on 22 July 2021, at 13:48
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